Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles
Pacific Palisades is a coastal neighborhood in the Westside of the city of Los Angeles, located among Brentwood to the east and Topanga to the west, Santa Monica to the southeast, the Santa Monica Bay to the southwest, the Santa Monica Mountains to the north. It is about 9 miles northwest of the UCLA campus; the area has about 24,651 residents. Of those residents it is estimated that 11,799 are males and 12,852 are females, it is a residential area, with a mixture of large private homes, small houses and apartments. In 1911, film director Thomas Ince created his Western film factory, "Inceville", which at its peak employed nearly 600 people. A decade the Rev. Charles H. Scott and the Southern California Methodist Episcopal Church bought the land. Believers lived in tents during construction. By 1925, the Palisades had 100 homes. In one subdivision, streets were named for Methodist missionaries; the tents were replaced by cabins by bungalows, by multimillion-dollar homes. The climate of the area was a big selling point.
Temperatures are much cooler than inland Los Angeles during summer, but sunnier and less foggy than areas south along the coast. During their exile from Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 40s, many German and Austrian intellectuals and artists associated with the Exilliteratur settled in Pacific Palisades, including Thomas Mann at, Lion Feuchtwanger, Theodor W. Adorno, Vicki Baum, Oskar Homolka and Emil Ludwig. Villa Aurora on Paseo Miramar, the Spanish colonial home of Feuchtwanger and his wife, became the focal point of the expatriate community, nicknamed "Weimar by the Sea". For many decades there was a virtual ban on drinking alcohol in the district, a Chinese restaurant, House of Lee, held the only liquor license; the Methodist Church created a Chautauqua Conference Grounds in Temescal Canyon. The Presbyterian Synod purchased the property in 1943 and used it as a private retreat center until the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy purchased the property in 1994 to become Temescal Gateway Park.
The Via Mesa and The Huntington Palisades are the neighborhoods that border the "village" proper to the south of Sunset Boulevard, overlooking the ocean. The Via Mesa is located between Temescal Canyon on Potrero Canyon on the east. Both of these neighborhoods are within walking distance to The Village and sit upon high bluffs that look out over the Pacific Ocean; this area is home to the largest park of the Palisades: the 117-acre Palisades Park which has four baseball diamonds, eight tennis courts, two indoor basketball courts, a hockey rink, dog parks, a number of playgrounds. The El Medio Mesa is located south of Sunset Boulevard beginning about a quarter mile west of The Village, across Temescal Canyon – just past Palisades Charter High School; the El Medio Mesa extends for a long distance from Temescal Canyon all the way to where Sunset Boulevard meets the Pacific Coast Highway. As with The Via Bluffs and The Huntington Palisades, The El Medio Bluffs are located on a high ridge overlooking the Pacific Ocean.
Castellammare is located along the Pacific Coast Highway on small bluffs much closer to sea-level, north of where Sunset Boulevard meets the PCH. This is the home of the Getty Villa and the narrow, winding streets in this neighborhood have Italian names and ocean breezes. Palisades Highlands is a community near the end of Sunset Blvd. Bordering Topanga, about five minutes away from the center of Pacific Palisades; the Highlands could be considered its own separate community high up the hill overlooking the ocean, up Palisades Drive. Rustic Canyon is the neighborhood east of Chautauqua Boulevard that dips into Santa Monica Canyon and includes the Will Rogers State Historic Park; the neighborhood features post-war homes located on the former polo field of The Uplifters, the original site of The Uplifters clubhouse, "cabins" developed as second homes and weekend retreats. This area is known as Uplifter's Ranch; the Riviera is a Palisades neighborhood located two miles east of The Palisades Village and features The Riviera Country Club, a country club, streets named after various locations in the French and Italian Riviera.
