Wile E. Coyote and the Road Runner
Wile E. Coyote and the Road Runner are a duo of cartoon characters from the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons. In each episode, the Coyote attempts to catch and subsequently eat the Road Runner, a fast-running ground bird, but is never successful. Instead of his animal instincts, the Coyote uses absurdly complex contraptions to try to catch his prey, which comically "backfire", with the Coyote getting injured in slapstick fashion. Many of the items for these contrivances are mail-ordered from a variety of companies that are all named Acme. One running gag involves the Coyote trying to shield himself with a little parasol against a great falling boulder, about to crush him. Another running gag involves the Coyote falling from a high cliff. After he goes over the edge, the rest of the scene, shot from a bird’s-eye view, shows him falling into a canyon so deep, that his figure is lost to sight; this is followed, a second or two by the rising of a dust cloud from the canyon floor as the Coyote hits.
The characters were created by animation director Chuck Jones and writer Michael Maltese in 1948 for Warner Bros. while the template for their adventures was the work of writer Michael Maltese. The characters star in a long-running series of theatrical cartoon shorts and occasional made-for-television cartoons, it was meant to parody chase cartoons like Tom and Jerry, but became popular in its own right. The Coyote appears separately as an occasional antagonist of Bugs Bunny in five shorts from 1952 to 1963: Operation: Rabbit, To Hare Is Human, Rabbit's Feat, Compressed Hare, Hare-Breadth Hurry. While he is silent in the Coyote-Road Runner shorts, he speaks with a refined accent in these solo outings, beginning with 1952's Operation: Rabbit, introducing himself as "Wile E. Coyote—Genius", voiced with an upper-class accent by Mel Blanc; the Road Runner vocalizes only with a signature sound, "Beep, Beep", recorded by Paul Julian, an accompanying "popping-cork" tongue noise. To date, 49 cartoons have been made featuring the majority by Chuck Jones.
TV Guide included Wile E. Coyote in its 2013 list of "The 60 Nastiest Villains of All Time". Jones based the Coyote on Mark Twain's book Roughing It, in which Twain described the coyote as "a long, slim and sorry-looking skeleton", "a living, breathing allegory of Want, he is always hungry." Jones said he created the Coyote-Road Runner cartoons as a parody of traditional "Cat and mouse" cartoons such as MGM's Tom and Jerry, which Jones would work on as a director in his career. Jones modelled the Coyote's appearance on fellow animator Ken Harris; the Coyote's name of Wile E. is a pun of the word "wily." The "E" stands for "Ethelbert" in one issue of a Looney Tunes comic book. The Coyote's surname is pronounced with a long "e", but in one cartoon short, To Hare Is Human, Wile E. is heard pronouncing it with a diphthong. Early model sheets for the character prior to his initial appearance identified him as "Don Coyote", a pun of the name Don Quixote; the series consists of: 49 shorts about 6 to 7 minutes long, but including three web cartoons which are "three-minute, three-dimensional cartoons in widescreen".
One half-hour special, released theatrically. One feature-length film that combines live animation. 1 Re-edited from Adventures of the Road-Runner, by Chuck Jones, with new music direction from Bill Lava. 2 Re-edited from Adventures of the Road-Runner, by DePatie-Freleng Enterprises 3 These cartoons were shown with a feature-length film. Chariots of Fur was shown with Richie Rich, Coyote Falls was shown with Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore, Fur of Flying was shown with Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole, Rabid Rider was shown with Yogi Bear. Flash in the Pain was shown at the Annecy International Animated Film Festival on June 10, 2014; the desert scenery in the first three Road Runner cartoons and Furry-ous, Beep and Going! Going! Gosh!, were designed by Robert Gribbroek and was quite realistic. In most cartoons the scenery was designed by Maurice Noble and was far more abstract. Wile E. Coyote obtains various complex and ludicrous devices from a mail-order company, the fictitious Acme Corporation, which he hopes will help him catch the Road Runner.
