Trevor George Smith Jr. known by his stage name Busta Rhymes, is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, record executive, actor. Chuck D of Public Enemy gave him the moniker Busta Rhymes, after NFL and CFL wide receiver George "Buster" Rhymes, he is best known for his outlandish style and fashion sense depicted in several innovative music videos as well as his intricate rhyming technique, rapping at high speed with heavy use of internal rhyme and half rhyme. He has received 11 Grammy Award nominations for his work. About.com included him on its list of the 50 Greatest MCs of Our Time, while Steve Huey of AllMusic called him one of the best and most prolific rappers of the 1990s. In 2012, The Source placed him on their list of the Top 50 Lyricists of All Time. MTV has called him "one of hip-hop's greatest visual artists". Busta Rhymes was an original member of Leaders of the New School, he went on and founded the record label Conglomerate and production crew The Conglomerate. In November 2011, Busta Rhymes signed a deal with Cash Money Records.
On July 23, 2014, Busta Rhymes announced that he left Cash Money Records due to creative differences and was no longer on Republic. He has released nine studio albums, with the first being the 1996 platinum-selling album The Coming, his list of hit singles include "Woo Hah!! Got You All in Check", "Put Your Hands Where My Eyes Could See", "Dangerous", "Turn It Up /Fire It Up", "Gimme Some More", "What's It Gonna Be?", "Pass the Courvoisier, Part II", "I Know What You Want" and "Touch It". Busta Rhymes was born Trevor George Smith Jr. in Brooklyn, New York City, New York on May 20, 1972 to Geraldine Green and Trevor Smith Sr. who are from Jamaica. At age 12, he moved to Uniondale, Long Island, moved to the United Kingdom, spending time in Liverpool and Morecambe, before returning to the United States. Rhymes attended George Westinghouse Career and Technical Education High School in Brooklyn with future rappers such as The Notorious B. I. G and Jay Z, as well as attending Samuel J. Tilden High School with Special Ed and Chip Fu of Fu-Schnickens.
Rhymes graduated from Uniondale High School in Long Island in 1990. In 1989, alongside fellow Long Island natives Charlie Brown, Dinco D and Cut Monitor Milo, formed the East Coast hip hop group Leaders of the New School; the group's big break was. Public Enemy's Chuck D gave Busta Rhymes and Charlie Brown their respective stage names. Leaders of the New School began recording in late 1989 and released their debut album A Future Without a Past... in 1991 on Elektra Records. In early 1992, the group appeared on A Tribe Called Quest's posse cut "Scenario". In 1993, they released T. I. M. E.. Smith gained popularity from his advanced rhymes as well as his unique style, not common of many New York rap artists at the time. Raised by two Jamaican parents, Smith embraced his heritage in his image as an artist. Smith was the only member of the group to wear dreads and use Jamaican slang, or Jamaican Patois, in his raps. Smith's unique style added an element to the group. Soon after, internal problems arose because of Busta Rhymes's increasing popularity, the group broke up on the set of Yo!
MTV Raps. By the summer of 1992, Rhymes began making guest appearances on songs by several artists such as Big Daddy Kane, Another Bad Creation, The Notorious B. I. G. Brand Nubian, A Tribe Called Quest, KRS-One, as well on the interludes to Mary J. Blige's debut What's the 411? and R&B trio TLC's second album CrazySexyCool. He appeared on the album jacket of fellow hip-hop group A Tribe Called Quest's Midnight Marauders, with a host of other fellow hip-hop pioneers. In early 1993, he appeared in a cameo role in Who's the Man? with his fellow Leaders of the New School group members. That same year, he appeared as part of an ensemble cast in the Forest Whitaker-directed Strapped which starred rapper and actor Fredro and Bokeem Woodbine and co-starred alongside Ice Cube and Omar Epps in the John Singleton film Higher Learning. In mid-1994, Rhymes continued to make guest appearances such as the single "Oh My God" with A Tribe Called Quest, he teamed up with Puff Daddy, LL Cool J, Rampage and former classmate The Notorious B.
