Tipsport arena (Pardubice)
ČSOB Pojišťovna arena is an indoor sporting arena in Pardubice, Czech Republic with maximum capacity of 10 194. The first artificial ice rink in Pardubice was built there since 1947 being rebuilt into an indoor ice hockey arena in 1960. In 2001 it was renovated to become one of the most modern arenas in Czech Republic, it is home to the HC Pardubice ice hockey team, as well as the BK Pardubice basketball team. It hosted the IIHF World Junior Hockey Championship in 2002, 2008 and the IIHF Inline hockey World Championship in 2014. In 2017 Tipsport Arena will be host the Ball Hockey World Championship. In 2015 the arena was renamed to Tipsport arena. Media related to Tipsport Arena at Wikimedia Commons Tipsport Aréna Pardubice
The Elbe is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. It rises in the Krkonoše Mountains of the northern Czech Republic before traversing much of Bohemia Germany and flowing into the North Sea at Cuxhaven, 110 km northwest of Hamburg, its total length is 1,094 kilometres. The Elbe's major tributaries include the rivers Vltava, Havel, Schwarze Elster, Ohře; the Elbe river basin, comprising the Elbe and its tributaries, has a catchment area of 148,268 square kilometres, the fourth largest in Europe. The basin spans four countries, with its largest parts in the Czech Republic. Much smaller parts lie in Poland; the basin is inhabited by 24.4 million people. The Elbe rises at an elevation of about 1,400 metres in the Krkonoše on the northwest borders of the Czech Republic near Labská bouda. Of the numerous small streams whose waters compose the infant river, the most important is the Bílé Labe, or White Elbe. After plunging down the 60 metres of the Labský vodopád, or Elbe Falls, the latter stream unites with the steeply torrential Malé Labe, thereafter the united stream of the Elbe pursues a southerly course, emerging from the mountain glens at Jaroměř, where it receives Úpa and Metuje.
Here the Elbe enters the vast vale named Polabí, continues on southwards through Hradec Králové and to Pardubice, where it turns to the west. At Kolín some 43 kilometres further on, it bends towards the north-west. At the village of Káraný, a little above Brandýs nad Labem, it picks up the Jizera. At Mělník its stream is more than doubled in volume by the Vltava, or Moldau, a major river which winds northwards through Bohemia. Upstream from the confluence the Vltava is in fact much longer, has a greater discharge and a larger drainage basin. Nonetheless, for historical reasons the river retains the name Elbe because at the confluence point it is the Elbe that flows through the main, wider valley while the Vltava flows into the valley to meet the Elbe at a right angle, thus appears to be the tributary river; some distance lower down, at Litoměřice, the waters of the Elbe are tinted by the reddish Ohře. Thus augmented, swollen into a stream 140 metres wide, the Elbe carves a path through the basaltic mass of the České Středohoří, churning its way through a picturesque, deep and curved rocky gorge.
Shortly after crossing the Czech-German frontier, passing through the sandstone defiles of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, the stream assumes a north-westerly direction, which on the whole it preserves right to the North Sea. The river rolls through Dresden and beyond Meißen, enters on its long journey across the North German Plain passing along the former western border of East Germany, touching Torgau, Dessau, Magdeburg and Hamburg on the way, taking on the waters of the Mulde and Saale from the west, those of the Schwarze Elster and Elde from the east. In its northern section both banks of the Elbe are characterised by flat fertile marshlands, former flood plains of the Elbe now diked. At Magdeburg there is a viaduct, the Magdeburg Water Bridge, that carries a canal and its shipping traffic over the Elbe and its banks, allowing shipping traffic to pass under it unhindered. From the sluice of Geesthacht on downstream the Elbe is subject to the tides, the tidal Elbe section is called the Low Elbe.
Soon the Elbe reaches Hamburg. Within the city-state the Unterelbe has a number of branch streams, such as Dove Elbe, Gose Elbe, Köhlbrand, Northern Elbe, Southern Elbe; some of which have been disconnected for vessels from the main stream by dikes. In 1390 the Gose Elbe was separated from the main stream by a dike connecting the two then-islands of Kirchwerder and Neuengamme; the Dove Elbe was diked off in 1437/38 at Gammer Ort. These hydraulic engineering works were carried out to protect marshlands from inundation, to improve the water supply of the Port of Hamburg. After the heavy inundation by the North Sea flood of 1962 the western section of the Southern Elbe was separated, becoming the Old Southern Elbe, while the waters of the eastern Southern Elbe now merge into the Köhlbrand, bridged by the Köhlbrandbrücke, the last bridge over the Elbe before the North Sea; the Northern Elbe passes the Elbe Philharmonic Hall and is crossed under by the old Elbe Tunnel, both in Hamburg's city centre.
