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Parliament of Jamaica

The Parliament of Jamaica is the legislative branch of the government of Jamaica. It consists of three elements: the Crown, the appointed Senate and the directly elected House of Representatives; the Senate – the direct successor of a pre-Independence body known as the "Legislative Council" – comprises 21 senators appointed by the Governor-General: thirteen on the advice of the Prime Minister and eight on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition. The House of Representatives, the Lower House, is made up of 63 Members of Parliament, elected to five-year terms on a first-past-the-post basis in single-seat constituencies; the Parliament meets at Gordon House at Kingston. It was named in memory of Jamaican patriot George William Gordon; as Jamaica is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, most of the government's ability to make and pass laws is dependent on the Prime Minister's ability to command the confidence of the members of the House of Representatives. Though both Houses of Parliament hold political significance, the House of Representatives of which the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition are both required to be members of holds a more powerful and prestigious role since it is the main source of legislation.

The House of Representatives is the Lower House. It is the group of elected members of parliament; the Most Hon. Andrew Holness, St. Andrew West Central – Prime Minister Hon. Pearnel Charles, Sr. Clarendon North Central – Speaker Hon. Karl Samuda, St. Andrew North Central – Leader of Government Business Hon. Clifford Everald Warmington, St. Catherine South Western Mrs. Juliet Holness, St. Andrew East Rural Mr. Franklyn Witter, St. Elizabeth South Eastern – Deputy Speaker Mrs. Marisa Dalrymple-Philibert, Trelawny South Hon. Delroy Chuck, QC, St. Andrew North Eastern Hon. Desmond McKenzie, Kingston Western Dr; the Hon. Christopher Tufton, St. Catherine West Central Hon. Audley Shaw, Manchester North Eastern Dr; the Hon. Horace Chang, St. James North Western Hon. Olivia Grange, St. Catherine Central Mr. James Robertson, St. Thomas Western Hon. Rudyard Spencer, Clarendon South Eastern Hon. Lester Michael Henry, Clarendon Central Hon. Edmund Bartlett, St. James East Central Hon. Shahine Robinson, St. Ann North Eastern Hon. William James Charles Hutchinson, St. Elizabeth North Western Hon. Daryl Vaz, Portland Western Mr. Leslie Campbell, St. Catherine North Eastern Dr. Andrew Wheatley, St. Catherine South Central Mr. Dave Brown, Hanover Eastern Mrs. Juliet Cuthbert-Flynn, St. Andrew West Rural Hon. Fayval Williams, St. Andrew Eastern Hon. Robert Montague, St. Mary Western Mr. Zavia Mayne, St. Ann South Western Mr. Heroy Clarke, St. James Central Hon. Marlene Malahoo Forte, QC, St. James West Central Hon. Floyd Green, St. Elizabeth South Western Mr. Alando Terrelonge, St. Catherine East Central Dr. Norman Alexander Dunn, St. Mary South Eastern Dr.

The Hon. Nigel Clarke, St. Andrew North Western Mrs. Ann-Marie Vaz, Portland Eastern Dr. Peter Phillips, St. Andrew East Central – Leader of the Opposition Mr. Phillip Paulwell, Kingston East and Port Royal – Leader of Opposition Business Mr. Mark Golding, St. Andrew South Dr. Wykeham McNeill, Westmoreland Western Mr. Noel Arscott, Clarendon South Western Mr. Luther Buchanan, Westmoreland Eastern Mr. Peter Bunting, Manchester Central Mr. Dwayne Vaz, Westmoreland Central Dr. Angela Brown-Burke, St. Andrew South West Mr. Colin Fagan, St. Catherine South Eastern Dr. Fenton Ferguson, St. Thomas Eastern Dr. Morais Guy, St. Mary Central Ms. Lisa Hanna, St. Ann South Eastern Mr. Victor Wright Trelawny Northern Mr. Ian Hayles, Hanover Western Ms. Denise Daley, St. Catherine Eastern Mr. Julian Robinson, St. Andrew South Eastern Mr. G. Anthony Hylton, St. Andrew Western Mr. Fitz Jackson, St. Catherine Southern Mr. Derrick Kellier, St. James Southern Ms. Natalie Neita, St. Catherine North Central Mr. Mikael Phillips, Manchester North Western Mr. Michael Stewart, Manchester Southern Mr. Robert Pickersgill, St. Catherine North Western Mr. Evon Redman, St. Elizabeth North Eastern Rev. Ronald Thwaites, Kingston Central Mr. Richard Azan, Clarendon North Western Mr. Horace Dalley, Clarendon Northern Dr. Dayton Campbell, St. Ann North Western The Senate is the upper house.