I. G. on a remix to Craig Mack's song "Flava In Ya Ear", soon after he would team up again with The Notorious B. I. G. with rappers such as Bone Thugs-n-Harmony and Coolio on a posse cut, "The Points" which appeared on the soundtrack to the 1995 film Panther. At this time, Rhymes engaged in a freestyle battle rap with Ol' Dirty Bastard, rapping the first few verses of his future breakout debut single "Woo-Hah!!" in early 1995. Rhymes worked on unreleased material with artists such as Nas and Mary J. Blige; some or neither of the collaborations came to fruition, Rhymes begun recording what would be his debut studio album in late 1995. In the summer of 1995, Busta Rhymes began working on his solo debut album The Coming, a month after recording was completed, he released it in March 1996. A month before the album was released, he broke out with a hit single, "Woo Hah!! Got You All in Check", he started work on his second album, When Disaster Strikes, which would not be released until September 1997.
It produced the hit singles "Put Your Hands Where My Eyes Could See" and "Fire It Up". In 1998, Busta Rhymes recorded Extinction Level Event, its lead single "Gimme Some More" — which sampled Bernard Herrmann's theme from Psycho — reached No. 6 in the UK singles chart in January 1999. Busta Rhymes enjoyed further tra
The discography of Papoose, an American hip hop recording artist signed to his own label Honor B4 Money Records and Jive Records, consists of two studio albums, twenty-nine mixtapes, eight singles
Righteous Kill is a 2008 American buddy cop crime thriller film directed by Jon Avnet, starring Al Pacino and Robert De Niro. This is the second film in which De Pacino appear together in the same scenes. Righteous Kill features John Leguizamo, Carla Gugino, Donnie Wahlberg, Brian Dennehy, 50 Cent; the film was released in the United States on September 12, 2008. Police psychologists review recordings of a man, who states his name as Detective David Fisk, the "Poetry Boy" killer; the Poetry Boy earned the moniker for his modus operandi of murdering criminals and leaving short poems with their bodies. Fisk reveals that he looks up to his partner of 30 years, Detective Tom Cowan, considers him to be his role model of how a cop should be. Pacino's character is known by the nickname "Rooster" and De Niro's by "Turk," and they are referred as such outside of the recordings; these recordings provide a narrative, the film opens with the tenth victim, a drug dealer named Robert "Rambo" Brady. Turk and Rooster investigate the murder with the less-experienced Detectives Karen Corelli, Simon Perez, Ted Riley.
When they find a poem on the body, the cops link it to Poetry Boy. As Poetry Boy murders acquitted rapist Jonathan Van Luytens and Father Connell, a Catholic priest and child molester, tensions escalate between Turk and Perez. Turk is now living with Corelli. Poetry Boy assaults an attempted fourteenth victim, Russian mobster Yevgeny Magulat, goes on to shoot at Perez's house and rape Corelli. Perez and Riley suspect Turk of being Poetry Boy due to his markmanship skills and psych evaluations, so they arrange a secretly supervised meeting between Turk and suspected drug dealer Marcus "Spider" Smith, during which Turk must kill him. Turk proves his innocence during an encounter with this drug dealer as he has the "wrong" gun and humiliating but inappropriate poem. After Perez and Riley leave the scene unsatisfied, Rooster kills Spider. During this scrape, Rooster inadvertently drops his journal. Turk reads Rooster's journal. Rooster forces him to read the journal. At this point, it is revealed that the narration set Turk up as a red herring, Rooster is the actual Poetry Boy.
Turk's name is Tom Cowan, Rooster's is David Fisk. Rooster lost his faith in the justice system when Turk planted a gun at the house of acquitted child molester and murderer Charles Randall, convicting him; this leads Rooster to take the law into his own hands as the vigilante serial killer known as Poetry Boy. When Turk finishes, he chases Rooster to a construction site. Rooster fires aimlessly to convince Turk to report that the Poetry Boy is assaulting a police officer, resisting arrest, fleeing, but Turk resists; when Rooster takes aim at Turk, Turk fires. Turk calls for an ambulance. After some hesitation, Turk calls off the paramedics, he is last shown coaching a Police Athletic League baseball team. Robert De Niro as Detective Tom Cowan/"Turk" Al Pacino as Detective David Fisk/"Rooster"/The "Poetry Boy" Killer 50 Cent as Marcus Smith/"Spider" Carla Gugino as Detective Karen Corelli John Leguizamo as Detective Simon Perez Donnie Wahlberg as Detective Theodore Riley Brian Dennehy as Lieutenant Hingis Trilby Glover as Jessica Melissa Leo as Cheryl Brooks Oleg Taktarov as Yevgeny Mugalat Sterling K. Brown as Rogers Alan Blumenfeld as Martin Baum Frank John Hughes as Charles Randall Rob Dyrdek as Robert Brady/"Rambo" The film has received negative reviews.
