The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan is a Kurdish political party in Iraqi Kurdistan. The PUK describes its goals as self-determination, human rights, democracy and peace for the Kurdish people of Kurdistan and Iraq; the current Secretary General is Kosrat Rasul Ali. Fuad Masum, co-founder of the PUK, was the President of Iraq from 2014 to 2018, it was founded on 22 May 1975 in Iraqi Kurdistan by Adel Murad, Nawshirwan Mustafa, Ali Askari, Fuad Masum, Jalal Talabani and Abdul Razaq Feyli. The PUK traces its political heritage to Sulaymaniyah native Ibrahim Ahmad. After the collapse of the Soviet-backed Kurdish Mahabad Republic in Iran in early 1947, Ibrahim Ahmad the Sulaymaniyah representative of the Iranian KDP, joined the newly formed Iraqi KDP. Ahmad was a influential leftist intellectual, who by 1951 had succeeded in rallying most of the Iraqi Kurdish leftist-nationalists to the new Iraqi KDP, which in turn, took the opportunity to convene a second Party Congress and duly elect Ahmad as secretary-general.
However, from the beginning in Iran, Ibrahim Ahmad's leftist politics, "intellectualism", support for Qazi Muhammad put him at odds with the faction of the KDP loyal to Mustafa Barzani and his traditionalist-conservative tribal support base. It was "well-known in nationalist circles that the relations between the two men Mustafa and Qazi were not easy". Ibrahim Ahmad was soon joined by socialist Jalal Talabani. Barzani and Ahmad were known to dislike each other, but while each wanted to reduce the others' influence in the KDP, each knew that the other was indispensable in securing the loyalty of their respective support-bases. When the first Ba'ath Party government was deposed in a coup led by Abdul Salam Arif, Mustafa developed a close relationship with Arif. Mulla Mustafa signed an agreement with Arif in his personal capacity, rather than as president of the KDP; this infuriated Ahmad and Jalal Talabani as the agreement omitted any mention of self-administration, let alone autonomy—the whole point for which the Kurds had been fighting a long-term guerrilla war.
Arif threatened force against any Kurdish opponent of Mustafa, while Mustafa declared that any resistance to Baghdad would constitute a declaration of war against himself and the Barzanis. Ibrahim Ahmad and Jalal Talabani decried this complicity, as they saw it, submission, to Baghdad. Mulla Mustafa rallied the conservatives and tribal leaders to his side. Furious debates and campaigning followed, but Ahmad's and Talabani's arguments could not dislodge Mulla Mustafa's position as the popular figurehead of the Kurdish people. Mulla Mustafa would accept no dissent, fearing for their lives and his followers slipped away at night from a heated discussion with Mulla Mustafa, retreated back to their stronghold in Mawat, Iraq. At the 6th Party Congress of the KDP in July 1964, representatives from the Ahmad-Talabani faction were promptly arrested upon arrival. A few days Mulla Mustafa sent his son, Idris Barzani with a large force to drive Ahmad and their 4,000 or so followers into exile in Iran. With that, Mulla Mustafa had achieved undisputed control of the KDP.
After the defeat of the Kurds in the 1974–1975 Revolt, on 22 May 1975, Talabani met in a coffee shop called Gligla, in Aum Rmana, with Fuad Mausm, Adel Murad, Abdul Razaq Faily. On 22 May 1975 the PUK announced its formation via Lebanese Media; the day after, Talabani visited West Germany Berlin and met three other co-founders Nawshirwan Mustafa, Omar Shekhmus, Kamal Fwad, some other activists. On 1 June 1975 the PUK was announced again in Berlin, thus it was decided that 1 June is the anniversary date of the founding of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan; the PUK was a coalition of at least five separate political entities. The most significant of which were Talabani and his closest followers, Nawshirwan Mustafa's clandestine Marxist-Leninist group Komala, the Kurdistan Socialist Movement, formed as a result of a series of meetings within the cadres of the Aylul Revolution who took refuge in Iran in 1975, including Omer Dababa, Ali Askari, Dr. Khalid, Ali Hazhar, Kardo Galali, Ibrahim Ahmad, Jamal Agha, Rasul Mamand, Mala Nasih, Abdul-Rahman Gomeshini, Milazm Tahir, Ali Wali and Kamal Mihedeen.