This is the list of senators: Government senators Senator the Hon. Thomas Tavares-Finson, CD, QC – President Senator Aubyn Hill – Deputy President Senator the Hon. Kamina Johnson-Smith – Leader of Government Business Senator the Hon. Robert Nesta Morgan Senator the Hon. Pearnel Patroe Charles Jr. Senator Kavan Gayle Senator Ransford Braham, QC Senator Don Wehby Senator Charles Sinclair, Jr. Senator Matthew Samuda Senator Delroy Williams Senator Kerensia Morrison Senator Dr. Saphire Longmore-DropinskiOpposition senators Senator Donna Scott-Mottley – Leader of Opposition Business Senator the Hon. Keith D. Knight OJ, QC Senator Damion Crawford Senator Dr. Floyd Morris Senator Sophia Frazer-Binns Senator Lambert Brown Senator Wentsworth Skeffery Senator Dr. Andre HaughtonIn order to effect changes to the Constitution of Jamaica a two-thirds majority in both Houses is required. Therefore, changes to the Jamaican constitution will require consensus among Government and Opposition Senators. List of Presidents of the Jamaican Council List of Presidents of the Legislative Council of Jamaica List of Presidents of the Senate of Jamaica List of Speakers of the House of Representatives of Jamaica Politics of Jamaica List of legislatures by country Parliament of Jamaica

1993 Cal Poly Mustangs football team

The 1993 Cal Poly Mustangs football team represented California Polytechnic State University during the 1993 NCAA Division I-AA football season. This was the first season they competed at the Division I-AA level, as they had been at the Division II level. Cal Poly competed in the inaugural season of American West Conference, they had played in the Western Football Conference, which folded after the 1992 season. The Mustangs were led by seventh-year head coach Lyle Setencich and played home games at Mustang Stadium in San Luis Obispo, California, they finished the season with a record of four losses. Overall, the team outscored its opponents 365–201 for the season; this was the last year for coach Setencich at the helm. He compiled a record of 41–29–2 in his seven years at Cal Poly. No Cal Poly Mustang players were selected in the 1994 NFL Draft

Poetry Records

Poetry Records is a record company based at Culture and Science Park, Renmin University of China in Beijing. It is an independent music label dedicated to promoting high-end musical theater and pop music for the Chinese-speaking world, with both high artistic level and accessibility to ordinary audiences, rather than specializing in any particular genre. Poetry Records is a record company based at Culture and Science Park, Renmin University of China in Beijing, it is an independent music label dedicated to promoting high-end musical theater and pop music for the Chinese-speaking world, with both high artistic level and accessibility to ordinary audiences, rather than specializing in any particular genre. Poetry Records was founded in Nov. 2007 in Chicago by music entrepreneur Chuxiao. Now, the label has a studio in Shanghai, led by guitarist and producer Wangshan as music director. Chuxiao Completing his study at the Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago, a classical guitarist, composer and producer, Chuxiao is a member of ASCAP.