Rotten Tomatoes reported. Metacritic gave the film a 36/100 approval rating based on 27 reviews; the Times included Righteous Kill on its 100 Worst Films of 2008 list. Keith Phipps of The Onion's A. V. Club said, "The novelty of watching De Niro and Pacino team up wears off pretty trudging through a thriller that would have felt warmed over in 1988. Director Jon Avnet doesn't offer much compensation for the absent suspense." James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave the film two stars. Its failure to live up to modest expectations is a blow. There's nothing righteous to be found here."Ken Fox of TV Guide gave Righteous Kill a score of two stars out of four, saying: "The entire movie is one big build-up to a twist that, while not cheating, plays an awfully cheap trick. To get there, writer Russel Gewirtz and director John Avnet sacrifice mystery, sensible editing and everything else one expects to find in a police thriller just to keep the audience off-guard. It's not worth it, the first real pairing of De Niro and Pacino is utterly wasted.".
Claudia Puig of USA Today gave the film one and a half stars out of four, saying: "By the time the movie reaches its protracted conclusion, it feels like a slog. Pacino has a few funny lines, as does Leguizamo, but not nearly enough to save the film from collapsi
Malik Deshawn Cox, better known by his stage name Memphis Bleek, is an American rapper and actor known for his tenure with Roc-A-Fella and CEO of his own labels Get Low and Warehouse. He has released four albums during his career, had planned to release The Process in 2011, although the album has yet to be released. Memphis Bleek was one of the first artists signed to Roc-A-Fella Records, as protégé to Jay-Z, he grew up in Marcy Projects, the same neighborhood as Jay-Z. He appears on the Jay-Z albums: Reasonable Doubt, Vol. 2... Hard Knock Life, Vol. 3… Life and Times of S. Carter, The Dynasty: Roc La Familia, The Blueprint 2: The Gift & The Curse. Bleek's first official appearance was "Coming of Age" from Reasonable Doubt. After the huge success of Hard Knock Life and the exposure of the Roc-A-Fella camp, the label released Memphis Bleek's debut album, Coming of Age; the album was the week's Hot Shot Debut on the Billboard 200, peaking at #7 with 118,000 units sold in its first week. The name "Memphis", which the rapper explained to pay homage to pimps, was an acronym for "Making Easy Money, Pimping Hoes In Style".
He has released three more albums since his debut, The Understanding, M. A. D. E. and 534. In between the release of The Understanding and M. A. D. E, he took a three-year hiatus, in which time he took care of his older brother, injured in a motorcycle accident. There are three significant notes to take away from the album 534, named after the building number where Memphis and Jay-Z grew up in the Marcy Projects. First, it was the first release from the "new" Roc-A-Fella Records, referring to Jay-Z becoming President of Def Jam, it was the first official Def Jam recording by label mate turned international star, Rihanna, on the song "The One". And lastly, this album marks where Jay-Z released his first song since beginning his brief "retirement"; the song was called "Dear Summer", in reference to what Jay called the time of the year when he would drop a classic album or single every year for eight straight years, how he had to metaphorically leave "her", Summer. His highest charting single was "Is That Yo Chick", Featuring Missy Elliott and Jay-Z, which peaked at #7 on the Hot Rap Singles Billboard Chart, only one of two songs by the artist to crack the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at #68, the only track to appear on one of his solo albums.
