click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Parable

A parable is a succinct, didactic story, in prose or verse, that illustrates one or more instructive lessons or principles. It differs from a fable in that fables employ animals, inanimate objects, or forces of nature as characters, whereas parables have human characters. A parable is a type of metaphorical analogy; some scholars of the canonical gospels and the New Testament apply the term "parable" only to the parables of Jesus, though, not a common restriction of the term. Parables such as "The Prodigal Son" are central to Jesus's teaching-method in the canonical narratives and the apocrypha; the word parable comes from the Greek παραβολή "throwing" "alongside", by extension meaning "comparison, analogy." It was the name given by Greek rhetoricians to an illustration in the form of a brief fictional narrative. Parables are used to explore ethical concepts in spiritual texts; the Bible contains numerous parables in the Gospels section of the New Testament. These are believed by some scholars to have been inspired by mashalim, a form of Hebrew comparison.

Examples of Jesus' parables include the Good Samaritan and the Prodigal Son. Mashalim from the Old Testament include the parable of the ewe-lamb and the parable of the woman of Tekoah. Parables appear in Islam. In Sufi tradition, parables are used for imparting lessons and values. Recent authors such as Idries Shah and Anthony de Mello have helped popularize these stories beyond Sufi circles. Modern parables exist. A mid-19th-century example, the Parable of the broken window, criticises a part of economic thinking. A parable is a short tale that illustrates a universal truth, it sketches a setting, describes an action, shows the results. It may sometimes be distinguished from similar narrative types, such as the allegory and the apologue. A parable involves a character who faces a moral dilemma or one who makes a bad decision and suffers the unintended consequences. Although the meaning of a parable is not explicitly stated, it is not intended to be hidden or secret but to be quite straightforward and obvious.

The defining characteristic of the parable is the presence of a subtext suggesting how a person should behave or what he should believe. Aside from providing guidance and suggestions for proper conduct in one's life, parables use metaphorical language which allows people to more discuss difficult or complex ideas. Parables express an abstract argument by means of using a concrete narrative, understood; the allegory is a more general narrative type. Like the parable, the allegory makes a single, unambiguous point. An allegory may have multiple noncontradictory interpretations and may have implications that are ambiguous or hard to interpret; as H. W. Fowler put it, the object of both parable and allegory "is to enlighten the hearer by submitting to him a case in which he has no direct concern, upon which therefore a disinterested judgment may be elicited from him..." The parable is more condensed than the allegory: it rests upon a single principle and a single moral, it is intended that the reader or listener shall conclude that the moral applies well to his own concerns.

Medieval interpreters of the Bible treated Jesus' parables as allegories, with symbolic correspondences found for every element in his parables. But modern scholars, beginning with Adolf Jülicher, regard their interpretations as incorrect. Jülicher viewed some of Jesus’ parables as similitudes with three parts: a picture part, a reality part, a tertium comparationis. Jülicher held that Jesus' parables are intended to make a single important point, most recent scholarship agrees. Gnostics suggested that Jesus kept some of his teachings secret within the circle of his disciples and that he deliberately obscured their meaning by using parables. For example, in Mark 4:11–12: And he said to them, “To you has been given the secret of the kingdom of God, but for those outside, everything comes in parables. A parable is like a metaphor in that it uses concrete, perceptible phenomena to illustrate abstract ideas, it may be said that a parable is a metaphor, extended to form a brief, coherent narrative.

