The Paris–Roubaix is a one-day professional men's bicycle road race in northern France, starting north of Paris and finishing in Roubaix, at the border with Belgium. It is one of cycling's oldest races, is one of the'Monuments' or classics of the European calendar, contributes points towards the UCI World Ranking; the most recent edition was held on 14 April 2019. The Paris–Roubaix is famous for rough terrain and cobblestones, or pavé, with the Tour of Flanders, E3 Harelbeke and Gent–Wevelgem, one of the cobbled classics, it has been called the Hell of the North, a Sunday in Hell, the Queen of the Classics or la Pascale: the Easter race. Since 1977, the winner of Paris–Roubaix has received a sett as part of his prize; the terrain has led to the development of specialised frames and tyres. Punctures and other mechanical problems are common and influence the result. Despite the esteem of the race, some cyclists dismiss it because of its difficult conditions; the race has seen several controversies, with winners disqualified.

From its beginning in 1896 until 1967 it ended in Roubaix. The finish is still in Roubaix; the race is organised by the media group Amaury Sport Organisation annually in mid-April. The course is maintained by Les Amis de Paris–Roubaix, a group of fans of the race formed in 1983; the forçats du pavé seek to keep the course safe for riders. Paris–Roubaix is one of the oldest races of professional road cycling, it has stopped only for the two world wars. The race was created by Théodore Vienne and Maurice Perez, they had been behind the building of a velodrome on 46,000 square metres at the corner of the rue Verte and the route d'Hempempont, which opened on 9 June 1895. Vienne and Perez held several meetings on the track, one including the first appearance in France by the American sprinter Major Taylor, looked for further ideas. In February 1896 they hit on the idea of holding a race from Paris to their track; this presented two problems. The first was that the biggest races started or ended in Paris and that Roubaix might be too provincial a destination.

The second was that they could organize the finish but not both. They spoke to the editor of Le Vélo, the only French daily sports paper. Minart was enthusiastic but said the decision of whether the paper would organize the start and provide publicity belonged to the director, Paul Rousseau. Minart may have suggested an indirect approach because the mill owners recommended their race not on its own merits, but as preparation for another, they wrote: Dear M. Rousseau, Bordeaux–Paris is approaching and this great annual event which has done so much to promote cycling has given us an idea. What would you think of a training race which preceded Bordeaux–Paris by four weeks? The distance between Paris and Roubaix is 280km, so it would be child's play for the future participants of Bordeaux–Paris; the finish would take place at the Roubaix vélodrome after several laps of the track. Everyone would be assured of an enthusiastic welcome as most of our citizens have never had the privilege of seeing the spectacle of a major road race and we count on enough friends to believe that Roubaix is a hospitable town.

As prizes we have subscribed to a first prize of 1,000 francs in the name of the Roubaix velodrome and we will be busy establishing a generous prize list which will be to the satisfaction of all. But for the moment, can we count on the patronage of Le Vélo and on your support for organising the start? The proposed first prize represented seven months' wages for a miner at the time. Rousseau sent his cycling editor, Victor Breyer, to find a route. Breyer travelled to Amiens in a Panhard driven by Paul Meyan; the following morning Breyer — deputy organiser of the Tour de France and a leading official of the Union Cycliste Internationale - continued by bike. The wind blew, the rain fell and the temperature dropped. Breyer exhausted after a day of riding on cobbles, he swore he would send a telegram to Minart urging him to drop the idea, saying it was dangerous to send a race the way he had just ridden. But that evening a meal and drinks with the team from Roubaix changed his mind. Vienne and Perez scheduled their race for Easter Sunday.

The Roman Catholic Church objected to it being held on the most sacred day of the liturgical year, suggesting that riders would not have time to attend mass and that spectators might not bother to attend either. Tracts were distributed in Roubaix decrying the venture. What happened. Legend says that Vienne and Perez promised a mass would be said for the riders in a chapel 200m from the start, in the boulevard Maillot; this story is repeated by Pascal Sergent, the historian of the race, by Pierre Chany, historian of the sport in general. Sergent goes as far as saying that Victor Breyer, who he says was there, said the service, scheduled for 4 am, was cancelled because it was too early. Neither Chany nor Sergent mentions if the date of the race was subsequently changed, however the first Paris–Roubaix was held on 19 April 1896, whereas Easter Sunday in 1896 occurred two weeks earlier, on the 5 April; the first Paris–Roubaix on Easter Sunday was the next year, 1897. News of Breyer's ride to Roubaix may have spread.

