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Pascal (unit)

The pascal is the SI derived unit of pressure used to quantify internal pressure, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength. The unit, named after Blaise Pascal, is defined as one newton per square metre; the unit of measurement called. Common multiple units of the pascal are the hectopascal, equal to one millibar, the kilopascal, equal to one centibar. Meteorological forecasts report atmospheric pressure in hectopascals per the recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization. Forecasts in the United States use millibars, in Canada these reports are given in kilopascals; the unit is named after Blaise Pascal, noted for his contributions to hydrodynamics and hydrostatics, experiments with a barometer. The name pascal was adopted for the SI unit newton per square metre by the 14th General Conference on Weights and Measures in 1971; the pascal can be expressed using SI derived units, or alternatively SI base units, as: 1 P a = 1 N m 2 = 1 k g m ⋅ s 2 = 1 J m 3 where N is the newton, m is the metre, kg is the kilogram, s is the second, J is the joule.

One pascal is the pressure exerted by a force of magnitude one newton perpendicularly upon an area of one square metre. The unit of measurement called a standard atmosphere is 101325 Pa.. This value is used as a reference pressure and specified as such in some national and international standards, such as the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 2787, ISO 2533 and ISO 5024. In contrast, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry recommends the use of 100 kPa as a standard pressure when reporting the properties of substances. Unicode has dedicated code-points U+33A9 ㎩ SQUARE PA and U+33AA ㎪ SQUARE KPA in the CJK Compatibility block, but these exist only for backward-compatibility with some older ideographic character-sets and are therefore deprecated; the pascal or kilopascal as a unit of pressure measurement is used throughout the world and has replaced the pounds per square inch unit, except in some countries that still use the imperial measurement system or the US customary system, including the United States.

Geophysicists use the gigapascal in measuring or calculating tectonic stresses and pressures within the Earth. Medical elastography measures tissue stiffness non-invasively with ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging, displays the Young's modulus or shear modulus of tissue in kilopascals. In materials science and engineering, the pascal measures the stiffness, tensile strength and compressive strength of materials. In engineering use, because the pascal represents a small quantity, the megapascal is the preferred unit for these uses; the pascal is equivalent to the SI unit of energy density, the joule per cubic metre. This applies not only to the thermodynamics of pressurised gases, but to the energy density of electric and gravitational fields. In measurements of sound pressure or loudness of sound, one pascal is equal to 94 decibels sound pressure level; the quietest sound a human can hear, known as the threshold of hearing, is 20 µPa. The airtightness of buildings is measured at 50 Pa; the units of atmospheric pressure used in meteorology were the bar, close to the average air pressure on Earth, the millibar.

Since the introduction of SI units, meteorologists measure pressures in hectopascals unit, equal to 100 pascals or 1 millibar. Exceptions include Canada. In many other fields of science, prefixes that are a power of 1000 are preferred, which excludes the hectopascal from use. Many countries use millibars. In all other fields, the kilopascal is used instead. Atmospheric pressure which gives the usage of the hbar and the mbar Centimetre of water Meteorology Metric prefix Orders of magnitude Pascal's law Pressure measurement

Grigore Vieru

Grigore Vieru was a Moldovan poet and writer. He is known for his poems and books for children, his poetry is characterized by vivid natural scenery, patriotism, as well as a venerated image of the sacred mother. Vieru wrote in the Romanian language, he was born in Hotin County, at the time, part of Romania. His parents and Eudochia Vieru were engaged in farming. Vieru was married to Raisa Vieru since 1959, his first publishing debut was in a booklet of poems for children. The following year, Vieru graduated from the Ion Creangă Pedagogical State University in Chișinău with a degree in history and philology. In 1959, he became editor at the Nistru magazine, published by the Writers' Union of Moldova. From 1960 to 1963, he served as editor in chief of the "Cartea Moldovenească" publishing house. In 1967, Vieru's book "Poetry for Readers of All Ages" was awarded the Moldavian Prize for Youth Literature; the following year, his book "Your Name" became part of the contemporary literature curriculum in Moldavian universities.

