The pancreas is an organ of the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates. In humans, it is located in the abdomen behind functions as a gland; the pancreas has both a digestive exocrine function. As an endocrine gland, it functions to regulate blood sugar levels, secreting the hormones insulin, glucagon and pancreatic polypeptide; as a part of the digestive system, it functions as an exocrine gland secreting pancreatic juice into the duodenum through the pancreatic duct. This juice contains bicarbonate; the word pancreas comes from the Greek πᾶν & κρέας. The pancreas is an organ. In adults, it is about 12–15 centimetres long and salmon-coloured in appearance. Anatomically, the pancreas is divided into a head, neck and tail; the pancreas stretches from the inner curvature of the duodenum, where the head surrounds two blood vessels, the superior mesenteric artery, vein. The longest part of the pancreas, the body, stretches across behind the stomach, the tail of the pancreas ends adjacent to the spleen.
Two ducts, the main pancreatic duct and a smaller accessory pancreatic duct, run through the body of the pancreas, joining with the common bile duct near a small ballooning called the ampulla of Vater. Surrounded by a muscle, the sphincter of Oddi, this opens into the descending part of the duodenum; the head of the pancreas sits within the curvature of the duodenum, wraps around the superior mesenteric artery and vein. To the right sits the descending part of the duodenum, between these travel the superior and inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries. Behind rests the inferior vena cava, in front sits the peritoneal membrane and the transverse colon. From the back of the head emerges a small uncinate process, which extends to the back of the superior mesenteric vein and ends at the superior mesenteric artery; the superior mesenteric artery passes down in front of the left half across the uncinate process. The body of the pancreas travels from the head, separated by a short neck; the neck is about 2 cm wide, sits in front of the portal vein.
The gastroduodenal artery and the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries travel in front of the gland and begin where the neck meets the head of the pancreas. The neck lies behind the pylorus of the stomach; the body is the largest part of the pancreas, lies behind the stomach. It has a triangular cross-section, with the tip near the top of the pancreas, the base at the bottom; the peritoneum sits on lower surfaces of the pancreas. Behind the pancreas are several blood vessels, including the aorta, the splenic vein, the left renal vein, as well as some of the superior mesenteric artery. Below the body of the pancreas sits some of the small intestine the last part of the duodenum and the jejunum to which it connects, as well as the suspensory ligament of the duodenum which falls between these two. In front of the pancreas sits the transverse colon; the pancreas narrows towards the tail. It is between 1.3–3.5 cm long, sits between the layers of the ligament between the spleen and the left kidney.
The splenic vein, which passes behind the body of the pancreas, passes behind the tail of the pancreas. The pancreas has a rich blood supply, with vessels originating as branches of both the coeliac artery and superior mesenteric artery; the splenic artery runs along the top margin of the pancreas, supplies the left part of the body and the tail of the pancreas through its pancreatic branches, the largest of, called the greater pancreatic artery. The superior and inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries run along the anterior and posterior surfaces of the head of the pancreas at its border with the duodenum; these supply the head of the pancreas. These vessels join together in the middle; the body and neck of the pancreas drain into the splenic vein. The head drains into, wraps around, the superior mesenteric and portal veins; the pancreas drains into lymphatic vessels. These lymphatic vessels drain into pancreaticosplenic lymph nodes, some into the lymph nodes that lie in front of the aorta; the pancreas contains tissue with an endocrine and exocrine role, this division is visible when the pancreas is viewed under a microscope.
The tissues with an endocrine role can be seen under staining as lightly-stained clusters of cells, called pancreatic islets. Pancreatic islets contain alpha cells, beta cells, delta cells, PP cells, each of which releases a different hormone; these cells have characteristic positions, with alpha cells tending to be situated around the periphery of the islet, beta cells more numerous and found in the centre. Islets are composed of up to 3,000 secretory cells, contain several small arterioles and venules that allow the hormones secreted by the cells to enter the systemic circulation; the majority of pancreatic tissue has a digestive role. On staining, these darker-staining cells form clusters, which are arranged in lobes that have thin fibrous walls; the cells of each acinus secrete inactive digestive enzymes called zymogens into small intercalated duct whic
Code Lyoko is a French animated television series created by Thomas Romain and Tania Palumbo and produced by the MoonScoop Group that premiered on France 3. The series centers on a group of teenagers who travel to the virtual world of Lyoko to battle against a malignant artificial intelligence known as X. A. N. A. Who threatens Earth with powers to access the real world and cause trouble; the scenes in the real world are presented in 2D hand-drawn animation, while the scenes in Lyoko are presented in CGI animation. The series began its first, 97-episode run on 3 September 2003, on France's France 3, ended on 10 November 2007 and in the United States on 19 April 2004 on Cartoon Network. Code Lyoko aired every day on Cartoon Network, was in their Miguzi and Master Control programming blocks, at 5:00 or 5:30 P. M. U. S. Eastern Time, sometimes showing two new back-to-back episodes consecutively, in the cases of season finales. On 31 May 2011, the MoonScoop Group announced on its Facebook page that the show would be returning for a fifth season.
