The Pannonian Basin, or Carpathian Basin, is a large basin in Central Europe. The geomorphological term Pannonian Plain is more used for the same region though with a somewhat different sense, with only the lowlands, the plain that remained when the Pliocene Epoch Pannonian Sea dried out, it is a geomorphological subsystem of the Alps-Himalaya system a sediment-filled back-arc basin which spread apart during the Miocene. Most of the plain consists of the Great Hungarian Plain and the Little Hungarian Plain, divided by the Transdanubian Mountains; the Pannonian Basin lies in the southeastern part of Central Europe. It forms a topographically discrete unit set in the European landscape, surrounded by imposing geographic boundaries - the Carpathian Mountains and the Alps; the Rivers Danube and Tisza divide the basin in half. It extends between Vienna in the northwest, Košice in the northeast, Zagreb in the southwest, Novi Sad in the south and Satu Mare in the east. In terms of modern state boundaries, the basin centres on the territory of Hungary, but it covers regions of western Slovakia, southeastern Poland, western Ukraine, western Romania, northern Serbia, the tip of northeast Croatia, northeastern Slovenia, eastern Austria.
The name "Pannonian" comes from a province of the Roman Empire. Only the western part of the territory of modern Hungary formed part of the ancient Roman Province of Pannonia. In English-language, the terms "Pannonian Basin" and "Carpathian Basin" are used synonymously; the name "Pannonian" is taken from that of a province of the Roman Empire. The historical province was not coterminous with the geographical plain or basin. Pannonia Inferior covered much of the western half of the basin, as far as the Danube. Pannonia Superior included the western fringe of the basin as well as part of the Eastern Alps, as far as Virunum; the southern fringe of the basin was in Moesia. The eastern half of the basin was not conquered by the Romans and was considered part of Sarmatia, inhabited by the Iazyges; the parts north of the Danube were not in the empire. The term Pannonian Plain refers to the lowland parts of the Pannonian Basin as well as those of some adjoining regions like Lower Austria and Silesia; the lands adjoining the plain proper are sometimes called peri-Pannonian.
The term Carpathian Basin is used in Hungarian literature, while the West Slavic languages, Serbo-Croatian languages, German language, Romanian language use Pannonian: in Hungarian the basin is known as Kárpát-medence, in Czech. The East Slavic languages, namely Ukrainian, use terms Tisa-Danube Basin or Middanubian Basin In Hungarian geographical literature various subdivisions of the Carpathian Mountains are considered parts of the Carpathian Basin on the basis of traditional geopolitical divisions. Julius Pokorny derived the name Pannonia from Illyrian, from the Proto-Indo-European root *pen-, "swamp, wet". Although rain is not plentiful, it falls when necessary and the plain is a major agricultural area. For its early settlers, the plain offered few sources of metals or stone, thus when archaeologists come upon objects of obsidian or chert, copper or gold, they have unparalleled opportunities to interpret ancient pathways of trade. The Pannonian plain is divided into two parts along the Transdanubian Mountains.
The northwestern part is called Western Pannonian plain and the southeastern part Eastern Pannonian plain. They comprise the following sections: Western Pannonian Plain: Vienna Basin Little Hungarian Plain Eastern Pannonian Plain: Great Hungarian Plain Pannonian Island Mountains Transdanubian Mountains Drava–Mura lowlandsNote: The Transylvanian Plateau and the Lučenec-Košice Depression and some other lowlands are sometimes considered part of the Pannonian Plain in non-geomorphological or older divisions. Large or distinctive areas of the plain that do not correspond to national borders include: Bačka/Bácska Šajkaška Telečka Gornji Breg Banat Pančevački Rit Veliki Rit Gornje Livade Baranya/Baranja Burgenland, Austria Crişana Jászság Kunság Little Hungarian Plain Mačva Međimurje Moravia, Czech Republic Moslavina Podravina Podunavlje Pokuplje Pomoravlje, around Mora
Lacus Aestatis consists of two small patches of smooth, interconnected lunar mare, located near the western limb of the Moon in the southwestern highlands. It was called Mare Aestatis but was renamed at the 1970 IAU convention; the selenographic coordinates of this feature are 15.0° S, 69.0° W, it lies within a diameter of 90 km. The lake has a combined surface area in the order of 400 km2; the northwestern part of this feature is located to the east-southeast of the crater Rocca, is contained within the rim of the satellite crater Rocca A. The other part lies to the southeast of the first, forms an elongated, irregular patch that extends in a north-south direction; the southern tip lies about one crater diameter to the northwest of the flooded crater Crüger. Crater counts of this feature yield an age of 3.50 Gyr for the basalt, placing its formation in the Imbrian era. NASA lunar Atlas
Phillip Charles Western was a Canadian musician, based in Vancouver and a founding member of the bands Download, PlatEAU, Frozen Rabbit, Off and Gone. Having started his career as a drummer and as a programmer, he became a remix engineer starting in the mid-1990s, his friendship with Dwayne Goettel led to him doing a small amount of keyboard work on the Skinny Puppy album The Process, as well as creating the Subconscious record label with Goettel in 1993. After Goettel's death from a heroin overdose in 1995, he became partners with Cevin Key in several musical projects; as an engineer, or remix engineer, he had worked with Skinny Puppy, Bryan Adams, Nine Inch Nails. He assisted in remixes of songs written by Monster Magnet and Rob Halford and Metallica among others. Maintaining a low visibility in his collaborative projects, it was his solo work which brought his abilities to light for fans of Download - a complex approach to rhythm and programming, a sense of melody rooted in psychedelia and space rock.
In 2001, Western became the operator behind The Record Company, the imprint for several releases under his own name, as well as a reissue of the Floatpoint CD "Beam Error". He died in February 2019 at the age of 47 of a suspected accidental drug overdose. Power/Touched The Escapist Dark Features Therapy Worlds End 4am 1221 Dat Hell Red Eyed Stalker EP Treatment Laborandum Forbidden Melodium LongForm Corrected Idiot Loved and Loathed Neuro-Plastique No Love Lost Phil Western and LongWalkShortDock - Sick Bay - Live at Rifflandia 2013 Phil Western Vs LongWalkShortDock - Live 2008 - The Rim Benefit Beehatch Brood Furnace Microscopic Charlie's Family Sidewinder The Eyes of Stanley Pain III Effector Inception III Steps Forward FiXeR HElicopTEr Lingam Unknown Room Cirrhotic Psychotic On Daddy's Farm Dutch Flowers Music For Grass Bars Spacecake Iceolator Kushbush Gort Spacebar Atlantic Under Clouds untitled EP Beam Error Beam Error untitled EP Sigma Receptor Shasta Everest 26,000 Phil Western on Myspace Phil Western discography at Discogs