The New Exploits of Elaine
The New Exploits of Elaine is a 1915 American action film serial directed by Louis J. Gasnier, Leopold Wharton and Theodore Wharton. It is presumed to be lost, Pearl White as Elaine Dodge Creighton Hale as Walter Jameson Arnold Daly as Detective Craig Kennedy Edwin Arden as Wu Fang. Wu Fang appeared in several Pearl White serials, the name was based on a Chinese diplomat. Wu Ting Fang was a Chinese diplomat in Washington and wrote America and this was published less than a year before Arthur B. Long Sin, the Yellow Peril character from the first serial, became just an agent of Wu Fang in this serial
The Shielding Shadow
The Shielding Shadow is a 1916 American action film serial directed by Louis J. Gasnier and Donald MacKenzie. The 15 chapter story involves the heroine being protected by a shadow with burning eyes, theres a cloak of invisibility, some hypnotism and a giant octopus added to the mix. As Judexs release was delayed because of World War I, The Shielding Shadow was distributed in the United States before Judex, the Gaumont production, managed to be released in France before The Shielding Shadow. Both films appear to have been inspirations for the American pulp character The Shadow, the Shielding Shadow at the Internet Movie Database
Fort Lee, New Jersey
Fort Lee is a borough at the eastern border of Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, in the New York City Metropolitan Area, situated atop the Hudson Palisades. The borough is the terminus of the George Washington Bridge and is located across the Hudson River from the Manhattan borough of New York City. Named for the site of an early American Revolutionary War military encampment, according to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.888 square miles, including 2.541 square miles of land and 0.347 square miles of water. The borough is situated atop the escarpment of the Hudson Palisades on the peninsula between the Hackensack and Hudson rivers, the borough is bisected by the confluence of roads at GWB Plaza leading to the George Washington Bridge. Unincorporated communities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Coytesville, the borough borders Cliffside Park, Englewood, Englewood Cliffs, Palisades Park, Ridgefield. and the Washington Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan.
It was during Washingtons retreat in November 1776 that Thomas Paine composed his pamphlet, The American Crisis and these events are recalled at Monument Park and Fort Lee Historic Park. Fort Lee was formed by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 29,1904, with the creation of Fort Lee, Ridgefield Township became defunct and was dissolved as of March 29,1904. The Fort Lee Police Department was formed under borough ordinance on August 9,1904, the history of cinema in the United States can trace its roots to the East Coast where, at one time, Fort Lee was the motion picture capital of America. The industry got its start at the end of the 19th century with the construction of Thomas Edisons Black Maria, in 1909, a forerunner of Universal Studios, the Champion Film Company, built the first studio. They were quickly followed by others who either built new studios or who leased facilities in Fort Lee, such notables as Mary Pickford got their start at Biograph Studios. With the offshoot businesses that sprang up to service, the film studios, just as the development of Fort Lee production facilities were gaining strength, Nestor Studios of Bayonne, New Jersey, built the first studio in Hollywood in 1911.
Californias more hospitable and cost-effective climate led to the shift of virtually all filmmaking to the West Coast by the 1930s. At the time, Thomas Edison owned almost all the relevant to motion picture production. Television and film in New Jersey remains an important industry, since 2000, the Fort Lee Film Commission has been charged with celebrating the history of film in Fort Lee, as well as attracting film and television production companies to the borough. In 1957, market researcher James Vicary claimed that quickly flashing messages on a screen, in Fort Lee, had influenced people to purchase more food. Vicary coined the term subliminal advertising and formed the Subliminal Projection Company based on a six-week test, Vicary claimed that during the presentation of the movie Picnic he used a tachistoscope to project the words Drink Coca-Cola and Hungry. Eat popcorn for 1/3000 of a second at five-second intervals, Vicary asserted that during the test, sales of popcorn and Coke in that New Jersey theater increased 57. 8% and 18. 1% respectively.