The neighborhood is divided into south sections by Sunset Boulevard. It borders Brentwood; the Riviera Country Club hosts the Genesis Open on the PGA Tour in February. Riviera has hosted three major championships: the U. S. Open in 1948 and the PGA Championship in 1983 and 1995. Ben Hogan won three times in less than 18 months at the course, it became known as "Hogan's Alley." The country club will host golf during the 2028 Summer Olympics. In 2009, the Los Angeles Times's "Mapping L. A." project supplied these Pacific Palisades statistics: population: 25,507 residents in the 22.84-square-mile neighborhood—1,048 people per square mile, among the lowest population densities for the city and the county. Every Fourth of July, the community's Chamber of Commerce sponsors day-long events which include 5K and 10K runs, a parade down Sunset Boulevard, a fireworks display at Palisades High School football field; the district includes some large parklands and many hiking trails. The Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks operates several recreational faci
Baldwin Hills, Los Angeles
Baldwin Hills is a neighborhood within the South Los Angeles region of Los Angeles California. It is home to Village Green, a National Historic Landmark. Baldwin Hills is bounded by La Cienega Boulevard to the west, Crenshaw Boulevard to the east, Stocker Street to the south and Rodeo Road to the north with Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard forming the northeast dividing line between Baldwin Hills and Crenshaw Manor, it is bordered on the west by Culver City and it shares the eastern border of Crenshaw Boulevard with Leimert Park. The namesake mountain range is part of the neighborhood. Baldwin Hills and other surrounding geography are named for the famous 19th century horse racing and land development pioneer, Elias J. "Lucky" Baldwin. Ran historic early 19th century eastern hills Rancho land grant. Sanchez Adobe de Rancho La Cienega o Paso de la Tijera; the adobe was once the center of the rancho. In the 1920s, an addition was built linking the structures and the building was converted into a larger clubhouse for the Sunset Golf Course.
Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes: original early 19th century western section Rancho land grant. The 1932 Los Angeles Olympics housed athletes at the Olympic Village in Baldwin Hills, it was the site of the first Olympic Village built, for the 1932 Los Angeles Summer Olympic Games. Built for male athletes only, the village consisted of several hundred buildings, including post and telegraph offices, an amphitheater, a hospital, a fire department, a bank. Female athletes were housed at the Chapman Park Hotel on Wilshire Boulevard; the Olympic Village was demolished after the Summer Olympic Games. On December 14, 1963, a crack appeared in the Baldwin Hills Dam impounding the Baldwin Hills Reservoir. Within a few hours, water rushing through the crack eroded the earthen dam widening the crack until the dam failed catastrophically at 3:38 pm. Although the area had been evacuated after the crack had been discovered, several homes were destroyed, most of Baldwin Vista and the historic Village Green community were flooded.
The dam's failure was determined to be the result of subsidence, caused by overexploitation of the Inglewood Oil Field. The dam's failure prompted the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power to close and drain other small local reservoirs with similar designs, such as the Silver Lake Reservoir; the Baldwin Hills Dam was not rebuilt—instead, the empty reservoir was demolished, filled with earth and converted to Kenneth Hahn Regional Park. During the summer of 1985, a brush fire along La Brea Avenue spread up the canyon towards the homes along Don Carlos Drive in Baldwin Hills Estates. Many homes were destroyed despite the efforts of the Los Angeles Fire Department to suppress the flames; the fire destroyed 69 homes. Neighborhoods within Baldwin Hills include: Baldwin Hills Estates is locally known as "The Dons", because all but one street begins with the formal title of Los Angeles' original land holders; the oldest two streets in the Dons are Don Mariano Drive. Old maps show those streets with the names Maryann.