The PUK served as an umbrella organization unifying various trends within the Kurdish political movement in Iraq. In 1992, the constituent groups within the PUK merged into a unified political movement that affirmed its social-democratic identity and affiliation, their communique ascribed the collapse of the revolt to "the inability of the feudalist, bourgeois rightist and capitulationist Kurdish leadership". The PUK received grass roots support from the urban intellectual classes of Iraqi Kurdistan upon its establishment due to 5 of its 7 founding members being PhD holders and academics. In the early 1980s the PUK evolved and broadened its appeal to all sections of Kurdish society the rural classes; the regional Kurdish assembly elections showed that the PUK's support lies predominantly in the southern area of Iraqi Kurdistan. Since the first Gulf War, the PUK has jointly administered Kurdistan Region with the Kurdistan Democratic Party. However, in 1994 the parties engaged in a three-year conflict, known as the Iraqi Kurdish Civil War.
The conflict ended with US mediation, reconciliation was achieved. In September 2001, the Islamist group Jund al-Islam massacred 43 PUK members. In 2006 the PUK, became a member of the Socialist International and Talabani is a vice president of the organisation; the last party congress was held in June 2010, w
The Exposed is the 27th book in the Animorphs series, written by K. A. Applegate, it is known to have been ghostwritten by Laura Battyanyi-Weiss, although due to an editorial oversight, Battyanyi-Weiss was uncredited for this book. It is narrated by Rachel; the front cover quote is. They were wrong...." The inside front cover quote is "Rachel's getting a sinking feeling..." During a shopping trip with Cassie, Rachel discovers Erek having problems: his hologram malfunctions. Managing to get him away in time, they discover all of the Chee are having problems with certain aspects of their technology their holograms, owing to interference with the Pemalite ship hidden in the ocean. Of all the Chee, two are still in danger, while the rest have hidden themselves. One of the Chee in danger, Lourdes, is hidden in a flophouse where drug fencing occurs, but a SWAT team - with a Controller member - are about to raid the house. After rescuing Lourdes, they have to travel to the bottom of the ocean, to fix the problem of the malfunctioning holograms, but have problems thinking of the morph they could use to go in so deep into the ocean.
Cassie found the solution: morphing into a giant squid. But the problem was that none of them had acquired that morph, they had no idea where to get it, though they know for a fact that sperm whales captured giant squids, they were let down until they find out that a sperm whale has conveniently beached, so Rachel and Tobias acquire it and dive to find a squid. Upon finding and battling one, the group all acquire it and release it, dive to the ship, they notice several Yeerk bug fighters en route to the Pemalite ship as well, following the signal. Reaching it first, they use the single-digit access code to infiltrate it and fix the Chee programming, but a self-destruct sequence is initiated too; the group is confronted by a being called the Drode, an aide of sorts to Crayak, who threatens and insults them all. He shows some bizarre fondness for Rachel and tells her that if she wanted favour with the Crayak, she should kill Jake, telling Rachel that her passport to Crayak's side is Jake; the Yeerks emerge into the ship, the group must stand and fight them before allowing them to gain control.