In 1962, Vicary admitted to lying about the experiment and falsifying the results, an identical experiment conducted by Henry Link showed no increase in cola or popcorn sales
Alan Hale Sr.
Alan Hale Sr. Hale was born Rufus Edward Mackahan in Washington, D. C. He studied to be a singer and had success as an inventor. Among his innovations were a sliding theater chair, the fire extinguisher. His first film role was in the 1911 silent movie The Cowboy, Hale played Hugh ONeill, Earl of Tyrone, in The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex, featuring in a pivotal confrontation with the Earl of Essex, portrayed by Flynn. Hale directed eight movies during the 1920s and 1930s and acted in 235 theatrical films, hales wife of over thirty years was Gretchen Hartman, a child actress and silent film player and mother of their three children. He was the father of actor Alan Hale Jr. best known as the Skipper on televisions Gilligans Island and son closely resembled one another, leading to occasional confusion after Hale Sr. s death when Hale Jr. dropped the Jr. from his name. In what may have been, in the instance, stunt casting, Hale Sr. Alan Hale Sr. played the character in 1939s Man in the Iron Mask, Alan Hale Sr.
died in Hollywood, California on January 22,1950, following a liver ailment and viral infection. He is interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, Alan Hale Sr. at the Internet Movie Database Alan Hale Sr. at the Internet Broadway Database Alan Hale Sr. at Find a Grave
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph Patrick Joe Kennedy Sr. was an American businessman and politician known for his high-profile positions in United States politics. Kennedy was married to Rose Kennedy, three of their nine children attained distinguished political positions, President John F. Kennedy, Attorney General and Senator Robert F. Kennedy, and longtime Senator Edward M. Ted Kennedy. He was a member of the Democratic Party and of the Irish Catholic community. He was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to be the first chairman of the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission, and directed the Maritime Commission. Kennedy served as the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1938 until late 1940, in the 1920s Kennedy made huge profits from reorganizing and refinancing several Hollywood studios, ultimately merging several acquisitions into Radio-Keith-Orpheum studios. His company, Somerset Importers, became the exclusive American agent for Gordons Gin, in addition, Kennedy purchased spirits-importation rights from Schenley Industries, a firm in Canada.
He owned the largest office building in the country, Chicagos Merchandise Mart, giving his family an important base in that city, Kennedy allowed surgeons to perform a lobotomy on his daughter Rosemary Kennedy in 1941. Various reasons for the operation have been given, but it left her permanently incapacitated, Kennedy resigned under pressure shortly afterwards. In years, Kennedy worked behind the scenes to continue building the financial and political fortunes of the Kennedy family, after a disabling stroke in 1961, Kennedy developed aphasia and lost all power of speech, but remained mentally intact. He was confined to a wheelchair until his death in 1969, Joseph Patrick Kennedy was born in Boston, Massachusetts. He was the son of businessman and politician Patrick Joseph P. J. Kennedy. He had a younger brother Francis, and two sisters and Margaret. All four of Joes grandparents had immigrated to Massachusetts in the 1840s to escape the Irish famine and he was born into a highly sectarian society, where Irish Catholics were excluded by upper-class Boston Brahmins.
Boston Irish thus became active in the Democratic Party, which included P. J. P. J. Kennedy followed in the footsteps of older cousins by attending Harvard College. He focused on becoming a leader, working energetically to gain admittance to the prestigious Hasty Pudding Club. While at Harvard he joined the Delta Upsilon International fraternity and played on the baseball team, in 1937, he received an honorary degree in Doctor of Laws from Oglethorpe University. On October 7,1914, Kennedy married Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald, honey Fitz Fitzgerald and Mary Josephine Josie Hannon. The marriage joined two of the citys most prominent political families, as Kennedys business success expanded, he and his family kept homes in the Boston area, suburban New York City, Hyannis Port and Palm Beach, Florida
The Perils of Pauline (1914 serial)
The Perils of Pauline is a 1914 American melodrama film serial shown in weekly installments, featuring Pearl White as the title character. Pauline has often cited as a famous example of a damsel in distress, although some analyses hold that her character was more resourceful. Pauline is menaced by assorted villains, including pirates and Indians, although each episode placed Pauline in a situation that looked sure to result in her imminent death, the end of each installment showed how she was rescued or otherwise escaped the danger. Despite popular associations, Pauline was never tied to railroad tracks in the series, the serial had 20 episodes, the first being three reels, and the rest two reels each. After the original run, it was reshown in theaters a number of times, sometimes in edited, shortened versions, The Perils of Pauline is known to exist only in a shortened 9-chapter version, released in Europe in 1916. In 2008 The Perils of Pauline was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry, as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.