Susan B. Miller High School has called its student body The Dorsey Dons and Donnas after this neighborhood; the neighborhood is east of La Brea, southwest of Santo Tomas Drive, south of the Jim Gilliam Recreation Center and north of Stocker Street). It is sometimes called "the Black Beverly Hills"; the neighborhood is characterized by hillside houses with swimming pools, modern condominiums. Baldwin Vista is north of Coliseum Street and west of the major thoroughfare, La Brea Avenue, with smaller homes and a more secluded ambience. Village Green named Baldwin Hills Village and within Baldwin Vista, is a historic Mid-Century modern "garden city" developed by Walter H. Leimert multi-family residential, it was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 2001. The units are now condominiums on spacious grounds, attracting seniors, young families, design professionals as residents. Baldwin Village: since 1990 the city has promoted use of the official name "Baldwin Village"; the southernmost portion of Baldwin Hills is outside the Los Angeles City limits.
Along with View Park-Windsor Hills and Ladera Heights, it resides in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County. Stocker Street divides Baldwin Hills from the View Park neighborhood; the northeast face of the hills overlooks the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza shopping mall and Marlton Square's Kaiser Permanente medical office building. Baldwin Hills Scenic Overlook is located at 6300 Hetzler Road in Culver City, CA; the 8.5-acre park is open daily from 8 a.m. to sunset. The Visitor Center is open Thursday–Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. The park includes an amphitheater, drinking water, the Evan Frankel Discovery Center, gardening boxes, picnic tables, a permeable parking lot and walking paths with a central feature known as the Culver City Stairs; the Visitor Center has a comprehensive guide to the native plants of the area and history of Culver City. On a clear day the Overlook's platform offers exceptional views spanning the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Hollywood Sign to the north, downtown Los Angeles to the east.
Kenneth Hahn State Regional Park is located at 4100 South La Cienega Boulevard. It is a 401 acre recreation and sports area. Norman O Houston Park: is located at 4800 South La Brea Avenue. Jim Gilliam Park & Recreation Center is located at 4000 South La Brea Avenue, it is home to the Jim Gilliam Senior Citizen Center The Los Angeles Public Library operates the Baldwin Hills Branch Library. It is located at 2900 La Brea Avenue. Baldwin Hills is served by
Hyde Park, Los Angeles
Hyde Park is a neighborhood in the South region of Los Angeles, California. A separate city, it was incorporated into Los Angeles in 1923. Hyde Park is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the city of Los Angeles, it was "laid out as a town" in 1887 as a stop on the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway's Harbor Subdivision, which ran from Downtown Los Angeles to the port at Wilmington in a westward loop. It had its own government. However, on May 17, 1923, its 1.2 square miles was consolidated with the larger city of Los Angeles after a favorable vote by Hyde Park residents. The city of Hyde Park was bordered by 60th Street on the north, Van Ness on the east, Florence Avenue on the south, West Boulevard on the west. Hyde Park's street and other boundaries are: West Vernon Avenue on the north, South Van Ness Avenue on the east and the Los Angeles city boundary on the south and west. According to the Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times, Hyde Park touches Leimert Park on the north, Vermont Square on the northeast, Chesterfield Square on the east, Manchester Square on the southeast.
A total of 36,635 people lived in the neighborhood's 2.88 square miles, according to the 2000 U. S. census—averaging 12,700 people per square mile, about the same as the population density in the city as a whole. The median age was 31 about the same as the rest of the city. Within the neighborhood, African Americans comprise 66% of the population, with Latinos at 27.2%, White 3%. Mexico and El Salvador were the most common places of birth for the 19.5% of the residents who were born abroad, considered a low percentage of foreign-born when compared with the city or county as a whole. The median household income in 2008 dollars was $39,460, considered average for both the city and county; the percentage of households earning $20,000 or less was high, compared to the county at large. The average household size of 2.8 people was average. Renters occupied 53.3% of the housing units, homeowners occupied the rest. In 2000, there were 2,474 families headed by single parents, or 28.5%, a rate, high for the county and the city.