A parable resembles a simile, i.e. a metaphorical construction in which something is said to be "like" something else. However, unlike the meaning of a simile, a parable's meaning is implicit. Akhfash's goat – a Persian parable Hercules at the crossroads – an ancient Greek parable The parables of Ignacy Krasicki: Abuzei and Tair The Blind Man and the Lame The Drunkard The Farmer Son and Father The parables of Jesus The Rooster Prince – a Hasidic parable Amplification Exemplification Jewish Encyclopedia: Parable Catholic Encyclopedia: Parable Spiritual Parables Secular Parables

South African Class 35-000

The South African Railways Class 35-000 of 1972 is a diesel-electric locomotive. Between March 1972 and May 1973, the South African Railways placed seventy Class 35-000 General Electric type U15C diesel-electric locomotives in branch line service; the South African Class 35-000 type GE U15C diesel-electric locomotive was designed and built for the South African Railways by General Electric and imported. The first batch of fifty locomotives was delivered in 1972, numbered in the range from 35-001 to 35-050, with the first locomotives arriving in March; these were followed by a second batch of twenty in 1973, numbered in the range from 35-051 to 35-070. The last locomotives arrived in May 1973; the Class 35 locomotive family consists of five sub-classes, the GE Classes 35-000 and 35-400 and the General Motors Electro-Motive Division Classes 35-200, 35-600 and 35-800. Both manufacturers produced locomotives for the South African Classes 33, 34 and 36; the locomotive has interlinked bogies, hence the Co+Co wheel arrangement classification.

The linkage is hidden from view by the saddle-shaped fuel tank. With the two GE U15C Class 35 models, the Class 35-000 can be distinguished from the Class 35-400 by the length of the humps on their long hoods, the Class 35-000 having a hump, more than twice as long as that of the Class 35-400. An externally visible modification, done during major overhauls is the addition of a saddle hood astride the long hump of the Class 35-000. By 2013 this modification had been done on a large number of Class 35-000 units, but no similar modification was done on any Class 35-400; the Class 35 is South Africa’s standard branch line diesel-electric locomotive. The GE Class 35-000 was designed to operate on light rail and they work on most branch lines in the central, western and southeastern parts of the country. In the Western Cape, they work out of Cape Town on the branch lines to Bitterfontein and Caledon, out of Worcester to George. A threesome is allocated to the Swartkops depot in Port Elizabeth from where they work the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa MetroRail commuter trains to Uitenhage.

Between October 1978 and May 1993, Zambia Railways hired locomotives to solve its chronic shortages in motive power from South Africa but at times from Zaire, the TAZARA Railway and the Zambian Copper Mines. In Zambia, the South African locomotives were used on goods trains between Livingstone and Kitwe, sometimes in tandem with a ZR locomotive and also on passenger trains; the first period of hire lasted from October 1978 until about April 1981. Locomotives were selected from a pool of units in the Classes 33-400, 35-000 and 35-200 which were allocated by the Railways for hire to Zambia; the South African fleet in Zambia was never constant, since locomotives were continually exchanged as they became due back in South Africa for their three-monthly services. The pool of Class 35-000 locomotives allocated by the Railways for hire to ZR included the locomotives annotated "Zambia" in the "allocation" column in the table; the first Class 35-000 units to serve in Zambia were on hire by May 1980. They served there for less than a year.

By the end of March 1981 the last Class 35-000 unit to remain there was no. 35-064, due to return to South Africa as soon as the last of ZR’s new Krupp-built diesel locomotives, no. 0-210, was delivered. NLPI Limited, abbreviated from New Limpopo Projects Investments, is a Mauritius-registered company which specialises in private sector investments using the build-operate-transfer concept, it had three connected railway operations in Zimbabwe and Zambia that formed a rail link between South Africa and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Beitbridge Bulawayo Railway was commissioned on 1 September 1999 and operates between Beit Bridge and Bulawayo in Zimbabwe. Since February 2004 NLPI Logistics has been operating between Bulawayo and Victoria Falls on the Zimbabwe-Zambia border. Since February 2003 the Railway Systems of Zambia operated on the former Zambian Railways line from Victoria Falls to Sakania in the Congo. In Zambia, the RSZ locomotive fleet included former ZR locomotives, but the rest of the locomotive fleet of all three operations consisted of South African GM-EMD Classes 34-200, 34-600 and 34-800 and GE Classes 35-000 and 35-400 locomotives.