The devices invariably fail in spectacular fashion. Whether this is a result of operator error or faulty merchandise is debatable; the coyote ends up burnt to a crisp, squashed flat, or at the bottom of a canyon. Acme products do work quite well. In this case, their success works against the coyote. For example, the Dehydrated Boulder, upon hydration, becomes so large that it crushes him, or the Coyote finds out that the Earthquake Pills bottle label's fine print states that the pills aren’t effective on road runners, right after he swallows the whole bottle, thinking they're ineffective. Other times he uses items that are implausible, such as a superhero outfit, thinking he could fly wearing it. How the coyote acquires these products without money is not explained until the 2003 movie Looney Tunes: Back in Action, in which he is shown to be an employee of Acme. In a Tiny Toon Adventures episode, Wile E. makes ment
Bolliger & Mabillard
Bolliger & Mabillard Bolliger & Mabillard Consulting Engineers, Inc. and abbreviated B&M, is a roller coaster design consultancy based in Monthey, Switzerland. The company was founded in 1988 by Walter Bolliger and Claude Mabillard, with Bolliger as president and Mabillard as vice-president. B&M has built over a hundred roller coasters around the world and pioneered several new ride technologies, most notably the inverted roller coaster. In North America, B&M coaster designs have been manufactured by Ohio company Clermont Steel Fabricators since 1990. B&M has grown since its founding employing four to as many as 37 in 2012, consisting of engineers and draftsmen. In 2016, the company completed its 100th roller coaster. Walter Bolliger and Claude Mabillard started working for Giovanola, a manufacturing company who supplied rides to Intamin, in the 1970s. During their time at Giovanola, they helped design the company's first stand-up roller coaster, Shockwave at Six Flags Magic Mountain, they worked on other projects, such as Z-Force at Six Flags Great America.
Bolliger & Mabillard left Giovanola, but the company continued to use their track design, so the company's roller coasters, Goliath at Six Flags Magic Mountain and Titan at Six Flags Over Texas, use a track style similar to B&M's. In 1987, Giovanola underwent a change of management. At the time, B&M employed four people; when B&M was created, the pair had agreed not to make any more amusement attractions. However, Robert Mampe, Six Flags Great America's staff engineer, who had worked with both men during the construction of Z-Force, contacted the new company and asked it to reconfigure the cars for its Giovanola-built, Intamin bobsled coaster, to be relocated from Six Flags Great Adventure. Following that project Mampe asked the new company to design and build a stand-up roller coaster for Six Flags Great America, similar to Shockwave at Six Flags Magic Mountain. B&M hired two more draftsmen, but B&M had a problem regarding how and where to manufacture the track pieces for the roller coaster.
With the impression of the work done by Clermont Steel Fabricators on Vortex at Kings Island and Shockwave Six Flags Great America, Walter Bolliger went to the steel plant and asked if they would be interested in manufacturing the track. Clermont Steel Fabricators accepted and manufactures all Bolliger and Mabillard roller coaster track pieces for all of North America. Now with a company to manufacture the track, B&M built its first roller coaster, a stand-up roller coaster, Iron Wolf, which opened in 1990 at Six Flags Great America. Two years Bolliger & Mabillard built another project for Six Flags Great America, Batman: The Ride, the world's first inverted roller coaster, which brought them to prominence in the industry. Bolliger & Mabillard invented the Floorless Coaster and the Dive Coaster; the company built its first launched roller coaster, the Incredible Hulk, at Islands of Adventure. Although The Incredible Hulk uses a launch system, B&M classifies it as a "Sitting Coaster". In 2010, B&M unveiled its new Wing Coaster and premiered the prototype model, named Raptor, at Gardaland in 2011.
It has two seats on each side on the car. There are only eight in operation. In 2015, B&M constructed Thunderbird at Holiday World & Splashin' Safari, its first in-house launched coaster. By 2010, B&M employed twelve draftsmen and two draftswomen; the company has made other contributions to the roller coaster industry. The company built the trains for the Psyclone, a now-demolished wooden roller coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountain; the trains were used on the park's Colossus wooden roller coaster, but were only used during October each year. The trains faced backward and raced against trains on the second track, which ran forward. In 2013, B&M supplied new trains for Steel Dragon 2000, built by D. H. Morgan Manufacturing in 2000; as of 2012, Bolliger & Mabillard has 85 operating roller coasters worldwide, twenty-two of which are listed among the Amusement Today Golden Ticket Awards Top 50 Steel Coasters List for 2012 and five are in the top 10. The company has built more roller coasters than any other manufacturer on the list.
