Parel

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Parel
Neighbourhood
Parel is located in Mumbai
Parel
Parel
Coordinates: 18°59′N 72°50′E / 18.99°N 72.84°E / 18.99; 72.84Coordinates: 18°59′N 72°50′E / 18.99°N 72.84°E / 18.99; 72.84
Country India
State Maharashtra
Metro Mumbai
Demonym(s) Parelkar
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 400012[1]
Area code(s) 022
Vehicle registration MH 01
Civic agency BMC
Lok Sabha constituency Mumbai South
Vidhan Sabha constituency Worli (covers Lower Parel and surrounding areas)
Shivadi (covers Parel, Lalbaug and surrounding areas)

Parel [2] is a neighbourhood of Mumbai. This is different from Lower Parel. Parel is also a Station on Central railway and shares FOB with Elphinstone Rd Railway Station on Western Railway.

It was a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Maharashtra from 1962[3] to 2004[4]. It was constituted into Shivadi constituency by the Delimitation of Parliament and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008.[5]

It is a district in Girangaon, which was the focus of the Great Bombay textile strike of 1982.[6]

Parel used to have a number of mills, but these have been replaced by new office developments.[7]

The Four Seasons, Mumbai

History[edit]

Originally, Parel was a separate island, as such, an inscription dated 26 January 1187 (Paurnima of Magha, Saka 1108) is found there recording of a grant made by Shilahara king Aparaditya II out of the proceeds of an orchard in a village named Mahavali (close to Kurla) for a Vaidyanatha temple.[8] Parel is one of the Seven Islands of Bombay which were ceded by the Portuguese to England in 1661; it was linked up with the other islands in the 19th Century.[citation needed] Parel is known for its active participation in Sanyukta Maharashtra Movement In the 1770s, William Hornby, the Governor of Bombay, shifted his official residence to Parel. This area then became one of the poshest areas of the city; in 1867, tanners and dealers in dry fish were relocated in this area. By the 1870s, several cotton mills had been established in the reclaimed lands in Parel (West). Gradually, Paral became very polluted. In 1883, the Governor's wife died of cholera in the Government House. Two years later, the Governor's Mansion was moved to Malabar Point, during the plague epidemics of the 1890s, the old Government House was leased to the newly founded Haffkine Institute.[9]

Election results[edit]

Key

 CPI    INC    Janata Party    INC(I)    MNS    Shiv Sena  

Election Member Party
1962 MADHAVRAO GANPATRAO MANI Indian National Congress
1967 K. G. Desai Communist Party of India
1970 Wamanrao Mahadik Shiv Sena
1972 GAJANAN SHANKAR LOKE Indian National Congress
1978 VASU DESAI Janata Party
1980 SATISH PEDNEKAR Indian National Congress (Indira)
1985 SHARAD KHATU Independent
1990 VITHAL CHAVAN Shiv Sena
1995 DESAI SURYAKANT GANGARAM Shiv Sena
1999 DAGADU (DADA) SAKPAL Shiv Sena
2004 DAGDU HARIBHAU SAKPAL Shiv Sena
Major boundary changes[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pin code : Parel, Mumbai". pincode.org.in. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  2. ^ D'Cunha, Jose Gerson (1900). "IV The Portuguese Period". The Origins of Bombay (3 ed.). Bombay: Asian Educational Services. p. 265. ISBN 81-206-0815-1. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  3. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1962 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF MAHARASHTRA" (PDF). 
  4. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 2004 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF MAHARASHTRA" (PDF). 
  5. ^ "DELIMITATION OF PARLIAMENTARY AND ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES ORDER, 2008" (PDF). 
  6. ^ Death of an Industrial City: Testimonies of Life Around Bombay Textile Strike of 1982 Indian Labour Archives Archived 6 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Kailash Babar (9 May 2012). "Mumbai's Lower Parel: One of the most coveted piece of real estate in the country's financial capital hard to sell". The Economic Times. The Times Group. Retrieved 10 December 2016. 
  8. ^ Corpus Inscriptions Indicarum, Vol. 6, p. 161-162. https://archive.org/stream/corpusinscriptio014678mbp#page/n391/mode/2up
  9. ^ Hanhart, Joël (2016). Waldemar Mordekhaï Haffkine (1860-1930). Biographie intellectuelle. Paris: Éditions Honoré Champion. 
  10. ^ This constituency was merged into Shivadi constituency.