These units were sometimes marked or branded as either BBR or LOG or both but their status, whether leased or loaned, was unclear since they were still on the TFR roster and still worked in South Africa as well. The units did not appear to be restricted to working in any one of the three operations sections and have been observed being transferred between Zimbabwe and Zambia across the bridge at Victoria Falls as required. Class 35-000 locomotives which serve with NLPI include the locomotives annotated "NLPI" in the "allocation" column in the table. Zambia Railways, the state-owned holding company, resumed control of the Zambian national rail network on 11 September 2012; this followed the Zambian government’s decision to revoke the operating concession, awarded to RSZ after Finance Minister Alexander Chikwanda claimed that RSZ had "blatantly disregarded the provisions of the agreement" and had been "acting in a manner prejudicial to the interests of Zambians”. The Class 35-000 builder’s works numbers and where applicable, leased service in Zambia or more with NLPI are listed in the table.

The Class 35-000 were all delivered in the SAR Gulf Red livery with signal red buffer beams, yellow side stripes on the long hood sides and a yellow V on each end. In the 1990s many of the Class 35-000 units began to be repainted in the Spoornet orange livery with

Blair Tuke

Andrew Blair Tuke is a New Zealand sailor who won the gold medal at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the silver medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics in the 49er class alongside Peter Burling. He is a founder of Live Ocean - a registered New Zealand charity which supports and invests in promising marine science, innovation and marine conservation projects. Www.liveocean.com Tuke with Burling was co-captain of the New Zealand team at the 2016 Olympics. They are just the 4th New Zealand flagbearer to win a gold medal at the same Olympics. Burling and Tuke won the 2016 Olympics with two races to spare and by an overall 43 point margin – winning by the most points of any sailing class in the Olympics since 1968, they finished ahead of the second placed boat in 11 of the 13 races, being behind by just three points in race 3 and one point in race 10. Burling and Tuke were named New Zealand sports Team of the Year at the Halberg Awards in Feb 2017. At the 2012 London Olympics and Tuke were the youngest team, their silver medal was New Zealand's 100th Olympic medal.

Tuke and Burling are the first sailors to win six 49er class World Championships. They won all 28 of the major regattas in the 49er between the Rio Olympics; the only 49er regatta they did not win in the four-year period was third place at a short training regatta in July 2016. In 2013, Tuke was a member of the New Zealand team which won the inaugural Red Bull Youth America's Cup. In November 2015 the International Sailing Federation announced that Tuke and Burling were the ISAF Rolex World Male Sailors of the year. Burling and Tuke were named as Members of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to sailing in the New Years Honours 2017. Tuke was a member of Emirates Team New Zealand, he sailed on Mapfre. Tuke attended Riverview Primary School and Kerikeri High School before going to St Kentigern College in Pakuranga, Auckland, he learned to sail at the Kerikeri High School sailing academy, the Kerikeri Cruising Club of which he is still a member. Tuke is a qualified electrician. Tuke and Burling are the 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2019 World Champions in the 49er, they won the 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2019 49er European championships.

They won all 28 of the major regattas in the 49er between the Rio Olympics. Tuke and Burling were awarded the ISAF World Male Sailor of the Year for 2015. Tuke was a key member of the Emirates Team New Zealand sailing team which won the America's Cup in Bermuda in 2017. 2016 – 49er class with Peter Burling 2012 – 49er class with Peter Burling 2020 – 49er World Champion – Geelong, Australia 2019 – 49er World Champion – Auckland, New Zealand 2016 – 49er World Champion – Clearwater, Florida, USA 2015 – 49er World Champion – Buenos Aires, Argentina 2014 – 49er World Champion – Santander, Spain 2013 – 49er World Champion Marseille, France 2009 – 29er World Champion 2006 – Splash World Champion 3rd – 2018 – 3rd A class catamaran World Championships – Hervey Bay, Australia 2nd – 2014 – 2nd A class catamaran World Championships – Auckland, New Zealand 2nd – 2012 – 2nd 49er World ChampionshipsCroatia 2nd – 2011 – 2nd 49er World Championships – Perth, Australia 2nd – 2007 Volvo Youth ISAF World Championships – 29er Class 6th – 2015 – Moth World Championships – 8th – 2013 – A Class World Championships – 8th – 2007 420 World Championships 9th – 2008 – 29er World Championships 17th – 2010 – 49er World Championships – Bahamas 26th – 2009 – 49er World Championships – Lake Garda, Italy 26th – 2008 – Tornado World Championships 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 Unbeaten in major 49er regattas worldwide.

