Gare de Lyon
The Gare de Lyon Paris-Gare-de-Lyon, is one of the six large mainline railway station termini in Paris, France. It handles about 90,000,000 passengers every year, making it the third busiest station of France and one of the busiest of Europe, it is the northern terminus of the Paris–Marseille railway. It is named after the city of Lyon, a stop for many long-distance trains departing here, most en route to the south of France; the station is located in the XIIe arrondissement, on the north bank of the river Seine, in the east of Paris. The station is served by high-speed TGV trains to south and eastern France, Germany and Spain; the station hosts regional trains and the RER and the Gare de Lyon metro station. Main line trains depart from 32 platforms in two distinct halls: Hall 1, the older train shed, contains tracks labelled with letters from A to N, while the modern addition of Hall 2 contains tracks which are numbered from 5 to 23. There are a further 4 platforms for the RER underneath the main lines.
The station was built for the World Exposition of 1900. On multiple levels, it is considered a classic example of the architecture of its time. Most notable is the large clock tower atop one corner of the station, similar in style to the clock tower of the United Kingdom Houses of Parliament, home to Big Ben; the station houses the Le Train Bleu restaurant, which has served drinks and meals to travellers and other guests since 1901 in an ornately decorated setting. On 27 June 1988, in the Gare de Lyon train accident, a runaway train crashed into a stationary rush-hour train, killing 56 people and injuring a further 55. From Gare de Lyon train services depart to major French cities such as: Lyon, Nice, Perpignan, Besançon, Grenoble and a number of destinations in the Alps. International services operate to Italy: Turin and Venice, Switzerland: Geneva, Bern, Interlaken and Brig, Germany Freiburg im Breisgau and Spain: Barcelona; the following services call at Gare de Lyon: High speed services Paris - Lyon High speed services Paris - Avignon - Aix-en-Provence - Marseille High speed services Paris - Avignon - Aix-en-Provence - Cannes - Antibes - Nice High speed services Paris - Lyon - Montpellier - Béziers - Narbonne - Perpignan High speed services Paris - Lyon - Montpellier - Béziers - Narbonne - Perpignan - Figueres Vilafant - Girona - Barcelona High speed services Paris - Grenoble High speed services Paris - Bellegarde - Geneva High speed services Paris - Bellegarde - Annemasse - Evian-les-Bains High speed services Paris - Chambéry - Aix-les-Bains - Annecy High speed services Paris - Chambéry - Turin - Milan High speed services Paris - Belfort - Mulhouse - Basel - Zurich High speed services Paris - Dijon - Basel - Bern - Interlaken High speed services Paris - Dijon - Lausanne High speed services Paris - Dijon - Neuchâtel High speed services Paris - Dijon - Besançon - Belfort - Mulhouse - Freiburg im Breisgau High speed services Paris - Dijon - Besançon - Belfort - Mulhouse High speed services Paris - Dijon - Besançon-Viotte High speed services Paris - Dijon - Chalon-sur-Saône High speed services Paris - Lyon - Saint-Étienne High speed services Paris - Valence - Avignon - Miramas High speed services Paris - Chambéry - Albertville - Bourg-Saint-Maurice Night train Paris - Milan - Verona - Padua - Venice Regional services Paris - Montereau - Sens - Laroche-Migennes Regional services Paris - Melun - Moret - Nemours - Montargis Paris RER services A Saint-Germain-en-Laye - Nanterre-Universite - La Defense - Gare de Lyon - Vincennes - Boissy-Saint-Leger Paris RER services A Cergy le Haut - Conflans - Sartrouville - La Defense - Gare de Lyon - Vincennes - Val-de-Fontenay - Marne-la-Vallee Paris RER services A Poissy - Sartrouville - La Defense - Gare de Lyon - Vincennes - Val-de-Fontenay - Marne-la-Vallee Paris RER services D Creil - Orry-la-Ville - Goussainville - Saint Denis - Gare du Nord - Gare de Lyon - Combs-la-Ville - Melun Paris RER services D Goussainville - Saint Denis - Gare du Nord - Gare de Lyon - Juvisy - Ris - Corbeil Paris RER services D Châtelet - Gare de Lyon - Juvisy - Grigny - Corbeil - Malesherbes Paris RER services D Gare de Lyon - Juvisy - Grigny - Corbeil - Melun The station has appeared in the following films: 1972: Travels with My Aunt, directed by George Cukor 2005: The Mystery of the Blue Train, an Hercule Poirot mystery novel by Agatha Christie 2007: Mr. Bean's Holiday, directed by Steve Bendelack 2010: The Tourist, directed by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck List of stations of the Paris RER List of stations of the Paris Métro Gare de Lyon rail accident Gare de Lyon at Transilien, the official website of SNCF Gare de Lyon at "Gares & Connexions", the official website of SNCF Intercity and TGV schedules from SNCF The Mystery of the Blue Train on IMDb
Landmarks in Paris
This article presents the main landmarks in the city of Paris within administrative limits, divided by its 20 arrondissements. Landmarks located in the suburbs of Paris, outside of its administrative limits, while within the metropolitan area are not included in this article; the 1st arrondissement forms much of the historic centre of Paris. Place Vendôme is famous for its deluxe hotels such as Hôtel Ritz, The Westin Paris – Vendôme, Hôtel de Toulouse, Hôtel du Petit-Bourbon, Hôtel Meurice, Hôtel Regina Les Halles were Paris's central meat and produce market, since the late 1970s, are a major shopping centre; the old Halles were replaced by the Forum des Halles. The central market of Paris, the biggest wholesale food market in the world, was transferred to Rungis, in the southern suburbs; the Axe historique, is a line of monuments which begins in the first arrondissement at the center of the Louvre with equestrian statue of Louis XIV and continues through the 8th toward the west through the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, the Tuileries Gardens, the Luxor Obelisk erected in the centre of Place de la Concorde, the Champs-Élysées, the Arc de Triomphe, centred in the Place de l'Étoile circus, the Avenue de la Grande Armée, ends at the Grande Arche de la Défense outside of Paris.
The former Conciergerie prison held some prominent Ancien Régime members before their deaths during the French Revolution. Of note in the 1st arrondissement are the theatres Théâtre du Châtelet, Théâtre du Palais-Royal, squares such as Place des Pyramides, Place Dauphine, Place des Victoires and Place du Châtelet, the Comédie-Française, Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, the Palais de Justice and Palais-Royal; the 2nd arrondissement of Paris lies to the north of the 1st. The Boulevard des Capucines, Boulevard Montmartre, Boulevard des Italiens, Rue de Richelieu and Rue Saint-Denis are major roads running through the district; the 2nd arrondissement is the theatre district of Paris, overlapping into the 3rd, contains the Théâtre des Capucines and Théâtre-Musée des Capucines, Opéra-Comique, Théâtre des Variétés, Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens, Théâtre du Vaudeville and Théâtre Feydeau. Of note are the Académie Julian, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Café Anglais and Galerie Vivienne; the 3rd arrondissement is located to the northeast of the 1st.
Le Marais is a trendy district spanning the 4th arrondissements. It is architecturally well preserved, some of the oldest houses and buildings of Paris can be found there, it is a culturally open place, known for its Chinese and gay communities. The Place des Vosges, established in 1612 to celebrate the wedding of Louis XIII to Anne of Austria lies at the border of the 3rd and 4th arrondissements and is the oldest planned square in Paris, the Place de la République was named after the constitutional change in France; the 3rd arrondissement is noted for its museums such as Museum of French History, Musée Picasso, Musée de la Chasse et de la Nature, Musée Cognacq-Jay, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme, Musée de la Poupée, Musée des Arts et Métiers and the Carnavalet Museum, theatres such as Théâtre Déjazet, Théâtre de la Gaîté, Théâtre du Marais. Several hotels are located in this district including Hôtel de Soubise; the 4th arrondissement is located to the east of the 1st. Place de la Bastille is a district of great historical significance, for not just Paris, but all of France.