There were 2,237 veterans, or 8% of the population, considered high when compared with the city overall. The Van Ness Recreation Center is the only park in the Hyde Park neighborhood, it has an indoor gymnasium, barbecue pits, outdoor basketball courts and a baseball diamond. Hyde Park residents aged 25 and older holding a four-year degree amounted to 12.2% of the population in 2000, considered low when compared with the city and the county as a whole, but the percentages of residents aged 25 and older with a high school diploma and college bachelor's degree was considered high for the county. Schools within the Hyde Park boundaries are: Crenshaw Senior High School, LAUSD, 5010 11th Ave Alliance William and Carol Ouchi Academy High, LAUSD charter, 5356 South Fifth Avenue View Park Preparatory Accelerated High, LAUSD charter, 5701 South Crenshaw Boulevard Crenshaw Arts-Technology Charter High, LAUSD, 4120 11th Avenue Whitney Young Continuation, LAUSD, 3051 West 52nd Street Golden Day Schools, private K-12, 4508 Crenshaw Boulevard KIPP Academy of Opportunity, LAUSD charter middle, 7019 South Van Ness Avenue Today's Fresh Start Charter, LAUSD, 4514 Crenshaw Boulevard Angeles Mesa Elementary, LAUSD, 2611 West 52nd Street View Park Preparatory Accelerated Charter Middle, LAUSD, 5749 South Crenshaw Boulevard Marcus Garvey Elementary, private, 5760 Sixth Avenue Fifty-Ninth Street Elementary, LAUSD, 5939 Second Avenue YES Academy, LAUSD elementary, 3140 Hyde Park Boulevard Alliance Renee and Meyer Luskin Academy High School, 2941 70th Street Nipsey Hussle Hyde Park Branch of the Los Angeles Public Library Hyde Park crime map and statistics, Los Angeles Times
South Los Angeles
South Los Angeles is a region in southern Los Angeles County and lies within the city limits of Los Angeles, just south of downtown. According to the Los Angeles Times, South Los Angeles ”is defined on Los Angeles city maps as a 16-square-mile rectangle with two prongs at the south end.” In 2003, the Los Angeles City Council renamed this area "South Los Angeles". The name South Los Angeles can refer to a larger 51-square mile area that includes areas within the city limits of Los Angeles as well as five unicorporated neighborhoods in the southern portion of the County of Los Angeles; the City of Los Angeles delineates South Los Angeles as an area of 15.5 square miles. Adjacent neighborhoods include West Adams, Baldwin Hills, Leimert Park to the west and the Southeast Los Angeles region of the city on the east. According to the Los Angeles Times Mapping Project, South Los Angeles comprises 51 square miles, consisting of 25 neighborhoods within the City of Los Angeles as well as three unincorporated neighborhoods in the County of Los Angeles.
Google Maps delineates a similar area to the Los Angeles Times Mapping Project with notable differences on the western border. On the northwest, it omits a section of Los Angeles west of La Brea Avenue. On the southwest, it includes a section of the City of Inglewood north of Century Boulevard. According to the Mapping L. A. survey of the Los Angeles Times, the South Los Angeles region consists of the following neighborhoods: In 1880, the University of Southern California, in 1920, the Doheny Campus of Mount St. Mary's College, were founded in South Los Angeles; the 1932 and 1984 Olympic Games took place near the USC campus at neighboring Exposition Park, where the Los Angeles Coliseum is located. Until the 1920s, the South Los Angeles neighborhood of West Adams was one of the most desirable areas of the City; as the wealthy were building stately mansions in West Adams and Jefferson Park, the white working class was establishing itself in Crenshaw and Hyde Park. Affluent blacks moved into West Adams and Jefferson Park.
As construction along the Wilshire Boulevard corridor increased in the 1920s, the development of the city was drawn west of downtown and away from South Los Angeles. At the same time, the area of modest bungalows and low-rise commercial buildings along Central Avenue emerged as the heart of the black community in southern California, it had one of the first jazz scenes in the western U. S. with trombonist Kid Ory a prominent resident. Under racially restrictive covenants, blacks were allowed to own property only within the Main-Slauson-Alameda-Washington box and in Watts, as well as in small enclaves elsewhere in the city; the working- and middle-class blacks who poured into Los Angeles during the Great Depression and in search of jobs during World War II found themselves penned into what was becoming a overcrowded neighborhood. During the war, blacks faced such dire housing shortages that the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles built the all-black and Latino Pueblo Del Rio project, designed by Richard Neutra.
