click links in text for more info

Pan Jianwei

Pan Jianwei is a Chinese quantum physicist known for his work in the field of quantum entanglement. He has been called the "father of quantum" and was named as one of Nature's 10 in 2017, he is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and The World Academy of Sciences, serves as Vice President of the University of Science and Technology of China. Pan was born in Dongyang, China, in 1970. In 1987, he entered the University of Science and Technology of China, from which he received his bachelor's and master's degrees, he received his PhD from the University of Vienna in Austria, where he worked in the group of Anton Zeilinger. Pan's team demonstrated five-photon entanglement in 2004. Under his leadership, the world's first quantum satellite launched in August 2016 as part of the Quantum Experiments at Space Scale, an international research project. In June 2017, Pan's team used their quantum satellite to demonstrate entanglement with satellite-to-ground total summed lengths between 1600km and 2400km and entanglement distribution over 1200 km between receiver stations.

He was elected as a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2011 and The World Academy of Sciences in 2012. He won the International Quantum Communication Award in 2012. In April 2014, he was appointed Vice President of the University of Technology of China, his team's work on double quantum-teleportation was selected as the Physics World Top Breakthrough of the Year in 2015. His team, including Peng Chengzhi, Chen Yu'ao, Lu Chaoyang, Chen Zengbing, won the State Natural Science Award in 2015. In 2017, the journal Nature named Pan Jianwei among the top 10 people who mattered in the year, with the label "father of quantum". In 2019, Pan was appointed as lead editor of Physical Review Research

The Thaw (novel)

The Thaw is a short novel by Ilya Ehrenburg first published in the spring 1954 issue of Novy Mir. It coined the name for the Khrushchev Thaw, the period of liberalization following the 1953 death of Stalin; the novel marked a break both from Ehrenburg's earlier purely pro-Soviet work, from previous ideas about socialist realism. The novel follows three main characters: Ivan Vasilievich Zhuravlev, a despotic factory manager, Vladimir Andreevich Pukhov, a painter working for the government, Saburov, an unsuccessful colleague of Pukhov. Other characters include Vera Sherer, a Jewish doctor, accused in the Doctors' plot; the novel was successful, selling all 45,000 copies of the first edition in a single day. It drew criticism from the authorities for mentioning the Great Purge and other negative aspects of Stalinism. Konstantin Simonov secretary of the Union of Writers of the USSR, accused Ehrenburg "of caricaturing... artistic life." However, Ehrenburg was given a chance to defend himself in the Literaturnaya Gazeta.

It was translated into English by Manya Harari and published in 1955 by Regnery in the US and Harvill Press in the UK. Text in Russian

Hakea candolleana

Hakea candolleana is a shrub in the family Proteaceae native to areas along the west coast in the Wheatbelt and Mid West regions of Western Australia. A cream-white winter flowering species, useful as a garden ground cover. Hakea candolleana is a dense low growing lignotuberous multi-stemmed shrub. Growing to a height of 0.15 to 1.6 metres wider than tall. Smaller branches are densely covered in short matted hairs or flattened fine silky hairs either white or rusty coloured. Branches become smooth and a bluish-green with a powdery film; the inflorescence consists of 6-8 small white or cream flowers with a pink to greenish tinge on a stem 2–3 mm long. The pedicel is 1.5–4 mm long, white or cream-yellow and covered in long furry soft matted hairs or flattened silky hairs extending onto the lower part of the flower. The cream-white perianth is 2–2.6 mm long. Faintly scented flowers appear in leaf axils from June to August. Leaves are alternate and linear, sometimes needle-shaped ending in a hard blunt point.