Because of its symbolic value, the square has been a site of political demonstrations, it has a tall column commemorating the final resting place of the revolutionaries killed in 1830 and 1848. Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal, La Force Prison, Centre Georges Pompidou and Lycée Charlemagne are notable institutions here; the 12th-century cathedral Notre Dame de Paris on the Île de la Cité is one of the best-known landmarks of the 4th arrondissement, there are the Gothic 13th-century Sainte-Chapelle palace chapel, Notre-Dame-des-Blancs-Manteaux, Saint-Louis-en-l'Île, Saint-Merri, Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis, St-Gervais-et-St-Protais, Temple du Marais. Roads running through the 4th arrondissement include Rue Charlemagne, Rue de Rivoli, Rue des Francs-Bourgeois, Rue des Rosiers. There are a number of notable hotels in the district, including Hôtel de Beauvais, Hôtel de Sully, Hôtel de Sens, Hôtel de Ville, Hôtel Lambert, Hôtel Saint-Pol, a significant number of bridges, including Pont au Change, Pont au Double, Pont de Sully, Pont Louis-Philippe, Pont Marie, Pont Notre-Dame, Pont Saint-Louis, Pont Saint-Michel.
Quartier Latin is a 12th Century scholastic centre stretching between the "Left Bank's" Place Maubert and the Sorbonne campus of the University of Paris, is the oldest and one of the most famous colleges in Europe and the World. It is known for many bistros. Various higher-education establishments, such as Collège de France, Collège Sainte-Barbe, Collège international de philosophie, Sciences Po Paris, the École Normale Supérieure, Mines ParisTech, the Jussieu university campus, make it a major educational centre in Paris; the Panthéon church is where many of France's illustrious women are buried. Of note is the Arab World Institute, Musée Curie, Hotel des Trois Colleges, Jardin des Plantes, Musée national du Moyen Âge, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Paris Mosque, Paris Observatory, Sainte-Geneviève Library, Théâtre de la Huchette; the 6th arrondissement, to the south of the centre and Seine has numerous hotels and restaurants and educational institutions. Hotels located in the district include Hôtel Au Manoir Saint Germai
The Luxor Obelisk is a 23 metres high Ancient Egyptian obelisk standing at the centre of the Place de la Concorde in Paris, France. It was located at the entrance to Luxor Temple, in Egypt; the Luxor Obelisk was classified as a historical monument in 1936. This site was the location of Concorde; the Luxor Obelisk is over 3,000 years old and was situated outside of Luxor Temple, where its twin remains to this day. It first arrived in Paris on 21 December 1833, having been shipped from Luxor via Alexandria and Cherbourg, three years on 25 October 1836, was moved to the centre of Place de la Concorde by King Louis-Phillipe, it was given to France by Ruler of Ottoman Egypt. In August 1832, the French paddle ship Sphinx sailed to Alexandria to rendezvous there with the barge Louqsor, to load the Luxor Obelisk and bring it to Paris. Sphinx towed Louqsor back to France; the ships reached Toulon on 10 May. The ships arrived at Cherbourg on 12 August 1833; the obelisk, a yellow granite column, rises 23 metres high, including the base, weighs over 250 metric tons.
It is decorated with hieroglyphs exalting the reign of the king Ramses II. Given the technical limitations of the day, transporting it was no easy feat: The French government ordered a purpose-built seagoing freighter built by the Toulon naval yard; the French seamen lowered the obelisk with an array of blocks and tackles and capstans. The re-erection of the obelisk on the Place de la Concorde during a ceremony planned by King Louis-Philippe I was not an easy engineering feat either; this successful French transport operation predates the eventful transport of "Cleopatra's Needle" by the British by more than thirty years. The present day pedestal was intended for an equestrian statue of King Louis XVI by Cortot, destroyed during the July Revolution in 1830. On the pedestal are drawn diagrams explaining the complex machinery, used for the transportation; the obelisk is flanked on both sides by fountains constructed at the time of its erection. The original Egyptian pedestal included the statues of sixteen sexed baboons and was deemed too obscene for public exhibition, it is displayed in the Egyptian section of the Musée du Louvre.