When the Supreme Court banned the legal enforcement of race-oriented restrictive covenants in 1948's Shelley v. Kraemer, blacks began to move into areas outside the overcrowded Slauson-Alameda-Washington-Main settlement area. For a time in the early 1950s, southern Los Angeles became the site of significant racial violence, with whites bombing, firing into, burning crosses on the lawns of homes purchased by black families south of Slauson. In an escalation of behavior that began in the 1920s, white gangs in nearby cities such as South Gate and Huntington Park accosted blacks who traveled through white areas; the black mutual protection clubs that formed in response to these assaults became the basis of the region's fearsome street gangs. As in most urban areas, 1950s freeway construction radically altered the geography of southern Los Angeles. Freeway routes tended to reinforce traditional segregation lines. Beginning in the 1970s, the rapid decline of the area's manufacturing base resulted in a loss of the jobs that had allowed skilled union workers to have a middle class life.
Downtown Los Angeles' service sector, which had long been dominated by unionized African Americans earning high wages, replaced most black workers with newly arrived Mexican and Central American immigrants. Widespread unemployment and street crime contributed to the rise of street gangs in South Central, such as the Crips and Bloods, they became more powerful with money from drugs the crack cocaine trade, dominated by gangs in the 1980s. By the early 2000s, the crime rate of South Los Angeles had declined significantly. Redevelopment, improved police patrol, community-based peace programs, gang intervention work, youth development organizations lowered the murder and crime rates to levels that had not been seen since the 1940s and'50s. South Los Angeles was still known for its gangs at the time. In mid 2003, the City of Los Angeles changed the region's name from South Central to South Los Angeles, a move supporters said would "help erase a stigma that has dogged the southern part of the city."On August 11, 2014, just two days after the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, a resident of South L.
A. Ezell Ford, described as "a mentally ill 25-year-old man," was fatally shot by two Los Angeles police officers. Since a number of protests focused on events in Ferguson have taken place in South Los Angeles. After the 2008 economic recession, housing prices in South Los Angeles recovered and by 2018, many had come to see South Los Angeles as a
Mayor of Los Angeles
The Mayor of the City of Los Angeles is the official head and chief executive officer of Los Angeles, United States. The officeholder is limited to serving no more than two terms. Under the Constitution of California, all judicial, school and city offices, including those of chartered cities, are nonpartisan. Eric Garcetti has been the city's 42nd and current mayor since 2013. California does not impose statewide term limits on school board members, but such limits can still be imposed on the local level. Los Angeles has a strong mayor–council form of government, giving the mayor the position of chief executive of the city; the mayor is given the authority to appoint general managers and commissioners, remove officials from city posts, is required to propose a budget each year. Most of the mayor's appointments and proposals are subject to approval by the Los Angeles City Council, but the mayor has the power of veto or approval of City Council legislation; the organization of the mayor's office changes with administration, but is always governed by a chief of staff, deputy chief of staff, director of communications, several deputy mayors.
Each mayor organizes his office into different offices containing the Los Angeles Housing Team, Los Angeles Business Team, International Trade Office, Mayor's Volunteer Corps, Office of Immigrant Affairs, among other divisions. The mayor has an office in the Los Angeles City Hall and resides at the Mayor's Mansion, Getty House, located in Windsor Square; as of 2017, the mayor received a salary of $248,141. The mayor is elected in citywide election. Elections follow a two-round system; the first round of the election is called the primary election. The candidate receiving a majority of the vote in the primary is elected outright. If no candidate receives a majority, the top two candidates advance to a runoff election, called the general election; the City Charter allows for write-in candidates for the primary election, but not for the runoff in the general election. The mayor is elected with a limit of two consecutive terms; the office of Mayor is nonpartisan by state law, although most mayoral candidates identify a party preference.