Length may be variable from 2.5–13 cm long and 1–4 mm wide more or less the same length the entire leaf. Young leaves covered in soft matted hairs becoming smooth with age. Large "S" shaped fruit are smooth 18–42 mm long and 12–25 mm wide aging to rough and pitted on the surface ending with an incurving beak. Hakea candolleana was first formally described by Carl Meissner in 1848. Hakea candolleana was named in honour of Augustin Pyramus de Candolle. Hakea candolleana grows in heath or shrubland on sand and clay and requires an open sunny aspect. Found in low lying seasonally wet areas, it grows from the northern sand plains at the Murchison River to Perth and an outlying community at Tammin. Hakea candolleana is presently listed as "not threatened" by Western Australian Government,Department of Parks and Wildlife

Madagascar (1837 ship)

Madagascar was a large British merchant ship built for the trade to India and China in 1837 that disappeared on a voyage from Melbourne to London in 1853. The disappearance of Madagascar was one of the great maritime mysteries of the 19th century and has been the subject of more speculation than any other 19th century maritime puzzle, except for the Mary Celeste. Madagascar, the second Blackwall Frigate, was built for George and Henry Green at the Blackwall Yard, shipyard they co-owned with the Wigram family. A one-eighth share in the vessel was held throughout her 16-year career by her first master Captain William Harrison Walker. Madagascar carried freight and troops between England and India until the end of 1852. In addition to her normal crew she carried many boys being trained as officers for the merchant marine. Known as midshipmen from naval practice, their parents or guardians paid for their training, they only received a nominal wage of a shilling a month. Due to the Victorian Gold Rush, under the command of Captain Fortescue William Harris, was sent to Melbourne with emigrants.

She left Plymouth on 11 March 1853 and, after an uneventful passage of 87 days, reached Melbourne on 10 June. Fourteen of her 60 crew jumped ship for the diggings, it is believed only about three replacements were signed on, she loaded a cargo that included wool and about two tonnes of gold valued at £240,000, took on board about 110 passengers for London. On Wednesday 10 August, just as she was preparing to sail, police went on board and arrested a bushranger John Francis, found to have been one of those responsible for robbing on 20 July the Melbourne Private Escort between the McIvor goldfield and Kyneton. On the following day the police arrested two others, one on board the ship and the other as he was preparing to board; as a result of these arrests Madagascar did not leave Melbourne until Friday 12 August 1853. After she left Port Phillip Heads the Madagascar was never seen again; when the ship became overdue many theories were floated, including spontaneous combustion of the wool cargo, hitting an iceberg and, most controversially, being seized by criminal elements of the passengers and/or crew and scuttled, with the gold being stolen and the remaining passengers and crew murdered.

In 1872 rumours of a supposed death-bed confession by a man who "knew who murdered the captain of the Madagascar" were first published. Over the next century many purely fictional stories based on this rumour have been published. Most 20th-century versions state that the death-bed confession was by a woman passenger, taken by the mutineers, by implication raped, was too ashamed of what had happened to her to confess beforehand; the legend of Madagascar and her fate has been used many times as a plot device in popular fiction, the earliest known being in Frank Fowler's Adrift. It influenced many other gold-rush era sea stories including Clark Russell's The Tale of Ten: A Salt Water Romance in 1896, the alleged loss of the Starry Crown—reported as fact in T. C. Bridges' The Romance of Buried Treasure in 1931—which was in turn used in 1949 by Captain W. E. Johns in Biggles Breaks the Silence; the most recent use of the mystery in a fictional setting is Sandy Curtis's Deadly Tide