But as the battle reaches a climax, Erek appears - to the shock of the Drode - and activates a violence-dispeller. The Yeerks and Animorphs are forced to leave the ship, the Chee have their holograms restored; the Drode is introduced. Tobias and Rachel's relationship is further explored. Rachel is asked out by someone other than Tobias, she is tempted by the prospect of a normal romantic relationship, but rudely tells him no, concluding in the end that, no matter how tempting the prospect of a normal relationship is, no normal guy would go to the lengths that Tobias has gone to in order to keep her safe. For the first time, Crayak's interest in Rachel is hinted at and explored
The Nectar Covered Bridge was a wood and metal combination style covered bridge which spanned the Locust Fork of the Black Warrior River in Blount County, United States. It was located on Nectar Bridge Road off State Route 160, just east of the town of Nectar, about 14 miles northwest of Oneonta. Nectar Covered Bridge was at one time the seventh-longest covered bridge in the country; the bridge remained open to single lane motor traffic from its construction until it was burned by vandals on June 13, 1993. Built in 1934, the 385-foot bridge was a Town Lattice truss construction over four spans, it was built by a crew led by foreman Zelma C. Tidwell over a wide section of the Locust Fork, it was the third-longest covered bridge built in Blount County. At one time, the Nectar Covered Bridge was the seventh longest covered bridge in the country; the bridge was burned by vandals on June 13, 1993. It was maintained by the Alabama Department of Transportation; the Nectar Covered Bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on August 20, 1981.
The bridge was once a site for large baptism ceremonies. A concrete bridge has since replaced the former covered bridge, but the old stone piers remain across the river south of the current crossing. List of Alabama covered bridges Prince, A. G.. Alabama's Covered Bridges: Past and Present. Ensley: Best Printing Service. "01-05-04". Round Barns & Covered Bridges. Dale J. Travis. Retrieved December 24, 2013. Stith, Mark J.. "Tunnels in Time". Southern Living. ISSN 0038-4305. Retrieved September 24, 2007; the Birmingham News news article. Retrieved October 30, 2007. Alabama Department of Archives and History. Nectar CB: Credits. Retrieved October 30, 2007
Steve Mears is the television play-by-play voice of the Pittsburgh Penguins on AT&T SportsNet Pittsburgh. Steve Mears grew up in Pennsylvania where he attended Franklin Regional High School, he attended college at Bowling Green State University where he was the play-by-play voice of the BGSU Falcons. He graduated from Bowling Green State University in 2002. Mears acted as director of media relations and broadcasting for the Bossier-Shreveport Mudbugs of the Central Hockey League from 2002–2006, he was named the Central Hockey League Broadcaster of the Year in 2005. In the summer of 2006, Mears accepted a position as the radio play-by-play broadcaster for the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League. Mears made his NHL broadcasting debut on October 5, 2006, during a New York Islanders vs Phoenix Coyotes game. Mears stayed with the Islanders for three seasons before joining the Pittsburgh Penguins Radio Network, he served four seasons with the Penguins, covering their radio and TV game broadcasts, hosting "Penguins Live" on Pittsburgh Penguins 24/7 Radio, contributing to PensTV on the official team website.
In 2012, Mears made his NHL Network debut when he provided coverage of the 2012 NHL Stanley Cup Playoffs and Stanley Cup Final. Mears joined the NHL Network team in February 2013 as the co-host of NHL Now. During the hockey season, Mears hosted NHL Now! from 4:00–6:00 PM EST Monday-Friday on the NHL Network alongside E. J. Hradek and Michelle McMahon. Aside from NHL Now, Mears anchored video segments for NHL.com and called play-by-play for the IIHF World Junior Championships. On May 16, 2017, Mears was named the play-by-play television announcer for broadcasts on AT&T SportsNet for Pittsburgh Penguins games, replacing Paul Steigerwald
Edith DeVoe was an American nurse. She was the second black woman admitted to serve in the United States Navy Nurse Corps during World War II, was the first black nurse to be admitted to the regular Navy, was the first black nurse to serve in the Navy outside the mainland United States. Edith Mazie DeVoe was born on October 24, 1921 in Washington, D. C. to Sadie Frances and Joseph Edward DeVoe. Both of her parents were employed in government service and the family consisted of four children, Edith and Sadie, her brother would die in 1934 and both of her sisters would become nurses. She completed her primary education attending Dunbar High Schools. DeVoe enrolled in nursing school with her sister Elizabeth at the Freedman's Hospital nursing school, graduating in 1942, she supplemented her education with public health nursing courses in Richmond, Virginia at the St. Philip School of Nursing. DeVoe began her career working for the Visiting Nurse Association. On 18 April 1945, one week after the first black navy nurse, Phyllis Mae Daley, was assigned to active duty, DeVoe was commissioned as an ensign in the United States Navy Reserve.
