Nedungolam or Nedumgolam is the Northern border town of Paravur municipality in the Kollam district of Kerala state, India. Nedungolam is near to the world-famous-wetland in Kollam district, a favorite destination for migratory birds. A census conducted on 2003 reveals that over 26,000 birds belonging to 37 species are visiting or living in the Polachira wetlands. Nedungolam is a town with two major junctions - Post Office Junction, it is one of the important attractions of Paravur. Most of the resorts in Paravur are near to Nedungolam. Beautiful beaches of Paravur are just 5 km away from Nedungolam. Proximity to the world-famous Kerala wetland, Polachira is another blessing of Nedungolam. In addition to that, one of the heritage sites of Kerala, Pozhikkara is just 5 km from Nedungolam. Rama Rao Memorial Govt. Taluk Hospital, Paravur - The one and only Taluk Hospital in Chathannoor constituency is in Nedungolam. Paravur Sub-Registrar Office, Padmanabha Rao public library, B. R Hospital - another famous hospital in Paravur etc. - are the other important institutions in Nedungolam.
Many Hindu temples, Nedungolam Service Co-operative Bank, Nedungolam Post-office and Nedungolam Govt. Higher Secondary School are situated in the locality of Nedungolam. Resorts in Nedungolam area include: Aquasserenne Resort, Paravur Fragrant Nature Hotels & Resorts Pvt Ltd. Paravur The Tranquil Palms Resort, Paravur Nedungolam is located at the borders of Paravur Municipality and is in Paravur-Chathannoor road. Nedungolam is well connected with all the major towns, it is about 18 km from 3 km from Paravur town. Private and KSRTC bus services connect Nedungolam with various towns in Kerala. Paravur Municipal Bus Stand is 4 km away from Nedungolam. Paravur Railway Station is the nearest important railway station to Nedungolam, 3 km from Nedungolam. 14 pairs of trains connect Paravur with various Indian cities like Kollam, Kochi, Palakkad, Bengaluru, Mumbai, Kanyakumari, Pune, Coimbatore and Tirunelveli through Indian Railways. There are no airports in Kollam district; the nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport, about 57 kilometres away.
Daily domestic flight services are available to major cities like Mumbai, Delhi and Kochi. International flight services connecting to Sharjah, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Male, Doha and Colombo are available from here. Paravur Paravur Railway Station Pozhikkara Thekkumbhagam Kollam Paravur Kayal Kollam District
Kollam Beach known as Mahatma Gandhi Beach, is a beach at Kollam city in the Indian state of Kerala. Kollam Beach is the first'Beach Wedding Destination' in Kerala; the beach features a park of international standard, the Mahatma Gandhi Park, inaugurated on 1 January 1961 by the Vice President of India, Zakir Hussain. Kollam beach is one among the few beaches in Kerala with a lifeguard outpost. Lifeguards were stationed at the beach from 2005; as of July 2015 Kovalam, Kollam is one among the three beaches in south Kerala with lifeguard outposts. Kollam Port is one of the oldest and most important ports for the international cashew trade on the Malabar Coast of the Arabian Sea; as of 2010, Kollam Port was the second largest port in Kerala after Cochin Port. Kollam was once a favourite settlement of the Portuguese, the Dutch and the English in succession before Independence; the port is protected by the Tangasseri Breakwater, extending about 1.1 miles south-south east of Tangasseri Point. The exotic location and backwaters makes Kollam Beach one of Kerala's most popular tourist attractions.
On 22 June 2014, construction work started on a marine aquarium at Kollam Beach, first of its kind in the state of Kerala. The Harbour Engineering Department is constructing the aquarium at the eastern side of the beach on behalf of Kollam Municipal Corporation; the foundation stone for the project was laid in March and is expected to complete by December 2014. It will be a single storey aquarium with 40 large tanks to hold a diverse collection of marine life and will be an added attraction for visitors to Kollam beach; the 144-foot Tangasseri lighthouse built in 1902 is a major landmark at the beach. Ruins of Portuguese / Dutch forts and 18th-century churches near the port remain as a memento of the Portuguese and Dutch rule of the area. President's Trophy Boat Race Kollam pooram Kovalam Paravur Thekkumbhagam Varkala
Pozhikkara or Pozhikara is the Western border town of the Paravur municipality in the Kollam district of Kerala state in India. It is located at the South-Western tip of Kollam's coastal area, it is in the Arabian Sea coast. Pozhikara is a heritage site in Kerala. Visitors, including foreign visitors come to Paravur and Pozhikara to see the estuary and beaches; as per the 2018 study report by Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute of India, Pozhikkara beach is one of the 16 best-kept beaches in India, topper from the state of Kerala. Pozhikara has an important position in the history of Kollam City. Paravur was a trade hub for foreign countries. An ancient document revealing the importance of Paravur and Pozhikara is'Pozhikara sasanam' built in the 12th century at Pozhikara sivakshetram, it was encrypted on a'sila phalakam' in'vattazhuthu'. Another mention of Paravur is in'Unnineeli sandesam', written above more than 600 years. Pozhikara was the administrative headquarters of Paravur before the independence of India.