This follow-up series was named Code Lyoko: Evolution, which began airing at the end of 2012. This "sequel" to the series featured live-action sequences for scenes taking place in the real world instead of its traditional 2D animation but retained the iconic CGI for scenes taking place in Lyoko, now with an updated style; the show consisted of 26 episodes with the final episode airing in late 2013, leaving off on a cliffhanger with no second season planned as Moonscoop filed for bankruptcy in 2014. Jeremy Belpois, a 12-year-old prodigy attending boarding school at Kadic Academy, discovers a quantum supercomputer in an abandoned factory near his school. Upon activating it, he discovers a virtual world called Lyoko with an artificially intelligent girl named Aelita trapped inside it. Jeremy learns of X. A. N. A. A autonomous and intelligent multi-agent system, that dwells within the Supercomputer. Using Lyoko's power, X. A. N. A can possess electronics and machinery in the real world to wreak havoc. X.
A. N. A.'s primary objective is to eliminate anyone aware of the supercomputer's existence so that it will be free to conquer the real world and enslave all human beings. Jeremy works tirelessly to materialize Aelita into the real world and stop attacks caused by X. A. N. A. Jeremy is aided by his three friends Odd Della Robbia, Ulrich Stern, Yumi Ishiyama, who are virtualized into Lyoko to save both worlds from the sinister virtual entity, they achieve this by escorting Aelita to various towers on Lyoko, which serve as interface terminals between Lyoko and Earth. Once the tower is deactivated, Jeremy can launch a "Return to the Past" program, which sends anyone scanned into the Supercomputer's memory back in time, whilst retaining memory of the other timeline, to undo any damage caused by X. A. N. A. In "Code: Earth," Aelita is materialized, but the group discovers that X. A. N. A. Had planted a virus inside of her that will kill her if the Supercomputer is deactivated, they realize that they cannot destroy X.
A. N. A. Or Aelita will be destroyed along with it. Aelita adjusts to life in the real world, while Jeremy attempts to develop an anti-virus program to liberate her from X. A. N. A.'s power. On Lyoko, a fifth sector is discovered and the group explores more of Lyoko's secrets and mysteries; the gang begins to uncover information about a mysterious man named Franz Hopper, who went missing ten years ago. He created the Supercomputer, X. A. N. A. and is discovered to be Aelita's father. They find out that Franz Hopper is indeed alive somewhere, hiding in the uncharted parts of Lyoko to avoid X. A. N. A. Further. All the while, X. A. N. A. Attempts to steal Aelita's memory to gain the Keys to Lyoko and free itself. At the end of the season and Jeremy discover that Aelita is a human and does not have a virus, instead is missing a fragment of herself. In "The Key," X. A. N. A. Tricks them with a fake fragment and succeeds in stealing Aelita's memory and escaping the Supercomputer. Aelita appears to perish as a result but is revived when Franz Hopper gives her his faction of the Keys to Lyoko and restores her missing fragment: the memories of her forgotten childhood before she was virtualized on Lyoko.
Since succeeding in escaping the confinements of the supercomputer, X. A. N. A. Changes tactics by destroying each of Lyoko's surface sectors. Reluctant, the Lyoko Warriors decide to invite William Dunbar as the sixth member. However, shortly after being virtualized, he is possessed by X. A. N. A. Via the Scyphozoa. Shortly after, he destroys the Core of Lyoko, destroying the entire virtual world and rendering the group unable to fight X. A. N. A. Putting the entire real world in danger. After what they thought was their defeat, Jeremy receives a coded message from Franz Hopper that allows him to recreate Lyoko and continue the fight against X. A. N. A. Jeremy and Aelita construct a digital submarine, the Skidbladnir, to travel across the Digital Sea to destroy X. A. N. A.'s "Replikas," which are copies of Lyoko's sectors that are linked to X. A. N. A.-controlled supercomputers on Earth, all created for its goal of world domination. X. A. N. A. Uses William as its general throughout the season to defend the Replikas, sabotage the Lyoko Warriors in any way he can.