Bolliger & Mabillard manufactures nine different roller coaster styles: Stand-Up Coaster, Inverted Coaster, Floorless Coaster, Flying Coaster, Hyper Coaster, Dive Coaster, Sitting Coaster, Wing Coaster and Family Coaster. Bolliger & Mabillard has been involved in developing new technologies and concepts in roller coasters since its inception, it has worked with engineer Werner Stengel and with designers and management of client theme parks. Many Bolliger & Mabillard coasters feature an element known as a "pre-drop", a short drop after the top of the lift hill and before the start of the first drop, designed to reduce stress on the lift chain; the flat section between the pre-drop and the first drop serves as a shelf to support the weight of the train, reducing related stresses on the chain. On most coasters without a pre-drop, the weight of the train tends to pull on the lift chain as it begins its descent because the latter half of the train is still being lifted by the chain. Pre-drops have not been used on the company's Dive or Flying coasters, or on hyper coasters built after 1999.
OzIris at Parc Astérix was the first B&M inverted roller coaster. Since, no coaster built by B&M has featured a pre-drop because the chain accelerates on newer coasters of B&M after the train passes the crest to acq
Batman: Arkham Asylum (roller coaster)
Batman: Arkham Asylum is a Bolliger & Mabillard steel roller coaster at Parque Warner Madrid in Spain. It is located in the "DC Super Heroes World" location in the park, it is a clone of Batman: The Ride, located at various Six Flags parks. It can be ridden with virtual reality glasses. Before the addition of the VR technology its name was Batman: La Fuga The ride is 1:15 seconds long, opened on April 6, 2002 along with Parque Warner Madrid; the color scheme of the ride is yellow and blue
Vekoma Rides Manufacturing is a Dutch amusement ride manufacturer. Vekoma is an abbreviation of Veld Koning Machinefabriek and was established in 1926 by Hendrik op het Veld, they manufactured farm equipment and made steel constructions for the coal mining industry in the 1950s, After the closure of Dutch mines in 1965, they manufactured steel pipes for the petrochemical industry. Since the 1970s, they have manufactured amusement rides; as of May 2018, there are over 349 roller coasters around the world from Vekoma, some of which are either under construction or have been removed. Other Vekoma coaster models include Swinging Turns, Hurricane, Family Boomerang, Tilt Coaster, powered coasters. In 2013, Vekoma signed a deal with Idaho-based Rocky Mountain Construction; the agreement allows Vekoma to sell Rocky Mountain Construction's roller coasters outside the North American market. In 2008, Vekoma Rides Manufacturing acquired the Wheels of Excellence range of Ferris wheels from Ronald Bussink, to be handled by a new Vekoma division, Dutch Wheels BV.
The Dutch Wheels product range includes the R40, R50, R60 models, each available in three different types. A madhouse is a flat ride that gives the impression that the rider is upside-down, when in reality the room they are in rotates around them. Official website Vekoma at the Roller Coaster DataBase
A wave pool is a swimming pool in which there are artificially generated, reasonably large waves, similar to those of the ocean. Wave pools are a major feature of water parks, both indoors and outdoors, as well as some leisure centres; the world's largest artificial waves, measuring up to 3 metres in height, can be found at Siam Park in the Canary Islands. Conversely, the world's largest wave pool by area is located in Bangkok's Siam Park City. Wave pools go as far back as the 19th Century, as famous fantasy castle builder Ludwig II of Bavaria electrified a lake to create breaking waves; the first wave pool was designed and built in 1927 in Budapest, Hungary in the known Gellért Baths, appeared in a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer documentary about the city in 1938, as one of the main tourist attractions. In 1929, a Pathe Pictorial there is film of "Indoor Surfers" frolicking in small, artificially-generated waves in a swimming pool in Munch, Germany; the waves were created by agitators which pushed waves through the diving area and into a shallow area - where kids were bodysurfing little waves: "This is the new kind of swimming bath, becoming the rage of Germany," one of the captions reads.