Missing its original pyramidion, the government of France added a gold-leafed pyramid cap to the top of the obelisk in 1998. On the morning of 1 December 1993, the anti-AIDS Charity Act Up Paris covered the obelisk with a giant pink condom to mark World AIDS Day. In 1998 and 2000 Alain "Spiderman" Robert, the French urban climber, scaled the obelisk without the use of any ropes or other climbing equipment or safety devices. Cleopatra's Needle Follert, Michael.. Enjoyment Petrification: The Luxor obelisk in a melancholic century. Levin, William C.. Cultural Commentary: Le Vin in Paris. Bridgewater Review, 25, 30-32. Available at: Place de la Concorde: Obélisque de Luxor
Catacombs of Paris
The Catacombs of Paris are underground ossuaries in Paris, which hold the remains of more than six million people in a small part of a tunnel network built to consolidate Paris' ancient stone mines. Extending south from the Barrière d'Enfer former city gate, this ossuary was created as part of the effort to eliminate the city's overflowing cemeteries. Preparation work began not long after a 1774 series of gruesome Saint Innocents-cemetery-quarter basement wall collapses added a sense of urgency to the cemetery-eliminating measure, from 1786, nightly processions of covered wagons transferred remains from most of Paris' cemeteries to a mine shaft opened near the Rue de la Tombe-Issoire; the ossuary remained forgotten until it became a novelty-place for concerts and other private events in the early 19th century. Since January 1, 2013, the Catacombs number among the 14 City of Paris Museums managed by Paris Musées. Although the ossuary comprises only a small section of the underground "carrières de Paris", Parisians presently refer to the entire tunnel network as the catacombs.
Paris' earliest burial grounds were to the southern outskirts of the Roman-era Left Bank city. In ruins after the Roman empire's 5th-century end and the ensuing Frankish invasions, Parisians abandoned this settlement for the marshy Right Bank: from the 4th century, the first known settlement there was on higher ground around a Saint-Etienne church and burial ground, urban expansion on the Right Bank began in earnest after other ecclesiastical landowners filled in the marshlands from the late 10th century. Thus, instead of burying its dead away from inhabited areas as usual, the Paris Right Bank settlement began with cemeteries near its centre; the most central of these cemeteries, a burial ground around the 5th-century Notre-Dame-des-Bois church, became the property of the Saint-Opportune parish after the original church was demolished by the 9th-century Norman invasions. When it became its own parish associated with the church of the "Saints Innocents" from 1130, this burial ground, filling the land between the present rue Saint-Denis, rue de la Ferronnerie, rue de la Lingerie and the rue Berger, had become the City's principal cemetery.
By the end of the same century "Saints Innocents" was neighbour to the principal Parisian marketplace Les Halles, filled to overflowing. To make room for more burials, the long-dead were exhumed and their bones packed into the roofs and walls of "charnier" galleries built inside the cemetery walls. By the end of the 18th century, the central burial ground was a two metre high mound of earth filled with centuries of Parisian dead, plus the remains from the Hôtel-Dieu hospital and the Morgue. A series of ineffective decrees limiting the use of the cemetery did little to remedy the situation, it was not until the late 18th century that it was decided to create three new large-scale suburban burial grounds on the outskirts of the city, to condemn all existing parish cemeteries within city limits. Much of the Left Bank area rests upon rich Lutetian limestone deposits; this stone built much of the city, but it was extracted in suburban locations away from any habitation. Because of the post 12th-century haphazard mining technique of digging wells down to the deposit and extracting it horizontally along the vein until depletion, many of these mines were uncharted, when depleted abandoned and forgotten.
Paris had annexed its suburbs many times over the centuries, by the 18th century many of its arrondissements were or included mined territories. The undermined state of the Left Bank was known to architects as early as the early 17th-century construction of the Val-de-Grâce hospital, but a series of mine cave-ins beginning 1774 with the collapse of a house along the "rue d'Enfer" caused King Louis XVI to name a commission to investigate the state of the Parisian underground; this resulted in the creation of the inspection Générale des Carrières service. The need to eliminate Les Innocents gained urgency from May 31, 1780, when a basement wall in a property adjoining the cemetery collapsed under the weight of the mass grave behind it; the cemetery was closed to the public and all intra muros burials were forbidden after 1780. The problem of what to do with the remains crowding intra muros. Mine consolidations were still occurring and the underground around the site of the 1777 collapse that had initiated the project had become a series of stone and masonry inspection passageways that reinforced the streets above.