To prevent suspicion regarding William's disappearance, Jeremy manages to program a specter to take William's place at Kadic, although the clone has low-level intelligence and acts moronic. Near the end of the season, X. A. N. A. Decides to draw energy from all of its Replikas to create the Kolossus, a gigantic monster that destroys the Skidbladnir. Before it is destroyed, Jeremy frees William from X. A. N. A.'s control. After his return, he has a
HSwMS Magne was a Mode-class destroyer of the Swedish Navy during World War II. She was launched on 25 April 1942 as the second ship of the Mode class; the ship was rebuilt in the mid-1950s and reclassified to frigate in 1953 when she received pennant number 74. Magne was scrapped in Ystad in 1973; the name comes from the son of Thor in Nordic mythology. Magne had a depth of 2.3 meters. The default deployment was 635 tons and the maximum displacement was 785 tons; the machinery consisted of two Penhoët A oil-fired boilers, which supplied steam to two steam turbines which propelled their propellers. The machine developed 16,000 horsepower; the main armament consisted of three 10.5 cm guns m/42. These were placed in separate towers, one on the back deck, one on the aft deck and one on the aft superstructure; the air defense was consisted of two 40 mm anti-aircraft automatic guns m/36 and two 20 mm anti-aircraft automatic guns m/40. Three torpedo tubes for 53 cm torpedoes sitting in a triple set of the aft superstructure and further were two depth charge thrower and two rack-deployed depth charges.
42 mines could be carried for mining. Magne was built at Götaverken in Gothenburg and was launched on 25 April 1942 and was delivered to the Swedish Navy on 26 November that year. After delivery, Magne entered the Coastal Fleet, where she served during the rest of World War II. In 1953 Magne was rebuilt in the mid-1950s. One of the 10.5 cm guns as well as the torpedo racks was removed and the 40 mm guns m/36 were replaced m/48 with the same caliber. In addition, an anti-submarine granade m/51. Magne was decommissioned on 1 January 1966 and was subsequently used as training ship at the machinery school at the Berga Naval Training Schools. In 1973 the ship was scrapped in Ystad. Borgenstam, Curt. Jagare: med Svenska flottans jagare under 80 år. Västra Frölunda: Marinlitteratur. ISBN 91-970700-4-1. LIBRIS 7792227. Lagvall, Bertil. Flottans neutralitetsvakt 1939-1945: krönika. Marinlitteraturföreningen, 0348-2405. Stockholm: Marinlitteraturfören. ISBN 91-85944-05-X. LIBRIS 7753511
This is a list of notable footballers who have played for Middlesbrough. This means players that have played 100 or more first-class matches for the club, or been an designated captain. Players are listed according to the date of their first-team debut for the club. Appearances are for first-team competitive matches only. Substitute appearances included. Statistics correct as of 5 May 2008. Middlesbrough Legend Club captains who have won a major senior competition Club record holder Played their full career at Middlesbrough = Information not available GK — Goalkeeper RB — Right back LB — Left back CB — Centre back MF — Midfielder RW — Right Winger LW — Left Winger FW — Forward Middlesbrough F. C. Middlesbrough F. C. Player of the Year List of Middlesbrough F. C. records and statistics Middlesbrough FC. The Who's Who of Middlesbrough. Breedon Books. ISBN 978-1-85983-569-2
The Salvation Army Waiʻoli Tea Room was a Honolulu restaurant that operated from 1922 to 2014. After being closed for several years it reopened in 2018 as Waiʻoli Kitchen and Bake Shop; the restaurant is in a historic building at 2950 Mānoa Road, at the intersection of O'ahu Avenue and Mānoa Road on the island of Oahu. Adjacent to the restaurant is a replica of the grass house that Robert Louis Stevenson occupied in 1889 when he visited Princess Ka'iulani and her father Archibald Scott Cleghorn at their ʻĀinahau estate in Waikiki. Located in Mānoa Valley, the Waiʻoli Tea Room was formally dedicated in 1922, as part of the Salvation Army Girls' Home program to teach young women marketable job skills; the Salvation Army facility was one of several institutions in Hawaii in that era that provided care for those in need. Other such facilities included the Kaiulani Home for Girls, the Castle Home, the Catholic Orphanage; the concept for Wai'oli Tea Room was based on the high tea traditions of British Columbia emigrants living in Hawaii at the time it was built in 1922.
Waiʻoli used "high tea" and "afternoon tea" to mean the same thing.. Over the years, it has been a popular venue for local residents as well as tourists; the original one-story lava rock and shingle bungalow features an open lānai, a large room with an open-beam ceiling and tall double-hung windows, another smaller room with a fireplace. It was designed by Emory & Webb, a successful Honolulu architectural firm of the era, to harmonize with nearby residences. Walter Leavitte Emory was born November 1868, in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, he relocated to the Territory of Hawaii in 1898. Marshall Hickman Webb was born May 1869 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Sometime between 1908 and 1910, the two formed the architectural partnership of Webb, they designed numerous buildings and residences in Honolulu the most notable being the 1922 Hawaii Theatre. Emory died in 1929; the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings on Oahu on October 30, 1998. When it was built in 1922, there was one L-shaped wing.
