Secular education is a system of public education in countries with a secular government or separation between religion and state. An example of a secular educational system would be the French public educational system, where conspicuous religious symbols have been banned in schools. While some religious groups are hostile to secularism and see such measures as promoting atheism, other citizens claim that the display of any religious symbol constitutes an infringement of the separation of church and state and a discrimination against atheist and non-religious people. In Turkey the promotion of Imam Hatip Islamic schools by the government following the March 2012 education reform bill alarmed some Turkish citizens; the Education Reform Bill was written without public debate or discussion in the Ministry of National Education's own consultative body. Besides undermining Turkish secularism, the new measures would undermine educational standards and deepen social inequalities, according to education specialists.
Turkey’s leading universities, including Sabanci University, Bosphorus University, Middle East Technical University and Koç University, all issued press statements describing the reforms of 2012 as hastily conceived and out of step with current thinking. In Italy the Lautsi v. Italy case was brought before the European Court of Human Rights regarding the display of crucifixes in classrooms of state schools. In Romania the CNCD Decision 323/2006 was brought to the CNCD by Emil Moise, a teacher and parent from Buzău County, regarding the public display of Orthodox icons in classrooms and was supported by some high-profile activists. In 2009 a new body was formed, the Australian Secular Lobby, to promote secular education in Australia. In Southern Thailand, the secular educational system is being undermined by insurgent groups by means of the destruction of schools and the assassination of teachers. French law on secularity and conspicuous religious symbols in schools Humanum Genus The case for a secular education system Principle of Secular Education Campaign for Secular Education
Jessee Wyatt is an Australian Paralympic athlete with cerebral palsy. He represented Australia at the 2016 Rio Paralympics. Wyatt was born in New Zealand on 14 April 1996, he has undergone surgery to assist his mobility. Wyatt is coached by Australian Paralympian John Eden. At the 2015 IPC Athletics World Championships in Doha, he finished fifth in the Men's Shot Put F33 with a throw of 8.69m. At the 2016 Rio Paralympics, he finished fourth on the Men's Shot Put F33 with a throw of 8.71. At the 2017 World Para Athletics Championships in London, Wyatt finished sixth in the Men's Shot Put F33 with a throw of 8.93m. Jessee Wyatt at the Australian Paralympic Committee Jessee Wyatt at Australia Athletics Historical Results Jessee Wyatt at the International Paralympic Committee
Mordialloc is a beachside suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 24 km south-east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Kingston. At the 2016 census, Mordialloc had a population of 8,166; the name is derived from the term moordy yallock which originated from the Aboriginal language Boonwurrung, listed in some sources as meaning muddy creek, in others as "little sea."Mordialloc Post Office opened on 17 October 1863. In 1995 it was renamed Braeside Business Centre, a new Mordialloc office opened near the railway station. Mordialloc Creek is arguably the most significant feature of the suburb. Home to Pompei's boat works, Mordialloc Creek has a rich history of traditional wooden boat building. Many classic boats line the banks of the creek. Mordialloc railway station is on the Frankston railway line. Mordialloc College - Mordialloc Mordialloc Beach Primary School - Mordialloc St Brigids Mordialloc The suburb has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Southern Football League.
