Pan American Games

The Pan American Games is a major sporting event in the Americas featuring summer sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. The competition is held among athletes from nations of the Americas, every four years in the year before the Summer Olympic Games; the only Winter Pan American Games were held in 1990. In 2021, there will be a Junior Pan American Games for young athletes; the Pan American Sports Organization is the governing body of the Pan American Games movement, whose structure and actions are defined by the Olympic Charter. The XVIII Pan American Games were held in Lima from July 26–August 11, 2019. Since the XV Pan American Games in 2007, host cities are contracted to manage both the Pan American and the Parapan American Games, in which athletes with physical disabilities compete with one another; the Parapan American Games are held following the Pan American Games. The Pan American Games Movement consists of international sports federations, National Olympic Committees that are recognized by PASO, organizing committees for each specific Pan American Games.

As the decision-making body, PASO is responsible for choosing the host city for each Pan American Games. The host city is responsible for organizing and funding a celebration of the Games consistent with the Olympic Charter and rules; the Pan American Games program, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games, is determined by PASO. The celebration of the Games encompasses many rituals and symbols, such as the flag and torch, the opening and closing ceremonies. Over 5,000 athletes compete at the Pan American Games in nearly 400 events; the first and third-place finishers in each event receive gold and bronze medals, respectively. The idea of holding a Pan American Games was first raised at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, where Latin American representatives of the International Olympic Committee suggested that a competition among all the countries in the Americas should be created; the first event called the Pan American Games took place in Dallas in 1937 as part of the Greater Texas & Pan-American Exposition, but it attracted so little attention it has never counted in the records of the competition.

At the first Pan American Sports Congress, held in Buenos Aires in 1940, the participants decided that the first games should be held in Buenos Aires in 1942. The plans had to be postponed because of World War II. A second Pan American Sports Congress held in London during the 1948 Summer Olympics reconfirmed Buenos Aires as the choice of host city for the inaugural games, which were held in 1951; the games offered 18 sports. Countries that were part of the Commonwealth of Nations such as Canada did not compete at the first Pan American Games; the second games were held in Mexico. Competitions started on March 12 and included 2,583 athletes from 22 countries, competing in 17 sports; the Pan American Games have been held subsequently every four years. While the inaugural 1951 Games hosted 2,513 participants representing 14 nations, the most recent 2015 Pan American Games involved 6,132 competitors from 41 countries. During the games most athletes and officials are housed in the Pan American Games village.

This village is intended to be a self-contained home for all the participants. It is furnished with cafeterias, health clinics, locations for religious expression. PASO allows nations to compete that do not meet the strict requirements for political sovereignty that other international organizations demand; as a result and dependencies are permitted to set up their own National Olympic Committees. Examples of this include territories such as Puerto Rico and Bermuda which compete as separate nations despite being under the jurisdiction of another power. There have been attempts to hold Winter Pan American Games throughout the history of the games, but these have had little success. An initial attempt to hold winter events was made by the organizers of the 1951 Pan American Games in Buenos Aires, who planned to stage winter events in the year but dropped the idea due to lack of interest. Reliable winter snow in the Americas is limited to the United States and Canada. Andean winter weather is fickle, higher elevation areas in South America with annual snow lack the infrastructure to host major sporting events.

Another difficulty is that the Americas cover two hemispheres, which creates scheduling issues related to reverse seasons. Lake Placid, New York tried to organize Winter Games in 1959 but, not enough countries expressed interest; the plans were cancelled. In 1988, members of PASO voted to hold the first Pan American Winter Games at Las Leñas, Argentina in September 1989, it was further agreed. Lack of snow however, forced the postponement of the games until September 16–22, 1990 when only eight countries sent 97 athletes to Las Leñas. Of that total, 76 were from just three countries: Argentina and the United States. Weather was unseasonably warm and again there was little snow, so only three Alpine Skiing events – the Slalom, Giant Slalom, Super G were staged; the United States and Canada won all 18 medals. PASO awarded the second Pan American Winter Games to Santiago, Chile for 1993; the United States warned. The Santiago organizing committee gave up on planning the Games after the United States Olympic Committee declined to participate, the idea has not been revived si

