Saint Brélade is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey. Its population was 10,568 as of 2011, it occupies the southwestern part of the island, it is the only parish to border St. Peter; the parish is the second-largest parish by surface area, covering 7,103 vergées, 11% of the total land surface of the island. Its name is derived from a 6th-century Celtic or Welsh "wandering saint" named Branwalator or Saint Brelade, said to have been the son of the Cornish king, Kenen, he is said to have been a disciple of Samson of Dol, worked with this churchman in Cornwall and the Channel Islands. A large section of the Jersey Railway linking La Corbière with Saint Helier ran through the parish between 1870 and 1936. St Brelade's Church is situated at the end of St. Brélade's Bay, an unusual situation being comparatively distant from historic centres of population; the small Fisherman's Chapel alongside contains mediaeval frescoes which survived the iconoclasm of the Reformation. According to folklore, the reason for the siting of the parish church is that the St. Bréladais intended to build the church inland, much nearer to the homes of the congregation.
However les p'tits faîtchieaux who had their temple in a nearby dolmen were disturbed by the construction of the foundations and, every night, would undo the construction work and magically transport all the tools and materials down to the shoreline. The humans gave up and built the church where the fairies had indicated. Another church is located close to the Parish Hall in Saint Aubin. St Aubin on the Hill is an Anglican church in the Parish of Saint Brelade dedicated to Saint Aubin of Angers; the church that stands today was built in the 19th century and is a fine example of Victorian Gothic style, with beautiful stained glass windows. When this was built the appointed minister of the Anglican church supported the building of a local primary school just a short walk from the church. St Brelade's School served the whole parish until it closed in 1984 and became St Brelade's College, a school that teaches English to foreign pupils. St. Brélade has some of the most popular bays in Jersey, with St. Brélade's Bay, Ouaisné, Portelet and parts of both St. Ouen's Bay and St. Aubin's Bay falling within the parish boundaries.
The village of Saint Aubin was a fishing port facing St. Helier on the opposite side of St. Aubin's Bay. St Aubin was the main centre of population in the parish, but residential development at Les Quennevais has shifted that centre of population. Jersey's prison is situated at La Moye, the island's desalination plant is sited in the parish; the lighthouse at La Corbière features on the Jersey £5 note and the Jersey 20-pence piece The traditional nickname for St. Bréladais is carpéleuses; the parish is divided into vingtaines for administrative purposes as follows: La Vingtaine de Noirmont La Vingtaine du Coin La Vingtaine des Quennevais La Vingtaine de la MoyeSt. Brélade is divided into two electoral districts: St. Brélade No. 1 district elects one Deputy St. Brélade No. 2 district elects two Deputies. St Brelade is twinned with: Granville, France Isaac LeVesconte, Nova Scotia businessman and political figure. Steve Pallett was elected Connétable of the Parish of St Brélade in 2011. Charles Robin Robert Pipon Marett, of La Haule Manor Claude Cahun André Gide Simon Laurens Derek Warwick, former British Formula One driver Ronald Price Hickman, car designer and inventor who designed the original Lotus Elan, the Lotus Elan +2 and the Lotus Europa, as well as the Black & Decker Workmate.
Bob Murray businessman and former chairman of Sunderland A. F. C. An accountant by trade, he made his fortune through the growth and sale of the Spring Ram kitchen manufacturing company. Jack Higgins, pseudonym of British novelist Harry Patterson, author of The Eagle Has Landed Jamie Lovatt, The Voice UK 2014 contestant In 2009 the parish won a Britain in Bloom award in the small coastal resort category. Britain in Bloom awards too in 2012, 2014 & 2015. Jersey Folk Lore, John H. L'Amy, Jersey 1927 Saint Brélade Official Parish website Saint Brélade at Les Pages Jèrriaises Saint Brélade’s Church St Aubin-on-the-Hill Church St Brelade's College
Saint Helier is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands in the English Channel. St Helier has a population of about 33,500 34.2% of the total population of Jersey, is the capital of the Island. The urban area of the parish of St Helier makes up most of the largest town in Jersey, although some of the town area is situated in adjacent St Saviour, with suburbs sprawling into St Lawrence and St Clement; the greater part of St Helier is rural. The parish covers a surface area of 4.1 square miles. The parish arms are two crossed gold axes on a blue background, the blue symbolising the sea, the axes symbolising the martyrdom of Helier at the hands of Saxon pirates in 555 AD, it is thought. The medieval hagiographies of Helier, the patron saint martyred in Jersey and after whom the parish and town are named, suggest a picture of a small fishing village on the dunes between the marshy land behind and the high-water mark. Although the Parish Church of St Helier is now some considerable distance from the sea, at the time of its original construction it was on the edge of the dunes at the closest practical point to the offshore islet called the Hermitage.