"No more placid waters for bathers - the mechanism behind the netting keeps everything moving." In 1939, a public swimming pool in Wembley, was equipped with machines that created wavelets to approximate the soothing ebb and flowing motion of the ocean. In the 1940's, Palisades Amusement Park, located on the Hudson River Palisades across from New York City, installed a large waterfall at one end of its salt water pool, the largest of such in the world at the time, which generated small waves much like those in Wembley. Several locations claim to have developed the first wave pool in the United States, including Big Surf in Tempe and Point Mallard Park in Decatur, which both opened in 1969; the first indoor wave pool in the United States opened in 1982 at the Bolingbrook Aquatic Center in Bolingbrook, Illinois. Wave pools replicate the movement of the ocean one of two ways, depending on the size of the pool and the size of wave desired. In small wave pools, pressurized air is blown onto the surface of the water, or a paddle creates force in the water, creating small ripple-like waves.
Other techniques utilize an "accordion mechanism" which opens and closes in order to suck water into its belly and push it out to cause waves. However, in high-volume wave pools, a large volume of water is allowed into the far end of the pool, forcing the water to out, generating a sizeable wave. In these large wave pools, the excess water is removed by being channeled through a return canal where it can be used again to generate another wave. Wave pools are designed to use fresh water at inland locations, but some of the largest ones, near other seashore developments, use salt water. Wave pools are larger than other recreational swimming pools and for that reason are in parks or other large, open areas. Wave pools are more difficult to lifeguard than still pools, there have been drownings in a few. For example, the original 8 foot deep Tidal Wave pool at New Jersey's re-opened Action Park cost three lives in the 1980s, kept the lifeguards busy rescuing patrons who overestimated their swimming ability.
On the first day they opened their wavepool, it is said that up to 100 people had to be pulled out. The moving water, sun glare, other factors make them difficult for lifeguards. Unlike passive pool safety camera systems, computer automated drowning detection systems do not work in wave pools. Aqualand in Corfu as "The Mediterranean" Kings Island in Mason, Ohio as "Great Barrier Reef" 36,000-square-foot ft2 and "Tidal Wave Bay" 42,000-square-foot. Noah's Ark Waterpark in Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin as "Big Kahuna" and "The Wave". World Waterpark in West Edmonton Mall, Alberta as "Blue Thunder". Largest indoor wave pool, 42,000-square-foot. Mount Olympus Water & Theme Park in Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin as "Poseidon's Rage". Splash Adventure in Bessemer, Alabama as "Kahuna Waves". Hurricane Harbor in Arlington, Texas Water World, Colorado as "Captain Jack's Wave Pool" and "Thunder Bay". Wild Water & Wheels in Surfside Beach, South Carolina as "Wipeout Wave Pool" Waves Leisure Centre, Australia Tropical Islands Resort in Halbe, Germany Ramayana Water Park in Pattaya, Thailand as "Double Wave Pool" with a 490 feet wide beach.
Whiterock Beach Hotel + Waterpark is the first wavepool in Subic Zambales. Bayocean in Oregon Bayocean, Oregon“”One notable attraction was a heated natatorium, complete with a wave generator and a special section for a band to play music to entertain the swimmers.“” Artificial wave Wave tank Carl Hoffman, "Endless summer", Wired 12.05 "How Wave Pools Work" @ Howstuffworks.com
San Martín de la Vega
San Martín de la Vega is a Spanish municipality located in Comarca de Las Vegas, Community of Madrid. It had a population of 19,656 in 2013, its church is dedicated to Natividad de Nuestra Señora. The Spanish Warner Bros. Park is located in its area. Es:San Martín de la Vega Web Oficial
Giant Inverted Boomerang
A Giant Inverted Boomerang is a type of steel shuttle roller coaster manufactured by Vekoma. The ride is a larger, inverted version of Vekoma's popular Boomerang sit down roller coasters; as of April 2019, five installations of the model are operating, with another one under construction Giant Inverted Boomerangs were slated to open for the start of the 2001 season at three Six Flags parks, sudden errors and malfunctions occurred during testing and caused the openings to be delayed. The first to open was Déjà Vu at Six Flags Magic Mountain on August 25, 2001. Déjà Vu at Six Flags Magic Mountain has since been removed and relocated to Six Flags New England as Goliath; this was followed by the opening of a further two Giant Inverted Boomerangs named Déjà Vu on September 1, 2001, at Six Flags Over Georgia and on October 7, 2001, at Six Flags Great America. The opening of the fourth Giant Inverted Boomerang was delayed more after the problems were discovered with the first three. Stunt Fall opened on August 2002, at Parque Warner Madrid.