Remnants of old fort and Anchalappees still remain. Pozhikara is about 12 km from Kollam City through Kollam-Paravur coastal road. Pozhikara is 2.5 km away from Paravur town. KSRTC runs daily bus services in Pozhikara-Poovar route. Paravur Municipal bus stand is about 2.5 km away from pozhikara. The nearest important railway station is Paravur Railway Station, 2.5 km away from Pozhikara. The nearest airport is Thiruvananthapuram International Airport. Paravur Paravur Railway Station Nedungolam Thekkumbhagam Kollam Paravur Kayal Kollam District
Thekkumbhagam or Thekkumbhagom is the southern border town of Paravur municipality in the Kollam district of Kerala, India. It is located at the Southern tip of Kollam's coastal area, it is in the Arabian Sea coast. Thekkumbhagam-Kappil estuary point in the Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram coastal border is one of the emerging tourism spots in the state. On 1936, during formation, Thekkumbhagam was one of the 9 territories of Paravur Panchayath. Thekkumbhagam estuary is one among the twin estuary points in Paravur; the other one is Pozhikara estuary. Paravur landmass' 3 sides are surrounded by water bodies - Paravur Lake, Nadayara Lake and Arabian Sea. Both north and south tips of Paravur town is having estuary. Thekkumbhagam is at south of Paravur. Thekkumbhagam estuary is the most crowd-pulling estuary in the state, it is located at the borders of Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram districts. A beach in this location attracts crowds every day; the estuary can be accessed by travelling through Paravur-Kappil-Varkala road.
Paravur - The temple town of Kollam Puthenpalli jumua masjid- one of the oldest masjids in south Kerala Valiya palli jumua Masjid Muhiyiddeen masjid Pudiyidam Mahadeva Temple. Thekkumbhagam-Kappil beach and estuary Priyadarshini Boat Club Paravur Lake Pozhikara estuary Polachira wetlands Puthenkulam Elephant Village Paravur Pozhikkara Nedungolam Paravur Kayal Paravur railway station
Parippally is a village town in Kollam district, India. Paripally town is 26 km away from Kollam city centre along the NH66, it is just 2 km away from the border of Kollam district on the way to Trivandrum District. Parippally is near to Varkala beach and Varkala Temple. Nearest Airport is Trivandrum International Airport. Kollam Helipad is about 23 km away from Parippally and Varkala Helipad is about 13 km away. Paravur Railway Station is the nearest railway station to Parippally. Paravur is well connected to Bengaluru, Mumbai, Madurai, Mangalore, Pune, Tirunelveli and various towns in Kerala through Indian Railways, it is the nearest railway station to Parippally. There are 4 major roads which connect Madathara, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, it is only 13 kilometers away from Varkala Beach and Varkala Temple. Parippally is the part of Kalluvathukkal Panchayath. Famous schools are ASHSS Parippally. UKF Engineering College is in Paripally. There are more than 7 temples in this village. Kodimoottil Sri Bhadrakaali Temple is one among the most famous temples in kerala.
Gajamela and Ponkala which are associated with the temple festival are famous. Thousands of devotees come to watch the Gajamela. Other major temples are Sri Guru Nagappan kavuശ്രീ ഗുരുനാഗപ്പൻ ക്ഷേത്രം), Sree Subramanya Swami Temple, Mullukattil nagaru Kavu, MEVANAKKONAM THIRUNETTARAKAVU SREE BADHRA KALI TEMPLE,fire works associated with the temple festival is famous, Vayalil Thrikkovil Vayalil Thrikkovil Mahavishnu Temple വയലില് തൃക്കോവില് ക്ഷേത്രം, Kunnathuveetil Temple, Kanninkarazhikam Durga Devi temple, SreeRamapuram SreeramSwamy Temple, Madankavu Devi Temple, Ezhippuram, is near by Parippally Junction. Kollam Medical College Hospital is situated at Parippally. Kerala Atlas Manorama year book: 2006 Parippally Gajamela http://www.census2011.co.in/data/village/628437-parippally-kerala.html
Varkala known as Udaya Marthandapuram is a municipality and headquarters of Varkala Taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district situated in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located 40 kilometres north-west of Trivandrum, the capital and largest metropolitan city of Kerala and 15 km north - west of Attingal municipality. Varkala is the only place in southern Kerala; these Cenozoic sedimentary formation cliffs are a unique geological feature on the otherwise flat Kerala coast, is known among geologists as Varkala Formation and a national geological monument as declared by the Geological Survey of India for their protection, maintenance and enhancement of geotourism. There are numerous water spas on the sides of these cliffs. In 2015, Ministry of Mines, Government of India and Geological Survey of India have declared Varkala Cliff as a geo-heritage site. Varkala is under Varkala police jurisdiction. Varkala is famous for the 2,018-year-old Janardana Swami Temple, an important Vaishnavaite shrine in India and is referred to as Dakshin Kashi.