Golfers play at the course of the Woodlands Golf Club on Mordialloc. The Epsom Park Horse Racing track was situated in Mordialloc. Now a housing estate, in its heyday at the beginning of the 20th century it was one of Victoria's premier race tracks. In life it became a training track before being closed in the 1980s. In 2008, Doug Denyer Reserve, situated in Epsom Park hosted it first cricket season with Mordialloc Redbacks being the home team, Redbacks being a part of the Mordialloc Cricket Club; the Redbacks first Junior Head Coach at Epsom Park was David Beckett. There are numerous walking/cycling trails in Mordialloc, including the: Long Beach Trail from the Patterson River to the Mordialloc Pier. Bay Trail from Seaford to Port Melbourne. Mordialloc Creek Trail from the Mordialloc Pier to Aspendale Gardens. Numerous'desire paths' that run next to the Mordialloc Creek between the Wells Road bridge and the Boat Ramp near Chute Street. Electoral district of Mordialloc Australian Places - Mordialloc
Rock Eisteddfod Challenge results (Australia)
These are the results of the Rock Eisteddfod Challenge in Australia, since 1984. 1st – Craigslea State High School 2nd – Riverside High School 1st – Mitchelton State High School 1st – St Patrick's College 2nd – King's Christian College Equal 1st – St Columba’s College Equal 1st – Fairhills High School 3rd – Brunswick Secondary College 1st – Parade College 2nd – Eltham High School 1st – Kilbreda College and St Bede’s College 2nd – Bendigo Senior Secondary College 3rd – Lyndhurst Secondary College Equal 4th – Hoppers Crossing Secondary College Equal 4th – Elisabeth Murdoch College 1st – Northmead Creative And Performing Arts High School Equal 2nd – Smith's Hill High School Equal 2nd – St Joseph's High School 4th – Woolooware High School 5th - Mackellar Girls Campus 1st – Tuggerah Lakes Secondary College 2nd – Northern Beaches Secondary College 3rd – Colyton High School 1st – Randwick Girls'/Boys' High Schools' Equal 2nd – Mackillop Catholic College Equal 2nd – MLC School 4th – East Hills Boys High School 5th – Smith's Hill High School 1st – Kangaroo Island Community Education Centre 2nd – Blackwood High School NSW: Randwick Girls’/Boy’s High Schools VIC: Kilbreda College and St Bede’s College QLD Mitchelton State High School WILDCARD: MLC WILDCARD: Mackillop Catholic College WILDCARD: Mackay North State High School 1st - Randwick Girls’/Boy’s High Schools – NSW 2nd - Kilbreda College and St Bede’s College – 93473 - VIC 3rd - Mackillop Catholic College – NSW 3rd - MLC School – NSW NSW: Dapto Public School VIC: Bacchus Marsh Grammar QLD Mudgeeraba State School WILDCARD: Kew Primary School WILDCARD: St Peters Anglican Primary School WILDCARD: St Joseph's Catholic Primary School 1st - Dapto Public School – NSW 2nd - St Joseph's Catholic Primary School – NSW 3rd - Kew Primary School – VIC NSW: Northmead Creative And Performing Arts High School VIC: Fairhills High School / St Columba's College SA: Kangaroo Island Community Education Centre TAS: St Patrick's College QLD Craigslea State High School OPEN: Brunswick Secondary College OPEN: Woolooware High School OPEN: Knox United OPEN: Smiths Hill High School OPEN: Mackellar Girls Campus OPEN: St Josephs Catholic College 1st - Woolooware High School – The Tell Tale Heart – NSW 2nd - Knox United – 93473 - VIC 3rd - St Columba's College – A Grim Tale - VIC 1st – Harristown State High School 1st – Lowood State High School 1st – Launceston Church Grammar School 2nd – Riverside High School 1st – Lara Secondary College- Peter And The Wolf 2nd –Brunswick Secondary College - Submerged 3rd – Overnewton Anglican Community College - The Strange Case... 4th – Penleigh and Essendon Grammar School - Finding Jack 5th – Traralgon College - Plastic Fantastic 1st – Knox United – No One Mourns the Wicked 2nd – Montmorency Secondary College 3rd – Gladstone Park Secondary College Equal 4th – Boort District School Equal 4th – Cohuna Secondary College 1st – Gisborne Secondary College 2nd – Our Lady of The Sacred Heart College – Bentleigh 3rd – Echuca College Equal 4th – Lyndhurst Secondary College Equal 4th – Bendigo Senior Secondary College 1st – Swan View Senior High School 2nd – Perth Modern School 1st – Kalgoorlie – Boulder Community High School 1st – MLC School Equal 2nd – Cranebrook High School Equal 2nd – Lisarow High School 4th – Springwood High School Equal 5th – Mackellar Girls Campus Equal 5th – Northmead Creative And Performing Arts High School 1st – Stella Maris College 2nd – Woolooware