In 2007, Six Flags announced the removal of Déjà Vu from both Six Flags Over Georgia and Six Flags Great America. They announced that the Six Flags Over Georgia ride would be replaced with a new themed area called Thomas Town. After the Six Flags Great America ride gave its last rides on October 28, 2007, it was removed and replaced with the Buccaneer Battle ride. In January 2008, Silverwood Theme Park in Idaho announced on its website that it would install the Déjà Vu from Six Flags Great America with a projected opening date of July that year, they announced Déjà Vu would operate as Aftershock. Before opening at its new location, the ride was overhauled by Vekoma in order to make the ride more reliable; the ride opened July 21, 2008. Rocky Mountain Construction, an Idaho-based manufacturing firm, assisted with the construction of the ride. In November 2009 it was announced that Mirabilandia in Brazil had purchased Six Flags Over Georgia's Déjà Vu; the ride is yet to open, but remains in storage at the park.
On August 16, 2011, Masslive reported that Six Flags New England was planning on building a Giant Inverted Boomerang for the park's 2012 season where the Shipwreck Falls attraction was located. On August 18, 2011, the ride was approved by the Agawam Planning Board, with the Los Angeles Times confirming one day that Déjà Vu from Six Flags Magic Mountain would be relocated to Six Flags New England and would begin operation under a new name in 2012. An official announcement from Six Flags representatives was made on September 1, 2011, confirming previous reports and announcing that the relocated ride's name would be Goliath. On October 16, 2011, Déjà Vu operated for the final time. At around the same time, Shipwreck Falls was removed from Six Flags New England to make way for Goliath. Goliath at Six Flags New England was topped off on February 29, 2012. Goliath opened to the public on May 25, 2012. In 2011, the first new Giant Inverted Boomerang since 2002 was constructed. Jinjiang Action Park opened the aptly named Giant Inverted Boomerang in September 2011.
In 2014, Sochi Park Adventureland opened another Giant Inverted Boomerang. The Giant Inverted Boomerang is a departure from Vekoma's earlier Boomerang designs; this model features a vertical cable lift hill that lifts the train up a vertical tower. This model is larger than previous Boomerang designs. From above, the track layout looks like an'X'; as a Giant Inverted Boomerang is a shuttle roller coaster, each installation only operates with a single train. Each of these trains has 8 cars, each utilising 4-across seating, similar to that on Bolliger & Mabillard's inverted roller coasters. However, the seats on Giant Inverted Boomerangs are "staggered" such that the outside seats are pushed back behind the middle two seats in each row. Train caters for a total of 32 riders. Goliath at Six Flags New England was set to feature new a train by Premier Rides; this train will have 4-across seating like that on Bolliger & Mabillard's inverted roller coasters. The new train design was chosen in an attempt to make the lines in the station less complicated to navigate and to give the ride a higher capacity.
The ride begins when the train backs out of the station and up the vertical lift, pulled by a catch car. Once reaching the top of the lift, with riders facing straight down, their legs dangling in the air, the train is released and zooms through the station heading into a 110-foot tall boomerang; this element contains two of the three inversions found on the ride going forward. After twisting through the Boomerang, riders go through a 102-foot tall vertical loop which crosses over the station and hit the second vertical tower of the ride. A catch car there pulls the train up the second vertical tower, this time with riders facing the sky. After the train reaches the top of the tower, it is released to cycle backward through the layout; the train goes through the station and heads up the first vertical lift again, where it is caught once more by the catch car and very lowered back into the station. Six Flags had ordered four Giant Inverted Boomerangs in 2001. However, following the installation of the 3 Déjà Vu coasters and the discovery of several problems, Six Flags allowed Vekoma to resolve these problems before installation of their fourth coaster, Stunt Fall.
Vekoma has since upgraded the original three rides to use this system. One problem was clearance between the track overhead. After th