Paparazzi are independent photographers who take pictures of high-profile people, such as actors, athletes and other celebrities while subjects go about their usual life routines. Paparazzi tend to make a living by selling their photographs to media outlets that focus on tabloid journalism and sensationalism. Paparazzi tend to be independent contractors, unaffiliated with mainstream media organizations, photos taken are done so by taking advantage of opportunities when they have sightings of high-profile people they are tracking; some experts have described the behavior of paparazzi as synonymous with stalking, anti-stalking bills in many countries address the issue by reducing harassment of public figures and celebrities with their children. Some public figures and celebrities have expressed concern at the extent to which paparazzi go to invade their personal space; the filing and receiving of judicial support for restraining orders against paparazzi has increased, as have lawsuits with judgments against them.
Walter Santesso portrays Paparazzo in the 1960 film La Dolce Vita, marking the character as the eponym of the word paparazzi. Ron Galella is most known for suing Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis after the former First Lady ordered her Secret Service agents to destroy Galella’s camera and film following an encounter in New York City's Central Park in the early 1970s. A news photographer named. In his book Word and Phrase, Robert Hendrickson writes that Fellini took the name from an Italian dialect word that describes a annoying noise, that of a buzzing mosquito; as Fellini said in his interview to Time magazine, "Paparazzo... suggests to me a buzzing insect, darting, stinging." Those versions of the word's origin are sometimes contested. For example, in the Abruzzo dialect spoken by Ennio Flaiano, co-scriptwriter of La Dolce Vita, the term paparazzo refers to the local clam, Venerupis decussata, is used as a metaphor for the shutter of a camera lens. Further, in an interview with Fellini's screenwriter Flaiano, he said the name came from the book Sulla riva dello Jonio, a translation by Italian poet Margherita Guidacci of By the Ionian Sea, a 1901 travel narrative in southern Italy by Victorian writer George Gissing.
He further states that either Fellini or Flaiano opened the book at random, saw the name of a restaurant owner, Coriolano Paparazzo, decided to use it for the photographer. This story is further documented by a variety of Gissing scholars and in the book A Sweet and Glorious Land. Revisiting the Ionian Sea. By the late 1960s, the word in the Italian plural form paparazzi, had entered English as a generic term for intrusive photographers. A person, photographed by the paparazzi is said to have been "papped". A transliteration of paparazzi is used in several languages that do not use the Latin alphabet, including Japanese, Ukrainian, Russian and Hebrew. Chinese uses 狗仔隊, meaning "puppy squad". Khmer uses អ្នកប្រមាញ់រូប. Due to the reputation of paparazzi as a nuisance, several states and countries restrict their activities by passing laws and curfews, by staging events in which paparazzi are not allowed to take photographs. In the United States, celebrity news organizations are protected by the First Amendment.
To protect the children of celebrities, California passed a new bill in September 2013. The purpose of the bill is to stop paparazzi from taking pictures of children in a harassing manner, regardless of who their parents are; this law increased the penalty on the penalty for harassment of children. In 1972, paparazzo photographer Ron Galella sued Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis after the former First Lady ordered her Secret Service agents to destroy Galella's camera and film following an encounter in New York City's Central Park. Kennedy counter-sued claiming harassment; the trial lasted three weeks and became a groundbreaking case regarding photojournalism and the role of paparazzi. In Galella v. Onassis, Kennedy obtained a restraining order to keep Galella 150 feet away from her and her children; the restriction was dropped to 25 feet. The trial is a focal point in a 2010 documentary film by director Leon Gast. In 1997, Princess of Wales and Dodi Fayed were killed in a limousine crash as their driver was speeding, trying to escape paparazzi.
An inquest jury investigated the involvement of paparazzi in the incident, although several paparazzi were taken into custody, no one was convicted. The official inquests into the accident attributed the causes to the speed and manner of driving of the Mercedes, as well as the following vehicles, the impairment of the judgment of the Mercedes driver, Henri Paul, through alcohol. In 1999, the Oriental Daily News of Hong Kong was found guilty of "scandalizing the court", an rare law that the newspaper's conduct would undermine confidence in the administration of justice; the charge was brought after the newspaper had published abusive articles challenging the judiciary's integrity and accusing it of bias in a lawsuit the paper had instigated over a photo of a pregnant Faye Wong. The paper had arranged for a "dog team" to track a judge for 72 hours, to provide the judge with first-hand experience of what paparazzi do. Time magazine's Style & Design special issue in 2005 ran a story entitled "Shooting Star", in which Mel Bouzad, one of the top paparazzi in Los Angeles at the time, claimed to have made US$150,000 for a picture of Ben Affleck and Jennifer L
Lewis Morton Collens served as president of the Illinois Institute of Technology from June 1, 1990 to August 1, 2007. In addition to his position as IIT's president, Collens serves as a director of Dean Foods Company, AMSTED Industries, Alion Science and Technology Corp. and The Colson Group, Inc. Collens has served in various leadership roles for The Partnership for New Communities, Leadership Greater Chicago, The Economic Club of Chicago, Association of Independent Technological Universities, National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities, The Latin School of Chicago, the Mayors Council of Technology Advisors, he and his wife Marjorie, former Evanston alderman and community volunteer, were married in 1962. They had Steven, CEO of healthcare technology incubator Matter. Marjorie died December 10, 2015. Works at Worldcat Past Presidents of IIT
Everybody Wants is the first studio album from The Struts. It was reached 52 on the United Kingdom album charts. After touring North America in the latter half of 2015 promoting their Have You Heard EP, The Struts announced that they would be releasing their U. S. debut, a re-release of their original album with new tracks, to be released on FreeSolo and Interscope Records. Through an Instagram post by Luke Spiller and a tweet by Gethin Davies, it was confirmed that this release of Everybody Wants will feature new tracks, plus remastered or rerecordings of most of the songs off the original 2014 release, it ended up being five new tracks, three from the original release were dropped and one, "She Makes Me Feel," was retitled to "She Makes Me Feel Like." While keeping the original album's title, the reissue has different cover art