Nevada State Route 612
State Route 612 is a state highway in Clark County, Nevada. It comprises about 9.4 miles of the major north–south section line arterial Nellis Boulevard in the eastern Las Vegas Valley. State Route 612 begins at the intersection of Nellis Boulevard and Tropicana Avenue on the border of unincorporated communities of Paradise and Whitney. From there, the route heads north along Nellis Boulevard north as it travels through the Las Vegas area, entering the unincorporated town of Sunrise Manor and forming the easternmost border of the city of Las Vegas; the state highway comes to an end at the intersection of Nellis Boulevard and Las Vegas Boulevard near Nellis Air Force Base. SR 612, as Nellis Boulevard, passes by many retail businesses as well as residential neighborhoods, it is one of the major north–south roadways in Sunrise Manor. SR 612 was established in the 1976 renumbering of Nevada's state highways; the route was designated on July 1, 1976. The entire route is in Clark County. Notes: RTC Transit Route 115 functions on this road.
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Paradise Valley, Nevada
Paradise Valley is a census-designated place in Humboldt County, United States, near the Santa Rosa Ranger District of Humboldt National Forest. It is located at the northern terminus of Nevada State Route 290, about 19 miles northeast of U. S. Highway 95 and a total of 40 miles north of Winnemucca; the town is located with the Santa Rosa Range of mountains just to the northwest. At the 2010 census, the population of the CDP was 109. A post office has been in operation at Paradise Valley since 1871. According to tradition, in the 1860s a prospector declared "What a paradise!" Upon seeing the valley, after having traveled through the surrounding arid territory. As of the census of 2010, there were 109 people, 51 households, 35 families residing in the CDP. There were 92 housing units; the racial makeup of the CDP was 89.0% White, 1.8% Native American, 6.4% some other race, 2.8% from two or more races. 18.3 % of the population were Latino of any race. The American Folklife Center of the U. S. Library of Congress conducted extensive ethnographic field research in Paradise Valley from 1978 to 1982.
The Paradise Valley Folklife Project generated a multi-format resource collection documenting the history and culture of the area's ranching community. A team of fieldworkers from AFC documented the distinct ethnic groups in the area; the resulting material was subsequently packaged by the Library of Congress into a collection titled "Buckaroos in Paradise: Ranching Culture in Northern Nevada, 1945-1982". The collection includes 32 boxes of archival material including manuscripts and video recordings, several thousand photographic prints and negatives from the AFC project and additional historical archives dating back to 1870; the project was initiated by the American Folklife Center in cooperation with the Smithsonian Institution in 1978. Humboldt County School District serves the community; the sole school in Paradise Valley is the Paradise Valley School, which serves Kindergarten through eighth grade. The town is name checked in The Beautiful South album track "This Old Skin" at the beginning of the second verse.
The lyrics describe it as, "not far from where the West was won". Trapper and self-styled mountain man Claude Dallas eluded capture for 15 months after killing two Idaho Fish & Game wardens in Idaho, near Paradise Valley, in 1981. After conviction, he escaped from prison in 1986 and after a year was recaptured in Riverside, California. Actress Edna Purviance was born in Paradise Valley. Prudic, D. E. and M. E. Herman.. Ground-water flow and simulated effects of development in Paradise Valley, a basin tributary to the Humboldt River in Humboldt County, Nevada. Washington, D. C.: U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey. Marshall and Richard E. Ahlborn. Buckaroos in Paradise: Cowboy Life in Northern Nevada. Washington, D. C.: U. S. Library of Congress
Interstate Highway System
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States; the system is named for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Construction was authorized by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, the original portion was completed 35 years although some urban routes were cancelled and never built; the network has since been extended. In 2016, it had a total length of 48,181 miles; as of 2016, about one-quarter of all vehicle miles driven in the country use the Interstate system. In 2006, the cost of construction was estimated at about $425 billion; the United States government's efforts to construct a national network of highways began on an ad hoc basis with the passage of the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916, which provided for $75 million over a five-year period for matching funds to the states for the construction and improvement of highways.