The other single being "It's Alright", appearing on the Hard Knock Life album by Jay-Z, peaking at #61 on the Billboard Hot 100. He has had countless collaborations with fellow hip-hop artists such as DMX, Ja Rule, T. I. and Trick Daddy, with many of the features coming with other Roc-A-Fella artists, including Beanie Sigel, Cam'ron, Young Gunz, of course Jay-Z. In fall 2005, Memphis Bleek told MTV that he was recording an album called The Process, that he would describe as a make or break album, saying "I want to do an album that's through the roof, I want to do a classic album. I feel that if this album I'm not recording is a classic, I'm not gonna put it out. I have to do it bigger than anybody has done it. I have to make a good record this time, not just talking-junk records." The rapper has worked on the album since 2005 and during that time frame he would release the songs "Hustla", "Get Ya Money Off" and "Let It Off". During this time, he would leave Roc-A-Fella after Jay-Z told him he could run his own company and had the proper distribution deals to do so.
He found a new home in 2009. In the summer of 2010, he was on stage with Jay-Z, as a background singer, in the Swedish festival Peace&Love. On June 6, 2012 Memphis Bleek working with The Liberty Music Group released "KG Vol. 2". The release went on to garnish over 59,000 Downloads and get a 3/5 Review from XXL Writer Adam Fleischer. On April 10, 2012 Memphis Bleek working with The Liberty Music Group re-released "The Movement"; the release went on to garnish over 125,000 Downloads. On March 21, 2014 Memphis Bleek released "The Movement 2" a mixtape for free download. On December 13, 2014 Memphis Bleek married longtime girlfriend, Ashley Coombs, in an evening ceremony at The Merion in Cinnaminson, New Jersey. Bleek's mentor and hip hop mogul, Jay Z, was in attendance. Bleek is the cousin of fellow Brooklyn rapper Sean Price. Getting the thumbs up from Jay-Z to give Memphis Bleek his own label as CEO and founder of Warehouse Music Group; the debut release from the label was Memphis Bleek single "So Different" featuring Manolo Rose that created a big buzz for the label.
On July 28, 2016 Memphis Bleek made the announcement of signing Manolo Casanova. In 2017, Manolo Rose releases "Ball Drop" and "Pink Fur". Casanova releases three big singles "Don't Run", "Go Best Friend" and "Left, Right" featuring Chris Brown and Fabolous. Memphis Bleek Manolo Rose Casanova In 2002, Memphis Bleek starred in State Property as "Blizz". In 2002, he was in Paper Soldiers. Studio albumsComing of Age The Understanding M. A. D. E. 534 Memphis Bleek is a playable character in the video game Def Jam: Fight for NY. Memphis Bleek on Myspace
Joseph Antonio Cartagena, better known by his stage name Fat Joe, is an American rapper and actor from the Bronx, New York. He began his music career as a member of hip hop group Diggin' in the Crates Crew forged a solo career and set up his own label, Terror Squad, to which he signed Big Pun, Remy Ma, Tony Sunshine, Cuban Link, Prospect, Triple Seis and DJ Khaled as well as discover producers Cool & Dre. Fat Joe's debut solo album, was released in 1993 and spawned the single "Flow Joe", which reached number one on the Billboard Hot Rap Songs, his most commercially successful album to date was Jealous Ones Still Envy. He is best known for the songs "Lean Back" with Terror Squad, "What's Luv?" Featuring Ashanti & Ja Rule, "Make It Rain" featuring Lil Wayne and "All the Way Up" with Remy Ma featuring French Montana and Dre. Fat Joe has appeared in several films, including Scary Movie 3 and Happy Feet, as well as Spike Lee's Netflix series She’s Gotta Have It. In 2018 he began hosting a podcast on Tidal, Coca Vision, where he discusses music and pop culture with some of the industry's most entertaining voices.
He has an upcoming album called Family Ties, scheduled to be released in late 2019. Fat Joe was born on August 19, 1970, in the South Bronx area of New York City, where he was raised by parents of Puerto Rican and Cuban descent, he began stealing at a young age to support his family. He admits that he was a bully in his childhood, his brother introduced him to hip hop music. Under stage name Fat Joe da Gangsta and part of the rap group D. I. T. C. Cartagena was signed to Relativity Records in the early 1990s, recording material and working with many artists who he would sign to his own label. In 1993, his debut album, was released, featuring production from The Beatnuts, Diamond D, Lord Finesse, others, its lead single, "Flow Joe" peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot Rap Singles chart. In 1995, Fat Joe released his second studio album, Jealous One's Envy, which peaked at #71 on The Billboard 200 and at #7 on Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums; the album featured a guest appearance from KRS-One and production from Diamond D.