Before land reclamation and port construction started, boats could be tied up to the churchyard wall on the seaward side. An Abbey of St Helier was founded in a tidal island adjacent to the Hermitage. Closed at the Reformation, the site of the abbey was fortified to create the castle that replaced Mont Orgueil as the Island's major fortress; the new Elizabeth Castle was named after the Queen by the Governor of Jersey 1600-1603, Sir Walter Raleigh. Until the end of the 18th century, the town consisted chiefly of a string of houses and warehouses stretching along the coastal dunes either side of the Church of St Helier and the adjacent marketplace. La Cohue stood on one side of the square, now rebuilt as the Royal Court and States Chamber; the market cross in the centre of the square was pulled down at the Reformation, the iron cage for holding prisoners was replaced by a prison gatehouse at the western edge of town. George II gave £200 towards the construction of a new harbour - boats would be beached on a falling tide and unloaded by cart across the sands.
A statue of the king by John Cheere was erected in the square in 1751 in gratitude, the market place was renamed Royal Square, although the name has remained Lé Vièr Marchi to this day in Jèrriais. Many of St Helier's road names and street names are bilingual English/French or English/Jèrriais, but some have only one name; the names in the various languages are not translations: distinct naming traditions survive alongside each other. The Royal Square was the scene of the Battle of Jersey on 6 January 1781, the last attempt by French forces to seize Jersey. John Singleton Copley's epic painting The Death of Major Pierson captures an imaginative version of the scene; as harbour construction moved development seaward, a growth in population meant that marshland and pasture north of the ribbon of urban activity was built on speculatively. Settlement by English immigrants added quarters of colonial-style town houses to the traditional building stock. Continuing military threats from France spurred the construction of a citadel fortress, Fort Regent, on the Mont de la Ville, the crag dominating the shallow basin of St Helier.
Military roads linking coastal defences around the island with St Helier harbour allowed farmers to exploit Jersey's temperate micro-climate and use new fast sailing ships and steamships to get their produce to the markets of London and Paris before the competition. This was the start of Jersey's agricultural prosperity in the 19th century. From the 1820s, peace with France and better communications by steamships and railways to coastal ports encouraged an influx of English-speaking residents. Speculative development covered the marshy basin north of the central coastal strip as far as the hills within a period of about 40 years, providing the town with terraces of elegant town houses. In the second half of the 19th century, hundreds of trucks laden with potatoes and other export produce needed access to the harbour; this prompted a programme of road-widening which swept away many of the ancient buildings of the town centre. Pressure for redevelopment has meant that few buildings remain in urban St Helier which date to before the 19th century, giving the town a Regency or Victorian character.
Pierre Le Sueur, reforming Constable of St Helier, was responsible for installing sewerage and provision of clean water in St Helier following outbreaks of cholera in the 1830s. An obelisk with fountain in the town centre was raised to his memory following his premature death in office from overwork. In the 1960s, income from the Jersey States Lottery was used to excavate a two-lane road tunnel under Fort Regent, enabling traffic from the harbour to the east coast towns to avoid a torturous route around the fort. About the same time, the Fort was converted into a major leisure facility and was linked to the town centre by a gondola cableway - closed and demolished in the 1990s. In the 1970s, a programme of pedestrianisation of the central streets was undertaken. In 1995, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Jersey's liberation from Nazi occupation, thus 50 years of peace, a sculpture was erected in what i
Connétable (Jersey and Guernsey)
Connétables in Jersey and Guernsey are the elected heads of the Parishes. They are called'constables' in English; the constables are entitled each to carry a silver-tipped baton of office. In Jersey, each parish elects a constable for a three-year mandate to run the parish and represent the parish in the legislature, the States of Jersey. At parish-level, the constable presides over the Roads Committee, the Conseil Paroissial and Parish Assemblies; the twelve constables collectively sit as the Comité des Connétables. The constable is the titular head of the Honorary Police. With the Roads Inspectors, Roads Committee and other officers, the constable of each parish carries out the visites du branchage twice a year. In Guernsey, each parish elects the senior constable and the junior constable. Persons elected serve a year as junior and senior constable; the senior constable presides over the Douzaine. The constables are responsible for enforcing the decisions of the parish including the branchage. In Sark, the Connétable is the senior of two police officers and police administrator and the Vingtenier is the junior police officer.