The nation's revenue needs associated with World War I prevented any significant implementation of this policy, which expired in 1921. In December 1918, E. J. Mehren, a civil engineer and the editor of Engineering News-Record, presented his "A Suggested National Highway Policy and Plan" during a gathering of the State Highway Officials and Highway Industries Association at the Congress Hotel in Chicago. In the plan, Mehren proposed a 50,000-mile system, consisting of five east–west routes and 10 north–south routes; the system would include two percent of all roads and would pass through every state at a cost of $25,000 per mile, providing commercial as well as military transport benefits. As the landmark 1916 law expired, new legislation was passed—the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921; this new road construction initiative once again provided for federal matching funds for road construction and improvement, $75 million allocated annually. Moreover, this new legislation for the first time sought to target these funds to the construction of a national road grid of interconnected "primary highways", setting up cooperation among the various state highway planning boards.
The Bureau of Public Roads asked the Army to provide a list of roads that it considered necessary for national defense. In 1922, General John J. Pershing, former head of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during the war, complied by submitting a detailed network of 20,000 miles of interconnected primary highways—the so-called Pershing Map. A boom in road construction followed throughout the decade of the 1920s, with such projects as the New York parkway system constructed as part of a new national highway system; as automobile traffic increased, planners saw a need for such an interconnected national system to supplement the existing non-freeway, United States Numbered Highways system. By the late 1930s, planning had expanded to a system of new superhighways. In 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave Thomas MacDonald, chief at the Bureau of Public Roads, a hand-drawn map of the United States marked with eight superhighway corridors for study. In 1939, Bureau of Public Roads Division of Information chief Herbert S. Fairbank wrote a report called Toll Roads and Free Roads, "the first formal description of what became the interstate highway system" and, in 1944, the themed Interregional Highways.
The Interstate Highway System gained a champion in President Dwight D. Eisenhower, influenced by his experiences as a young Army officer crossing the country in the 1919 Army Convoy on the Lincoln Highway, the first road across America. Eisenhower gained an appreciation of the Reichsautobahn system, the first "national" implementation of modern Germany's Autobahn network, as a necessary component of a national defense system while he was serving as Supreme Commander Of Allied Forces in Europe during World War II, he recognized that the proposed system would provide key ground transport routes for military supplies and troop deployments in case of an emergency or foreign invasion. The publication in 1955 of the General Location of National System of Interstate Highways, informally known as the Yellow Book, mapped out what became the Interstate Highway System. Assisting in the planning was Charles Erwin Wilson, still head of General Motors when President Eisenhower selected him as Secretary of Defense in January 1953.
The Interstate Highway System was authorized on June 29, 1956 by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act of 1956. Three states have claimed the title of first Interstate Highway. Missouri claims that the first three contracts under the new program were signed in Missouri on August 2, 1956; the first contract signed was for upgrading a section of US Route 66 to what is now designated Interstate 44. On August 13, 1956, Missouri awarded the first contract based on new Interstate Highway funding. Kansas claims. Preliminary construction had taken place before the act was signed, paving started September 26, 1956; the state marked its portion of I-70 as the first project in the United States completed under the provisions of the new Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956. The Pennsylvania Turnpike could be considered one of the first Interstate Highways. On October 1, 1940, 162 miles of the highway now designated I‑70 and I‑76 opened between Irwin and Carlisle.
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania refers to the turnpike as the Granddaddy of the Pikes. Milestones in the construction of the Interstate Highway System include: October 17, 1974: Nebraska becomes
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Supreme Court of Nevada
The Supreme Court of Nevada is the highest state court of the U. S. state of Nevada, the head of the Nevada Judiciary. The main constitutional function of the Supreme Court is to review appeals made directly from the decisions of the district courts; the Supreme Court does not pursue fact-finding by conducting trials, but rather determines whether legal errors were committed in the rendering of the lower court's decision. While the Court must consider all cases filed, it has the discretion to send appeals to the Nevada Court of Appeals for final resolution, as well as the power to determine the jurisdiction of that court. There are seven Justices on the court, who are elected to six-year terms in nonpartisan elections and who are not subject to term limits, which were rejected by voters in 1996; the Governor appoints Justices in the case of a vacancy. The most senior justice becomes Chief Justice for a two-year term; when Nevada was admitted to the federal union in 1864, three justices were elected to the Supreme Court for a term of six years.