The mine renovation and cemetery closures were both issues within the jurisdiction of the Police Prefect Police Lieutenant-General Alexandre Lenoir, directly involved in the creation of a mine inspection service. Lenoir endorsed the idea of moving Parisian dead to the subterranean passageways that were renovated during 1782. After deciding to further renovate the "Tombe-Issoire" passageways for their future role as an underground sepulchre, the idea became law during late 1785. A well within a walled property above one of the principal subterranean passageways was dug to receive Les Innocents' unearthed remains, the property itself was transformed i
Tourism in Paris
Tourism in Paris is a major income source. In 2018, 17.95 million tourists visited her region. The top reasons to come are shopping; the city is the largest Airbnb market in the world. Top sights: Notre Dame, Disneyland Paris, Sacre Coeur, Versailles Palace, the Louvre Museum, the Eiffel Tower, Centre Pompidou, Musee d'Orsay. In the Paris region, the largest numbers of foreign tourists came in order from Britain, the United States, Italy and Canada. In 2012, 263,212 salaried workers in the city of Paris, or 18.4 percent of the total number, were engaged in tourism-related sectors. In 2014 visitors to Paris spent 17 billion dollars, the third highest sum globally after London and New York; the Eiffel Tower is acknowledged as the universal symbol of France. It was designed by Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin. In March 1885 Gustave Eiffel, known as a successful iron engineer, submitted a plan for a tower to the French Ministre du Commerce et de l'Industrie, he entered a competition for students studying at the university.
The winning proposal would stand as the centerpiece of the 1889 Exposition. Eiffel's was one of over 100 submissions. Eiffel's proposal was chosen in June 1886. Before its construction, the Tower's uniqueness was noticed; the Eiffel Tower was inaugurated on March 31, 1889. About 6.9 million people visit the Eiffel tower each year. Centre Georges Pompidou was opened on January 31, 1977 by President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing; the designers of Pompidou are Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers, Peter Rice. The Centre Pompidou has had over 150 million visitors since 1977. Centre Georges Pompidou is a complex in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement of Paris, near Les Halles, rue Montorgueil and the Marais. In 1997 renovations had begun to drastically change the interior spaces of the Centre Pompidou; the renovations were still preserving the celebrated and original tubular design The internal refurbishment was done to enable the building to deal with the pressure of increasing visitor numbers. The renovation developed the centre's capacity to host the performing arts and increased the display area of the Museum of Modern Art.
The Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile is one of the most famous monuments in Paris. It stands at the western end of the Champs-Élysées, it should not be confused with a smaller arch, the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, which stands west of the Louvre. The Arc de Triomphe honours those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and the Napoleonic Wars, with the names of all French victories and generals inscribed on its inner and outer surfaces. Beneath its vault lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I; the Arc de Triomphe is the linchpin of the historic axis – a sequence of monuments and grand thoroughfares on a route which goes from the courtyard of the Louvre, to the Grande Arche de la Défense. The Musée d'Orsay is a museum in France, on the left bank of the Seine, it started to be constructed in 1897 and was designed by Gae Aulenti, Victor Laloux, Émile Bernard. The Musée d'Orsay is an art museum for works from 1848 to 1914 and has an emphasis on French Impressionism artwork.
One can walk through the museum room by room. There are sections on Symbolism, Impressionism, Pont Aven School, Art Nouveau to name just a few; the museum is the culmination of nearly ten years of government commitment and dedicated team-work By visiting this museum it is possible to get some idea of what was happening in France in the fields of painting and sculpture, opera design, photography, furniture and textiles. Disneyland Paris is an amusement park in the Paris region, it is the most popular amusement park in Europe in terms of attendance records. The Louvre Palace built as a medieval fortress in the year 1190 by King Philippe Auguste, was transformed by successive governments, since the French Revolution, it hosts the Musée du Louvre one of the largest museums of the western world, it houses some of the most culturally ethnic form of art. The doors to The Louvre opened to the public on August 10, 1793. Since the 12th Century, The Louvre has undergone several infrastructural changes due to a change of reign after every century.
On March 3, 1989, I. M. Pei inaugurated the Glass Pyramid; this serves as an official entrance to the main exhibition hall, which in turn leads to the temporary exhibition halls. The Musée is divided into 3 separate wings: Sully and Denon, which showcase 35,000 pieces of art, dating back to the Middle Ages; some of the most renown pieces of art showcased at The Louvre are the Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, Venus of Milo, Winged Victory of Samothrace, Liberty Leading the People, the Dying Slave by Michelangelo. The Notre-Dame de Paris, is the largest cathedral in Paris, it was started to be built in 1163 by Maurice de Sully, the appointed bishop of Paris. The construction campaign was divided into 4 parts, was done by well-known builders of that era: Jean de Chelles, Pierre de Montreuil, Pierre de Chelles, Jean Ravy, Jean le Bouteiller, it took over 100 years for the Notre-Dame to be built completely. It was built in honour of Virgin Mary, making it a canon church and a baptistery, it is one of the main symbols of Paris.