Saint Clement, Jersey
Saint Clement is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It is in the south east of the Island, contains some of the suburbs of Saint Helier, it is the second most densely populated. St. Clement stretches west to east from Le Dicq to within a quarter mile of La Rocque harbour, its surface area is around 1,044 acres. The parish is subdivided into three vingtaines, is administered at local level by the Connétable. Much of the parish lies below equinoctial high-tide level and was flooded before Le Dicq was built to try to hold back the sea somewhat. There are remains of a submerged forest underneath the sand at Grève d'Azette that show how the parish has reduced in size as the sea has advanced. Large floods in 1688, 1796 and 1812 led to the coast road at Le Hocq being swept away by the sea and necessitated the coast road being rebuilt further inland. In pre-Norman times, the area now known as St. Clement was known as Pierreville. In 1172 it was recorded that a chapel existed in the parish, there was a priory on the site of the old Priory Inn.
In the 16th and 17th centuries the parish was believed to be the centre of a witch movement. According to beliefs, the rock at Rocque Berg was the focus for witchcraft in Jersey and witches would assemble there for their sabbats on Friday nights. After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, many French Protestants settled in the parish – as recorded on the church register. In the mid 19th century, the town began to spread east from St. Helier into the west of the parish. Today there is little open green space west of Samarès Lane into St. Helier; the famous French writer Victor Hugo lived in Marina Terrace, St. Clement for some time, it was here that he wrote his collection of poems entitled Les Châtiments, it was the Connétable of St. Clement at the time who escorted Hugo onto a steamer bound for Guernsey when he had insulted the British Royal Family in some of his letters; the parish is divided into vingtaines for administrative purposes as follows: La Grande Vingtaine La Vingtaine du Rocquier La Vingtaine de SamarèsThe parish forms one electoral district and elects two Deputies.
The population of St. Clement, according to the 2011 census is 9,221. Aside from the two deputies who sit in the States of Jersey and represent the parish, St. Clement has its own local administration. This, like each of the other eleven parishes, is made up of a Connétable, elected for a three-year term and has a seat in the States Chamber, on the Comité des Connétables; the current Connétable of St. Clement is Mr. Len Norman; the seat of the parish administration is the Salle Paroissiale, or Parish Hall, pictured above and located at Le Hocq. This is the newest parish hall in the island. In 2017 St Clement was owned by St Ouen during the invasion of the parish that saw 200 drunk members of the parish made to sober up against their will. In 2018'Goldmine King' Greg Alliban was elected head of St Clement due to his continued dedication and love of the parish through the invasion of St Ouen residents in 2017. In August 2018, Greg was knighted by the Queen, at La Hocq Pub, for being the'Face of St Clement'.
Afterwards, Greg bought the whole pub a pint and danced to Bob Dylan records all night long with her majesty. On the Queen said her experience in the parish had been'pleasant' and that she would love to go to a Mermaid Circle concert in the near future. St. Clement has one secondary school within its borders. Le Rocquier School is a secondary school, on La Grande Route de St Clement; the original school buildings were replaced with a new building in 2006. The parish school of St. Clement is located on Rue de la Chapelle, a short distance from Le Rocquier School; the original buildings dates back to 1901, was replaced in 2006 with a brand new building on the opposite side of the road. Samarès School is the other primary school, located further east in School Road; the parish church of St. Clement is an ancient place of Anglican worship located on La Grande Route de St Clément. St. Nicholas is a smaller, sister church, located on La Grande Route de la Côte, it was opened in 1927 after being planned and built by the Reverend L.
B. Lee; the St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church is located on La Grande Route de St Clément at Samarès; the Samarès Methodist Church is located on La Grande Route de la Côte, is the southernmost church in the British Isles. However, as of February 2012, there are no longer any religious services at the church, but the church remains open for use as a community centre; the dolmen at Mont Ubé is believed to have been left there by a pre-Celtic race called the Iberians, in around 3,000 B. C. Remains of a cemetery on La Motte are believed to be from settlers. A Neolithic cairn and middens on La Motte have been investigated. Samarès Manor is a manor house with medieval origins in the Vingtaine de Samarès, is
Jersey Legal French
Jersey Legal French known as Jersey French, was the official dialect of French used administratively in Jersey. Since the anglicisation of the island, it survives as a written language for some laws and other documents. Jersey's parliament, the States of Jersey, is part of the Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie; the use of the English language has been allowed in legislative debates since 2 February 1900. By common custom and usage, the sole official language of Jersey in present times is the English language. Jersey Legal French is not to be confused with Jèrriais, a variety of the Norman language called Jersey Norman-French, spoken on the island; the French of Jersey differs little from that of France. It is characterised by several terms particular to Jersey administration and a few expressions imported from Norman, it is notable that the local term for the archipelago is îles de la Manche — îles anglo-normandes is a somewhat recent invention in continental French. As in Swiss French and Belgian French, the numbers 70 and 90 are septante and nonante not soixante-dix and quatre-vingt-dix.
