SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Patrick Stewart

Sir Patrick Stewart is an English actor and producer whose work has included roles on stage and film, in a career spanning seven decades. He has been nominated for Olivier, Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, Saturn Awards. Beginning his career with a long run with the Royal Shakespeare Company, Stewart received the 1979 Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role for his performance in Antony and Cleopatra in the West End. Stewart's first major screen roles were in BBC-broadcast television productions during the mid-late 1970s, including Hedda, the I, Claudius miniseries. From the 1980s onward, Stewart began working in American television and film, with prominent leading roles such as Captain Jean-Luc Picard in Star Trek: The Next Generation, its subsequent films, 2020's Star Trek: Picard. Having remained with the Royal Shakespeare Company, in 2008 Stewart played King Claudius in Hamlet in the West End and won a second Olivier Award. In 1993, TV Guide named Stewart the Best Dramatic Television Actor of the 1980s.

He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on 16 December 1996. In 2010, Stewart was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for services to drama. Patrick Stewart was born on 13 July 1940 in Mirfield, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, to Gladys, a weaver and textile worker, Alfred Stewart, a regimental sergeant major in the British Army, he has two older brothers and Trevor. His parents did not give him a middle name, but he used the middle name "Hewes" professionally for a while in the 1980s. Stewart grew up in a poor household with domestic violence from his father, an experience which influenced his political and ideological beliefs, he spent much of his childhood in Jarrow. Stewart's father served with the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry and was regimental sergeant major of the 2nd Battalion, Parachute Regiment during the Second World War, having worked as a general labourer and as a postman; as a result of his wartime experience during the Dunkirk evacuation, his father suffered from what was known as combat fatigue.

In a 2008 interview, Stewart said, "My father was a potent individual, a powerful man, who got what he wanted. It was said, it was many years before I realised how my father inserted himself into my work. I've grown a moustache for Macbeth. My father didn't have one, but when I looked in the mirror just before I went on stage I saw my father's face staring straight back at me."Stewart attended Crowlees Church of England Junior and Infants School. He attributes his acting career to his English teacher, Cecil Dormand, who "put a copy of Shakespeare in my hand said,'Now get up on your feet and perform." In 1951, aged 11, he entered Mirfield Secondary Modern School. Around the same time he met the actor Brian Blessed at a Mytholmroyd drama course, the two have been friends since. At the age of 15, Stewart increased his participation in local theatre, he gained a job as a newspaper reporter and obituary writer at the Mirfield & District Reporter, but after a year his employer gave him an ultimatum to choose acting or journalism, he left the job.

His brother tells the story that Stewart had been attending rehearsals during work time and inventing the stories he reported. Stewart trained as a boxer. Stewart reported. Both Stewart and his friend Blessed received grants to attend the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School. Following a period with Manchester's Library Theatre, he became a member of the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1966, remaining with them until 1982, he was an associate artist of the company in 1968. He appeared with actors such as Ian Richardson. In January 1967, he made his debut TV appearance on Coronation Street as a fire officer. In 1969, he had a brief TV cameo role as Horatio, opposite Ian Richardson's Hamlet, in a performance of the gravedigger scene as part of episode six of Sir Kenneth Clark's Civilisation television series, he made his Broadway debut as Snout in Peter Brook's legendary production of A Midsummer Night's Dream moved to the Royal National Theatre in the early 1980s. Over the years, Stewart took roles in many major television series without becoming a household name.

He appeared as Vladimir Lenin in Fall of Eagles. He took the romantic male lead in the 1975 BBC adaptation of Elizabeth Gaskell's North and South, he took the lead, playing psychiatric consultant Dr Edward Roebuck in BBC's Maybury in 1981. Stewart continued to play minor roles in films, such as King Leondegrance in John Boorman's Excalibur, the character Gurney Halleck in David Lynch's Dune and Dr. Armstrong in Tobe Hooper's Lifeforce. Stewart preferred classical theatre to other genres, asking Doctor Who actress Lalla Ward why she would work in science fiction or on television. In 1987, he nonetheless agreed to work in Hollywood on a revival of an old science-fiction television show, after Robert H. Justman saw him while attending a literary reading at UCLA. Stewart knew nothing about Star Trek, or its iconic status in American culture, he was reluctant to sign the standard contr

