Patras is Greece's third-largest city and the regional capital of Western Greece, in the northern Peloponnese, 215 km west of Athens. The city is built at the foot of Mount Panachaikon. According to the results of the 2011 census, Patras had a population of 167,446, while the municipality had 213,984 inhabitants; the core settlement has a history spanning four millennia. In the Roman period, it had become a cosmopolitan center of the eastern Mediterranean whilst, according to the Christian tradition, it was the place of Saint Andrew's martyrdom. Dubbed as Greece's Gate to the West, Patras is a commercial hub, while its busy port is a nodal point for trade and communication with Italy and the rest of Western Europe; the city has two public universities and one technological institute, hosting a large student population and rendering Patras an important scientific centre with a field of excellence in technological education. The Rio-Antirio Bridge connects Patras' easternmost suburb of Rio to the town of Antirrio, connecting the Peloponnese peninsula with mainland Greece.
Every year, in February, the city hosts one of Europe's largest carnivals. Notable features of the Patras Carnival include its mammoth satirical floats and balls and parades, enjoyed by hundreds of thousands of visitors in a Mediterranean climate. Patras is famous for supporting an indigenous cultural scene active in the performing arts and modern urban literature, it was European Capital of Culture in 2006. Patras is 215 km west of Athens by road, 94 km northeast of Pyrgos, 7 kilometres south of Rio, 134 km west of Corinth, 77 km northwest of Kalavryta and 144 km northwest of Tripoli. A central feature of the urban geography of Patras is its division into lower sections; this is the result of an interplay between natural geography and human settlement patterns. It is built on what was a bed of river soils and dried-up swamps; the older upper section covers the area of the pre-modern settlement, around the Fortress, on what is the last elevation of Mount Panachaikon before the Gulf of Patras. The largest river in the area is the Glafkos.
Glafkos springs in Mount Panachaikon and its water is, since 1925, collected in a small mountainous reservoir-dam near the village of Souli and subsequently pumped in order to provide energy for the country's first hydroelectric plant. Other smaller streams are Charadros, Kallinaos and the mountain torrent Diakoniaris. Patras has a Mediterranean climate, it features the typical mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers, with spring and autumn being pleasant transitional seasons. Autumn in Patras, however, is wetter than spring. Of great importance for the biological diversity of the area and the preservation of its climate is the swamp of Agyia, a small and coastal aquatic ecosystem of only 30 ha, north of the city centre; the main features of this wetland are its apparent survival difficulty, being at the heart of a densely populated urban centre that features a arid climate and its admittedly high level of biodiversity, with over 90 species of birds being observed until the early 1990s, according to a study by the Patras Bureau of the Hellenic Ornithological Society.
The first traces of settlement in Patras date to as early as the third millennium BC, in the area of modern Aroe. Patras flourished for the first time in the Mycenean period. Ancient Patras was formed by the unification of three Mycenaean villages in modern Aroe. Mythology has it that after the Dorian invasion, a group of Achaeans from Laconia led by the eponymous Patreus established a colony. In antiquity Patras remained a farming city, it was in Roman times. After 280 BC and prior to the Roman occupation of Greece, Patras played a significant role in the foundation of the second "Achaean League", along with the cities of Dyme and Pharai. On, following the Roman occupation of Greece in 146 BC, Patras played a key role, Augustus refounded the city as a Roman colony in the area. In addition, Patras has been a Christian centre since the early days of Christianity, it is the city where Saint Andrew was crucified. In the Byzantine era Patras continued to be an important port as well as an industrial centre.
One of the most scholarly philosophers and theologians of the time, Arethas of Caesarea was born at Patrae, at around 860. By the 9th century, there are strong signs the city was prosperous: the widow Danielis from Patras had accumulated immense wealth in land ownership, the carpet and textile industry, offered critical support in the ascent of Basil I the Macedonian to the Byzantine throne. In 1205 the city was captured by William of Champlitte and Villehardouin, became a part of the principality of Achaea, it became the seat of the Barony of Patras, its Latin archbishop primate of the principality. In 1408, Patras became Venetian, until it was recaptured in 1430 by the Despotate of Morea and its despot Constantine Palaiologos, who thus succeeded in recovering for the Byzantine Empire the whole of the Morea, apart from Venetian possessions; the administration of Patras was given to George Sphrantzes, while Constantine was con
Magnus Retsius Grødem is a Norwegian footballer who plays as a winger for Danish 1st Division club Vejle Boldklub. Born in 1998, Grødem started his football career with Bryne FK youth team. In 2015, Grødem was called up for Bryne FK first team. On 6 April 2015, Grødem made his Norwegian First Division debut against Nest-Sotra Fotball at Bryne Stadion, replacing Robert Undheim at the 87th minute by coach Gaute Larsen. On 5 July 2015, Grødem scored his first goal in senior team against Fredrikstad FK at the 90+2nd minute. Grødem played 32 games and scored six goals in league from April 2015 to August 2016. On 17 August 2016, Grødem moved to Vålerenga Fotball. On 7 November 2016, Grødem made his professional league debut in Tippeligaen against Viking FK at Viking Stadion. Grødem scored a goal at 90th minute; the game finished. On 27 August 2019, Grødem joined Danish 1st Division club Vejle Boldklub on a contract until June 2023, he got shirt number 8. As of 1 October 2018
The San Diego Daily Transcript known as The Daily Transcript, is an online newspaper covering business news in and around San Diego, California. Its print origins date to 1882; the original publisher was one William Burgess. It was considered official newspaper of record for the City of San Diego, which would lead to its having a "bid board" where public notice would be printed of government contract work; as a consequence, the Daily Transcript became, in the words of one account of its history, "the business community's go-to publication for industry news and listings." By 2004, some 2.8 million copies were printed over the course of each year. It was one of the first newspapers to have an online presence, the San Diego Source, launched in 1994 and existed for two decades. By the mid-2010s the paper had 6,000 paying web subscribers as compared to 1,500 subscribers to the print edition, but times were tough all over for newspapers – evenmoreso in this case because the online posting of government bid information took away much of its readership – and in 2015 the Daily Transcript was scheduled to close.
Instead, parts of it were bought by the Los Angeles-based Daily Journal Corporation, carried on in a lesser way in an online form, but the original San Diego Source online entity was not part of the deal. Daily Transcript website San Diego Source archive website 125 years of The Daily Transcript timeline