2020 – 49er World Championships – Geelong, Australia with Peter Burling) 2020 2nd 49er Oceanias 2019 – 49er World Championships – Auckland, New Zealand with Peter Burling) 2019 3rd 49er Oceanias 2019 7th Princessa Sofia Regatta 2019 3rd World Cup Regatta Genoa 2019 1st 49er Europeans 2019 1st 49er Olympic test event 2017 1st Swan River Match Cup – sailing with Peter Burling, Glenn Ashby and Josh Junior. 2016 1st 49er 2016 Olympics with Peter Burling 2016 3rd 49er Rio de Janeiro International Sailing week2016 1st 49er Kieler Woche regatta, Germany 2016 1st 49er Sailing World Cup Hyeres regatta, France 2016 1st 49er European Championships – Barcelona, Spain 2016 1st 49er World Championships – Clearwater, Florida, USA 2016 1st 49er NZL Nationals Crewing for Emirates Team New Zealand 2016 1st America's Cup World Series regatta, New York2016 3rd America's Cup World Series regatta, Oman2016 4th America's Cup World Series regatta, Chicago2016 5th Americas Cup World Series regatta, France 2015 1st 49er World Champs, Buenos Aires 2015 1st 49er South American Champs, Buenos Aires 2015 1st 49er Olympic Test Event, Rio de Janeiro 2015 1st 49er Rio de Janeiro International sailing week 2015 1st 49er Europeans 2015 1st 49e

Macrosiphum rosae

Macrosiphum rosae, the rose aphid, is a species of sap-sucking insect in the family Aphididae. It infests rosebushes as its main host in spring and early summer, congregating on the tips of shoots and around new buds. In the summer, winged forms move to other rose bushes, or to a limited number of secondary hosts, before returning to rosebushes to lay eggs in the autumn. Wingless adults have a spindle-shaped body and are between 1.7 and 3.6 mm long, varying in colour from green to pink and reddish-brown. The antennae and legs are long, the cauda is pale; the siphunculi are long and black, which distinguishes this aphid from Metopolophium dirhodum, the rose-grain aphid, which has pale siphunculi. Winged individuals are between 2.2 and 3.4 mm in length, varying from green to pinkish-brown, having distinctive black lateral markings. This aphid overwinters as eggs on roses, but in mild winters, some adults may survive until spring; the eggs hatch in spring into wingless females which reproduce parthogenetically, large colonies can develop, being found on the tips of shoots and around flower buds.

The heaviest population densities are in June and July in the northern hemisphere, just when the bushes are flowering, thereafter the populations decline. This is because at this time of year, some winged females develop, which migrate to other rose bushes or to certain secondary hosts such as holly, valerian and scabious. With the onset of autumn, winged males are produced, the insects return to roses and the eggs are laid. Rose aphids damage the aesthetic appearance of rosebushes by contorting the flowers and foliage, by the sticky honeydew they produce, which provides a surface on which sooty moulds develop

Eleanor D. Acheson

Eleanor "Eldie" Dean Acheson is an American lawyer who served as Assistant Attorney General of the United States for the Office of Policy Development as part of the Clinton Administration. Acheson is the daughter of David Campion Acheson and Patricia James Castles who married in 1943, her mother Patricia was a graduate of Bryn Mawr College. She taught at the Cathedral School from 1959 until the mid-1960s and had earlier taught at the Potomac and Madeira Schools, she wrote books for students of American history including America's Colonial Heritage, Our Federal Government, The Supreme Court. Her father, David Campion Acheson, is an American attorney who worked for the United States Atomic Energy Commission and served as an assistant to former Treasury secretary Henry H. Fowler, her grandfather is the former United States Secretary of State Dean Acheson. Acheson's great-grandfather was Edward Campion Acheson, an English-born Church of England priest who moved to the U. S. to become Episcopal Bishop of Connecticut.

