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Patrick White

Patrick Victor Martindale White was an Australian writer who published 12 novels, three short-story collections, eight plays, from 1935 to 1987. White's fiction employs humour, florid prose, shifting narrative vantage points and stream of consciousness techniques. In 1973 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, "for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature", as it says in the Swedish Academy's citation, the first and only Australian to have been awarded the prize. White was the inaugural recipient of the Miles Franklin Award. White was born in Knightsbridge, London, to Victor Martindale White and Ruth, both Australians, in their apartment overlooking Hyde Park, London on 28 May 1912, his family returned to Sydney, when he was six months old. As a child he lived in a flat with his sister, a nanny, a maid while his parents lived in an adjoining flat. In 1916 they moved to a house in Elizabeth Bay that many years became a nursing home, Lulworth House, the residents of which included Gough Whitlam, Neville Wran, White's partner Manoly Lascaris.

At the age of four, White developed asthma, a condition that had taken the life of his maternal grandfather. White's health was fragile throughout his childhood, which precluded his participation in many childhood activities, he loved the theatre. This love was expressed at home when he performed private rites in the garden and danced for his mother's friends. At the age of five, he attended kindergarten at Sandtoft in Sydney's Eastern Suburbs. At the age of ten, White was sent to Tudor House School, a boarding school in Moss Vale in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, in an attempt to abate his asthma, it took him some time to adjust to the presence of other children. At boarding school, he started to write plays. At this early age, White wrote about palpably adult themes. In 1924, the boarding school ran into financial trouble, the headmaster suggested for White to be sent to a public school in England, a suggestion that his parents accepted. White struggled to adjust to his new surroundings at England.

He described it as "a four-year prison sentence". White withdrew and had a limited circle of acquaintances, he would holiday with his parents at European locations, but their relationship remained distant. However he did spend time with his cousin Jack Withycombe during this period, Jack's daughter Elizabeth Withycombe became a mentor to him while he was writing his first book of poems, Thirteen Poems between the years 1927-29. While at school in London, White made one close friend, Ronald Waterall, an older boy who shared similar interests. White's biographer, David Marr, wrote that "the two men would arm-in-arm, to London shows; when Waterall left school, White withdrew again. He asked his parents; the parents compromised and allowed him to finish school early if he came home to Australia to try life on the land. His parents felt that he should work on the land rather than become a writer and hoped that his work as a jackaroo would temper his artistic ambitions. White spent two years working as a stockman at Bolaro, a 73-square-kilometre station near Adaminaby, on the edge of the Snowy Mountains, in southeastern Australia.

Although he grew to respect the land and his health improved, it was clear that he was not cut out for this life. From 1932 to 1935, White lived in England, studying French and German literature at King's College, Cambridge University. During his time at Cambridge he developed a romantic attraction to a young man who had come to King's College to become an Anglican priest. White dared not speak of his feelings for fear of losing the friendship and, like many other gay men of that period, he feared that his sexuality would doom him to a lonely life. One night, the student priest, after an awkward liaison with two women, admitted to White that women meant nothing to him sexually; that became White's first love affair. During White's time at Cambridge he published a collection of poetry entitled The Ploughman and Other Poems, wrote a play named Bread and Butter Women, performed by an amateur group at the tiny Bryant's Playhouse in Sydney. After being admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1935, White settled in London, where he lived in an area, frequented by artists.

There, the young author thrived creatively for a time, writing several unpublished works and reworking Happy Valley, a novel that he had written while jackarooing. In 1937, White's father died; the fortune enabled him to write full-time in relative comfort. Two more plays followed; the novel was received well in London but poorly in Australia. He began writing another novel, but abandoned it before its completion after receiving negative comments, a decision that he admitted regretting. In 1936, White met the painter Roy De Maistre, 18 years his senior, who became an important influence in his life and work; the two men never remained firm friends. In White's own words, "He became what I most needed, an intellectual and aesthetic mentor", they had many similarities: they were both gay and they both felt like outsiders in their own families.