Al Oliver

Albert Oliver Jr. is an American former professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as an outfielder and first baseman from 1968 through 1985, most notably as a member of the Pittsburgh Pirates teams that won five National League Eastern Division titles in six years between 1970 and 1975 and, won the World Series in 1971. A seven-time All-Star, Oliver was the 1982 National League batting champion and RBI champion as a member of the Montreal Expos, he was a three-time Silver Slugger Award winner. After playing for the Pirates, he played for the Texas Rangers, Montreal Expos, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies, Los Angeles Dodgers, Toronto Blue Jays, over the course of his 18-year MLB career. Nicknamed "Scoop", Oliver threw left-handed. Oliver was signed by the Pirates as an amateur free agent in 1964, he was promoted to the Major Leagues on September 14, 1968, the day his father, Al Oliver Sr. died. He appeared in 4 games that season. In his official rookie season, Oliver batted.285 with 17 home runs and drove in 70 runs, placing second in the 1969 National League Rookie of the Year voting.

The following season, 1970, Oliver was fifth in the NL with seven sacrifice flies. He finished second in the league with the 14 times he was hit by a pitch; the Pirates won the National League East title for their first trip to the postseason since winning the 1960 World Series. However, they lost to the Cincinnati Reds in the 1970 National League Championship Series. On September 1, 1971, the Pirates fielded what is believed to be the first all-black lineup in the history of the league. Oliver played first base, joining second baseman Rennie Stennett, center fielder Gene Clines, right fielder Roberto Clemente, left fielder Willie Stargell, catcher Manny Sanguillén, third baseman Dave Cash, shortstop Jackie Hernández and pitcher Dock Ellis in the starting lineup. Oliver ended the season with a.282 average, including 31 doubles, seven triples, 10 sacrifice flies, five hit-by-pitches. After beating the San Francisco Giants in the 1971 National League Championship Series, the Pirates won the World Series, beating the Baltimore Orioles in seven games with Oliver as their regular center fielder.

In 1972, Oliver raised his batting average to.312, good for sixth in the league. He hit 12 home runs with 89 RBI, he scored 88 runs and totalled 176 hits, 8th in the NL. Oliver was named to his first All-Star game while finishing seventh in the NL MVP voting. In 1973, Oliver hit 20 home runs and drove in 99 runs while batting.292. Again he was among the league-leaders in hits, total bases, triples, sacrifice flies and extra-base hits with 65, which put him in the top ten for the first of his five times in the league's top ten in that category; the Pirates won their third consecutive NL East title, they lost to the Reds 3 games to 2 in the NLCS. The Pirates offense led the National League in batting average with a.274 average and led the NL with 1505 hits. In 1974, Oliver hit.321 with 198 hits, which were second and fourth in the National League respectively. He hit 38 doubles and 12 triples, which were both second best in the NL. Oliver was seventh in NL MVP voting for the second time in three years.

About Oliver, Willie Stargell said, "When it came to hitting... all he did was crush the ball. Al was the perfect number three hitter because you knew he was going to make contact", he had a 23-game hitting streak in 1974 and another streak of 21 games where he got at least one hit. The Pirates won the NL East but lost to the Dodgers 3 games to 1 in the NLCS; the Pirates offense, known as the "Pittsburgh Lumber Company" again led the NL in hitting with 1560 hits and a.274 team batting average. Oliver's 90 runs in 1975 was tenth in the NL as he hit.280 with 18 home runs and 84 RBI and played in the All-Star game for the second time. He tied a personal mark with 65 extra base hits, good for 5th in the NL, 39 of which were doubles, which put him third in the NL in that category, he was named as an outfielder on The Sporting News 1975 NL All-Star Team. The Pirates won the NL East again, but were swept by the Cincinnati Reds 3 games to none in the NLCS. In 1976 Oliver hit.323. He played in the All-Star game once again, batting.360 at the break, but an inner ear infection sidelined him in the second half, prevented him from finishing in the top 10 in batting categories.

He was voted the National League Player of the Month for June. In 1977, as part of the so-called "Pittsburgh Lumber Company", Oliver hit.308 with 19 home runs and 82 RBI. His 175 hits were 10th in the NL, he stole a career-high 13 bases, although he was thrown out 16 times along the way. His 8 sacrifice flies were fifth in the league as well. On December 8, 1977, he was traded as part of a 4-team trade by the Pittsburgh Pirates with Nelson Norman to the Texas Rangers; the Atlanta Braves sent Willie Montañez to the New York Mets. The Texas Rangers sent Adrian Devine, Tommy Boggs, Eddie Miller to the Atlanta Braves; the Texas Rangers sent a player to be named and Tom Grieve to the New York Mets. The Texas Rangers sent Bert Blyleven to the Pittsburgh Pirates; the New York Mets sent Jon Matlack to the Texas Rangers. The New York Mets sent John Milner to the Pittsburgh Pirates; the Texas Rangers sent Ken Henderson to the New York Mets to complete the trade. In 1978 Oliver was secon

