A panorama is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, photography, seismic images or a three-dimensional model. The word was coined in the 18th century by the English painter Robert Barker to describe his panoramic paintings of Edinburgh and London; the motion-picture term panning is derived from panorama. A panoramic view is purposed for multi-media, cross-scale applications to an outline overview along and across repositories; this so-called "cognitive panorama" is a panoramic view over, a combination of, cognitive spaces used to capture the larger scale. The device of the panorama existed in painting in murals, as early as 20 A. D. in those found as a means of generating an immersive ` panoptic' experience of a vista. Cartographic experiments during the Enlightenment era preceded European panorama painting and contributed to a formative impulse toward panoramic vision and depiction; this novel perspective was conveyed to America by Benjamin Franklin, present for the first manned balloon flight by the Montgolfier brothers in 1783, by American born physician, John Jeffries who had joined French aeronaut Jean Pierre Blanchard on flights over England and the first aerial crossing of the English Channel in 1785.
In the mid-19th century, panoramic paintings and models became a popular way to represent landscapes, topographic views and historical events. Audiences of Europe in this period were thrilled by the aspect of illusion, immersed in a winding 360 degree panorama and given the impression of standing in a new environment; the panorama was a 360-degree visual medium patented under the title Apparatus for Exhibiting Pictures by the artist Robert Barker in 1787. The earliest that the word "panorama" appeared in print was on June 11, 1791 in the British newspaper The Morning Chronicle, referring to this visual spectacle. Barker created a painting, shown on a cylindrical surface and viewed from the inside, giving viewers a vantage point encompassing the entire circle of the horizon, rendering the original scene with high fidelity; the inaugural exhibition, a "View of Edinburgh", was first shown in that city in 1788 transported to London in 1789. By 1793, Barker had built "The Panorama" rotunda at the center of London's entertainment district in Leicester Square, where it remained until closed in 1863.
Inventor Sir Francis Ronalds developed a machine to remove errors in perspective that were created when a sequence of planar sketches was combined into a cylinder. It projected the cylindrical drawing onto the wall of the rotunda at much larger scale to enable its accurate painting; the apparatus was exhibited at the Royal Polytechnic Institution in the early 1840s. Large scale installations enhance the illusion for an audience of being surrounded with a real landscape; the Bourbaki Panorama in Lucerne, Switzerland was created by Edouard Castres in 1881. The painting measures about 10 metres in height with a circumference of 112 meters. In the same year of 1881, the Dutch marine painter Hendrik Willem Mesdag created and established the Panorama Mesdag of The Hague, Netherlands, a cylindrical painting more than 14 metres high and 40 meters in diameter. In the United States of America is the Atlanta Cyclorama, depicting the Civil War Battle of Atlanta, it was first displayed in 1887, is 42 feet high by 358 feet circumference.
On a gigantic scale, still extant, is the Racławice Panorama located in Wrocław, which measures 15 x 120 metres. In addition to these historical examples, there have been panoramas painted and installed in modern times. Panoramic photography soon came to displace painting as the most common method for creating wide views. Not long after the introduction of the Daguerreotype in 1839, photographers began assembling multiple images of a view into a single wide image. In the late 19th century, flexible film enabled the construction of panoramic cameras using curved film holders and clockwork drives to rotate the lens in an arc and thus scan an image encompassing 180 degrees. Pinhole cameras of a variety of constructions can be used to make panoramic images. A popular design is the "oatmeal box", a vertical cylindrical container in which the pinhole is made in one side and the film or photographic paper is wrapped around the inside wall opposite, extending right to the edge of, the pinhole; this generates an egg-shaped image with more than 180° view.
Ovidiu Anton is a Romanian singer-songwriter. He was to represent Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 with the song "Moment of Silence", but Romania was forced to withdraw from the contest on 22 April 2016, his moment got the most points from the jury, in the semifinal on March 4, but the most votes from viewers, in the final on March 6. He participated in Selecția Națională five times so far: 2010, with Pasager band – "Running Out Of Time", 2012 – "I Walk Alone", 2013 – "Run Away With Me", 2015 – "Still Alive". Anton went on stage for the first time at age six, he studied classic guitar and piano at the Music School. Wanting to compose and perform rock music, in 1998, he formed the band Carpe Diem, he won the second place at Interpretation section of the Mamaia National Festival 2003 with his own song and between 2004 and 2006 was named valedictorian of Star School, second edition, production organized by the Romanian Television. Ovidiu represented Romania at the Golden Stag International Festival in 2005, from 2008 until May 2012 he was the soloist of Pasager band with whom he performed hundreds of concerts and participated in Eurovision 2010 national selection.