A bit more downstream the Low Elbe's two main anabranches Northern Elbe and the Köhlbrand reunite south of Altona-Altstadt, a locality of Hamburg. Right after both anabranches reunited the Low Elbe is passed under by the New Elbe Tunnel, the last structural road link crossing the river before the North Sea. At the bay Mühlenberger Loch in Hamburg at kilometre 634, the Northern Elbe and the Southern Elbe used to reunite, why the bay is seen as the starting point of the Lower Elbe. Leaving the city-state the Lower Elbe passes between Holstein and the Elbe-Weser Triangle with Stade until it flows into the North Sea at Cuxhaven. Near its mouth it passes the entrance to the Kiel Canal at Brunsbüttel before it debouches into the North Sea; the Elbe has been navigable by commercial ve
Pardubice District is a district within the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. Its capital is the city of Pardubice. With 888.98 km2 and around 160,000 inhabitants Pardubice District is the smallest district of the region but has highest population density. Its terrain is flat, dominated by Kunětice Mountain. Agriculture specialises on cattle feed and vegetables. Chemical and electrotechnical industries are most important; the town of Pardubice is one of the main focuses of cultural life. Among the city's tourist attractions are the historical center of Pardubice, Kunětice Mountain Castle, the baroque castle in Choltice, the African museum dedicated to Emil Holub in Holice and the recreational area around the river Elbe; as of December 31, 2003 the district area is 888.98 km2, including: 60.23% of land used for agriculture, of which 81.85% is arable land 39.77% not used for agriculture, of which 63.47% are forests number of agricultural companies: 521 As of March 31, 2005: 7 cities and 108 villages population density: 180 inhabitants/km2 71.88% of people live in cities Pardubice has an international airport and is a busy railway center.
The once important Elbe river transport is in depression. A new highway is planned to relieve congestion on the roads. Cities are bolded. Barchov - Bezděkov - Borek - Brloh - Břehy - Bukovina nad Labem - Bukovina u Přelouče - Bukovka - Býšť - Časy - Čeperka - Čepí - Černá u Bohdanče - Choltice - Choteč - Chrtníky - Chvaletice - Chvojenec - Chýšť - Dašice - Dolany - Dolní Roveň - Dolní Ředice - Dříteč - Dubany - Hlavečník - Holice - Holotín - Horní Jelení - Horní Ředice - Hrobice - Jankovice - Jaroslav - Jedousov - Jeníkovice - Jezbořice - Kasalice - Kladruby nad Labem - Kojice - Kostěnice - Křičeň - Kunětice - Labské Chrčice - Lány u Dašic - Lázně Bohdaneč - Libišany - Lipoltice - Litošice - Malé Výkleky - Mikulovice - Mokošín - Morašice - Moravany - Němčice - Neratov - Opatovice nad Labem - Ostřešany - Ostřetín - Pardubice - Plch - Poběžovice u Holic - Poběžovice u Přelouče - Podůlšany - Pravy - Přelouč - Přelovice - Přepychy - Ráby - Rohovládova Bělá - Rohoznice - Rokytno - Rybitví - Řečany nad Labem - Selmice - Semín - Sezemice - Slepotice - Sopřeč - Sovolusky - Spojil - Srch - Srnojedy - Staré Hradiště - Staré Jesenčany - Staré Ždánice - Starý Mateřov - Stéblová - Stojice - Strašov - Svinčany - Svojšice - Tetov - Trnávka - Trusnov - Třebosice - Turkovice - Uhersko - Úhřetická Lhota - Újezd u Přelouče - Újezd u Sezemic - Urbanice - Valy - Vápno - Veliny - Veselí - Vlčí Habřina - Voleč - Vysoké Chvojno - Vyšehněvice - Zdechovice - Žáravice - Živanice List of municipalities of the Pardubice District
Leo Express Rapid Express, is an open-access train operator in the Czech Republic, established in 2010. It launched inter-city services in November 2012 on the Prague–Ostrava route, on which Czech Railways and RegioJet were running trains; the company claims to run train services between around 30 cities in the Czech Republic and Poland. The company runs buses to Poland, Austria, Southern Bohemia and Ukraine. A trial passenger service was launched on 13 November 2012, ahead of the full service planned for 9 December 2012; the full service was delayed until 18 January 2013 due to technical problems with the trains. The company runs 18 trains daily between Prague and Bohumín, calling at Pardubice, Hranice na Moravě, Přerov, Suchdol nad Odrou, Studénka and Ostrava. Several lines are extended to Karviná, Třinec, Český Těšín and further across Žilina and other cities to Poprad - Tatry and Košice in Slovakia. However, this service is notoriously unreliable, the LEO Express buses fail to appear at the designated bus stops.
