Pando is a department in the North of Bolivia, with an area of 63,827 square kilometres, in the Amazon Rainforest, adjoining the border with Brazil and Perú. Pando has a population 110,436, its capital is the city of Cobija. The department, named after former president José Manuel Pando, is divided into five provinces. Although Pando is rich in natural resources, the poverty level of its inhabitants is high, due to the lack of roads linking the province to the rest of the country. In addition, residents suffer from debilitating effects of tropical diseases, typical of life in the Amazonian rain forest; the main economic activities are agriculture and cattle. At an altitude of 280 metres above sea level in the northwestern jungle region, Pando is located in the rainiest part of Bolivia. Pando has a hot climate, with temperatures above 26 degrees Celsius. Pando is the least populous department in Bolivia, the most tropical, the most isolated, due to an absence of effective roads, it was organized at the beginning of the 20th century from what was left of the Acre Territory, lost to Brazil as a result of the so-called Acre War.
Its capital city of Cobija was named after the much-lamented Bolivian port of the same name on the Pacific Ocean, part of an area lost to Chile following the War of the Pacific. Although backward and remote, Pando is densely forested and close to navigable waterways leading to the Amazon River and from there on to the Atlantic Ocean; the department had a rubber boom in the late 19th century and early 20th century, along with the northern part of nearby Beni department. The local industry collapsed under competition with rubber cultivated in Southeast Asia, as well as the discovery and manufacture of synthetic rubber. Culturally, the Pandinos are considered part of the so-called Camba culture of the Bolivian lowlands, similar to the people of the country's other two tropical departments and Santa Cruz. Many of Pando's original settlers moved from nearby Beni. Far from the centers of power in Bolivian society, Pando has linked its fate with that of Santa Cruz and Beni, which are demanding increased autonomy for the departments, with a lessening in central government power.
Prefect Leopoldo Fernández backed autonomy for the department, in alliance with other governors of the eastern media luna. Nationwide referenda on autonomy held on July 2, 2006, were approved in all four departments. A second referendum to approve a statute of autonomy was held by each department in mid-2008, despite being declared illegal by the National Electoral Court in March. Left-wing and pro-Morales social movements boycotted the votes. Pando's referendum, held on June 1, 2008, won 82 % approval among those, but 46.5% of the registered electorate did not vote, the highest abstention rate in the four departments holding such referenda. Considerable social unrest took place in 2008, culminating with the spectacular arrest in September 2008 of Prefect Leopoldo Fernández, stemming from the massacre at El Porvenir of anti-autonomy backers of President Evo Morales. Abuná Federico Román Madre de Dios Manuripi Nicolás Suárez The predominant language in the department is Spanish; the following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers.
Manuripi-Heath Amazonian Wildlife National Reserve International Recreational Fishing Championship of Puerto Rico, Bolivia El Chivé Porvenir Pando Travel Guide Weather in Pando Pando Official website "Bolivia 9/11: Bodies and Power on a Feudal Frontier" by Bret Gustafson, Upside Down World, 14 July 2009 Full information of Pando Department, Bolivian Land Bolivian Amazon
Northwest Airlines Flight 5 was a scheduled, multiple stop flight from Chicago Municipal Airport to Boeing Field, Seattle. It had intermediate stops at Minneapolis. On October 30, 1941, on the flight's leg between Minneapolis and Fargo, the Northwest Airlines Douglas DC-3A-269 operating the route crashed into an open field about 2 1/2 miles east of the Fargo airfield, just after 2:00 am local time. All 12 passengers and two of the three crewmembers aboard were killed; the flight's captain Clarence Bates, the sole survivor, would end up dying himself a year from another aviation accident in Moorhead, Minnesota. The cause of the crash was determined to be an excessive buildup of ice on the aircraft's wings
Tony Anatrella is a French psychotherapist and a priest of the Catholic Church. He has specialized in the study of adolescent homosexuality, he has opposed civil rights for homosexuals and the ordination of homosexuals to the Catholic priesthood. He holds appointments as an advisor to departments of the Roman Curia and has been called the "psy de l'Église” "Church shrink"; as of 1990, Anatrella taught clinical psychology at several training centers in France, conducted research at the social psychology laboratory of the École des Hautes Études, was a member of the AIDS experts group of the French Health Education Committee. With the development of the sexual abuse crisis in the Catholic Church, he helped create the first guide for French bishop Lutter contre la pédophilie in 2000. In 2005 he was one of the advisors behind the Vatican's prohibition on the ordination of homosexuals to the priesthood. In an analysis of the Vatican action he wrote for L'Osservatore Romano, he said that a homosexual cannot embody the "spousal tie" between God and the Church, nor embody a priest's "spiritual paternity".