The lead single was Success, which did not chart, but his second single, "Envy" peaked at #8 on the Hot Rap Tracks chart. The success of this album led Joe to be featured on the remix of LL Cool J's single "I Shot Ya" along with Foxy Brown, Keith Murray, Prodigy of Mobb Deep. During the recording of Jealous One's Envy, Joe discovered fellow Latino rapper Big Pun, featured on the song "Watch Out". Joe explained the rapper's influence on him: "Latinos before us who had the opportunity to do it just didn't know how to do it, they came in waving flags. We're trying to kick in the doors for other Latinos and represent our people, it shows." Released in 1998, Don Cartagena was his first for Atlantic Records. It peaked on The Billboard 200 at #7 and #2 on Top R&B/Hip Hop albums being certified gold by the RIAA; the album featured two hit singles "Bet Ya Man Can't Triz", "Don Cartagena". Guest appearances included Nas, Big Pun, Raekwon and Bone Thugs-N-Harmony. Within the album, Fat Joe debuted his own group Terror Squad that consisted of the late Big Pun, as well as Cuban Link, Triple Seis, Prospect and Remy Ma.
Joe himself acknowledged, in an interview with HipHopGame.com, that he has received criticism for releasing only one solo album by a former Terror Squad member, Remy Ma, as well as featuring original members Prospect and Armageddon on "True Story." Terror Squad singer Tony Sunshine has had possible album release dates pushed back over three years, Joe had stated that artists Prospect and Armageddon have not released solo albums yet as the result of them being "really lazy". Former Terror Squad member Triple Seis went on record when asked who had written Fat Joe's lyrics, stating that he and Pun were Joe's ghostwriters, asserts that Joe continues to hire ghostwriters. In 1999, he appeared on Jennifer Lopez's single "Feelin' So Good" from her On the 6 album with late rapper Big Pun. Fat Joe released his fourth album Jealous Ones Still Envy in 2001, featuring production from Irv Gotti; the album featured a star-studded lineup from the likes of Ashanti, Ja Rule, N. O. R. E. Busta Rhymes, Petey Pablo, M.
O. P. Ludacris, R. Kelly, Buju Banton, artists from his Terror Squad label; the lead single "We Thuggin'" featuring R. Kelly was a big hit in late 2001, but would not reach the level of the Irv Gotti-produced "What's Luv?", a massive hit in early 2002 and featured The Inc. superstars Ja Rule and Ashanti. The album was Fat Joe's biggest hit as it was successful from its January release all the way into May, being certified platinum. However, Fat Joe's fifth album Loyalty, released in 2002 and featuring production from Irv Gotti, was not as successful. In 2003, Fat Joe was featured in the pop single "I Want You" by Mexican singer Thalía; the same year, he and Tony Sunshine performed the single "Crush Tonight" from Loyalty on the Comedy Central program Chappelle's Show, hosted by comedian Dave Chappelle. Despite the setback, Fat Joe scored a number-one hit in 2004 with his group Terror Squad, collaborating with Remy Ma on the Scott Storch production "Lean Back" from the album True Story. Jason Birchmeier of Allmusic called the song "a perfect club-ready duet between Joe and Remy Ma that boasts a trademark Scott Storch beat and
Hip hop music
Hip hop music called hip-hop or rap music, is a music genre developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans in the late 1970s which consists of a stylized rhythmic music that accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech, chanted. It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching with turntables, break dancing, graffiti writing. Other elements include sampling beats or bass lines from records, rhythmic beatboxing. While used to refer to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture; the term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music. Hip hop as both a musical genre and a culture was formed during the 1970s when block parties became popular in New York City among African-American youth residing in the Bronx; however hip-hop music did not get recorded for the radio or television to play until 1979 due to poverty during hip-hop's birth and lack of acceptance outside ghetto neighborhoods.