There are three travelling classes: Economy and Premium. In Premium Class, the seats are foldable to a sleeping position. LEO Express promotes, in line with the door to door concept of public transportation. In March 2015 the company announced a partnership with Uber in major cities. LEO Express owns five long distance specially adapted Stadler Flirt IC five-car electric multiple units; the first was handed over to LEO Express on 5 February 2012. The Stadler Flirt units used by LEO Express have the fastest acceleration on the Prague - Ostrava railway route; the trains have on-board WiFi, are air-conditioned. LEO Express trains are black with a white company logo. On 27 September 2016 LEO Express signed an order for CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive to supply three electric multiple unit trains in mid-2018, with a framework agreement for up to 30 more which would be delivered between 2019 and 2021; the order is intended to support the operator's plans to expand beyond the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The company operates black LEO Express buses between Bohumín, Katowice and Kraków which run twice a day.
They run a service from Kosice to Krakow passing through Poprad and the Tatras region and Krakow Airport. This service runs three times a day in each direction according to the timetable, although these buses are renowned for long delays, don't arrive at all. In June 2015, the operator introduced a new network branded LEO Express Easy, a co-operation with regional bus companies; the LEO Express Easy bus service runs connections between Prague, Tábor, České Budějovice and Český Krumlov as well as between Košice, Michalovce and Mukacheve. The company's bus timetables are integrated with their train timetables, stop in front of the railway stations. In the half of April 2014 the company announced a plan to run trains in cooperation with Železničná spoločnosť Slovensko between Prague and Košice; however this plan was cancelled in the middle of July 2014. The company decided to launch one daily train from Prague to Košice and one night train from Košice to Prague from December 2014. In November 2015 the company launched a bus connection between Kraków.
From December 2015 LEO Express plans to start calling at Kolín and Zábřeh na Moravě. It will introduce new connections in Slovakia and will become the first private train operator calling in Prešov. WESTbahn, another open access operator, in Austria RegioJet, another Czech open access operator Official website
Pardubice Airport is a military airport permitted to handle international civil air traffic in the city of Pardubice, Czech Republic. It is used for charter flights to Southern Europe during the summer season, to transport Russian tourists into the Czech Republic and for cargo flights. In 1910 Jan Kašpar, an engineer and aviation enthusiast, his cousin Eugen Čihák, bought a Bleriot XI aeroplane and started with flight experiments on the local military exercise ground in Pardubice. On 16 April 1910 Kašpar flew as the first person in Czech lands. In years he arranged flight exhibitions over the country, most famously his flight from Pardubice to Prague on 13 May 1911; the first flying club in the Czech lands was founded in Pardubice on 26 April 1911. The club, named Pardubice Aviation society had five hangars but during World War I its activities stopped. After the war the place held occasional flight exhibitions. Since the end of 1929 the airport was used as a training place for aviation enthusiasts.
Since 1933 the airport was used for glider training. Between 1936 and 1937 new modern airport facilities were built. During World War II the airport served for training of Luftwaffe pilots, toward the end of the war for combat operations, was destroyed by bombing. Since 1950 the airport was used only for the military. A 2,500 m long concrete runway was built and a pilot training centre established; the airport hosted the 4th and 18th Fighter Air Wings equipped with S-199, MiG-15, C-2, C-5, C-11, MiG-19S, MiG-19PM, MiG-21F and Mi-1 helicopters, the 47th Reconnaissance Wing with MiG-21R, Il-28L, Il-14 and with Su-22 and since 1986 the 30th Strafer Wing with Su-25K. Large support military units were located next in the city. During the 1990s the military role of the airport declined. Since 1994 the airport was used as a training base but in 2003 the army reduced the role of the airport to provide maintenance and logistics. In 1993 the company East Bohemian Airport a.s. aiming to open the airport for civil use was formed.