This was increased to five justices in 1967, to seven justices in 1997. Despite experiencing a spectacular population boom in the 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, Nevada was unable for many years to establish an intermediate appellate court, like the vast majority of U. S. states. Attempts to create one all failed at the ballot box in 1972, 1980, 1992, 2010; the result was extraordinarily severe congestion at the appellate level, as all appeals must be processed through the state supreme court. The alternative would be to have no right to appeal, since the U. S. Supreme Court has ruled that appeal is not a constitutional right, which has always been and is still the case today in Virginia in civil and criminal cases, until the early 2000s was the case in New Hampshire and West Virginia. Nevada, has guaranteed its residents a right to appeal since statehood. From the 1980s to the present, Nevada state supreme court justices have been burdened with the highest per-justice caseloads of any state supreme court in the United States.
In January 1999, to bring its soaring backlog under control, the Supreme Court of Nevada adopted for the first time a measure, used by the Supreme Court of California prior to the creation of the California Courts of Appeal in 1904. The Court divided itself into two three-justice panels; the majority of cases are now heard and decided by the three-justice panels, with one panel in Carson City and one panel in Las Vegas. The Chief Justice is the administrative head of the court system, with authority to divide the work of the Supreme Court among the justices, assign district judges to assist in other judicial districts or to special functions, assign retired judges or justices to appropriate temporary duty; the advantage of this system, of course, is that it is easier and faster to negotiate a consensus on the key points of a majority opinion among three instead of seven justices. The disadvantages are. Meanwhile, the state supreme court continued to lobby the people and the legislature of the state of Nevada to create an intermediate appellate court.
The Legislature authorized the latest attempt to appear on the November 2, 2010 ballot. Question 2, was narrowly rejected by 53% of the 670,126 votes cast; the same issue appeared again as Question 1 on the November 4, 2014 ballot, narrowly approved by Nevada voters by a 54 percent to 46 percent margin. Nevada immediately established a Nevada Court of Appeals; the new court operates under a "push down" or "deflective" model similar to Iowa, in which the intermediate appellate court handles the tedious task known as "error correction" among appellate specialists. That is, all appeals are still filed with the Supreme Court of Nevada, but are screened to determine whether they involve novel issues of law or important issues of public policy, as opposed to contentions that the trial court erred by failing to apply existing precedent. Based on historical data, about one third of future Nevada appeals are expected to fall into the latter category and will be reassigned to the Court of Appeals, thereby enabling the state supreme court to focus on deciding hard questions in the remaining cases.
In turn, appeals from the decisions of the Court of Appeals to the Supreme Court will be at the discretion of the Supreme Court, as with intermediate appellate courts in other states. List of Supreme Court of Nevada Justices Nevada.. Practice before the Supreme Court of Nevada: an overview, Carson City, Nev: Nevada State Supreme Court Clerk's Office; the Nevada State Supreme Court.. Carson City, Nev: Administrative Office of the Courts. Supreme Court of Nevada
Clark County, Nevada
Clark County is located in the U. S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 1,951,269, with an estimated population of 2,204,079 in 2017, it is by far the most populous county in Nevada, accounting for nearly three-quarters of the state's residents–thus making Nevada one of the most centralized states in the nation. Las Vegas, the state's most populous city, has been the county seat since the county's establishment; the county was formed by the Nevada Legislature by splitting off a portion of Lincoln County on February 5, 1909, was organized on July 1, 1909. The Las Vegas Valley, a 600 sq mi basin, includes Las Vegas and other major cities and communities such as North Las Vegas and the unincorporated community of Paradise. Part of the Mexican Territory of Alta California, the Clark County lands were first traversed by American beaver trappers. Word of their journeys inspired the New Mexican merchant Antonio Armijo in 1829 to establish the first route for mule trains and herds of livestock from Nuevo Mexico to Alta California through the area, along the Virgin and Colorado Rivers.
Called the Armijo Route of the Old Spanish Trail, the route was modified into the Main Route by the passing merchants, drovers, Ute raiders and settlers over the years by moving to a more direct route. In Clark County it was northward away from the Colorado to a series of creeks and springs like those at Las Vegas, to which John C. Frémont added Frémont's_Cutoff on his return from California to Utah in 1844. What is now Clark County was acquired by the United States during the Mexican American War, becoming part of the northwestern corner of New Mexico Territory. In 1847, Jefferson Hunt and other Mormon Battalion members returning to Salt Lake City from Los Angeles pioneered a wagon route through the County that became the Mormon Road. In 1849, this road became known as the "Southern Route", the winter route of the California Trail from Salt Lake City to Los Angeles during the California Gold Rush. By the mid 1850s the route now known as the Salt Lake Road in California and the California Road in Utah Territory, was a wagon trade route between the two.