At block parties DJs played percussive breaks of popular songs using two turntables and a DJ mixer to be able to play breaks from two copies of the same record, alternating from one to the other and extending the "break". Hip hop's early evolution occurred as sampling technology and drum machines became available and affordable. Turntablist techniques such as scratching and beatmatching developed along with the breaks and Jamaican toasting, a chanting vocal style, was used over the beats. Rapping developed as a vocal style in which the artist speaks or chants along rhythmically with an instrumental or synthesized beat. Notable artists at this time include DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five, Fab Five Freddy, Marley Marl, Afrika Bambaataa, Kool Moe Dee, Kurtis Blow, Doug E. Fresh, Warp 9, The Fat Boys, Spoonie Gee; the Sugarhill Gang's 1979 song "Rapper's Delight" is regarded to be the first hip hop record to gain widespread popularity in the mainstream. The 1980s marked the diversification of hip hop.
Prior to the 1980s, hip hop music was confined within the United States. However, during the 1980s, it began to spread to music scenes in dozens of countries, many of which mixed hip hop with local styles to create new subgenres. New school hip hop was the second wave of hip hop music, originating in 1983–84 with the early records of Run-D. M. C. and LL Cool J. The Golden age hip hop period was an innovative period between the early 1990s. Notable artists from this era include the Juice Crew, Public Enemy, Eric B. & Rakim, Boogie Down Productions and KRS-One, EPMD, Slick Rick, Beastie Boys, Kool G Rap, Big Daddy Kane, Ultramagnetic MCs, De La Soul, A Tribe Called Quest. Gangsta rap is a subgenre of hip hop that focuses on the violent lifestyles and impoverished conditions of inner-city African-American youth. Schoolly D, N. W. A, Ice-T, Ice Cube, the Geto Boys are key founding artists, known for mixing the political and social commentary of political rap with the criminal elements and crime stories found in gangsta rap.
In the West Coast hip hop style, G-funk dominated mainstream hip hop for several years during the 1990s with artists such as Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg. East Coast hip hop in the early to mid 1990s was dominated by the Afrocentric jazz rap and alternative hip hop of the Native Tongues posse as well as the hardcore rap of artists such as Mobb Deep, Wu-Tang Clan, Onyx. East Coast hip hop had gangsta rap musicians such as Kool G Rap and the Notorious B. I. G.. In the 1990s, hip hop began to diversify with other regional styles emerging, such as Southern rap and Atlanta hip hop. At the same time, hip hop continued to be assimilated into other genres of popular music, examples being neo soul and nu metal. Hip hop became a best-selling genre in the mid-1990s and the top selling music genre by 1999; the popularity of hip hop music continued through the 2000s, with hip hop influences increasingly finding their way into mainstream pop. The United States saw the success of regional styles such as crunk, a Southern genre that emphasized the beats and music more than the lyrics.
Starting in 2005, sales of hip hop music in the United States began to wane. During the mid-2000s, alternative hip hop secured a place in the mainstream, due in part to the crossover success of artists such as OutKast and Kanye West. During the late 2000s and early 2010s, rappers such as Lil Wayne, Soulja Boy, B.o. B were the most popular rappers. During the 2010s, rappers such as Drake, Nicki Minaj, J. Cole, Kendrick Lamar all have been popular. Trap, a subgenre of hip hop has been popular during the 2010s with hip hop artists and hip hop music groups such as Migos, Travis Scott, Kodak Black; the creation of the term hip hop is credited to Keith Cowboy, rapper with Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. However, Lovebug Starski, Keith Cowboy, DJ Hollywood used the term when the music was still known as disco rap, it is believed that Cowboy created the term while teasing a friend who had just joined the U. S. Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching.
Cowboy worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his stage performance, used by other artists such as The Sugarhi
Kendrick Lamar Duckworth is an American rapper and record producer. He is regarded as one of the most successful hip hop artists of his generation. Raised in Compton, Lamar embarked on his musical career as a teenager under the stage name K-Dot, releasing a mixtape that garnered local attention and led to his signing with indie record label Top Dawg Entertainment, he began to gain recognition in 2010, after Overly Dedicated. The following year, he independently released his first studio album, Section.80, which included his debut single, "HiiiPoWeR". By that time, he had amassed a large online following and collaborated with several prominent hip hop artists, including The Game, Busta Rhymes, Snoop Dogg. Lamar's major label debut album, Good Kid, M. A. A. D City, was released in 2012 by TDE, Interscope Records to critical acclaim, it debuted at #2 on the US Billboard 200 and was certified platinum by the RIAA. The record contained the top 40 singles "Swimming Pools", "Bitch, Don't Kill My Vibe", "Poetic Justice".