Acheson's great-grandmother was Eleanor Gertrude Gooderham, the Canadian-born granddaughter of prominent Canadian distiller William Gooderham, a founder of the Gooderham and Worts Distillery. Her grandmother, Alice Acheson, a painter and graduate of Wellesley College, was the daughter of Louis Stanley, a railroad lawyer and Jane C. Stanley, a watercolorist. Alice's grandfather was John Mix Stanley, a renowned painter of American Indian life in the Wild West. Together Acheson's parents had three children: Eleanor Dean Acheson David Campion Acheson Jr. an architect and principal of Acheson, Doyle, who married Susan D. Sturges in 1986 Peter W. Acheson, an independent film maker who married Mary Vaux, a freelance writerAcheson attended the Westover School graduating in 1965, followed by Wellesley College, graduating in 1969, she attended the George Washington University Law School, graduating in 1973. As Assistant Attorney General, Acheson worked on the Year 2000 readiness and responsibility act known as the "Y2K Act".

She was public policy and government affairs director at the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force until January 2007, in which capacity she led efforts on Capitol Hill to secure funds for the LGBT community. Although she left that job after her appointment in 2007 as vice president and general counsel of Amtrak, she continues to be a strategy advisor to the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, representing the group in key meetings on Capitol Hill. Acheson attended Wellesley College with Hillary Clinton who, in her 1969 student commencement speech, acknowledges the influence of Acheson in helping Clinton become the first student in Wellesley College history to deliver its commencement address. Acheson received her JD from George Washington University Law School and went on to serve as a law clerk to U. S. District Court Judge Edward T. Gignoux in Maine from 1973 to 1974, she practiced for 19 years with the Boston-based firm Ropes & Gray, becoming a litigation partner in 1983. During her confirmation process she came under criticism because of her longtime membership in an exclusive club that had no black members.

Senator Kennedy, a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, said that Ms. Acheson "clearly meets the Senate Judiciary Committee standard on the club issue". Acheson is married to Emily C. Hewitt, the former Chief Judge of the United States Court of Federal Claims. David Campion Acheson Dean Acheson Emily C. Hewitt Appearances on C-SPAN

Devin Logan

Devin Marie Logan is an American freeskier from West Dover, Vermont. She won silver in Olympic slopestyle at the 2014 Winter Olympics held in Sochi. Logan grew up in New York. Logan was the youngest of five children in an athletic family. At a young age, Logan wanted to ski like her older brothers, two of whom went on to become professional skiers. Where she played youth football for the Baldwin Bombers from ages 8 to 10. Before starting high school, Logan moved to Vermont with her mother and siblings to train at the Mount Snow Academy; as of 2014 she was taking classes at Westminster College in Utah. Logan began her competitive skiing career as a junior in 2010, she was the winner of a silver medal at the 2012 Winter X Games in the slopestyle contest. In late 2012, Logan suffered a severe knee injury, with a torn ACL and MCL and two microfractures, requiring surgery. Logan recovered from the injury, taking home a silver medal in the first Olympic slopestyle competition held in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.

Logan scored 85.40 in the event. During the 2015 season, Logan had two podium finishes in Grand Prix events and won the halfpipe at the Canadian Open Championship. During the 2016 season she dislocated her shoulder. Logan was awarded the overall crystal globe for the most consistent skier over International Ski Federation freestyle events. Logan was the first freeskier to win the award. At the time of the award, Logan was the only woman to have competed in both slopestyle and halfpipe. During the summer, Logan can be found at Mt. Hood, where she hosts a Takeover Session at Windells Camp