High School 3rd – Parramatta PCYC 4th – Tuggerah Lakes Secondary College – Tumbi Umbi Campus 5th – Emmaus Catholic College 1st – St Peter's Catholic College 2nd – Randwick Girls'/Boys' High Schools 3rd – Ravenswood School for Girls 4th – Hornsby Girls' High School Equal 5th – Kingswood High School Equal 5th – Yr 8–10 Smith's Hill High School 1st – MLC School 2nd – Year 10, 11 & 12 Smith's Hill High School 3rd – Cranebrook High School 1st – Launceston Church Grammar School 2nd – Riverside High School 1st Brighton Secondary School – MAX – SA 2nd Cranebrook High School- Whaka – NSW 3rd tied Woolooware High School – Still Alice – NSW and Brunswick Secondary College – Submerged – VIC 1st – Fairhills High School Bon Appetit 2nd – Pascoe Vale Girls' College The Masks We Wear 3rd – Parkdale Secondary College The Dream Stealers 4th – Emerald Secondary College Wanted: Creator of Chaos 5th – Echuca High School Greed 1st – The Knox School 2nd – Gladstone Park Secondary College Diamonds Are Forever 3rd – Penleigh and Essendon Grammar School Hotel Rwanda 4th – Brentwood Secondary College Evolution 5th – Parade College 1st – Overnewton Anglican Community College Leaving Home 2nd – Western Heights College 4th – Our Lady of the Sacred Heart College - Bentleigh 3rd – Bendigo Senior Secondary College Flash Point 5th – Brunswick Secondary College Momento 1st – Mackellar Girls Campus, Northern Beaches Secondary College The Grapes of Wrath 2nd – Randwick Boys and Girls High Schools The House of Berlei: A Story of Our Nation's Foundations 3rd – Terrigal High School Doorways 4th – Smith's Hill High School Guernica 5th – Northmead High School In:Equity 1st – Sutherland PCYC Rosa Parks: Woman Of Colour 2nd – Stella Maris College 3rd – Springwood High School 4th – Parramatta PCYC 5th – Calwell High School 1st – St Peters Catholic College - Tuggerah 2nd – Engadine High School 3rd – Randwick Boys and Girls High Schools 4th – Emmaus Catholic College 5th – Ravenswood School for Girls NSW: Mackellar Girls' High School – The Grapes of Wrath ACT: Calwell High School – Monkey See, Monkey Do VIC: Fairhills High School – Bon Appetit SA: Brighton Secondary School – Corpora Delecti TAS: Riverside High School – Who Am I?
Same, Unique WA: Belridge Senior High School – Journey Into The Unknown QLD Beaudesert State High School – Buy Now, Pay Later Randwick Boys /Girls High Schools – The House of Berlei: A Story Of Our Nations F
State schools are primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation. While such schools are to be found in every country, there are significant variations in their structure and educational programs. State education encompasses primary and secondary education, as well as post-secondary educational institutions such as universities and technical schools that are funded and overseen by government rather than by private entities; the position before there were government-funded schools varied: in many instances there was an established educational system which served a significant, albeit elite, sector of the population. The introduction of government-organised schools was in some cases able to build upon this established system, both systems have continued to exist, sometimes in a parallel and complementary relationship and other times less harmoniously. State education is inclusive, both in its treatment of students and in that enfranchisement for the government of public education is as broad as for government generally.
It is organised and operated to be a deliberate model of the civil community in which it functions. Although provided to groups of students in classrooms in a central school, it may be provided in-home, employing visiting teachers, and/or supervising teachers, it can be provided in non-school, non-home settings, such as shopping mall space. State education is available to all. In most countries, it is compulsory for children to attend school up to a certain age, but the option of attending private school is open to many. In the case of private schooling, schools operate independently of the state and defray their costs by charging parents tuition fees; the funding for state schools, on the other hand, is provided by tax revenues, so that individuals who do not attend school help to ensure that society is educated. In poverty stricken societies, authorities are lax on compulsory school attendance because child labour is exploited, it is these same children whose income-securing labour cannot be forfeited to allow for school attendance.