His critically acclaimed third album To Pimp a Butterfly incorporated elements of funk, soul and spoken word. It debuted atop the charts in the US and the UK, won the Grammy Award for Best Rap Album at the 58th ceremony. In 2016, Lamar released Untitled Unmastered, a collection of unreleased demos that originated during the recording sessions for Butterfly, he released his fourth album Damn in 2017 to further acclaim. Aside from his solo career, Lamar is known as a member of the West Coast hip hop supergroup Black Hippy, alongside his TDE label-mates and fellow South Los Angeles–based rappers Ab-Soul, Jay Rock, Schoolboy Q. Lamar has received many accolades including thirteen Grammy Awards. In early 2013, MTV named him the "Hottest MC in the Game", on their annual list. Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2016. In 2018, Damn became the first non-classical and non-jazz album to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Music. Kendrick Lamar Duckworth was born in Compton, California on June 17, 1987, the son of a couple from Chicago, Illinois.
His father, Kenny Duckworth, was a member of street gang Gangster Disciples. His first name was given to him by his mother in honor of American singer-songwriter Eddie Kendricks of The Temptations. In 1995, at the age of eight in his hometown of Compton, Lamar witnessed his idols, Tupac Shakur and Dr. Dre, film the music video for their hit single "California Love", which proved to be a significant moment in his life, he grew up in section 8 housing. As a child, Lamar attended McNair Elementary and Vanguard Learning Center in the Compton Unified School District; as a teenager, Lamar went on to attend Centennial High School in Compton, where he was a straight-A student. In 2004, at the age of 16, Lamar released his first full-length project, a mixtape titled Youngest Head Nigga in Charge, under the pseudonym K-Dot; the mixtape garnered local recognition for Lamar. The mixtape led to Lamar securing a recording contract with Top Dawg Entertainment, a newly founded indie record label, based in Carson, California.
He began recording material with the label and subsequently released a 26-track mixtape two years titled Training Day. Throughout 2006 and 2007, Lamar would appear alongside other up-and-coming West Coast rappers, such as Jay Rock and Ya Boy, as opening acts for veteran West Coast rapper The Game. Under the moniker K-Dot, Lamar was featured on The Game's songs "The Cypha" and "Cali Niggaz". In 2008, Lamar was prominently featured throughout the music video for Jay Rock's commercial debut single, "All My Life", which features American hip hop superstar Lil Wayne and was backed by Warner Bros. Records. Lamar garnered further recognition after a video of a live performance of a Charles Hamilton show surfaced, in which Hamilton battled fellow rappers who were in the audience. Lamar did not hesitate and began rapping a verse over the instrumental to Miilkbone's "Keep It Real", which would appear on a track titled "West Coast Wu-Tang". After receiving a co-sign from Lil Wayne, Lamar released his third mixtape in 2009, titled C4, themed around Wayne's Tha Carter III LP.
Soon after, Lamar decided to go by his birth name. He subsequently released The Kendrick Lamar EP in late 2009; that same year, Lamar along with his TDE label-mates: Jay Rock, Ab-Soul and ScHoolboy Q formed Black Hippy, a hip hop supergroup. Throughout 2010, Lamar toured with Jay Rock on The Independent Grind tour. On September 14, 2010, he released the visuals for "P&P 1.5", a song taken from Overly Dedicated, featuring his Black Hippy cohort Ab-Soul. On the same date, Lamar released Overly Dedicated to digital retailers under Top Dawg Entertainment, on September 23, released it for free online; the project fared well enough to enter the United States Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, where it peaked at number 72. The mixtape includes a song titled "Ignorance Is Bliss", in which Lamar highlights gangsta rap and street crime, but ends each verse with "ignorance is bliss", giving the message "we know not what we do; this led to Lamar working with Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg on Dre's often-delayed Detox album, as well as speculation of Lamar signing to Dr. Dre's record label, Aftermath Entertainment.
In December 2010, Complex magazine spotlighted Lamar in an edition o