Raja Sen

Raja Sen is an Indian film director, the winner of three National Film Awards from Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Raja Sen first received recognition with Subarnalata, a teleserial, he followed it up with Adarsha Hindu Hotel, Arogyo Niketan, few episodes of Desh Amaar Desh are some of the notables of the Bengali television arena, he has documented the real life paradigm of the living legends of Bengal's World of Art & Culture, Suchitra Mitra, Tapan Sinha, Sombhu Mitra, Subhas Mukhopadhyay. Raja Sen has two daughters. Damu - Cast: Raghuvir Yadav, Satya Banerjee, Monoj Mitra, Sabyasachi Chakrabarty, Rimi Sen. Atmiyo Swajan - Cast: Soumitra Chatterjee, Supriya Devi, Dipankar De, Sabyasachi Chakrabarty, Rituparna Sengupta, Shakuntala Barua, Alok Mukherjee, Ashok Mitra, Asit Mukherjee, Chaitali Ghoshal, June Malia, Papiya Sen, Piyush Ganguly, Pradip Chakraborty, Rimi Sen, Tridib Ghosh. Chakrabyuhya - Indrajeet, Anjan Srivastava, Rituparna Sen Gupta, Indrani Haldar, Chitra Sen, June Maliya. Desh - Cast: Jaya Bhaduri, Abhishek Bachchan, Sabyasachi Chakravarthy, Subhendu Chatterjee, Gyanesh Mukherjee, Nayana Das, Monu Mukherjee, Kaushik Sen, Rajesh Sharma, Dulal Lahiri.

Debipaksha - Cast: Soumitra Chatterjee, Rituparna Sengupta, Satabdi Roy, Koel Mullick. Krishnakanter Will - Cast: Jeet, Soumitra Chatterjee, Swastika Mukherjee. Tinmurti - Cast: Ranjit Mullick, Dipankar Dey, Manoj Mitra, Paoli Dam. Laboratory - Cast: Raveena Tandon, Arpita Chatterjee, Sabyasachi Chakraborty, Ranjit Mullick. Moubone Aaj - Cast: Ranjit Mullick, Manoj Mitra, Dipankar Dey, Rahul and Rachana Banerjee. Colonel - Cast: Chiranjit, Kharaj, Shakar and Tapas Paul. Maya Mridanga -Cast: Debshankar Haldar, Rituparna Sengupta, Paoli Dam, Gautam Haldar Filmmaker for Freedom Subhas Mukhopadhyay Suchitra Mitra Sambhu Mitra - 3 hours documentation by EZCC Jyotirmoyee Devi Alkaap - a dying folk culture Itihasher Kolkata Samaresh Basu Rosogolla - brand ambassador of Bengal Kolkata Kolkata Adarsha Hindu Hotel Subarnalata Samparka Arogya Niket Anirban Anjuman Streeash Charitram Tarasankarer Chhoto Galpo 1993 - Documentary Suchitra Mitra - National Film Award for Best Arts/Cultural Film 1997 - Debut feature film'Damu' - National Film Award for Best Children's Film 1997 - Best Film - Shiromoni Award 1997 - Best Audinence Juvenile Award in Dhaka International Film Festival 1999 - Atmiyo Swajan - National Film Award for Best Film on Family Welfare 1999 - Cairo International Film Festival Raja Sen Biography and Filmography Raja Sen on IMDb


Two methods of preparing fish or meat in Japanese cuisine are called tataki, or tosa-mi. In the first "tataki" method, the meat or fish is seared briefly over a hot flame or in a pan, can be marinated in vinegar, sliced thin, seasoned with ginger. Food so prepared can be served with soy sauce and garnishes like a sashimi; the method originated in Tosa Province, now part of Kōchi Prefecture. Lore has it that it was developed by Sakamoto Ryōma, a 19th-century rebel samurai, who picked up the European technique of grilling meat from the foreigners resident in Nagasaki. In the second method, it is the food, "hit into pieces". Fish such as tuna or horse mackerel are chopped and mixed with garnishes such as garlic, green onions or shiso leaves. Soy sauce may be poured over the chopped mixture before consumption