He listed the problematic characteristics of the homosexual: "Closing oneself off in a clan of persons of the same type. In 2006 he told a conference on homosexuality at the Pontifical Lateran University that 40% of children raised by homosexuals become homosexuals; the Catholic News Service reported. In 2009 he warned that the Western ideology of "gender theory" was being imposed on African nations, that "to receive international aid — in the financial and educational realms — most African countries are subjected, through different associations, to the gender lecture", he has said that gender theory, the idea that gender identity is constructed, is "more damaging than Marxist ideology". He views homosexuality as "an incomplete and immature formation of human sexuality". In 2010 he was named a member of the commission of inquiry examining the apparitions of the Virgin Mary at Medjugorje. In 2013, he opposed the legalization of same-sex marriage in France, which he said was promoted by "a lobby that reduces the family to what it isn't" supported by those "wishing to play Daddy and Mommy without having the appropriate characteristics".
He said that "the confusion of sex and feelings leads to a confusion of the realities and an impasse. Marriage between persons of the same sex is ridiculous and the act doesn't inspire any esteem as it doesn't contribute at all to social relation."He was appointed a consultant to two bodies of the Roman Curia, the Pontifical Council for the Family and the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Health Care Workers. He participated as a "collaborator" in the Synod of Bishops on the Family in October 2014. A critic of the Synod's advice that homosexuals needed to be accompanied with respect, cited Anatrella's recemt statement: "We must clear the field of many clichés: homosexuality... has no genetic, biological or neurological origin. Its origin is principally psychological. Today a lot of false research and many experiments have failed to demonstrate its origin is hormonal". In February 2016, after it was reported that Anatrella, in the course of a Vatican-sponsored training session for new bishops, had said they had no obligation to report instances of abuse to civil authorities, Cardinal Sean O'Malley, head of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors, insisted that the training session his Commission leads for new bishops rejects that view: "Our obligations under civil law must be followed, but beyond these civil requirements, we all have a moral and ethical responsibility to report suspected abuse to the civil authorities who are charged with protecting our society."Accusations that Anatrella had abused patients in the course of therapy sessions were first raised by three of them in 2006, but their civil suit was dismissed for lack of evidence beyond that of accusers and the accused.
Accusations were renewed in 2016, this time church officials who had defended Anatrella issued a statement encouraging "any person, a victim of sexual aggression" to contact the archdiocese to report it: "They will be received and listened to, counseled on what to do next, urged to file a complaint with the judicial authorities." Four former patients of Anatrella described therapy sessions that involved nudity and bodily contact. Investigative journalists found that Anatrella had used such methods since the 1970s and as late as 2011; the courses Anatrella taught at the Collège des Bernardins in Paris were suspended in 2016 and an invitation to speak at a conference organized by the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family in February 2017 was withdrawn. In October 2017, the Archbishop of Paris, Michel Aupetit, initiated a canonical investigation of charges made against Anatrella. In a statement to Agence France Presse on 4 July 2018, the Archdiocese announced that Anatrella was forbidden to exercise his priestly ministry, hear confessions, or provide spiritual direction.
Dimer W. Reaves was a soldier in the Texas Army during the Texas Revolution, noted for a daring action during the Battle of San Jacinto that helped seal the decisive Texian victory. Dimer W. Reaves arrived in Texas in June 1835, he enlisted in the Texas army and served in Captain Henry Wax Karnes' Company of Cavalry and was a member of the party that destroyed Vince's Bridge. The others who were with him on that mission were Deaf Smith, Young Perry Alsbury, John Coker, John T. Garner, Moses Lapham and Edwin R. Rainwater. For his service in the war he received one-third of a league of land in Texas. On November 4, 1839, he married the daughter of Alexander and Nancy Jordan. Alexander Jordan was a prominent land owner with a plantation of over one thousand acres in the southern part of Rusk County, where he operated a twenty-saw cotton gin. After his father-in-law died on December 3, 1839, Dimer Reaves lived with his wife on the Jordan plantation and looked after the management of the farm until he died there in July 1847.
John Coker Young Perry Alsbury John T. Garner Moses Lapham Edwin R. Rainwater Vince's Bridge Battle of San Jacinto Deaf Smith Henry Wax Karnes Sam Houston Antonio López de Santa Anna Vicente Filisola José de Urrea Martín Perfecto de Cos Juan Almonte Timeline of the Texas Revolution Runaway Scrape ” Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution. ” Joseph Milton Nance and Counterattack: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1842. ” The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813-1863
Alois Hába was a Czech composer, music theorist and teacher. He belongs to the important discoverers in modern classical music, major composers of microtonal music using the quarter-tone scale, though he used others such as sixth-tones, fifth-tones, twelfth-tones. From the other mictrotonal conceptions, he discussed a "three-quarter tone" system in his theoretical works but he used scales in this tuning in sections of some of his compositions. In his prolific career, Hába composed three operas, an enormous collection of chamber music including 16 string quartets, piano and choral pieces, some orchestral works and songs, he had special keyboard and woodwind instruments constructed that were capable of playing quarter-tone scales. Alois Hába was born in the small town of Vizovice in Moravian Wallachia, into a family of 10 children; when he was five years old it was discovered. He and his family played and sang their native Wallachian folk songs participated in church singing and folk-music performances.