Amelia Boynton Robinson

Amelia Isadora Platts Boynton Robinson was an American activist, a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement in Selma, Alabama and a key figure in the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches. In 1984, she became founding Vice-President of the Schiller Institute affiliated with Lyndon LaRouche, she was awarded the Martin Luther King Jr. Freedom Medal in 1990. In 2014, actress Lorraine Toussaint played Robinson in the Ava DuVernay film Selma. Amelia Isadora Platts was born in Savannah, Georgia, on August 18, 1911, to George and Anna Eliza Platts, both of whom were African-American, she had Cherokee and German ancestry. Church was central to her nine siblings' upbringing; as a young girl, she became involved in campaigning for women's suffrage. Her family encouraged the children to read. Amelia attended two years at Georgia State Industrial College for Colored Youth, she transferred to Tuskegee Institute, earning a degree in home economics in 1927. Platts taught in Georgia before starting with the U. S. Department of Agriculture in Selma as the home demonstration agent for Dallas County.

She educated the county's rural population about food production and processing, nutrition and other subjects related to agriculture and homemaking. She met her future husband Samuel William Boynton in Selma, where he was working as a county extension agent during the Great Depression, they had two sons, Bill Jr. and Bruce Carver Boynton. Her son, Bruce Carver Boynton, was the namesake of George Washington Carver, they adopted Amelia's two nieces Sharon Seay and Germaine Bowser. Amelia and Samuel had known the noted scholar George Washington Carver at the Tuskegee Institute, from which they both graduated. In 1934 Amelia Boynton registered to vote, difficult for African Americans to accomplish in Alabama, due to discriminatory practices under the state's disenfranchising constitution passed at the turn of the century, it had excluded most blacks from politics for decades, an exclusion that continued into the 1960s. A few years she wrote a play, Through the Years, which told the story of the creation of Spiritual music and a former slave, elected to Congress during Reconstruction, based on her father's half-brother Robert Smalls, in order to help fund a community center in Selma, Alabama.

In 1954 the Boyntons met Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. and his wife Coretta Scott King at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, where King was the pastor. In 1958, her son, Bruce Boynton, was a student at Howard University School of Law when he was arrested while attempting to purchase food at the white section of a bus terminal in Richmond, Virginia. Arrested for trespassing, Bruce Boynton was found guilty in state court of a misdemeanor and fined, which he appealed and lost until the case, Boynton v. Virginia, was argued before the U. S. Supreme Court by Thurgood Marshall, reversing lower court decisions. In 2009, Samuel Boynton died, it was a time of increased activism in the Civil Rights Movement. Amelia made her home and office in Selma a center for strategy sessions for Selma's civil rights battles, including its voting rights campaign. In 1964 Boynton ran for the Congress from Alabama, hoping to encourage black registration and voting, she was the first female African American to run for office in Alabama and the first woman of any race to run for the ticket of the Democratic Party in the state.

She received 10% of the vote. In 1964 and 1965 Boynton worked with Martin Luther King, Diane Nash, James Bevel, others of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to plan demonstrations for civil and voting rights. While Selma had a population, 50 percent black, only 300 of the town's African-American residents were registered as voters in 1965, after thousands had been arrested in protests. By March 1966, after passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, 11,000 were registered to vote. To protest continuing segregation and disenfranchisement of blacks, in early 1965 Amelia Boynton helped organize a march to the state capital of Montgomery, initiated by James Bevel, which took place on March 7, 1965. Led by John Lewis, Hosea Williams and Bob Mants, including Rosa Parks and others among the marchers, the event became known as Bloody Sunday when county and state police stopped the march and beat demonstrators after they crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge into Dallas County. Boynton was beaten unconscious.

They charged. They came from the right, they came from the left. One shouted:'Run!' I thought,'Why should I be running?' An officer on horseback hit me across the back of the shoulders and, for a second time, on the back of the neck. I lost consciousness. Boynton suffered throat burns from the effects of tear gas, she participated in both of the subsequent marches. Another short march led by Martin Luther King took place two days later. With federal protection and thousands of marchers joining them, a third march reached Montgomery on March 24, entering with 25,000 people; the events of Bloody Sunday and the march on Montgomery galvanized national public opinion and contributed to the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Boynton remarried to a musician named Bob W. Billups, he died unexpectedly in a boatin