It is located at a small island in the heart of the city. There have been several historical events that have taken place here, in
The Gare Montparnasse Paris-Montparnasse, is one of the six large Paris railway termini, is located in the 14th and 15th arrondissements of Paris. The station opened in 1840, was rebuilt in 1852 and was relocated in 1969 to a new station just south of the original location — where subsequently the prominent Montparnasse Tower was constructed; the original station is noted for the Montparnasse derailment, where a steam train crashed through the station in 1895, an event captured in known photographs — and reproduced in full scale in several locations. The station serves intercity TGV trains to the west and south-west of France including Tours, Bordeaux and Nantes, suburban and regional services on the Transilien Paris – Montparnasse routes. There is a metro station; the station opened in 1840 as Gare de l'Ouest being renamed. A second station was built between 1848 and 1852. On 25 August 1944, the German military governor of Paris, General von Choltitz, surrendered his garrison to the French General Philippe Leclerc at the old station, after disobeying Adolf Hitler's direct order to destroy the city.
During the 1960s, a newer station integrated into a complex of office buildings was built. In 1969, the old station was torn down and the Tour Montparnasse built on its site. An extension was built in 1990 to host the TGV Atlantique; the Gare Montparnasse became famous for the derailment on 22 October 1895, of the Granville–Paris Express, which overran the buffer stop. The engine careered across 30 metres of the station concourse, crashed through a 60-centimetre thick wall, shot across a terrace and smashed out of the station, plummeting onto the Place de Rennes 10 metres below, where it stood on its nose. Two of the 131 passengers sustained injuries, along with two conductors; the only fatality was a woman on the street below, Marie-Augustine Aguilard, temporarily taking over her husband's work duty while he went out to get the newspapers. She was killed by falling masonry; the railway company paid for her funeral and provided a pension to look after her two children. The accident was caused by a faulty Westinghouse brake and the engine driver, trying to make up lost time.
A conductor was given the engine driver a 50-franc fine. Replicas of the train crash are recreated outside the Mundo a Vapor museum chain buildings in Brazil, in the southernmost state, Rio Grande do Sul, in the city of Canela. From Paris Montparnasse train services depart to major French cities such as: Le Mans, Saint-Brieuc, Saint-Malo, Lorient, Angers, Saint-Nazaire, Poitiers, La Rochelle, Angoulême, Toulouse and Granville; the station is served by suburban trains heading to the west and south-west of Paris. High speed services Paris – Bordeaux – Dax – Lourdes – Tarbes High speed services Paris – Bordeaux – Dax – Bayonne – Biarritz – Hendaye – Irun High speed services Paris – Bordeaux – Agen – Toulouse High speed services Paris – Bordeaux – Arcachon High speed services Paris – Tours – Poitiers – Angoulême – Bordeaux High speed services Paris – Poitiers – La Rochelle High speed services Paris – Tours High speed services Paris – Le Mans – Rennes – St Brieuc – Brest High speed services Paris – Le Mans – Vannes – Lorient – Quimper High speed services Paris – Rennes – St Malo High speed services Paris – Le Mans – Rennes High speed services Paris – Nantes – St-Nazaire – Le Croisic High speed services Paris – Le Mans – Angers – Nantes Discount High Speed Services Paris - Poitiers - Saint-Pierre-des-Corps- Angoulême - Bordeaux Discount High Speed Services Paris - Le Mans Discount High Speed Services Paris - Le Mans - Laval - Rennes Intercity services Paris – Dreux – Argentan – Granville Regional Services Paris to Granville with numerous stops Regional services Paris – Versailles – Rambouillet – Chartres – Le Mans Regional services Paris – Versailles – St-Quentin-en-Yvelines – Rambouillet Regional services Paris – Versailles – Plaisir – Dreux Regional services Paris – Versailles – Plaisir – Mantes-la-Jolie Regional services Paris – Versailles – Plaisir Adjacent metro station: Montparnasse – BienvenüeNearby station: Pasteur Transportation in France List of stations of the Paris RER List of stations of the Paris Métro Gare d'Austerlitz Gare de l'Est Gare de Lyon Gare du Nord Gare Saint-Lazare Gare Montparnasse at Transilien, the official website of SNCF Gare Montparnasse at "Gares & Connexions", the official website of SNCF Gare Montparnasse – current photographs and of the years 1900.
