Paramaribo is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on the banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District. Paramaribo has a population of 241,000 people half of Suriname's population; the historic inner city of Paramaribo has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002. The city is named for the Paramaribo tribe living at the mouth of the Suriname River; the name Paramaribo is a corruption of the name of an Indian village, Parmirbo. This was the location of the first Dutch settlement, a trading post established by Nicolaes Baliestel and Dirck Claeszoon van Sanen in 1613. English and French traders tried to establish settlements in Suriname, including a French post established in 1644 near present-day Paramaribo; the Dutch settlement was abandoned some time before the arrival of English settlers in 1650 to found Willoughbyland. The settlers were sent by the English governor of Barbados, Lord Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham, established a town on the site of Paramaribo.
The town was protected by a fort, called Fort Willoughby. In 1662, Governor Willoughby was granted the settlement and surrounding lands by King Charles II. In 1667, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War, Paramaribo was conquered by a squadron of ships under Abraham Crijnssen; the Treaty of Breda in 1667 confirmed Paramaribo as the leading town of the now Dutch colony of Suriname. The fort protecting Paramaribo was renamed Fort Zeelandia in honor of the Dutch province that had financed Crijnssen’s fleet.. The population of Paramaribo has always been diverse. Among the first British settlers were many Jews and one of the oldest synagogues in the Americas is found in Paramaribo; the population of the town was increased after 1873, when former slaves were allowed to stop working for their former masters and leave the sugar plantations. Paramaribo has remained the capital of Suriname, from its colonial days through the independence of Suriname in 1975 to the present day; the old town has suffered many devastating fires over the years, notably in January 1821 and September 1832.
In 1987 an administrative reorganization took place in Suriname and the city was divided into 12 administrative "ressorten". The city is located on the Suriname River 15 kilometres inland from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Paramaribo district. Evolution of Paramaribo Paramaribo features a tropical rainforest climate, under the Köppen climate classification, more subject to the Intertropical Convergence Zone than the trade winds and with no cyclone therefore the climate is equatorial; the city has no true dry season, all 12 months of the year average more than 60 mm of rainfall, but the city does experience noticeably wetter and drier periods during the year. "Autumn" is the driest period of the year in Paramaribo. Common to many cities with this climate, temperatures are consistent throughout the course of the year, with average high temperatures of 31 degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of 22 degrees Celsius. Paramaribo on average receives 2200 mm of rainfall each year. Paramaribo has a population of 240,924 people.
While the population number is stagnating in recent years, many towns in the surrounding Wanica District are increasing in population. The city is famed for its diverse ethnic makeup, including Creoles 27%, Indian 23%, Multiracials 18%, Maroons 16%, Javanese 10%, Indigenous 2%, Chinese 1.5%, smaller numbers of Europeans and Jews. In the past decades a significant number of Brazilians and new Chinese immigrants have settled in Paramaribo. Paramaribo is the business and financial centre of Suriname. Though the capital city does not produce significant goods itself all revenues from the country's main export products gold, bauxite and tropical wood are channeled through its institutions. All banks, insurance corporations and other financial and commercial companies are headquartered in Paramaribo. Around 75 percent of Suriname's GDP is consumed in Paramaribo. Tourism is an important sector, with most visitors coming from the Netherlands. Administratively, Paramaribo forms its own district in Suriname.
The ressorten of Paramaribo district therefore correspond to boroughs of the city. There are twelve ressorten in the Paramaribo district: Paramaribo is served by the Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport and Zorg en Hoop Airport for local flights; the Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge, part of the East-West Link, connects Paramaribo with Meerzorg on the other side of the Suriname River. Most airlines like Gum Air, Caricom Airways and Blue Wing Airlines have their head offices on the grounds of Zorg en Hoop Airport in Paramaribo. Paramaribo's institution of higher learning is Anton de Kom University of Suriname, the country's only university. Paramaribo is home to four hospitals, the Academic Hospital Paramaribo,'s Lands Hospitaal, Sint Vincentius Hospital and Diakonessenhuis; the Dutch colonial town established in 17th and 18th centuries was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002. The historic inner city is located
Craig Smoker is a former Australian rules footballer who played with the West Coast Eagles and the Melbourne Football Club in the Australian Football League. After his AFL career ended, Smoker played for Williamstown in the Victorian Football League and West Perth in the Western Australian Football League. Born on 4 April 1978, Smoker grew up on a farm outside the rural West Australian town of Kondinin, he played his junior football with Kulin/Kondinin, before moving to Perth and boarding at Scotch College. Smoker played school football for Scotch and represented Western Australia at the 1994 AFL Under 18 Championships. Smoker, a "rover in every sense of the word", was drafted by the West Coast Eagles with the 30th selection in the 1995 AFL Draft. At 17 years of age, West Coast hoped. In his first season, Smoker did not play an AFL match, instead spending the season in the WAFL playing for West Perth, he kicked 26 goals. Smoker spent his next season playing for West Perth. Smoker pursued a career as an agricultural consultant during this time.