Initial capital letters are used in writing the names of the days of the week and months of the year. Messire is used for the title of knighthood – for example, the former Bailiff of Jersey, Sir Philip Bailhache is addressed in French as Messire Philip Bailhache. Jersey English has imported a number of terminology. Many of these, in turn, derive from Jèrriais; the following are examples to be encountered in daily life and in news reports in Jersey: rapporteur, en défaut, en désastre, au greffe, greffier, bâtonnier, autorisé, vraic, côtil, temps passé, vin d'honneur, Vingtenier, Chef de Police, Ministre Desservant, Seigneur. A Glossary for the Historian of Jersey, Chris Aubin, 2000, ISBN 978-0-9538858-0-0
Chief Minister of Jersey
The Chief Minister of Jersey is the head of government of Jersey, leading the Council of Ministers, which makes up part of the Government of Jersey. The head of government is not directly elected by the people but rather by the legislature, the States Assembly); the post was created by reforms to the machinery of government to change from a consensus style of government by committee of the whole States of Jersey to a system of cabinet government under a Chief Minister. The first Chief Minister of Jersey was elected on 5 December 2005 following the Jersey elections, 2005. Two candidates were nominated on 1 December 2005: Senator Stuart Syvret Senator Frank WalkerIn a secret ballot on Monday, 5 December 2005, the States of Jersey elected Senator Walker to be the first Chief Minister in Jersey history, receiving 38 votes to Senator Syvret's 14 votes of support, an unsurprising result for the latter who considered himself the underdog. Senator Terry Le Sueur was elected Chief Minister on 8 December 2008 following the Jersey general election, 2008.
In a secret ballot, the States of Jersey voted for Senator Le Sueur with 36 votes. The only other challenger, Senator Alan Breckon, received 17 votes. Senator Ian Gorst was elected Chief Minister in an open ballot on 14 November 2011, beating Senator Sir Philip Bailhache 27 votes to 24, he nominated his preferred candidates for ministerial office on 16 November 2011, took office as Chief Minister following the completion of elections of ministers on 18 November 2011. List of current heads of government in the United Kingdom and dependencies Coverage from BBC Radio Jersey
Saint Martin, Jersey
Saint Martin is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It was called "Saint Martin le Vieux" to distinguish it from the present day parish of Grouville. St. Martin is the only parish in Jersey not to conduct its municipal business from a Parish Hall. St. Martin has a Public Hall instead, having accepted money from the States of Jersey to provide an assembly room; the dolmens at Le Couperon and Faldouet are among the prehistoric remains in the parish. La Pouquelaye de Faldouet features on the reverse of the Jersey ten pence coin and was the inspiration for the poem Nomen, lumen written by Victor Hugo in 1855 during his exile in Jersey; the rock known as Le Saut Geffroy, or Geoffroy's Leap, is reputed to be an ancient place of execution where criminals were thrown into the sea. According to folklore, a man named. Remarkably, he survived and climbed back up the cliff face where an argument broke out among the mob of spectators; some said that Geffroy should go free. To settle the argument, demonstrate his prowess, Geffroy dived off the rock, but perished on this occasion.
Le Saut Geffroy is now preserved by the National Trust for Jersey. The ancient castle of Mont Orgueil dominates the small village of Gorey; the castle served as the island's prison until a prison was constructed in St. Helier in the 17th century. Among agitators imprisoned there by the British government were William Prynne and John Lilburne; until the construction of Elizabeth Castle off St. Helier at the beginning of the 17th century, Mont Orgueil was the residence of the Governor of Jersey; the 600m breakwater at St. Catherine is all that remains of a grandiose harbour project started, but abandoned, by the British government in the 19th century, it is now a popular site for sea anglers. St. Martin is one of the remaining strongholds of Jèrriais with a distinctive accent; the area around Faldouet possessed a dialect of its own, known as Faldouais, of which the distinctive feature was the realisation of intervocalic /r/ as /z/. Although the Faldouais dialect is extinct, it has left notable amounts of writings in Jèrriais literature.
The artist Edmund Blampied was born at Ville Brée on 30 March 1886. This is one of the most agricultural parishes, one of the most sought after places to live in the island, it has the best herd of Jersey cattle, some of the largest potato growers and a number of small farmers now cultivating the new “Genuine Jersey” organic, brand. St. Martin is divided into vingtaines as follows: La Vingtaine de Rozel La Vingtaine de Faldouet La Vingtaine de la Quéruée La Vingtaine de l'Église La Vingtaine du Fief de la ReineThe Écréhous, small group of rocky islands, are part of the parish of St. Martin. St. Martin forms one electoral district, elects one deputy; the current deputy is Steve Luce. Haut de la Garenne Our Lady of the Annunciation Church, Jersey Jersey Folk Lore, John H. L'Amy, Jersey 1927 Saint Martin, Official Parish website St Martîn at Les Pages Jèrriaises