Elections for mayor were held in odd-numbered years from 1909 until 2013. In October 2014, the Los Angeles City Council recommended consolidating city elections with gubernatorial and presidential elections in even-numbered years in an effort to increase turnout. On March 3, 2015, voters passed a charter amendment to extend the term of the mayor elected in 2017 to five-and-a-half years. From 2022 and onward, mayoral elections will be consolidated with the statewide gubernatorial elections held every four years; the most recent election was held in March 2017. Incumbent mayor Eric Garcetti was re-elected for a second term. In the case of an office vacancy, the City Council has a choice to appoint a new mayor or to hold a special election; the replacement, if appointed, will serve until the next scheduled primary for a city general election. If any portion remains on the term, a special election will be held to elect a candidate to serve the remainder of the term; the mayor is subject to recall by registered voters if at least 15 percent of eligible voters sign a recall petition within 120 days of the first day of circulation.
If the petition is successful, a special election is held asking whether the incumbent should be removed and who among a list of candidates should replace the incumbent. If the recall is successful, the replacement candidate with the majority of votes succeeds the ousted incumbent. If no replacement candidate receives a majority of the votes, a special runoff election is held between the top two candidates; as of April 2019, 42 individuals have served as mayor of Los Angeles since its incorporation as a city in the state of California. Six individuals served non-consecutive terms, the first of which began in 1854 and the last of which ended in 1921; those who served non-consecutive terms are only counted once in the official count of mayoralties. Stephen Clark Foster was appointed as Mayor of Los Angeles in 1848 prior to California statehood and official incorporation of the city; the longest term was that of Tom Bradley, who served for 20 years over five terms prior to the establishment of successive term limits.
The shortest term, not counting city council presidents serving as acting mayor, was that of William Stephens, appointed to serve for less than two weeks after Arthur Cyprian Harper resigned from office. Two mayors died in office: Henry Mellus and Frederick A. MacDougall. Three Hispanics have served as mayor since incorporation: Antonio F. Coronel, Cristobal Aguilar, Antonio Villaraigosa. Many other Hispanics served as mayor prior to California joining the United States including Manuel Requena, who briefly served as acting mayor post-statehood in his role as city council president. Tom Bradley is the only African American to have served as mayor, but was the city's longest-serving mayor. Two French Canadians have served as mayor, including Damien Marchesseault, who served for three distinct periods, Prudent Beaudry; this list includes three Presidents of the City Council who served as Acting Mayor due to a vacancy in the office of the mayor but who were not appointed as mayor. The Council Presidents are not included in the count of mayors.
† Council presidents who temporarily served as acting mayor in case of a vacancy but were not appointed to the position are not included in the count of mayors. As of April 2019, three former Mayors of Los Angeles were alive, the oldest being Richard J. Riordan; the most recent mayor to die was Thomas Bradley, on September 29, 1998. History of Los Angeles T
Mar Vista, Los Angeles
Mar Vista is a residential and commercial neighborhood on the Westside of Los Angeles, California. It is the home of two private schools, a branch public library and a city park. According to the Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times, Mar Vista is adjoined on the northeast by Palms, on the east and south by Culver City, on the west by Venice and on the northwest by Santa Monica. Mar Vista's street and other boundaries are: the San Diego Freeway to the Culver City boundary at Venice Boulevard on the northeast, the Culver City line on the southeast, Walgrove Avenue on the southwest and the Santa Monica city boundary on the northwest; the northern apex of the Mar Vista neighborhood is at the San Diego Freeway and National Boulevard and the southern is at Washington Boulevard and Tivoli Avenue. The Zip Code for Mar Vista California is 90066. Relation of Mar Vista to nearby places, not contiguous: The 2000 U. S. census counted 35,492 residents in the 2.9-square-mile Mar Vista neighborhood—an average of 12,259 people per square mile, about the norm for Los Angeles.