Although he did not play a senior match for West Coast, Smoker did win West Perth's leading goalkicker award with 34 goals for the season. Due to his inability to get a game in a strong West Coast side and his good form for the Falcons, Smoker was the subject of trade interest from other AFL clubs at the end of 1997, with Melbourne emerging as his most destination; the Demons were said to be interested in his "pace and goalkicking ability". Smoker was traded to Melbourne for the 34th selection in the 1997 AFL Draft. Smoker made his AFL debut in the first round of the 1998 season, he played the first 14 of Melbourne's games, including a round 3 performance against Brisbane where he was matched against Jason Akermanis and received a Brownlow Medal vote and kicked four goals, two of which were in the last quarter. Smoker was named as an emergency. Smoker did end up playing in that match, but had a disappointing match against his told team, only having one disposal for the game, he was dropped for Melbourne's next game.
He made his way back into the team for Melbourne's round 18 match against Brisbane and he played the following week against Carlton before being dropped for round 20. While playing a reserves match, he was suspended one week for striking. Smoker did not play another senior game for Melbourne in 1998, although he was "on the edge of selection" during their finals campaign and was twice named as an emergency. Following his 16 games in 1998, Smoker's 1999 season can only be described as a disappointment. Although named in Melbourne's squad of 25, he played only one senior game in Melbourne's "disastrous season". After a poor 1999, Smoker was delisted by the Demons at season's end as part of a "significant list turnover", he had played 17 games for Melbourne in two years. After being delisted by Melbourne, Smoker began playing with Williamstown in the VFL, he played with the Seagulls from 2000 to 2005, totalling 94 senior VFL games. During his time with Williamstown, Smoker won a VFL premiership in 2003, was acting captain for a match in 2004 and won a reserves premiership in 2005, despite playing in the seniors for the majority of the season.
After winning the VFL reserves premiership, Smoker returned to Western Australia to play for his old club, West Perth, for the 2006 season. Smoker played from West Perth from 2005 to 2009. During his time with West Perth he worked for Underground Services. Retiring at the end of 2009, Smoker finished his WAFL career having played 105 games, for a return of 104 goals. Smoker is married to Andrea and has three children, Tyler and Trista. Craig Smoker's profile on the official website of the Melbourne Football Club Craig Smoker's profile on the official website of the West Coast Eagles Craig Smoker's playing statistics from AFL Tables Craig Smoker's profile on WAFL Online
A papal judge delegate was a type of judicial appointment created during the 12th century by the medieval papacy where the pope would designate a local judge an ecclesiastic, to decide a case, appealed to the papal court. The system began during the pontificate of Pope Pascal II, when the first records appear of the papacy delegating some of its judicial authority to others for the resolution of cases. At first, it was used in order to expedite the discovery of local knowledge of cases, rather than to reduce the papal court's workload. Examples of this early stage include a case from Wales, during the pontificate of Pope Innocent II; this was a dispute between Bernard, the Bishop of St Davids, Urban, the Bishop of Llandaff, was delegated to acquire local knowledge of the dispute. It is only during the pontificate of Pope Alexander III that the papal courts appears to have recognized that the delegation system could reduce the volume of cases that had to be decided at Rome. An important factor in the growth of the papal judges-delegate system was the corresponding growth of the papal judicial system during the 12th century.
Cases referred to a judge-delegate were those that were complex, where the local knowledge of the appointee would be helpful. The appointment ended with the resolution of the case; the numbers of judges-delegate increased during the 1160s and 1170s. English records for this time are abundant, with a number of English bishops – including Gilbert Foliot, Bartholomew Iscanus, Roger of Worcester – serving over 60 times as judge-delegate for the papacy. Conflicts arose between papal legates and judges-delegate, Pope Celestine III ruled that a papal legate could not change the decision of a judge-delegate but was allowed to confirm or implement the decision. Celestine did indicate that the legate was higher in rank than the judge, although he was sovereign in matters relating to his appointed case. Alexander III's decrees on the judicial delegation system form the basis for the description of the system in Pope Gregory IX's Decretales which were published in 1234. Of the 43 items dealing with papal judges-delegate in the Decretales, 18 are Alexander's and a further 15 are from Pope Innocent III.