He holds a master's degree from the New England Conservatory of Music, where he studied with great guitarist Maestro Eliot Fisk. He was educated at Boston College and Peking University, China. Guitar Poem 1: Fairy Tale Guitar poem 2: No, No, No Guitar poem 3: Day and Night of The musical “Apple and Pear” consists of three scenarios across different times and spaces, ancient Oriental, medieval European, contemporary Chinese. The love between the hero and heroin is the most obvious theme, it is true that the eternal longing for morality and justice in human nature is what behind these stories, makes them so real, despite of the same truth of human sinfulness which prevents the ideals from being realized. Still, it is these noble longings innate in the soul of human kind that make human being human, make human lives worth of living; as long as human kind exists, the stories of this kind will continue. Poetry Records Chu Xiao"Poetry Records"."Chuxiao"

Metamerism (color)

In colorimetry, metamerism is a perceived matching of colors with different spectral power distributions. Colors that match this way are called metamers. A spectral power distribution describes the proportion of total light given off by a color sample at each visible wavelength. However, the human eye contains only three color receptors, which means that all colors are reduced to three sensory quantities, called the tristimulus values. Metamerism occurs because each type of cone responds to the cumulative energy from a broad range of wavelengths, so that different combinations of light across all wavelengths can produce an equivalent receptor response and the same tristimulus values or color sensation. In color science, the set of sensory spectral sensitivity curves is numerically represented by color matching functions. Metameric matches are quite common in near neutral or dark colors; as colors become brighter or more saturated, the range of possible metameric matches becomes smaller in colors from surface reflectance spectra.

Metameric matches. For any given light stimulus, regardless of the form of its spectral emittance curve, there always exists a unique mixture of three "primary" lights that when added together, or added to the stimulus, will be an exact metameric match; the basis for nearly all commercially available color image reproduction processes such as photography, television and digital imaging, is the ability to make metameric color matches. Making metameric matches using reflective materials is more complex; the appearance of surface colors is defined by the product of the spectral reflectance curve of the material and the spectral emittance curve of the light source shining on it. As a result, the color of surfaces depends on the light source used to illuminate them; the term illuminant metameric failure or illuminant metamerism is sometimes used to describe situations where two material samples match when viewed under one light source but not another. Most types of fluorescent lights produce an irregular or peaky spectral emittance curve, so that two materials under fluorescent light might not match though they are a metameric match to an incandescent "white" light source with a nearly flat or smooth emittance curve.

Material colors that match under one source will appear different under the other. Typical example is inkjet proof for printing press. At 5000K color temperature the metameric error is negligible. Material attributes such as translucency, gloss or surface texture are not considered in color matching; however geometric metameric failure or geometric metamerism can occur when two samples match when viewed from one angle, but fail to match when viewed from a different angle. A common example is the color variation that appears in pearlescent automobile finishes or "metallic" paper. Observer metameric failure or observer metamerism can occur because of differences in color vision between observers; the common source of observer metameric failure is colorblindness, but it is not uncommon among "normal" observers. In all cases, the proportion of long-wavelength-sensitive cones to medium-wavelength-sensitive cones in the retina, the profile of light sensitivity in each type of cone, the amount of yellowing in the lens and macular pigment of the eye, differs from one person to the next.

This alters the relative importance of different wavelengths in a spectral power distribution to each observer's color perception. As a result, two spectrally dissimilar lights or surfaces may produce a color match for one observer but fail to match when viewed by a second observer. Field-size metameric failure or field-size metamerism occurs because the relative proportions of the three cone types in the retina vary from the center of the visual field to the periphery, so that colors that match when viewed as small, centrally fixated areas may appear different when presented as large color areas. In many industrial applications, large-field color matches are used to define color tolerances. Device metamerism comes up due to the lack of consistency of colorimeters of the same or different manufacturers. Colorimeters consist of a combination of a matrix of sensor cells and optical filters, which present an unavoidable variance in their measurements. Moreover, devices built by different manufacturers can differ in their construction..