Half those who entered did not turn up at the Brassérie de l'Espérance, the race headquarters at the start. Those who dropped out befo

Howard County Sheriff's Office (Maryland)

The Howard County Sheriff's Office is the enforcement arm of the Howard County court system and services the population of Howard County, Maryland. Anne Arundel County created the Howard District in 1831 from its Western half. Thomas Burgess acted as the Sheriff through the 1840s. In 1851, the Howard District became its own county with a dedicated Sheriff; the HCSO was created in 1851. Former Ellicott City Mayor E. A. Talbot served in 1856, George W. Howard served in 1908. Day Jr. in 1930. The current sheriff of the HCSO is Marcus Harris; the HCSO is divided into six sections: Domestic Violence Enforcement Warrants/Fugitive Courthouse Security Landlord/Tenant Transportation Patrol Operations List of law enforcement agencies in Maryland Howard County Sheriff's Office official website

Tim Smith (Australian politician)

Timothy Colin Smith is an Australian politician and a former representative lightweight rower. Since November 2014 he has been a Liberal Party member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, representing the Legislative Assembly seat of Kew; as a rower he made five state representative appearances for Victoria, rowed for Australia at one U23 and three senior World Rowing Championships and won a bronze medal in the Australian lightweight eight at the 2004 World Rowing Championships. Tim Smith was born in Melbourne in 1983. Smith's great-grandfather founded Ferguson's Cakes in 1901, which became Ferguson Plarre under his grandfather in 1980, he grew up in Camberwell and attended Scotch College and Rugby School in England. Smith attended the University of Melbourne and Ormond College where he undertook a Bachelor of Arts in history and politics. During his time as an undergraduate he was a dedicated athlete, rowing from the Melbourne University Boat Club, representing his state of Victoria and gaining selection to the Australian rowing team.

At the conclusion of his rowing career he returned to the University of Melbourne where he undertook a Masters of International Politics. As part of this degree he was accepted into the Hansard Research Scholars Programme at the London School of Economics. Smith first made state selection for Victoria in 2002 in the men's youth eight which contested the Noel F Wilkinson Trophy at the Interstate Regatta within the Australian Rowing Championships, he rowed again in the Victorian youth eight in 2003. In 2004 he was selected at stroke in the Victorian lightweight four to contest the Penrith Cup at the Interstate Regatta; that crew rowed to second place. He made further Penrith Cup appearances for Victoria in 2005 and 2006. Smith made his Australian representative debut in 2003 at the World Rowing Cup III in Lucerne in a lightweight quad scull, they rowed to seventh place. That quad went on to the 2003 U23 World Rowing Championships in Belgrade where they placed fourth.. In 2004 he moved into the Australian senior squad in the lightweight eight.

That boat rowed to bronze medal at the 2004 World Rowing Championships in Spain. In 2005 he was picked in the stroke seat of the Australian lightweight coxless four who rowed to a fourth place at the 2005 World Rowing Championships in Gifu, Japan. Smith earned a full scholarship to the Australian Institute of Sport and was well positioned for senior representative contention in 2006. At the World Rowing Cup I in Munich he rowed in a lightweight coxless pair to a silver medal and at the WRC II that year in Poznan he raced as a lightweight single sculler to fifth place. At the 2006 World Rowing Championships at Eton, Dorney he partnered with Tasmanian Cameron Wurf in the lightweight coxless pair and finished in overall fourth place, he sustained a significant back injury in the lead up to the 2006 World Championships. It would prevent him from rowing on and 2006 was Smith's last Australian representative appearance. From 2007 to 2009 Smith worked in the United Kingdom and in Australia as a political adviser to several shadow ministers: the Hon Michael O’Brien MLA, the Hon. Bruce Billson MP, the Hon. Malcolm Turnbull MP, whilst Turnbull was the Leader of the Opposition.

While studying in London he worked as a researcher for the Rt Hon. David Davis MP, Shadow Home Secretary. On his return from London in 2008 Smith was elected to the Council of the City of Stonnington and in 2009 was elected as the youngest Mayor of Stonnington; as Mayor, he advocated against the previous State Labor Government’s extensions to the operation of "Clearways" on major suburban streets. At the conclusion of his mayoral term, Smith moved into professional services and in early 2012 he joined PricewaterhouseCoopers, he began in the Management Consulting practice - in Economics and Policy and subsequently in Strategy, providing strategic advice to governments across Australia and New Zealand. In early 2013, Smith was promoted to the office of the executive board of PwC Australia, based in Melbourne. While in the private sector, Smith remained active in policy debate, he appeared on ABC TV’s national affairs program The Drum, as a panellist on the Friday Wrap segment of ABC 774 Jon Faine's Morning Show.

He has been published in national newspapers and magazines, including The Age, Herald Sun, The Australian and Spectator Australia. Smith is a member of Canterbury Rotary and the Kew RSL, he was elected as the Member for Kew in November 2014 and was appointed Shadow Parliamentary Secretary to the Leader of the Opposition, Shadow Parliamentary Secretary for Population and Housing Affordability 2015 - 2017, was a member of the Parliamentary Accounts and Estimates Committee from 2015 - 2018. He was Chair of the Liberal Nationals Population Policy Taskforce from 2016 - 2017, was Shadow Minister for Education and Shadow Minister for Scrutiny of Government 2017 - 2018. Smith became Shadow Minister for Planning & Heritage, Housing and Local Government from December 2018. Tim Smith at FISA Parliamentary voting record of Tim Smith at Victorian Parliament Tracker