Papal documents referred to the delegates as iudices delegati. A further development was the grant of exemptions from appointment as judge-delegate, with such exemptions first appearing around 1140. By the end of the 12th century, such exemptions were sought after by local ecclesiastics
Pilot whales are cetaceans belonging to the genus Globicephala. The two extant species are the short-finned pilot whale; the two are not distinguishable at sea, analysis of the skulls is the best way to distinguish between the species. Between the two species, they range nearly worldwide, with long-finned pilot whales living in colder waters and short-finned pilot whales living in tropical and subtropical waters. Pilot whales are among the largest of the oceanic dolphins, exceeded in size only by the killer whale, they and other large members of the dolphin family are known as blackfish. In Newfoundland they are referred to as squid hounds since they chase and eat squid. Pilot whales feed on squid, but will hunt large demersal fish such as cod and turbot, they are social and may remain with their birth pod throughout their lifetime. Short-finned pilot whales are one of the few mammal species in which females go through menopause, postreproductive females continue to contribute to their pod. Pilot whales are notorious for stranding themselves on beaches, several theories have been hypothesized to account for this behavior.
The conservation status of both species has not been determined, but bycatch and hunting are modern threats to one or both species. Pilot whales are classified into two species: Long-finned pilot whale Short-finned pilot whale; the short-finned pilot whale was described, from skeletal materials only, by John Edward Gray in 1846. He presumed from the skeleton; the long-finned pilot whale was first classified by Thomas Stewart Traill in 1809 as Delphinus melas. Its scientific name was changed to Globicephala melaena. Since 1986, the specific name of the long-finned pilot whale was changed to its original form melas. Other species classifications have been proposed but only two have been accepted. There exist geographic forms of short-finned pilot whales off the east coast of Japan, which comprise genetically isolated stocks. Fossils of an extinct relative, Globicephala baereckeii, have been found in Pleistocene deposits in Florida. Another Globicephala dolphin was discovered in Pliocene strata in Tuscany and was named G. etruriae.
The pilot whales were close relatives of the extinct blunt-snouted dolphin. Close living relatives of the pilot whales are the melon-headed whale, the pygmy killer whale, the false killer whale, Risso's dolphin. Evolution of Tappanaga, the endemic, larger form of short-finned pilots found in northern Japan, with similar characteristics to the whales found along Vancouver Island and northern USA coasts, have been indicated that the geniture of this form could be caused by the extinction of long-finned pilots in north Pacific in the 12th century where Magondou, the smaller, southern type filled the former niches of long-finned pilots and colonizing into colder waters; some claims that the Tappanaga, alternatively called Shiogondou, are not adapted form of short-finned pilots but a distinctive species of their own. Today and Magondou differentiate their respective distributions by the border at around the oceanic front off Chōshi, Chiba; the animals were named "pilot whales". They are called "pothead whales" and "blackfish".
The genus name is a combination of the Greek word kephale. Pilot whales are dark grey, brown, or black, but have some light areas such as a grey saddle patch behind the dorsal fin. Other light areas are an anchor-shaped patch under the chin, a faint blaze marking behind the eye, a large marking on the belly, a genital patch; the dorsal fin is set forward on the back and sweeps backwards. A pilot whale is more robust than most dolphins, has a distinctive large, bulbous melon. Pilot whales' long, sickle-shaped flippers and tail stocks are flattened from side to side. Male long-finned pilot whales develop more circular melons than females, although this does not seem to be the case for short-finned pilot whales off the Pacific coast of Japan. Long-finned and short-finned pilot whales are so similar, it is difficult to tell the two species apart, they were traditionally differentiated by the length of the pectoral flippers relative to total body length and the number of teeth. The long-finned pilot whale was thought to have 9–12 teeth in each row and flippers one-fifth of total body length, compared to the short-finned pilot whale with its 7–9 teeth in each row and flippers one-sixth of total body length.
Studies of whales in the Atlantic showed much overlap in these characteristics between the species, making them clines instead of distinctive features. Thus, biologists have since used skull differences to distinguish the two species; the skull of the short-finned pilot whale has a shorter and broader rostum with a premaxilla that covers more of the maxilla. By contrast, the long-finned pilot whale's skull has a more elongated rostum and a more exposed maxilla; the size and weight depend on the species, as long-finned pilot whales are larger than short-finned pilot whales. Their lifespans are 60 years in females for both species. Both species exhibit sexual dimorphism. Adult long-finned pilot whales reach a body length of 6.5 m, with males being 1 m longer than females. Their body mass reaches up to up to 2,300 kg in males. For short-finned pilot whales, adult females reach a body length of about 5.5 m, while males reach 7.2 m and may weigh up to 3,200 kg. Pilot whales can be found in oceans nearly worldwide, but data about current population sizes is deficient.