German Colonial Society

The German Colonial Society was a German organisation formed on 19 December 1887 to promote German colonialism. The Society was formed through the merger of the German Colonial Association and the Society for German Colonization; the Society was headquartered in Berlin. The German Colonial Society worked in close cooperation with the Pan-German League and was much influential in the German Empire. Among its leaders were Hermann, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Carl Peters and several members of parliament. Upon its formation the Society had 15,000 members and by 1914 the number of members had increased to 42,000; the foremost goal of the Society was to work for a more expansive German colonial policy. From 1916 plans were made for a German colonial empire in Africa, the so-called Deutsch-Mittelafrika, as well as annexations in East Asia. After Germany lost its colonies at the end of the First World War, the Society propagated for their reoccupation; the society took over the founded Deutsches Kolonialmuseum in 1900.

Affiliated with the society were the Kolonialwirtschaftliches Komitee, Hauptverband deutscher Flottenvereine im Ausland, Frauenbund der deutschen Kolonialgesellschaft. When the Nazi party seized power in Germany, it was decided that a new Society under its direct control was to be created. On 13 June 1936, the German Colonial Society was dissolved and colonial propaganda became the task of the Reichskolonialbund. Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft für Südwestafrika Der Bildbestand der Deutschen Kolonialgesellschaft in the Frankfurt University Library Documents and clippings about German Colonial Society in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW


Moliagul is a small township in Victoria, Australia, 202 kilometres northwest of Melbourne and 60 kilometres west of Bendigo. The town's name is believed to be a derivation of the aboriginal word "moliagulk", meaning "wooded hill"; the area is notable for the discovery of a number of gold nuggets. These finds include the world's largest, the Welcome Stranger, discovered in 1869 by John Deason and Richard Oates. From what was once a thriving goldfields town, Moliagul today is a virtual ghost town and consists of a number of scattered houses. In 1855 it is estimated there were 16,000 people living in the immediate area during the peak of the Victorian gold rush period. Moliagul Post Office opened on 15 November 1858 and closed in 1971; the town is composed of scattered rural dwellings and small farms, a hotel, the old school and former church. There are a number of historical points of interest including a stone monument to the Reverend John Flynn, founder of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia, born in Moliagul in 1880.

The nearby Moliagul Cemetery contains the headstones of many families, such as the Deason's, which date back to the gold rush times. Within a few kilometers of the town can be found various gold mining areas including the site of the Welcome Stranger. Mount Moliagul itself is visible from the town and offers superb views over the surrounding district; the travelers guide to the Goldfields: History and natural heritage trails through Central and Western Victoria. Torquay, Bestshot, 2006. Media related to Moliagul at Wikimedia Commons

List of Punisher video games

The Marvel Comics' anti-hero Punisher has made several appearances on numerous electronic and gaming platforms. A Punisher game for the Nintendo Entertainment System was produced by LJN Toys in 1990; the player controls the Punisher character from an over-the-shoulder perspective through various New York City locations, shooting thugs and battling supervillains as bosses. The game was ported to the Game Boy in 1991, it features a cameo appearance by Spider-Man. The Kingpin was the final boss in all versions except for Game Boy. In 1990, MicroProse produced a Punisher computer game for DOS and Amiga, it features three different modes of gameplay: driving the Punisher's "Battle Van", walking through NYC's streets and select buildings, scuba diving. A Game Boy game with Jigsaw as the main villain and cameos from Spider-Man. A coin-operated arcade game titled; the game is a side-scrolling beat-'em-up in the vein of Capcom's Final Fight, where the player can control the Punisher or Nick Fury on their quest to kill The Kingpin, would engage various foes in hand-to-hand combat drawing firearms in lieu of melee combat.

A home conversion developed by Sculptured Software was released for the Mega Drive/Genesis in 1994. In 2004, a violent Punisher action game designed for adult players was released by Inc.. Players take control of the vigilante hero to track down criminals and make them pay for their deeds; the game's story is a loose mixture of the 2004 film, as well as the 2000 mini-series, Welcome Back, written by Garth Ennis and pencilled by Steve Dillon, wherein the character has no aversion to committing acts of extreme violence. Thomas Jane, who portrayed the title role in the 2004 Punisher film provides the voice of The Punisher in the game. A PlayStation 3 Punisher game was developed by Zen Studios and released by Sony Computer Entertainment on July 2, 2009, for PlayStation 3; the game includes many characters from the comics such as Nick Fury, Dum Dum Dugan and Yelena Belova. The Punisher appeared as an unlockable playable character in Marvel Avengers Alliance; the Punisher appeared as an unlockable playable character in Marvel Heroes, voiced by Marc Worden.