Along the same band, he won the second place at Rock section of the Mamaia National Festival 2011. Anton won the Romanian national selection for the Eurovision Song Contest 2016, but on 22 April 2016, it was announced that TVR were suspended from the European Broadcasting Union, as TVR failed to pay their debt of CHF 16 million to the EBU; as a result and his song were both forced to withdraw from the contest. Despite the withdrawal, the song was included on the contest's album, as it was produced before Romania was suspended. Ovidiu Anton is married with whom he has a 5-year-old daughter, Adela. Ovidiu is a dog breeder in Romania, as owner of Praetorian Staff kennel, he participates in many competitions dedicated to quadrupeds. Ovidiu Anton -'Moment of silence'
Cheong Chia Chieh was the Group Managing Director of PUC Founder Berhad - a listed company under ACE market of Bursa Malaysia - principally engaged in three different sectors, which are the Technology and Telecommunication sector, Mobile Application sector, Renewable Energy sector. He was the Former Managing Director of Redhot Media International Limited with the role of being responsible for its overall operations within the RHM group of companies, sales as well as strategic direction and vision for the group, he was a founding director of the RH Media Group, a board member of a number of RHM's subsidiaries, including being the sole director of Red Media Asia Ltd. RMH Group grew under his leadership, the major cities in China which includes Shanghai and Guangzhou. RedHot's unique business model attracted investors from all around starting with leading institutional investment agencies of the Malaysian government Ministry of Finance to foreign investors such as GoodMorning Shinhan Securities Co.
Ltd now known as Shinhan Investment Corp. Within a year Cheong served as Group Managing Director, PUCF had been introduced with new Board of Directors and new management team; the company market value has increased from RM24,230,000 to RM 167,310,000. Due to its financial performance, PUCF had distributed bonus share and free warrants to its shareholders. In 2005 he ventured into industries such as renewable energy sector, e-payment services and development of mobile applications. Born in Ipoh, Malaysia, he held a Masters in Business Administration from the California University since 2001. Throughout his entire schooling and university experience, he was an entrepreneur involving in the computer and devices trading business; as old sayings goes, life is a never ending learning process. Cheong was enrolled into China Peking University for an EMBA course and had been enrolled to the Diploma of Advanced Studies in Renewable Energy Management Programme in the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland, an effort he has made to better enhance the knowledge on the management of energy businesses.
From 1996 to 1999, he was a committee member of the Selangor Economic Action Council where he was involved in promoting investments and industry development opportunities in the Selangor state. In year 1998 to 1999, he was appointed as a Consultant of Nanyang Press Holdings Berhad. From 2000 to 2006, he was the Chief Executive Officer for Nanyang Online Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of NPHB, involved in the internet and e-commerce industry. From 2005 to 2006, he was appointed as Strategic Investment Consultant of NPHB and was the Chairman of the Group Marketing Committee as well as an Executive Committee Member of the Group Circulation Committee of NPHB that oversees and manages the NPHB group's advertising sales and distribution for its publications. During his tenure at NPHB, Nanyang Online established the AxChange business model. In 2004, he led a management buy-out of the AxChange business model from Nanyang Online via the incorporation of RedHot Media Sdn Bhd. Subsequently, RHM and its subsidiaries were formed in 2007, followed by RHM's listing on the AIM Market in September 2008.
In 2009, he was awarded The World Chinese Young Entrepreneurs Award by the 6th World Summit of Chinese Entrepreneurs and The Emerging Category Award of Malaysia's Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year® 2009. In April 2012, RHM was awarded “The Globalization Business Development Business Awards” by Malaysian Venture Capital & Private Equity Association. According to Allenby Capital Limited's AIM Asia Market quarterly Report 2012, RHM was the Most Traded Asia Media Stock in AIM market, London Stock Exchange for 2 quarters continually; the “RHM Interactive Media” project was supported by the Malaysia Science and Innovation Department through ‘Technofund’. Cheong Chia Chieh was a member of the, his portfolio includes holding prestigious positions in various associations such as Secretary General for Inter Varsity Council, is the founder of the Malaysia Electronic Trade Association. As a reputable and prominent figure, he has been invited as a speaker for various notable global and regional industry events such as IFRA in 2006 and the APEC Youth Economic Leaders Summit 2008.
In 2013, Cheong was proudly appointed as the Tourism Ambassador of International Division. This involvement fostered better international relations between Myanmar. On 15 Oct 2014, PUCF had been awarded with Sin Chew Business Execellence Award in recognition of its outstanding performance in service and product quality. Over the past 20 years, Cheong's strong business acumen and insights, together with his ability to balance innovation and creativity has brought him one step closer to his ambition. Fuelled by a strong desire to achieve business success, Cheong stays focused and persistently pursue his aspirations with a clear conscience, it was an endeavour that landed him on becoming an entrepreneur across the Malaysia and China region. Within a year from 1 Jan 2014, Cheong serving as Group Managing Director, PUCF had been introduced with new Board of Directors and new management team; the company market value has increased from RM24,230,000 to RM 167,310,000. Due to its financial performance, PUCF had distributed 132,791,321 bonus share and 132,791,321 free warrants to its shareholders on the basis of one bonus share and one free warrant for every seven existing Founder shares.
Year 2015 was a turning point for PUC Founder and Cheo