He wrote another children's story/picture book "Bread and Dew" which features Doru, a 4 or 5-year-old boy who lives in Kishinew with his parents. Many moldavian composers were inspired by the poetry of Grigore Vieru, the poet himself is the author of a lot of melodies and since 1964 he began to collaborate with composer Yulia Tsibulskaya. In 1973 Vieru visited Romania for the first time, remarking In 1974 and 1977, invited by the president of the Romanian Writers' Union, Vieru visited Bucharest, Constanța, Iași, cities in Transylvania. In 1978, the "Junimea" publishing house printed "The Friday Star", Vieru's first work published in Romania. In 1989 he was elected member of Moldova's Parliament and campaigned for the unification of Romania and Moldova; the following year he was elected Honorary Member of the Romanian Academy. In 1992, the Romanian Academy recommended Vieru for the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1995, he became a member of the Board of the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company, in 1996 he won several Romanian literary awards.

In 2000, Vieru was awarded the "Eminescu" Medal by the Romanian government. Vieru died in a car accident in Chisinau on 16 January 2009. At the time, he was out with friends celebrating the birthday of Mihai Eminescu, a 19th-century Romanian poet, he died of his injuries two days and was buried on 20 January. It was estimated. Entire streets and boulevards in the capital city were shut down for that reason. Vieru's funeral was broadcast live by Teleradio Moldova. In 1996 he won several Romanian literary awards, in the same year on August 23rd, he won Order of the Republic; the Romanian president Traian Băsescu has posthumously awarded Grigore Vieru with the Order of the Star of Romania, Grand Cross. Testament – Anthology of Modern Romanian Verse / Testament - Antologie de Poezie Română Modernă – Bilingual Edition English & Romanian – Daniel Ionita with Eva Foster and Daniel Reynaud – Minerva Publishing 2012 and 2015 - ISBN 978-973-21-1006-5 Testament - Anthology of Romanian Verse - American Edition - monolingual English language edition - Daniel Ionita with Eva Foster, Daniel Reynaud and Rochelle Bews - Australian-Romanian Academy for Culture - 2017 - ISBN 978-0-9953502-0-5 The Bessarabia of My Soul / Basarabia Sufletului Meu - a collection of poetry from the Republic of Moldova - bilingual English/Romanian - Daniel Ionita and Maria Tonu, with Eva Foster, Daniel Reynaud and Rochelle Bews - MediaTon, Canada - 2018 - ISBN 978-1-7751837-9-2 Grigore Vieru – virtual monument A biography of Grigore Vieru The forest is beautiful with a flower on YouTube Christ is not to blame on YouTube

Stakkels Jim

Stakkels Jim is a studio album by Gasolin' and was released in November 1974. It was the second album to be produced by Roy Thomas Baker; the raw rock of Gasolin' 3 would on this record be replaced by a more polished and bombastic sound, for the first time strings would be incorporated. Stakkels Jim does not rock as hard as Gasolin' 3 and songs such as "Bingo" and "Perron'Gare du Nord' " are quite poppish. However, epic rock songs such as "Legenden om Josha og Ming" and the title song, based on the "Auld lang syne" melody, would be the blueprint for their next album, Gas 5. Stakkels Jim was recorded in Rosenberg Studio in Copenhagen with Freddy Hansson as sound engineer. From this album "Onkel'How Do You Do' " / "Johnny Lee" and "Bingo" / "Alla-Tin-Gala" were released as singles. Stakkels Jim was released in England with English lyrics as The Last Jim in November 1974. Stakkels Jim was released on cd in 1987 with Gasolin' 3, but due to lack of space "Legenden om Josha og Ming" and "Johnny Lee" were omitted.

In 1991 it was remastered for cd and it is included in The Black Box. "Alla-Tin-Gala" - 3:24 "Daddy-Ding-Dong" - 3:14 "Bingo" - 3:03 "Onkel'How Do You Do' " - 3:27 "Legenden om Josha og Ming" - 5:40 "Kap Farvel til Ümánarssuaq" - 3:38 "Perron'Gare du Nord' " - 2:46 "Damernes nar" - 3:14 "Johnny Lee" - 3:24 "Stakkels Jim" - 4:12 "The Last Jim" - 2:52Note: Mogens Mogensen co-wrote the lyrics with Gasolin'. Kim Larsen - vocals, guitar plus some bass and moog Franz Beckerlee - lead guitar, backup vocals Wili Jønsson - bass, backup vocals Søren Berlev - drums, backup vocals Produced by Roy Thomas Baker Engineered by Freddy Hansson Reorded and mixed during the fall of 1974 in Rosenberg Studio