The median age for residents was 35, considered the average for Los Angeles. The neighborhood was diverse ethnically, but the percentage of Asian people was high for the county; the breakdown was whites, 51.3%. Mexico and Korea were the most common places of birth for the 33.5% of the residents who were born abroad—considered an average figure for Los Angeles. The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was an average figure for Los Angeles; the average household size of 2.3 people was low for the county. Renters occupied 60.6% of the housing stock and house- or apartment owners held 39.4%. The percentages of never-married men, divorced men and divorced women were among the county's highest; the percentages of veterans who served during World War II or the Korean War were among the county's highest. Cameron Mcnall - Architect and maker of Surveillance Art Neil Denari - Architect Jennifer Steinkamp - Installation artist. Jimmy Fallon - host of Tonight show Belita Moreno- Actress, played Benita Lopez on the George Lopez show.
John Frusciante- musician, most notable for being the guitarist of The Red Hot Chili Peppers, who produced several solo albums, collaborated with other artists. Kevin Tenglin - writer William Basinski - avant-garde composer best known for his work The Disintegration Loops; the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services SPA 5 West Area Health Office serves Mar Vista. The Mar Vista Recreation Center has an auditorium, barbecue pits, an unlighted baseball diamond, lighted indoor basketball courts, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children's play area, an indoor gymnasium without weights, an outdoor roller hockey rink, an outdoor AstroTurf soccer field, picnic tables, a lighted tennis court, an outdoor pool and a lighted volleyball court; the Los Angeles Fire Department operates Station 62. Los Angeles Police Department operates the Pacific Division Police Station, serving the neighborhood; the Mar Vista Community Council is the city-sanctioned neighborhood council for Mar Vista and other small neighborhoods including Hilltop, North Westdale, others.
Forty-two percent of Mar Vista residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a high figure for both the city and the county. The percentages of residents of that age with a bachelor's degree or a master's degree were considered high for the county; the schools within Mar Vista are as follows: Windward School, private high school, 11350 Palms Boulevard. Accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, Windward was founded by writer/teacher Shirley Windward in 1971; the school enrolls 540 students in grades 7 through 12 Mar Vista Elementary School, LAUSD, 3330 Granville Avenue Walgrove Avenue Elementary School, LAUSD, 1630 Walgrove Avenue Beethoven Street Elementary School, LAUSD, 3711 Beethoven Street Mark Twain Middle School, LAUSD, 2224 Walgrove Avenue James J. McBride Special Education Center, LAUSD, 3960 Centinela Avenue Venice Senior High School, LAUSD, 13000 Venice Boulevard, established in 1910 when classes were held in an old lagoon bathhouse two blocks from the beach.
It moved to a new neo-romanesque structure at its present location a decade later. Venice Community Adult School, LAUSD, 13000 Venice Boulevard Phoenix Continuation School, LAUSD, 12971 Zanja Street Grand View Boulevard Elementary School, LAUSD, Summit View / Westside, private, 12101 Washington Boulevard Wildwood School, private K-12, 12201 Washington Boulevard. At the elementary school, Wildwood incorporates multi-age primary classes. For kindergarten and first grade, students learn together in "Pods". There are four pods, each pod contains children mixed together in small class size; the reasoning behind this is that the older children can influence and lead the younger children, starting at a young age. As of 2014 the Wiseburn School District allows parents in Mar Vista to send their children to Wiseburn schools on inter-district transfers. Los Angeles Public Library operates the Mar Vista Branch. Mapping L. A. - Mar Vista
Los Angeles International Airport
Los Angeles International Airport, locally referred to as LAX, is the primary international airport serving Los Angeles, California. LAX is in the Westchester district of the city of Los Angeles, California, 18 miles southwest of Downtown Los Angeles, with the commercial and residential areas of Westchester to the north, the city of El Segundo to the south and the city of Inglewood to the east. Owned and operated by Los Angeles World Airports, an agency of the government of Los Angeles known as the Department of Airports, the airport has over 3,500 acres of land, LAX has four parallel runways. In 2018, LAX handled 87,534,384 passengers, making it the world's fourth busiest and the United States' second busiest airport following Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport; as the largest and busiest international airport on the U. S. West Coast, LAX is a major international gateway to the United States, serves a connection point for passengers traveling internationally; the airport holds the record for the world's busiest origin and destination airport, since relative to other airports, many more travelers begin or end their trips in Los Angeles than use it as a connection.
