The Pasadena Playhouse is a historic performing arts venue located 39 S. El Molino Avenue in Pasadena, United States; the 686-seat auditorium produces a variety of cultural and artistic events, professional shows, community engagements each year. Beginning around 1912, the period known as the Little Theatre Movement developed in cities and towns across the United States; the artistic community that founded the Pasadena Playhouse was started in 1916 when actor-director Gilmor Brown began producing a series of plays at a renovated burlesque theatre with his troupe "The Gilmore Brown Players". Brown established the Community Playhouse Association of Pasadena in 1917 that would become the Pasadena Playhouse Association, which necessitated a new venue for productions; the community theatre organization grew and in May 1924, the citizens of Pasadena raised funds to build a new theatre in the city center at 39 South El Molino Avenue. Completed in 1925, the theatre was designed in a Spanish Colonial Revival style by Pasadena artist and architect Elmer Grey, with a fire curtain painted by Pasadena artist Alson S. Clark.
Its non-professional, community beginnings and the tremendous amount of local support for the project led George Bernard Shaw to dub Pasadena "the Athens of the West", likening the enterprise to the ancient Festival Dionysia. The building, designed by Grey and built by the Winter Construction Co. drew the attention of the nation, bringing Southern California world premieres by authors such as Eugene O'Neill, William Saroyan, Noël Coward, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Tennessee Williams, as well as many English language premieres of significant Continental dramas; the Playhouse was recognized by the Legislature as the State Theatre of California in 1937. A school of theatre arts was established in the late 1920s that became an accredited college by 1937 training such notable talents as Raymond Burr, Victor Mature, Ernest Borgnine, Eleanor Parker, Charles Bronson, Ray Vasquez, Jamie Farr, Gene Hackman, Dustin Hoffman, Sally Struthers, others. During the school years, the Playhouse was active, having as many as five independent stages in operation at any given time, giving 306–322 performances annually on the main stage alone.
In order to provide housing for the many students, older homes along El Molino Avenue were modified to become dormitories. The varied staging capabilities offered by its five venues led the Playhouse to become one of the first companies in California to experiment with new theatrical forms such as theatre-in-the-round; the Playhouse built and operated one of the first television stations in Southern California. In addition to training the Air Force to use television and radio equipment, the Pasadena Playhouse supplied the majority of Southern California's early TV stations with the first trained technicians in the business. Due to changes in Actors' Equity Association laws, the opening of drama departments in many schools and universities across the country, the School of Theatre Arts shut down in 1969; that year, after the death of founding director Gilmor Brown, the theatre itself went bankrupt. After six years, the city bought the building in 1975 and transferred it to real estate developer David Houk.
After it lay dormant for 17 years, he relaunched the theatre in 1986 as a place to develop shows that would tour other California venues. While the Pasadena Playhouse reopened for use as a community theatre, the acting school remained closed. Over the next twenty years, the theatre staged classic drama, new musicals and plays, integrated itself as an educational facility regaining a prominent place in the national theatre scene to become a major operation of over eight million dollars a year by 2008. Regardless of continued recent critical acclaim of the Playhouse, despite its popular and ambitious season schedules, the theatre had a history of financial difficulties since its reopening in the 1980s. Saddled with millions of dollars' worth of debt from earlier unforeseen expenditures during the theatre's restoration, the Playhouse's operators struggled with balancing interest and loan repayments with increasing running costs. On January 29, 2010, the Los Angeles Times announced that, due to financial difficulties, the theatre would close on February 7 after its run of the musical Camelot and cancel the remaining 2010 season.
On May 11, 2010, the Pasadena Playhouse filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and announced an intention to restructure its operations to reduce its debt burden. After less than four months, on July 7, 2010, it emerged from bankruptcy after a multimillion-dollar anonymous matching fund contribution toward operating costs and judicially approved debt cancellation; the Pasadena Playhouse reduced paid staff to essential upper level administration, keeping the Artistic Director Sheldon Epps as coordinator for the rest of the planned consolidation. Director Epps announced through an interview with the LA Times that the shake-up was intended to put the theatre back on solid financial footing and ensure the Playhouse's survival into the future; the Playhouse released a tentative Fall/Winter season schedule including one new production of Dangerous Beauty slated for January 2011. Plans for a new extension and 400 seat venue designed pro bono by Frank Gehry, announced in 2007 but was never built.