In the mid 1850s Mormons established a settlement at Las Vegas. In the 1860s Mormon colonies were established along the Muddy Rivers. All of the county was part of Mohave County, Arizona Territory, when that Territory was formed in 1863, before Nevada became a state. In 1865, it became part of Arizona Territory; the part of Pah-Ute County north and west of the Colorado River was assigned to the new State of Nevada in 1866, however Arizona territory fought the division until 1871. Pah-Ute County became part of Lincoln County and the westernmost part, the southernmost part of Nye County. Clark County was named for William Andrews Clark, a Montana copper magnate and U. S. Senator. Clark was responsible for construction of the Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad through the area, contributing to the region's early development. Clark County is a major tourist destination, with 150,000 hotel rooms; the Las Vegas Strip, home to most of the hotel-casinos known to many around the world, is not within the City of Las Vegas city limits, but in unincorporated Paradise.
It is, however, in the Las Vegas Valley. Clark County is coextensive with the Las Vegas–Paradise, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan statistical area designated by the Office of Management and Budget and used by the United States Census Bureau and other agencies for statistical purposes; the Colorado River forms the county's southeastern boundary, with Hoover Dam forming Lake Mead along much of its length. The lowest point in the state of Nevada is on the Colorado River just south of Laughlin in Clark County, where it flows out of Nevada into California and Arizona. Greater Las Vegas is a tectonic valley, surrounded by four mountain ranges, with nearby Mount Charleston being the highest elevation at 11,918 ft, located to the northwest. Other than the forests on Mount Charleston, the geography in Clark County is a desert. Creosote bushes are the main native vegetation, the mountains are rocky with little vegetation; the terrain slopes to the east. The county has an area of 8,061 square miles, of which 7,891 square miles is land and 169 square miles is water.
20 official wilderness areas in Clark County are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Many of these are in, or in, one of the preceding protected areas, as shown below. Many are separate entities that are managed by the Bureau of Land Management: In 2000 there were 512,253 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.70% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone, above age 64. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17. The county population contained 25.60% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, 10.70% who were over age 64. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $53,536, the median income for a family was $59,485.
Males had a median income of $35,243 versus $27,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,785. About 7.90% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those over age 64. Large numbers of new residents in the state originate from California; as of the 201
Sunrise Manor, Nevada
Sunrise Manor is an unincorporated town and part of Las Vegas Township in Clark County, United States, located on the western base of Frenchman Mountain, east of Las Vegas. The population was 189,372 at the 2010 census. If Sunrise Manor were to be incorporated, it would be one of the largest cities in Nevada. Sunrise Manor was formed in May 1957. According to the United States Census Bureau, the census-designated place of Sunrise Manor has a total area of 33.4 square miles, all of it land. At the census of 2010, there were 189,372 people residing in the CDP; the racial makeup was 48.9% White, 12.6% African American, 0.9% Native American, 5.7% Asian, 0.6% Pacific Islander, 5.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.5% of the population and 30.2% of the population was non-Hispanic White. As of the census of 2000, there were 156,120 people, 53,745 households, 38,535 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 4,081.8 people per square mile. There were 58,410 housing units at an average density of 1,527.1 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the CDP was 63.47% White, 12.89% African American, 0.98% Native American, 6.41% Asian, 0.46% Pacific Islander, 10.13% from other races, 4.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.02% of the population. There were 53,745 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.32. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $41,066, the median income for a family was $44,339.
Males had a median income of $31,175 versus $24,605 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,659. About 10.4% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over. It is home of the Las Vegas Nevada Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, dedicated on December 16, 1989. East Career and Technical Academy, Eldorado High School, Las Vegas High School, Sunrise Mountain High School serve the Sunrise Manor area. ECTA, a magnet school, opened for the 2008 -- 2009 school year, admitting only sophomores. Sunrise Manor Town Advisory Board