The term "public education" when applied to state schools is not synonymous with the term "publicly funded education". Government may make a public policy decision that it wants to have some financial resources distributed in support of, it may want to have some control over, the provision of private education. Grants-in-aid of private schools and vouchers systems provide examples of publicly funded private education. Conversely, a state school may rely on private funding such as high fees or private donations and still be considered state by virtue of governmental ownership and control. State primary and secondary education involves the following: compulsory student attendance. In some countries, private associations or churches can operate schools according to their own principles, as long as they comply with certain state requirements; when these specific requirements are met in the area of the school curriculum, the schools will qualify to receive state funding. They are treated financially and for accreditation purposes as part of the state education system though they make decisions about hiring and school policy, which the state might not make itself.
Government schools are free to attend for Australian citizens and permanent residents, whereas independent schools charge attendance fees. They can be divided into two categories: selective schools; the open schools accept all students from their government-defined catchment areas. Government schools educate 65% of Australian students, with 34% in Catholic and independent schools. Regardless of whether a school is part of the Government or independent systems, they are required to adhere to the same curriculum frameworks of their state or territory; the curriculum framework however provides for some flexibility in the syllabus, so that subjects such as religious education can be taught. Most school students wear uniforms. Public or Government funded; these schools teach students from Year 1 to 10, with examinations for students in years 5, 8, 10. All public schools follow the National Board Curriculum. Many children girls, drop out of school after completing the 5th Year in remote areas. In larger cities such as Dhaka, this is uncommon.
Many good public schools conduct an entrance exam, although most public schools in the villages and small towns do not. Public schools are the only option for parents and children in rural areas, but there are large numbers of private schools in Dhaka and Chittagong. Many Bangladeshi private schools teach their students in English and follow curricula from overseas, but in public schools lessons are taught in Bengali. Per the Canadian constitution, public-school education in Canada is a provincial responsibility and, as such, there are many variations among the provinces. Junior kindergarten exists as an official program in only Ontario and Quebec while kindergarten is available in every province, but provincial funding and the level of ho
Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state overall, thus making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Australia's second-largest city. Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south,New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, South Australia to the west; the area, now known as Victoria is the home of many Aboriginal people groups, including the Boon wurrung, the Bratauolung, the Djadjawurrung, the Gunai/Kurnai, the Gunditjmara, the Taungurong, the Wathaurong, the Wurundjeri, the Yorta Yorta. There were more than 30 Aboriginal languages spoken in the area prior to the European settlement of Australia; the Kulin nation is an alliance of five Aboriginal nations which makes up much of the central part of the state. With Great Britain having claimed the half of the Australian continent, east of the 135th meridian east in 1788, Victoria formed part of the wider colony of New South Wales.
The first European settlement in the area occurred in 1803 at Sullivan Bay, much of what is now Victoria was included in 1836 in the Port Phillip District, an administrative division of New South Wales. Named in honour of Queen Victoria, who signed the division's separation from New South Wales, the colony was established in 1851 and achieved self government in 1855; the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s and 1860s increased both the population and wealth of the colony, by the time of the Federation of Australia in 1901, Melbourne had become the largest city and leading financial centre in Australasia. Melbourne served as federal capital of Australia until the construction of Canberra in 1927, with the Federal Parliament meeting in Melbourne's Parliament House and all principal offices of the federal government being based in Melbourne. Politically, Victoria has 37 seats in the Australian House of Representatives and 12 seats in the Australian Senate. At state level, the Parliament of Victoria consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.
