Parliament Square

Parliament Square is a square at the northwest end of the Palace of Westminster in the City of Westminster in central London. It features a large open green area in the centre with trees to its west, it contains twelve statues of statesmen and other notable individuals; as well as being one of London's main tourist attractions, it is the place where many demonstrations and protests have been held. The square is overlooked by various official buildings: legislature to the east, executive offices to the north, the judiciary to the west, the church to the south. Buildings looking upon the square include the churches Westminster Abbey and St Margaret's, the Middlesex Guildhall, the seat of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Government Offices Great George Street serving HM Treasury and HM Revenue and Customs, Portcullis House. Roads that branch off the Parliament Square are St Margaret Street, Broad Sanctuary, Great George Street, Parliament Street, Bridge Street. Parliament Square was laid out in 1868 in order to open up the space around the Palace of Westminster and improve traffic flow, featured London's first traffic signals.

A substantial amount of property had to be cleared from the site. The architect responsible was Sir Charles Barry, its original features included the Buxton Memorial Fountain, removed in 1940 and placed in its present position in nearby Victoria Tower Gardens in 1957. In 1950 the square was redesigned by George Grey Wornum; the central garden of the square was transferred from the Parliamentary Estate to the control of the Greater London Authority by the Greater London Authority Act 1999. It has responsibility to light, water and repair the garden, has powers to make bylaws for the garden; the east side of the square, lying opposite one of the key entrances to the Palace of Westminster, has been a common site of protest against government action or inaction. On May Day 2000 the square was transformed into a giant allotment by a Reclaim the Streets guerrilla gardening action. Most Brian Haw staged a continual protest there for several years, campaigning against British and American action in Iraq.

Starting on 2 June 2001, Haw left his post only once, on 10 May 2004 – and because he had been arrested on the charge of failing to leave the area during a security alert, returned the following day when he was released. The disruption that Haw's protest is alleged to have caused led Parliament to insert a clause into the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 making it illegal to have protests in Parliament Square without first seeking the permission of the Metropolitan Police Commissioner; the provisions of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act relating to Parliament Square were repealed by the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011, which provides for a different regime of "prohibited activities". As well as sparking a great deal of protest from various groups on the grounds of infringement of civil liberties including the European Convention on Human Rights, the Act was unsuccessful in accomplishing its goals: Brian Haw was held to be exempt from needing authorisation in a High Court ruling, as his protest had started before the Act came into effect.

The Court of Appeal overturned this ruling, forcing Haw to apply for police authorisation to continue his protest. The square is home to twelve statues of British and foreign political figures, they are listed here in anti-clockwise order, beginning with Winston Churchill's statue which faces Parliament. The Parliament Square Peace Campaign was a peace campaign started by Brian Haw in 2001 and carried on by Barbara Tucker until 2013. In May 2010, a peace camp known as Democracy Village was set up on the square to protest against the British government's involvement in invasions in the Middle East, which became an eclectic movement encompassing left-wing causes and anti-globalisation protests; the Mayor of London Boris Johnson appealed to the courts to have them removed and, after demonstrators lost an appeal in July 2010, Lord Neuberger ruled that the protesters camping on the square should be evicted. The final tents were removed in January 2012. Citations BibliographyWard-Jackson, Philip. Public Sculpture of Historic Westminster: Volume 1.

Public Sculpture of Britain. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. Simon Bradley and Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England, London 6: Westminster. ISBN 0-300-09595-3. Parliament Square Peace Campaign website Specifically prohibited activities: Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011. Part 3: Parliament Square Garden and surrounding area

Geoffrey Bayldon

Albert Geoffrey Bayldon was an English actor. After playing roles in many stage productions, including the works of William Shakespeare, he became known for portraying the title role of the children's series Catweazle. Bayldon's other long-running parts include the Crowman in Worzel Gummidge and Magic Grandad in the BBC television series Watch. Bayldon attended Bridlington School and Hull College of Architecture. Following service in the Royal Air Force during World War II, he appeared in amateur theatricals and trained at the Old Vic Theatre School. Bayldon enjoyed a substantial stage career, including work in the West End and for the RSC, he made several film appearances in the 1960s and 1970s, including King Rat, To Sir, with Love, Casino Royale, the Envy segment of The Magnificent Seven Deadly Sins, the Marc Bolan/T. Rex film Born to Boogie, The Pink Panther Strikes Again, as well as the film versions of Steptoe and Son and Son Ride Again as the vicar, Porridge as the Governor. Bayldon appeared in several horror films.

In 2004, after many years of successful television work he appeared in the film Ladies in Lavender. He appeared in Doctor Who with a guest appearance as Organon in The Creature from the Pit opposite Tom Baker as the Fourth Doctor. Subsequently, he played an alternative First Doctor in two audio plays based on the Doctor Who television series by Big Finish Productions in the Doctor Who Unbound series: Auld Mortality and A Storm of Angels. In 1963, Bayldon had been one of the first actors offered the role of the Doctor. Bayldon's other television roles include, ITV Play of the Week, The Avengers, Z-Cars, Theatre 625, The Wednesday Play, ITV Sunday Night Theatre, Space: 1999, The Tomorrow People, Tales of the Unexpected, Blott on the Landscape, Star Cops, Rumpole of the Bailey, The Chronicles of Narnia, he took part in a number of BBC Schools programmes, where he displayed a number of otherwise unexploited talents. In 1993, he played Simplicio in the Open University video Newton's Revolution. In 1986, Bayldon provided the vocals on Paul Hardcastle's The Wizard, used as the theme for BBC1's Top of the Pops.

Among his television appearances were the Five game show Fort Boyard, Waking the Dead and Casualty. His final television appearances, before his retirement, were My Family. Bayldon died on 10 May 2017, aged 93, from undisclosed causes, his partner of many years, fellow actor Alan Rowe, had predeceased him in 2000. Obituary in the Guardian newspaper The Official Catweazle Fan Club Geoffrey Bayldon at the British Film Institute Geoffrey Bayldon on IMDb


Svojanov is a market town in Svitavy District in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. Svojanov lies 16 kilometres south of Svitavy, 65 km south-east of Pardubice, 152 km east of Prague; the town covers an area of 13.89 square kilometres. From the total population of 389, there are 175 men; the number of inhabitants in the town has been decreasing over the last decades. The town was firstly mentioned in 1287, it has a rich history, connected with the Svojanov Castle. The castle was founded around 1262 by Ottokar II of Bohemia to protect the Trstěnice route, a former trade route of significant importance; the castle's original German name was Fürstenberg. In 1421 the town was besieged by Jan Žižka and between 1642 and 1645 the town was occupied by the Swedes. In December 1798 the Russian legions marched through Svojanov to fight against Napoleon. Starý Svojanov is the oldest part of the municipality. An interesting sight is the church of St. Nicholas with a 13th-century chancel and fresco decoration which dates back to the period of Charles IV.

Official Pages of Town Svojanov Website of Svojanov castle Website about Svojanov Castle Regional Statistical Office: Municipalities of Pardubice Region