Le Beau Serge

Le Beau Serge is a French film directed by Claude Chabrol, released in 1958. It has been cited as French New Wave, film movement; the film is compared with Chabrol's subsequent film Les Cousins, which features Jean-Claude Brialy and Gérard Blain. François, a successful yet sickly young man, returns to his home town Sardent after a long absence, he finds his friend Serge who has become a wretched alcoholic, unsatisfied with his life in the village. Serge had hoped to leave the village to study, but had to stay to marry Yvonne after she was pregnant; the death of their stillborn child did not help. At the time of arrival of François, Yvonne is again pregnant. François finds himself on the one hand at odds with the provincial village life and on the other hand compelled to help Serge; the fact that they are both entangled in affairs with Marie makes things more complicated. At the end, the birth of Serge and Yvonne's second child seems to provide a slight possibility of success. Gérard Blain as Serge Jean-Claude Brialy as François Bayon Michèle Méritz as Yvonne Bernadette Lafont as Marie Claude Cerval as The priest Jeanne Pérez as Madame Chaunier Edmond Beauchamp as Glomaud André Dino as the doctor Michel Creuze as Michel, The baker Claude Chabrol as La Truffe Philippe de Broca as Jacques Rivette de la Chasuble Chabrol had intended to shoot Les Cousins first, but due to its Paris setting, it would have been twice as expensive to film.

He chose instead to shoot in Sardent, a village where his mother lived before moving to Paris and where he spent the summer with his grandmother. The film was shot over nine weeks in the winter of 1957-8 on a budget of 32 million old francs, it was financed from his first wife's inheritance. The film ran to 2 hours and 35 minutes, though Chabrol cut a great deal of quasi-documentary material to reduce the running time, a decision he regretted. Le Beau Serge on IMDb Le beau Serge: Homecomings an essay by Terrence Rafferty at the Criterion Collection

Disneyland Dream Suite

The Disneyland Dream Suite was a 2,200-square-foot luxury apartment located in the New Orleans Square area of Disneyland Park at the Disneyland Resort. It was created as part of the "Year of a Million Dreams" promotion that ran from October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2008, closed in 2014. In the early 1960s as construction of New Orleans Square was proceeding, Walt Disney decided he needed a bigger entertaining facility for various VIPs that came to the park, he had an apartment above the Fire Station on Main Street, U. S. A. but it was too small to host elaborate events. Walt decided to place the suite in New Orleans Square, set back from the hustle and bustle of the park. Disney brought in set designer Dorothea Redmond, famous for creating the sets in Gone with the Wind, to help him with the apartment layout. To furnish and decorate the area, he left his wife Lilly and Walt Disney Studio set decorator Emile Kuri to collaborate as they had on other projects; the project was christened The Royal Suite, inspired by its location off New Orleans Square's Royal Street.

After Walt Disney died on December 15, 1966, many projects at Walt Disney Productions were put on hold or abandoned. At the request of his brother Roy, who felt the family would not enjoy The Royal Suite with Walt gone, the project was set aside, it was close to completion at the time of Disney's death, including infrastructure and plumbing. From July 11, 1987, to August 7, 2007, the space housed the Disney Gallery. On October 1, 2007 the Walt Disney Company announced that the closed Disney Gallery would be remodeled and turned into the Disneyland Dream Suite; the remodeled suite would be the realization of Walt's dream to have a larger private apartment built at Disneyland, would be made available to randomly selected guests of the park. The space underwent a whirlwind remodeling, with Disney Imagineers following the original design drawings from Dorothea Redmond. Located above the Pirates of the Caribbean ride, the Disneyland Dream Suite included a living room, open-air patio, two bedrooms and two bathrooms.

“Our plan has been to use the renderings that Walt worked on with Dorothea Redmond and to replicate those as as we can,” said Walt Disney Imagineering Art Director Kim Irvine. “Her illustrations were specific, with a color and style for each room. “But to make it special for the guests, we want it to be more than just a beautiful suite. We want it to be filled with things that might have inspired Walt as he dreamed of Disneyland." One of the most distinctive characteristics of the Dream Suite was the private balcony, which overlooked the Rivers of America. From here guests had an unobstructed view of the nighttime spectacular Fantasmic! In addition to that night’s lodging in the Disneyland Dream Suite, each selected 2008 Disney Dreams Giveaway winner of the Disneyland Dream Suite would be celebrated as the honorary grand marshal in that day’s Disneyland parade; the Suite was given out as a prize through various promotions. An interactive virtual tour of the Dream Suite is available by visiting the Disney website.

A fan site with more pictures and descriptions of the suite