A majority of the subscribers donated the rest of their season back to the theatre rather than requesting refunds, recusing the theatre of over a million dollars in possible financial liability. Epps has said that as the debt burden is lifted these steps will allow the theatre to and responsibly rebuild the company. On April 1, 2011 the Playhouse held a "Premiere Gala: Opening Night" to celebrate its newfound financial solvency and
The Friesian cross is a horse breed produced by crossbreeding the Friesian horse. The breeding of Friesian Crosses has become popular in the United States, with various registries being created to recognize certain specific crosses. Friesian crosses may be considered sport horses; some popular crosses include Friesians crossed with draft horses, Arabians, Paints, Saddlebreds and Tennessee Walkers Other crosses include Warmbloods and other sport horse types. Friesian Crosses can be type, or size, they tend to maintain some of the characteristics of the Friesian, inherit some of the flashier movement of the Friesian. They are popular for a variety of uses, including dressage and driving, as well as family and pleasure horses. Friesian Horse Society North American Friesian and Part-bred Registry with International UELN for the Friesian horse in North America Friesian Heritage Horse and Sporthorse International Friesian Heritage Horse and Sporthorse International Friesian Sport Horse Registry Friesian Sport Horse Registry Friesian Blood Horse Registry Friesian Blood Horse Registry American Friesian Association American Friesian Association International Georgian Grande Horse Registry International Georgian Grande Horse Registry Moriesian Horse Registry Moriesian Horse Registry International Warlander Society & Registry International Warlander Society & Registry Friewalker Registry Friewalker Registry
The United States Navy's Center for Information Warfare Training is one of eleven learning centers of Naval Education and Training Command, headquartered on Naval Technical Training Center Corry Station in Escambia County, Florida. It is responsible for the development of education and training policies for over 22,000 members of the Information Warfare Corps in the fields of cryptology and intelligence, along with the cyber realms of information operations and technology, computer systems and networks; the Center oversees the Center for Language, Regional Expertise and Culture. The Center administers about 200 courses across the globe to an average annual student count of 22,000 with a staff of nearly 1,300 military and contracted staff. All of CIWT's learning sites operate under one of four "schoolhouse commands, each which specializes in a different concentration; each schoolhouse operates independently of one another. Information Warfare Training Command Corry Station focuses on cryptologic technician and information systems technician enlisted “A” and “C” schools and cryptologic warfare and information professional officer courses.
Information Warfare Training Site Keesler - Spectrum Operations Apprentice Course and the Joint Task Force Spectrum Management CourseInformation Warfare Training Command Monterey specializes in training language training for Navy linguists, the special warfare community, Personnel Exchange Program, foreign area officers through Defense Language Institute, Presidio of Monterey, California Information Warfare Training Site Medina Information Warfare Training Site Fort MeadeInformation Warfare Training Command San Diego Information Warfare Training Site Hawaii Information Warfare Training Site Pacific Northwest Information Warfare Training Site YokosukaInformation Warfare Training Command Virginia Beach Information Warfare Training Site Groton - information technology "A" school Information Warfare Training Site Jacksonville -- electronic warfare & some afloat cryptologic training Information Warfare Training Site Kings Bay - advanced electronic systems courses Information Warfare Training Site Mayport - advanced network system managementIn addition, there are two CIWT sites that are not under another schoolhouse, report directly to CIWT: CIWT Detachment Goodfellow at Goodfellow Air Force Base and CIWT Detachment at Fort Gordon, Georgia.
The Center had been called the Center for Information Dominance. This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Navy document "Center for Information Warfare Training". Media related to Center for Information Dominance Corry Station at Wikimedia Commons