Satellite image from Google Maps Mundo a Vapor Museum The Brazilian museum which contains the 1895 derailment accident replica
The Sorbonne is a building in the Latin Quarter of Paris, the historical house of the former University of Paris. Today, it houses part or all of several higher education and research institutions such as Panthéon-Sorbonne University, Sorbonne Nouvelle University, Paris Descartes University, École pratique des hautes études, Sorbonne University; the name is derived from the Collège de Sorbonne, founded in 1257 by the eponymous Robert de Sorbon as one of the first significant colleges of the medieval University of Paris. The library was among the first to arrange items alphabetically according to title; the university predates the college by about a century, minor colleges had been founded during the late 12th century. During the 16th century, the Sorbonne became involved with the intellectual struggle between Catholics and Protestants; the University served as a major stronghold of Catholic conservative attitudes and, as such, conducted a struggle against King Francis I's policy of relative tolerance towards the French Protestants, except for a brief period during 1533 when the University was placed under Protestant control.
The Collège de Sorbonne was suppressed during the French Revolution, reopened by Napoleon in 1808 and closed in 1882. This was only one of the many colleges of the University of Paris that existed until the French revolution. Hastings Rashdall, in The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages, still a standard reference on the topic, lists some 70 colleges of the university from the Middle Ages alone. With time, the college came to be the main French institution for theological studies and "Sorbonne" was used as a synonym for the Paris Faculty of Theology despite being only one of many colleges of the university. After months of conflicts between students and authorities at the University of Paris at Nanterre, the administration closed that university on May 2, 1968. Students at the Sorbonne campus in Paris met on May 3 to protest against the closure and the threatened expulsion of several students at Nanterre. On May 6, the national student union, the Union Nationale des Étudiants de France — still the largest student union in France today — and the union of university teachers called a march to protest against the police invasion of Sorbonne.
More than 20,000 students and other supporters marched towards the Sorbonne, still sealed off by the police, who charged, wielding their batons, as soon as the marchers approached. While the crowd dispersed, some began to make barricades out of whatever was at hand, while others threw paving stones, forcing the police to retreat for a time; the police responded with tear gas and charged the crowd again. Hundreds of students were arrested. May 10 marked the "Night of Barricades," where students used cars and cobblestones to barricade the streets of the Latin Quarter. Brutal street fighting ensued between students and riot police, most notably on Rue Gay-Lussac. Early the next morning, as the fighting disbanded, Daniel Cohn-Bendit sent out a radio broadcast calling for a general strike. On Monday, 13 May, more than one million workers went on strike and the students declared that the Sorbonne was "open to the public". Negotiations ended, students returned to their campuses after a false report that the government had agreed to reopen them, only to discover police still occupying the schools.
When the Sorbonne reopened, students occupied it and declared it an autonomous "People's University". During the weeks that followed 401 popular action committees were established in Paris and elsewhere to document grievances against the government and French society, including the Occupation Committee of the Sorbonne. In 1970, the University of Paris was divided into thirteen universities, managed by a common rectorate, the Chancellerie des Universités de Paris, with offices in the Sorbonne. Three of those universities maintain facilities in the historical building of the Sorbonne, thus have the word in their name: Panthéon-Sorbonne University, Sorbonne Nouvelle University and Paris-Sorbonne University. Paris Descartes University uses the Sorbonne building; the building houses the École Nationale des Chartes, the École pratique des hautes études, the Cours de Civilisation Française de la Sorbonne and the Bibliothèque de la Sorbonne. The Sorbonne Chapel was classified as a French historic monument in 1887.
The amphitheatre and the entire building complex became monuments in 1975. Despite being a valued brand, the Sorbonne universities did not register their names as trademarks until the 1990s. Over the following years, they established partnerships, merging projects and associated institutions with the name Sorbonne, sometimes triggering conflicts over the usage and ownership of the name. Listing of the works of Alexandre Falguière List of works by Henri Chapu La Sorbonne