The Labor Party led Daniel Andrews as premier has governed Victoria since 2014. The personal representative of the Queen of Australia in the state is the Governor of Victoria Linda Dessau. Victoria is divided into 79 municipal districts, including 33 cities, although a number of unincorporated areas still exist, which the state administers directly; the economy of Victoria is diversified, with service sectors including financial and property services, education, retail and manufacturing constitute the majority of employment. Victoria's total gross state product ranks second in Australia, although Victoria ranks fourth in terms of GSP per capita because of its limited mining activity. Culturally, Melbourne hosts a number of museums, art galleries, theatres, is described as the world's sporting capital; the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the largest stadium in Australia and the Southern Hemisphere, hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The ground is considered the "spiritual home" of Australian cricket and Australian rules football, hosts the grand final of the Australian Football League each year, drawing crowds of 100,000.
Nearby Melbourne Park has hosted the Australian Open, one of tennis' four Grand Slam events, annually since 1988. Victoria has eight public universities, with the oldest, the University of Melbourne, dating from 1853. Victoria, like Queensland, was named after Queen Victoria, on the British throne for 14 years when the colony was established in 1851. After the founding of the colony of New South Wales in 1788, Australia was divided into an eastern half named New South Wales and a western half named New Holland, under the administration of the colonial government in Sydney; the first British settlement in the area known as Victoria was established in October 1803 under Lieutenant-Governor David Collins at Sullivan Bay on Port Phillip. It consisted of 402 people, they had been sent from England in HMS Calcutta under the command of Captain Daniel Woodriff, principally out of fear that the French, exploring the area, might establish their own settlement and thereby challenge British rights to the continent.
In 1826, Colonel Stewart, Captain Samuel Wright, Lieutenant Burchell were sent in HMS Fly and the brigs Dragon and Amity, took a number of convicts and a small force composed of detachments of the 3rd and 93rd regiments. The expedition landed at Settlement Point, on the eastern side of Western Port Bay, the headquarters until the abandonment of Western Port at the insistence of Governor Darling about 12 months afterwards. Victoria's next settlement was on the south west coast of what is now Victoria. Edward Henty settled Portland Bay in 1834. Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman, who set up a base in Indented Head, John Pascoe Fawkner. From settlement, the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, a separately administered part of New South Wales. Shortly after, the site now known as Geelong was surveyed by Assistant Surveyor W. H. Smythe, three weeks after Melbourne, and in 1838, Geelong was declared a town, despite earlier European settlements dating back to 1826
Parkdale is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 23 km south-east from Melbourne's central business district. It is situated between the suburbs of Mentone and Mordialloc, is located on the Frankston Metropolitan train line, its local government area is the City of Kingston. At the 2016 census, Parkdale had a population of 11,746. Parkdale was founded in 1920, named for early homesteader William Parker when engineers decided to build a railway station alongside a cluster of five bayside shops. Parkdale Post Office opened on 6 January 1921. Parkdale's local library, Kingston Library, is located on Parkers Road adjacent to Parkdale Station. Parkdale is a noted beach-side suburb; the beach is a 5-minute walk from the station. Parkdale Primary School Parkdale Secondary College Parktone Primary School St. John Vianney's Primary School In terms of State and Federal Government Parkdale is situated in the Electoral district of Mordialloc for state parliament and the Electoral district of Isaacs in the federal system.
Mark Dreyfus is the Labor member of the Australian House of Representatives for the seat of Isaacs, since the 2007 federal election. Parkdale is accessible by a number of Public Transport Victoria bus routes servicing the area; the 903 bus service from Mordialloc passes through Parkdale along Beach road. The 708 bus from Carrum to Hampton station stops at Parkdale railway station; this train line services the area via Parkdale Station, located on the Frankston Line, operating in Zone 2. 11,185 people live in Parkdale according to the 2011 Australian census with 75.58% listing themselves as being born in Australia. The majority of foreign born people living in Parkdale are from the UK with 6.04% listing themselves as UK born. Other countries of birth include New Zealand, Italy and India. By ancestry most people living in Parkdale are of English descent with 62.79% of respondents listing English ancestry in the 2011 Australia census. Other common ancestries listed include Irish, Italian, German and Chinese.
34.99% of respondents listed their ancestry as'Australian'. Rick Springfield - His mother still resides in Parkdale