The airport was opened for civil operation on 18 May 1995. Since 1 November 1996 the airport has been authorised for operation under the Instrument flight rules; the following airlines operate regular scheduled flights to and from Pardubice: In 2007 the airport handled a peak of 93,659 of passengers and 888 tonnes of cargo. On 1 September 2017, a Eurofighter Typhoon of the Royal Air Force overran the runway on landing at Pardubice. On August 1 2018 a Travel Service Boeing 737 overshot the runway upon landing from Heraklion on a wet runway. Citations BibliographyJournal ZPRÁVY Klubu přátel Pardubicka. Articles written by Pavel Sviták and several other authors since the 1980s cover history of aviation in Pardubice. Pavel Sviták: První český letec inženýr Jan Kašpar a začátky českého letectví: příběh našeho prvního letce, jeho předchůdců, spolupracovníků a současníků s přihlédnutím k vývoji letectví ve světě, 2003, East Bohemian Museum in Pardubice, ISBN 80-86046-65-6. List of airports in the Czech Republic Media related to Pardubice Airport at Wikimedia Commons Official website Current weather for LKPD at NOAA/NWS Accident history for LKPD at Aviation Safety Network
Prague is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of 2.6 million. The city has a temperate climate, with chilly winters. Prague has been a political and economic centre of central Europe complete with a rich history. Founded during the Romanesque and flourishing by the Gothic and Baroque eras, Prague was the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia and the main residence of several Holy Roman Emperors, most notably of Charles IV, it was an important city to its Austro-Hungarian Empire. The city played major roles in the Bohemian and Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years' War and in 20th-century history as the capital of Czechoslovakia, during both World Wars and the post-war Communist era. Prague is home to a number of well-known cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th-century Europe.
Main attractions include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites; the city has more than ten major museums, along with numerous theatres, galleries and other historical exhibits. An extensive modern public transportation system connects the city, it is home to a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University in Prague, the oldest university in Central Europe. Prague is classified as an "Alpha −" global city according to GaWC studies and ranked sixth in the Tripadvisor world list of best destinations in 2016, its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination and as of 2017, the city receives more than 8.5 million international visitors annually. Prague is the fourth most visited European city after London and Rome. During the thousand years of its existence, the city grew from a settlement stretching from Prague Castle in the north to the fort of Vyšehrad in the south, becoming the capital of a modern European country, the Czech Republic, a member state of the European Union.
The region was settled as early as the Paleolithic age. A Jewish chronicler David Solomon Ganz, citing Cyriacus Spangenberg, claimed that the city was founded as Boihaem in c. 1306 BC by an ancient king, Boyya. Around the fifth and fourth century BC, a Celts tribe appeared in the area establishing settlements including an oppidum in Závist, a present-day suburb of Prague, naming the region of Bohemia, which means "home of the Boii people". In the last century BC, the Celts were driven away by Germanic tribes, leading some to place the seat of the Marcomanni king, Maroboduus, in southern Prague in the suburb now called Závist. Around the area where present-day Prague stands, the 2nd century map drawn by Ptolemaios mentioned a Germanic city called Casurgis. In the late 5th century AD, during the great Migration Period following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes living in Bohemia moved westwards and in the 6th century, the Slavic tribes settled the Central Bohemian Region.
In the following three centuries, the Czech tribes built several fortified settlements in the area, most notably in the Šárka valley and Levý Hradec. The construction of what came to be known as Prague Castle began near the end of the 9th century, growing a fortified settlement that existed on the site since the year 800; the first masonry under Prague Castle dates from the year 885 at the latest. The other prominent Prague fort, the Přemyslid fort Vyšehrad, was founded in the 10th century, some 70 years than Prague Castle. Prague Castle is dominated by the cathedral, which began construction in 1344, but wasn't completed until the 20th century; the legendary origins of Prague attribute its foundation to the 8th century Czech duchess and prophetess Libuše and her husband, Přemysl, founder of the Přemyslid dynasty. Legend says that Libuše came out on a rocky cliff high above the Vltava and prophesied: "I see a great city whose glory will touch the stars." She ordered a town called Praha to be built on the site.
The region became the seat of the dukes, kings of Bohemia. Under Holy Roman Emperor Otto II the area became a bishopric in 973; until Prague was elevated to archbishopric in 1344, it was under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Mainz. Prague was an important seat for trading where merchants from all of Europe settled, including many Jews, as recalled in 965 by the Hispano-Jewish merchant and traveller Ibrahim ibn Ya'qub; the Old New Synagogue of 1270 still stands in the city. Prague was once home to an important slave market. At the site of the ford in the Vltava river, King Vladislaus I had the first bridge built in 1170, the Judith Bridge, named in honour of his wife Judith of Thuringia; this bridge was destroyed by a flood in 1342, but some of the original foundation stones of that bridge remain in the river. It was named the Charles Bridge. In 1257, under King Ottokar II, Malá Strana was founded in Prague on the site of an older village in what would become the Hradčany area; this was the district of the German people, who had the right to administer the law autonomously, pursuant to Magdeburg rights.
The new district was on the bank opposite of the Staré Město, which had borough status and was bordered by a line of walls and fortifications. Prague flourished dur