Pancha Ishwarams

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Pancha Ishwarams (five abodes of Shiva) ([undefined] error: {{lang-xx}}: no text (help)பஞ்ச ஈஸ்வரங்கள், Pancha Eeswaramkal) were built to honor the Hindu god Shiva. The temples are located on different directions near coastal area of Sri Lanka. Hindus believe these five abodes of Shiva already existed during the time of Ravana. These temples were looted and destroyed during the Portuguese colonial period in Sri Lanka.

The erudite scholar and historian, Dr.Paul E.Pieris declared in 1917, at a meeting of the Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon Branch), that:[1]

List of the Pancha Ishwarams[edit]

Name Image Direction District Info
Naguleswaram Overgrown Statues.jpg North Jaffna Naguleswaran is also called "Keerimalai Kovil" and is located in Keerimalai.
Ketheeswaram ஈழத்து திருக்கேதீஸ்வர ஆலய கோபுரம் (மன்னார்).jpg North West Mannar Ketheeswaram or Tirukkētīsvaram is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams of Shiva glorified in the poems of the Tevaram.
Koneswaram Sri Lanka-Trincomalee-Tempel.JPG East Trincomalee Koneswaram or Tirukoneswaram is the most popular among the five Iswarams. Koneswaram is also known as "Then Kailayam" (Kailash of the South), because it lies on the same longitude as Mount Kailash in the Himalayas.[2]
Muneswaram Munneswaram.jpg West Puttalam According to legend, Rama has visited Muneswaram after his victory over Ravana.
Tondeswaram TenavaraiTemple.jpeg South Matara Tondeswaram or Tenavaram temple differs from other Ishwarams by the architectural style.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Hindu Legacy to Sri Lanka By Nirmala Ramachandran, Stamford Lake (Pvt.) Limited, 2004
  2. ^ [1] Ceylontoday (2014-01-26 02:05:00).