The Punisher appears as an unlockable playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes, voiced by Robin Atkin Downes. The Punisher appeared in Marvel Avengers Academy, voiced by James Arnold Taylor, he was first featured as an antagonist. He could be recruited after his defeat during the "Daredevil" event; the Punisher appears as an unlockable playable character in Marvel Puzzle Quest. The Punisher appears as an unlockable playable character in Marvel Contest of Champions; the Punisher appears as an unlockable playable character in Marvel Future Fight. The Punisher appears as an unlockable playable character in Marvel Ultimate Alliance 3: The Black Order, he is available through the DLC "Marvel Knights: Curse of the Vampire". The Punisher appears in Spider-Man. In it, the Punisher helps Spider-Man find Mysterio's secret hideout in Warehouse 65, he offers to help, but Spider-Man declines, stating he wants to "keep the body-count low". The Punisher is seen again in the last scene of the game playing cards with Spider-Man, Captain America and Daredevil.

This is humorous, as the Punisher does not fraternize with anyone, let alone known superheroes. The Punisher's voice was provided by Daran Norris; the Punisher is mentioned in Marvel Nemesis: Rise of the Imperfects. A reporter mistakenly claims that the Punisher is "missing in action". A torn piece of cloth from his trademark "skull" can be seen hanging on a post over a large chain gun in the cinematic opening; the Punisher is mentioned in Marvel Ultimate Alliance 2. During a conversation between Captain America and Luke Cage, the player talks about why the Punisher was not recruited onto the Anti-Reg side; the Punisher's costume is available as part of the DLC "Marvel Costume Kit 4" of LittleBigPlanet. The Punisher's Captain America costume appears as an alternate costume for Captain America in Marvel vs. Capcom 3. A zombified version of The Punisher makes a cameo in Frank West's ending in Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3. List of video games based on Marvel Comics

Selo pri Mirni

Selo pri Mirni is a small village northwest of Mirna in the Municipality of Mirna in southeastern Slovenia. The area is part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola; the municipality is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region. The name of the settlement was changed from Selo to Selo pri Mirni in 1955; the local church, built in the hamlet of Žunovec north of the settlement, is dedicated to Saint Peter and belongs to the Parish of Mirna. It is a Gothic building from at least the 16th century; the sanctuary dates to the belfry to the 19th century. Media related to Selo pri Mirni at Wikimedia Commons Selo pri Mirni at Geopedia

Memoria Urbana Berlin

Memoria Urbana Berlin is a public sculpture by Spanish artist Juan Garaizabal that stands in the middle of the Bethlehemkirchplatz, Mitte district, Germany. It was constructed in June 2012 on the mosaic marking the exact site and size of the original Bohemian or Bethlehem Church, destroyed in the war; the sculpture is made up of 800 meters of square section steel tube and 300 meters of LED illumination system. Its structure draws in the air the lines of the silhouette of the lost construction, recreating its volume in the form of a sketch, it weighs 44 short tons. Planned as a temporary installation, as of December 2013 the district and municipal authorities have decreed permanent status for the work. Administrative proceedings for the permanent allocation on public grounds are ongoing; the Lux-Bethlehem e. V. cultural trust, representing twenty of the public and private institutions that promoted the permanent installation, has been formally created to guarantee the maintenance of the sculpture.

It is a monument dedicated to freedom of conscience and to immigration with the spirit of Europeanism. The original Bohemian Church otherwise Bethlehem Church was built between 1733 and 1735 in the middle of the Friedrichstadt of Berlin, representing one of the most positive chapters of relations between Germany and Bohemia. Thanks to King Frederick William I of Prussia, Czech refugees leaving their homeland for religious reasons were admitted to the Friedrichstadt district of Berlin, it was a monument to the tolerance pervading the foundation of the Prussian State. In 1943, it was badly damaged by bombing. In 1963, the church was demolished and the site incorporated into the facilities of Checkpoint Charlie. El Universal LA Times