It is the only airport to rank among the top five U. S. airports for both passenger and cargo traffic. LAX serves as a hub or focus city for more passenger airlines than any other airport in the United States, it is the only airport that four U. S. legacy carriers have designated as a hub and is a focus city for Air New Zealand, Allegiant Air, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Southwest Airlines, Volaris. While LAX is the busiest airport in the Greater Los Angeles Area, several other airports, including Hollywood Burbank Airport, John Wayne Airport, Long Beach Airport, as well as Ontario International Airport serve the area. In 1928, the Los Angeles City Council selected 640 acres in the southern part of Westchester for a new airport; the fields of wheat and lima beans were converted into dirt landing strips without any terminal buildings. It was named Mines Field for the real estate agent who arranged the deal; the first structure, Hangar No. 1, is in the National Register of Historic Places. Mines Field opened as the airport of Los Angeles in 1930 and the city purchased it to be a municipal airfield in 1937.
The name became Los Angeles Airport in 1941 and Los Angeles International Airport in 1949. In the 1930s the main airline airports were Burbank Airport in Burbank and the Grand Central Airport in Glendale. Mines Field did not extend west of Sepulveda Boulevard. A tunnel was completed in 1953 allowing Sepulveda Boulevard to revert to straight and pass beneath the two runways. For the next few years the two runways were 8,500 feet long. Before the 1930s, existing airports used a two-letter abbreviation based on the weather stations at the airports. At that time, "LA" served as the designation for Los Angeles Airport, but with the rapid growth in the aviation industry the designations expanded to three letters c. 1947, "LA" became "LAX." The letter "X" has no specific meaning in this identifier. "LAX" is used for the Port of Los Angeles in San Pedro and by Amtrak for Union Station in downtown Los Angeles. The "Imperial Hill" area in El Segundo is a prime location for aircraft spotting for takeoffs. Part of the Imperial Hill area has been set aside as Clutter's Park.
Another popular spotting location sits under the final approach for runways 24 L&R on a lawn next to the Westchester In-N-Out Burger on Sepulveda Boulevard. This is one of the few remaining locations in Southern California from which spotters may watch such a wide variety of low-flying commercial airliners from directly underneath a flight path. At 12:51 p.m. on Friday, September 21, 2012, a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft carrying the Space Shuttle Endeavour landed at LAX on runway 25L. An estimated 10,000 people saw the shuttle land. Interstate 105 was backed up for miles at a standstill. Imperial Highway was shut down for spectators, it was taken off the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, a modified Boeing 747, was moved to a United Airlines hangar. The shuttle spent about a month in the hangar while it was prepared to be transported to the California Science Center; the distinctive white googie Theme Building, designed by Pereira & Luckman architect Paul Williams and constructed in 1961 by Robert E. McKee Construction Co. resembles a flying saucer that has landed on its four legs.
A restaurant with a sweeping view of the airport is suspended beneath two arches. The Los Angeles City Council designated the building a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1992. A $4 million renovation, with retro-futuristic interior and electric lighting designed by Walt Disney Imagineering, was completed before the Encounter Restaurant opened there in 1997. Visitors are able to take the elevator up to the roof of the "Theme Building", which closed after the September 11, 2001 attacks for security reasons and reopened to the public on weekends beginning on July 10, 2010. Additionally, a memorial to the victims of the 9/11 attacks is located on the grounds, as three of the f