Dino: Italian Love Songs is an album by Dean Martin for Capitol Records, released in 1962. The sessions producing this album's songs were recorded between September 6 and September 8 of 1961. Dino: Italian Love Songs was released on February 5, 1962; the backing orchestra was arranged by Gus Levene. The original album consisted of twelve songs with distinct Italian themes. Capitol Records Catalog Number T-1659 "Just Say I Love Her" – 2:47. Session 10276. Recorded September 7, 1961. "Arrivederci Roma" – 2:41. Session 10274. Recorded September 6, 1961. "My Heart Reminds Me" – 2:28. Session 10278. Recorded September 8, 1961. "You're Breaking My Heart" – 2:45. Session 10276. Recorded September 7, 1961. "Non Dimenticar" – 3:05. Session 10274. Recorded September 6, 1961. "Return To Me" – 2:44. Session 10274. Recorded September 6, 1961. "Vieni Su" – 2:26. Session 10278. Recorded September 8, 1961. "On an Evening in Roma" – 2:28. Session 10276. Recorded September 7, 1961. "Pardon" – 3:00. Session 10276. Recorded September 7, 1961.
"Take Me in Your Arms" – 2:38. Session 10278. Recorded September 8, 1961. "I Have But One Heart" – 3:02. Session 10274. Recorded September 6, 1961. "There's No Tomorrow" – 2:48. Session 10274. Recorded September 6, 1961 1997 EMI/Capitol combined Dino: Italian Love Songs with Cha Cha de Amor. Catalog Number 7243 8 55393 2 9. 2005 Collectors' Choice Music reissue added four more tracks to the twelve tracks on the original Capitol LP. Catalog Number WWCCM06052. "Bella, Bella Bambina" – 2:34. "Giuggiola" – 2:07. "Simpatico" – 2:52. Session 3755. Recorded April 25, 1955. "Belle from Barcelona" – 2:48. Session 3402. Recorded April 20, 1954
The Lethal Legion is a team of fictional characters that appear in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The first version of the Legion appears in The Avengers #78. 2, #1. The teams were created by John Buscema. Avengers #78 - 79 Grim Reaper - Madman with a hand replaced by a scythe that harbours powerful technology. Living Laser - An inventor of advanced lasers. Man-Ape - One of Wakanda's greatest warriors who performed a forbidden ritual that gave him superhuman strength. Power Man - Gained superhuman strength and durability due to an ionic ray. Swordsman - A master swordsman with different weapons in his sword. Avengers #164 - 166 Count Nefaria - A crime lord and one of the world's wealthiest men. Living Laser Power Man Whirlwind - A mutant who can rotate his body at superhuman speed. West Coast Avengers vol. 2, #1 - 2 Grim Reaper - Black Talon - A voodoo sorcerer who can create and control zombies. Goliath - A man who can grow up to 60 ft. Man-Ape - Nekra - A death-spirit. Ultron - A powerful and intelligent robot.
Marvel Age Annual #1 Attuma - An Atlantean barbarian. Batroc the Leaper - A skilled French combatant. Beetle - An engineer who invented a battlesuit that enables flight and has other functions. Black Tiger - Kurr'fri - A member of the Saurians that Ms. Marvel had encountered. Gorilla-Man - Piledriver - Porcupine - A criminal with a battle suit based on a porcupine. Sabretooth - A beast-like mutant. Thundra - A super-strong woman. Trapster - A criminal skilled with adhesives. Unicorn - Whirlwind - Wrecker - A criminal with an enchanted crowbar giving him superhuman strength. Avengers West Coast #98 - 100 Hangman Axe of Violence - A demonically-enhanced Lizzie Borden with an axe replacing one hand. Coldsteel - A demonically-enhanced Josef Stalin, now an 8 ft. giant with superhuman strength. Cyana - A demonically-enhanced Lucrezia Borgia with poisoned claws. Zyklon - A demonically-enhanced Heinrich Himmler who can belch deadly gas fumes from his mouth. Dark Reign: Lethal Legion #1 - 3 Grim Reaper - Nekra - Absorbing Man - A thug, given a potion enabling him to absorb the properties of whatever he touched.
Grey Gargoyle - A French chemist who can turn people to stone for an hour by touching them. Tiger Shark - A criminal with the DNA of a shark. Mister Hyde - A scientist who developed a formula that gives him superhuman strength. Wonder Man - Given superhuman strength and durability by an ionic ray. Avengers #676 Blood Brothers - Two Roclites. Captain Glory - A Kree, a captain in the Kree Armada. Drall - An Endrionic gladiator. Mentacle - A Rigellian with four tentacles for legs who has psychic abilities. Metal Master II - An Astran who admired the works of his predecessor; the Other - An unspecified alien. The following are members of the Lethal Legion in The Super Hero Squad Show and it's related media: Abomination Batroc the Leaper Crimson Dynamo Doctor Doom Doombots Egghead Enchantress Fin Fang Foom Impossible Man Juggernaut Klaw The Leader Manoo Megataur Melter MODOK Mole Man Moloids Mystique Plantman Pyro Ringmaster Sabertooth Skurge Screeming Mimi Tana Nile Toad Trapster Tricephalous Whirlwind Wrecking Crew Bulldozer Piledriver Thunderball The Wrecker Zzzax