A 1926 addition created a U-shaped building. The current entrance dates from 1960. Located on the Waiʻoli grounds adjacent to the restaurant is what has become known as the Robert Louis Stevenson Memorial Grass House, it is a replica of the original, once there. The structure was built as a guest house at their ʻĀinahau estate by the father of Princess Ka'iulani, businessman Archibald Scott Cleghorn. In 1889, Stevenson and his family stayed in the grass house. Ka'iulani and the author spent much time together on the estate. While Stevenson was smitten with the princess, she did not reciprocate. Ka'iulani died in 1899; when Cleghorn died in 1910, he willed the estate to the Territory of Hawaii, specifying it be maintained as a park in Ka'iulani's memory. The Princess Ka'iulani Hotel now stands; when the hut was auctioned off in 1926, it was moved to the current location. Although the Salvation Army did a complete restoration of the structure, it had to be rebuilt in 1983. In 2003, it was destroyed by high winds.
The grass house was rebuilt and reopened in 2012.. National Park Service. "The Salvation Army Waioli Tea Room". National Park Service. Retrieved September 2, 2012. Waiʻoli Tea Room official site Waiʻoli Kitchen and Bake Shop official site
Christian Le Guillochet was a French actor and theatre director. With his wife Luce Berthommé, he created the cultural center Lucernaire in Paris. Born in Albi in 1933 from a railway father and a nursing mother, he was a worker when he was summoned to fight in Algeria. Back in France, he attended evening classes and obtained a degree in technical and commercial engineering, he took drama classes to cure his shyness. In 1963, Robert Dhéry engaged him in Grosse Valse, he learned much by observing the star of Louis de Funès. In 1964, he founded a first café-théâtre "Le Lucernaire" in 1968, near the Montparnasse métro station, rue d'Odessa. Ten years expelled because of the construction of the Montparnasse Tower, he installed "Le Lucernaire" at 53 rue Notre-Dame des Champs. In the 1970s, he began a long-term friendship with Laurent Terzieff to whom he entrusted the artistic direction of the Lucernaire for five years. On 5 November 2003, on the evening of the premiere of Subvention, a play by Jean-Luc Jeener in which he embodied a theater director, he started a hunger strike so that the city of Paris and the Ministry of Culture did not cut subsidies to the "Lucernaire".
In 2004, his wife died, and, at age 70, he sold the "Lucernaire" to the group owner of the publishing house L'Harmattan. 1964: Heaven on One's Head, by Yves Ciampi 1966: Le Solitaire passe à l'attaque, by Ralph Habib 1968: Le Débutant, by Daniel Daert 1969: Ciné-Girl, by Francis Leroi - Michaël 1971: The Lion's Share, by Jean Larriaga 1976: Monsieur Sade, by Jacques Robin 1966: Illusions perdues, by Maurice Cazeneuve - Horace Bienchon 1967: The Flashing Blade, by Yannick Andréi - episodes 6 to 9 and 12 - Robiro 1968: Le Tribunal de l'Impossible: Nostradamus prophète en son pays, by Pierre Badel 1969: Que ferait donc Faber? byt Dolorès Grassian 1970: Quentin Durward, by Gilles Grangier - Le Glorieux 1972: Vassa Geleznova, by Pierre Badel - Piaterkine 1980: Façades, by Jacques Robin - Angelo Sordi 1981: Mon meilleur Noël - episode: L'Oiseau bleu, by Gabriel Axel - Le Peuplier 1995: L'oiseau éventail, ISBN 9782905262912, Prix Emmanuel Roblès 1996 2006: 50 ans de Théâtre, depuis l'impasse Odessa jusqu'à la rue Notre-Dame des Champs, Éditions L'Harmattan 2008: Le Chien citoyen, L'Harmattan Christian Le Guillochet on IMDb Vidéo: « Démolition du Lucernaire »: 10 July 1976, José Artur interroge Christian Le Guillochet sur la démolition du Lucernaire.
Les comédiens. Adieu à Christian Le Guillochet on Le Figaro théâtre Christian Le Guillochet, fondateur du Lucernaire on Le Monde Christian Le Guillochet, le fondateur du Théâtre du Lucernaire est décédé on Scène web Christian Le Guillochet on the site of Éditions L'Harmattan