The difference in the spectral compositions of two metameric stimuli is referred to as the degree of metamerism. The sensitivity of a metameric match to any changes in the spectral elements that form the colors depend on the degree of metamerism. Two stimuli with a high degree of metamerism are to be sensitive to any changes in the illuminant, material composition, field of view, so on; the word metamerism is used to indicate a metameric failure rather than a match, or used to describe a situation in which a metameric match is degraded by a slight change in conditions, such as a change in the illuminant. The best-known measure of metamerism is the color rendering index, a linear function of the mean Euclidean distance between the test and reference spectral reflectance vectors in the CIE 1964 color space. A newer measure, for daylight simulators, is the MI, CIE Metamerism Index, derived by calculating the mean color difference of eight metamers in CIELAB or CI


CKSO-FM was a Christian music station, which broadcast at 101.1 on the FM dial in Sudbury, Ontario in the mid-2000s. On January 26, 2001, David Jackson applied to operate a new English language Christian music FM radio station in Sudbury; the new station would operate at 94.3 MHz with an effective radiated power of 50 watts. The frequency was changed to 101.1 MHz On September 5, 2001, a group led by David Jackson was given approval to operate a new Christian music FM radio station at 101.1 FM. According to an interview with the community newspaper Northern Life, Jackson chose the CKSO call letters because of their historical significance in the Sudbury area. On October 8, 2002, the group asked for and was granted an extension to the deadline to commence operations; the station began airing test transmissions on December 2, 2002. Undated, CKSO-FM was branded as 101.1 The Rock. Although the station's website remained operational until early 2009, the Canadian Communications Foundation website reports that the station left the air in 2006.

The licence, when issued, was to expire on August 31, 2008 — as of that date, however, no renewal application had been filed with the CRTC, Jackson has not filed an application for a new license as of 2015. The radio station never relaunched. CKSO-FM 101.1 Official Site at CKSO-FM history – Canadian Communications Foundation Query the REC Canadian station database for CKSO-FM

CadaquƩs Orchestra International Conducting Competition

The Cadaqués Orchestra International Conducting Competition, is a music competition for young conductors organized by the Cadaqués Orchestra in Catalonia, Spain. The competition is organized by the Cadaqués Orchestra; the first competition was organized in 1992 with the idea of being a platform for young conductors starting their professional careers. The first prizes consists of a cash award and engagements to conduct orchestras such as the BBC Philharmonic, Vienna Chamber Orchestra, Royal Flemish Philharmonic, Bilbao Symphony Orchestra, RTVE Symphony Orchestra, Spanish National Orchestra and the Barcelona Symphony and Catalonia National Orchestra; the presidents of the jury have been Sir Neville Marriner. Lutz Köhler, Philippe Entremont, Jorma Panula, Alexander Rahbari, Adrian Leaper and Gianandrea Noseda have been members of the jury. In each competition one of the compulsory pieces is a new commission. Xavier Montsalvatge, Cristóbal Halffter, Luis de Pablo, Joan Guinjoan and Leonardo Balada have written pieces for the competition.

2017 First Prize: Nuno Coelho. Second Prize: Felix Mildenberger. 2013 First Prize: Lorenzo Viotti. Second Prize: Vlad Vizireanu. 2010 First Prize: Andrew Gourlay. Second Prize: Domingo Garcia Hindoyan. 2008 First Prize: Michal Nestorowicz. Second Prize: Daniele Rustioni. 2006 First Prize: Pablo González. Second Prize: Justin Doyle. 2004 First Prize: not awarded. Second Prize: Hans Leenders. 2002 First Prize: Vasily Petrenko. Second Prize: Jonathan Pasternack. 2000 First Prize: not awarded. Second Prize: Christoph Müller. 1998 First Prize: Gloria Isabel Ramos. Second Prize: not awarded. 1996 First Prize: Achim Fiedler. Second Prize: Zsolt Hamar. 1994 First Prize: Gianandrea Noseda. Second Prize: Christopher Gayford. 1992 First Prize: Charles Peebles. Second Prize: Alejandro Posadas