The temple is located close to the Papanasam beach, considered to have holy waters which wash away sins, is an important Ayurveda treatment centre. The temple has an ancient bell removed from a shipwreck, donated by the captain of the Dutch vessel which sank near Varkala without causing any casualties. Another major landmark in Varkala is the Sivagiri Mutt, established by the social reformer Sree Narayana Guru; the hill-top mausoleum of Sree Narayana Guru is one of the most famous monuments in Kerala state. It is believed that a Pandyan King was instructed by Lord Brahma to build a temple at this place to redeem him of his sins, but several other myths abound on the birth of Varkala. Another legend goes like this - when a group of pilgrims approached Sage Narada and told him that they had sinned, Narada threw his valkalam and it landed at this scenic village and hence, the place came to be known as Varkala. Narada told the pilgrims to pray for their redemption at Papanasam, which means redemption from sins.
Sree valiyaveetil bhagavathy temple is situating in kurakkanni. The temple is around 600 years old. Varkala is located at 8.73°N 76.71°E / 8.73. Varkala is an important place as far as Kerala Geology is concerned as it exposes sedimentary rocks belonging to the Cenozoic age, popularly known in the Geological literature as the Warkalli formation. Warkalli formation along with Quilon formation represents sediments laid down in the Kerala basin that existed during the Mio-pliocene times. Quilon formation of Miocene age is made up of limestones and the type area is Padappakara near Kollam and the Warkalli formation of Mio-pliocene age is made up of alternating beds of sands and shales exposed along the Varkala cliffs. Thin seams of lignite in the shales of the Warkalli formation suggests good vegetation at the time of deposition of the clayey sediments. Varkala assembly constituency is part of Attingal, current MP is Mr. A. Sampath. Current MLA of Varkala Municipality is Mr. Joy V. Varkala. Around 20 plus resorts is situated in the municipality.
The city has an average-rated water supply system, fire station, several post offices and a police station. The city has government-run clinics. A government-run nature cure hospital is near the Papanasam cliff; the District Ayurvedic Hospital is located in Varkala. Varkala is an important hub for neighbouring places like Attingal, Chirayinkeezhu, Kallambalam and Kilimanoor. According to the 2011 Census of India, The Varkala Municipality has population of 40,048 of which 18,312 are males while 21,736 are females. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 4,479, 11.18% of total population of Varkala. In Varkala Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 1187 against state average of 1084. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Varkala is around 981 compared to Kerala state average of 964. Literacy rate of Varkala city is 93.57% lower than state average of 94.00%. In Varkala, Male literacy is around 95.43% while female literacy rate is 92.04%. The people of Varkala are employed in the service sector. A large number of them work outside India in the Middle East, Brunei, the United States and the United Kingdom.
Varkala has a ratio of tourists to residents is 1:3. AirTrivandrum International Airport is the nearest airport. Varkala Helipad at Varkala Cliff is always ready for receiving helicopters in any time. RailVarkala Railway Station is well-connected by regular trains from Trivandrum Central and major cities in India like Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkata etc. RoadVarkala is at a distance of 9 km from National Highway 66. Private buses and KSRTC buses ply through Varkala. State Highway 64 ends in Madathara; the highway is 45 km long. WaterVarkala is connected to National Waterway 3 through Varkala Tunnel passing through the heart of the city. Tourism started thriving by the end of last century at the Varkala beach, earlier famous for Vavu Beli, a Hindu custom performed at the beach. Another beach is at Tiruvambadi, one en route the old palace. An island called Ponnumthuruthu is near to Varkala, another Tourist attraction. There is a helipad close to the beach is the main transport hub and the most convenient way to get in and out of Varkala Cliff and the beach.
Arabian Soul, a tropical guesthouse can be found close to the Helipad
Chathannoor (Assembly constituency)
Chathannoor Assembly Constituency or Chathannur Assembly Constituency is a legislative assembly constituency in Kollam district of Kerala, India. The constituency was known as Paravur Assembly Constituency, it was temporarily merged with Varkala constituency in 1957. Because of the merger, the Varkala constituency became a two-member constituency during the legislative assembly election of 1957 and interim election of 1960. In 1967, the new constituency was carved out from Varkala and is named as Chathannoor assembly constituency; the MLA office was shifted from Paravur to Chathannoor. In 1967, P. Ravindran of CPI became the first elected member from Chathannoor assembly constituency; as per the recent changes on assembly constituency delimitations, the Chathannoor assembly constituency consist of Paravur municipal town and 5 neighbouring panchayaths including Chathannoor, Poothakkulam, Pooyappally