The premise of the story was that Paulines wealthy guardian Mr. Marvin, upon his death, has left her inheritance in the care of his secretary, Mr. Koerner, until the time of her marriage. Pauline wants to wait a while before marrying, as her dream is to go out and have adventures to prepare herself for becoming an author. Mr. Koerner, hoping to keep the money for himself. William Randolph Hearst was involved in plot development and he was present at the premiere at Loews Broadway Theatre, on 23 March 1914. According to The Truth About Pearl White by Wallace E. Davis, E. A. McManus, head of the Hearst-Vitagraph service organization, was the person who proved how successful a serial could be. George B. Seitz tried to follow the pattern of The Adventures of Kathlyn. After retiring from law enforcement, former FBI Director William J, the Whartons adapted Flynns experiences into a 20-part spy thriller titled The Eagles Eye, starring Baggot. Surviving chapters of Pauline are noteworthy for their unintentionally funny title cards and dialogue captions, filled with misspellings, poor punctuation, terrible grammar and this happened when Pathé, the theatrical distributor, exported the film to France.
The film was recut and adapted for use, and all of the printed captions were translated into French. Later, when the American home-movie industry beckoned, the original English titles had been scrapped and these errors have been blamed on Louis J. Gasnier and supervisor of the production. Gasnier, as explained by Crane Wilbur, made linguistic mistakes that confused the French-speaking crew, in either case, current prints of The Perils of Pauline contain these badly re-translated title cards. Thus, in The Pirates Treasure, Pauline detects a time-bomb and says, in the same episode, she spies one of the quaint locals and observes, Here is an original old man
Ruth Roland was an American stage and film actress and film producer. Ruth Roland was born in San Francisco and her father managed a theatre, and she became a child actress who went on to work in vaudeville. She was hired by director Sidney Olcott who had seen her on stage in New York City and she appeared in her first film for Kalem Studios in 1909 and along with actress Gene Gauntier was soon billed as a Kalem Girl. She eventually was sent to Kalems West Coast studio, where she was the leading actress, aged 12, she was the youngest student at Hollywood High School, having attended the school around 1904 or 1905. Roland was Hollywood High Schools first homegrown movie star, Roland left Kalem and went on to even more fame at Balboa Films, where she was under contract from 1914–1917. In 1915 she appeared in a 14-episode adventure film serial titled The Red Circle, a shrewd businessperson, she established her own production company and signed a distribution deal with Pathé to make six new multi-episode serials that proved very successful.
Between 1909 and 1927, Roland appeared in more than 200 films and she appeared in an early color feature film Cupid Angling made in the Natural Color process invented by Leon F. Douglass, and filmed in the Lake Lagunitas area of Marin County, California. Roland worked the business until 1930 when she made her first talkie. Although her voice worked well enough on screen, now entering her forties she returned to performing in theatre, making only one more film appearance. Roland was married to Lionel T, in 1929 she married fellow actor Ben Bard, who had a stage acting background, and who ran a Hollywood acting school after they married. They were together until the end of Rolands life, Ruth Roland died of cancer in 1937, aged 45, in Hollywood and is interred near her husband, Ben Bard in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. For her contribution to the picture industry, Ruth Roland received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6220 Hollywood Boulevard on February 8,1960