In school, Alois became interested in the musical aspects of the Czech language, above all in pitch, accent and timbre of the speech. In 1908 he entered the teacher's training college in Kroměříž, where he began to develop an interest in Czech national music, analyzing the works of Bedřich Smetana. At that time he found out from his textbooks that the European system of music was not the only one in the world and that some European music had in the past used different scales than the ones used in his time, he therefore started to develop his own point of view in this issue. After finishing his studies, he got a job as teacher in Bílovice, a small town near the Hungarian border, he continued his own musical studies and in 1913 wrote his first compositions, displaying an unwillingness to "follow the rules", which he maintained all his life. Hába was dissatisfied by small-town life, in 1914, he moved to Prague and became a pupil of neoromantic composer Vítězslav Novák. Here he was interested in analysing the works of Claude Debussy, Max Reger, Alexander Scriabin, Richard Strauss, in harmonization of Moravian folk music.
During World War I, he served in the Austrian Army on the Russian and Italian front from 1915 until early 1918, when he was moved to Vienna, where he worked in the music department of the Austrian-Hungarian Ministry of War. There he immediately became a student of Franz Schreker, who brought out his more radical tendencies. At that time, Hába wrote his first quarter-tone piece, consisting of three fugues in the quarter-tone system, composed for two pianos tuned a quarter tone apart. Remaining in Vienna after the war, Hába attended the concerts produced by Arnold Schönberg's Verein für musikalische Privataufführungen, became influenced by the "athematic" style used by Schönberg in his Erwartung. First publications of his compositions included the String Quartet No. 2, his first major quarter-tone work, composed in 1920. At that time, his lifelong friendship with Hanns Eisler – with whom he shared political beliefs as well as musical opinions – began. Hába found his first success as a composer in Berlin, where he followed his teacher Schreker in late 1920.
He published his first theoretical treatise, the small booklet Harmonické základy čtvrttónové soustavy. In 1923, he met Ferrucio Busoni, who had advocated the sixth-tone system and encouraged Hába to continue his work in microtonality; the same year, Hába began to attempt the establishment of a school of microtonal music, but as the Nazis started to gain power in Germany, he came under attack and was driven out of Berlin. He managed to get a job teaching workshops at the Prague Conservatory. In July 1923 at the festival of modern music in Donaueschingen, the Amar-Hindemith Quartet played Hába’s quarter-tone String Quartet No. 3. His name began to appear alongside other representatives of his generation’s avant-garde musicians and, thanks to him, Czechoslovakia became one of the first member countries of the International Society for Contemporary Music. Hába wrote several theoretical articles on microtonality and church modes at this time. In 1925 he wrote his major theoretical work New Harmony-Textbook of the Diatonic, Quarter-, Third-, Sixth-, Twelfth-tone Systems.
He designed and had built two quarter-tone pianos by early 1924 and a third in 1925. In 1927, the Czech branch factory of the German piano firm August Förster in the North Bohemian town of Jiříkov built for him a sixth-tone harmonium, patterned after the design by Busoni. After the premiere of his quarter-tone opera Matka in 1931, introducing a athematic concept, Hába emerged as a leader of Czech modernist music and became internationally well known as one of the most important avantgarde composers; this opera uses two quarter-tone clarinets and two quarter-tone trumpets, which were built for this work. In 1934, he composed the opera Nová země in the twelve-tone system. Athematic constructions characteristic of his work appeared later in the opera Přijď království tvé, written in the sixth-tone system. In all three operas, Hába expressed his bold socialist viewpoint, that caused controversies at the time. For instance, the production of Nová Země (the plot of which deals with the Holodomor in Ukraine and how th
Local elections were held in Iran on 19 May 2017 to elect members of the City and Village Councils with the twelfth presidential election. A total number of 287,425 candidates registered including 17,885 women. Share of female candidates shows a slight increase in comparison to 2013 elections, when they made up just 5.4%. KhabarOnline reported the results for ten major city councils as follows: Rouhani administration-controlled newspaper Iran and Revolutionary Guards-affiliated Tasnim News Agency published detailed reports on the results, with the number of seats won by each bloc as following: During the elections, a 60-year-old bird seller was placed first in Khorram Abad, campaigning with walking the streets introducing himself to people. In Rasht, a teacher, sacked after the 1979 Iranian Revolution as well as a street sweeper were elected. There has been a controversy around the reelection of Sepanta Niknam, a Zoroastrian municipal councillor in Yazd, as there was no clear legislation on the matter.
"On April 15, about one month before Iran’s local and presidential elections", Ahmad Jannati, head of the Guardian Council, had "issued a directive demanding that non-Muslims be disqualified from running in the then-upcoming city and village council elections in localities where most of the population are Muslims". On November 26, 2017, Iranian lawmakers approved the urgency of a bill that would give the right for members of the religious minorities to nominate candidates for the city and village councils elections; the bill secured 23 no and 10 abstention. A total of 204 lawmakers were present at the parliament session