She was assigned to her first active duty on 13 June 1945, served for two years during World War II at the Boston Navy Yard. In mid-1947, she was assigned in Solomons, Maryland. On 6 January 1948, DeVoe was transferred to the Navy Nurse Corps and assigned to the Navy Communication Annex Dispensary in Washington, D. C. as the first black nurse in the regular navy. In March 1948, when Congress was deliberating on whether women should permanently become part of the military, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Harlem’s Representative to the House argued that the Nurses’ Corps should be permanent, that the military should be desegregated and emphasized that DeVoe was the only black nurse serving the 19,337 black servicemen in the navy. In 1949, DeVoe earned the rank of Lieutenant and was assigned to the St. Albans Naval Hospital in the Queens borough of Long Island; the following year, she became the first black nurse assigned to a duty station outside the U. S. mainland, when she was sent to the Tripler Army-Navy Hospital, one of the few medical centers serving multiple service branches.
Her assignment there, was to injured serving in the Korean War. On May 1, 1952, DeVoe became a full Lieutenant and in August was transferred to the naval hospital in Pasadena, California, she was in a car accident in 1955, while serving at the Oakland Naval Hospital and on 1 April 1956, she was placed on the temporary disabilities list. She returned to duty and retired from military service in 1960 in Oakland, returning to Washington, D. C. DeVoe died from lung cancer on November 17, 2000 at Cherry Lane Nursing Center in Laurel, Prince George's County and was buried at Quantico National Cemetery in Triangle, Virginia
Sir John Sherbrooke was a successful and famous Nova Scotian privateer brig during the War of 1812, the largest privateer from Atlantic Canada during the war. In addition to preying on American merchant ships, she defended Nova Scotian waters during the war. After her conversion to a merchantman she fell prey to an American privateer in 1814, she was burnt to prevent her reuse. She was the American privateer brig Thorn, Asa Hooper master, was armed with eighteen long 9-pounder guns. Thorn was from Marblehead and she was on her first cruise when the British captured her. At the time of her capture she had taken as prizes the brig Freedom, loaded with salt, the American vessel Hiram, with a cargo of flour and bread on a voyage to Lisbon and traveling with a British license that asked all British naval vessels and privateers to let her pass, provided that she was on a bona fide passage to Spain or Portugal with flour; this capture, on 15 October, gave rise to a US Supreme Court court case in which the court ruled that Hiram, although an American vessel, was a legitimate prize.
The British naval vessels Tenedos, Shannon and Curlew captured Thorn on 31 October 1812. Thorn was sold at Halifax as a prize and renamed after the former colonial administrator Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, she had three letters of marque issued to her: 27 November 1812. Sir John Sherbrooke's primary captain was Joseph Freeman, an experienced privateer officer from Liverpool, Nova Scotia, a veteran who did everything in navy fashion.. Freeman co-operated with the navy. On 7 April Betsey, sailing from Newport to Havana, arrived at Halifax, a prize to Sir John Sherbrooke. Lloyd's List,On 19 May Sir John Sherbrooke recaptured the brig Paragon, of 213 tons, J. Gorden, which an American privateer had captured as Paragon was sailing from Aberdeen to New Brunswick. Paragon arrived at Halifax on 24 May; the records of the Vice admiralty court give the name of Paragon's master as "J. Gardner". On 18 December 1813, the prize agents advertised the distribution of prize money for the following captures: Sloops Red Bird, Apollo and Fame Brig Columbia Schooners Mary and Caroline Privateer schooner Governor Plummer, of six guns and a crew of 100 men.as well as salvage for the recapture of the ship Loyal Sam, brig Paragon, sloop General Hodgson.
Next, Sir John Sherbrooke sailed in company with the schooner Bream. Together the three captured 11 American vessels between 9 April. Sir John Sherbrooke provided reinforcements for Shannon prior to her famous victory over the USS Chesapeake, although Sir John Sherbrooke was not present at the battle. Sir John Sherbrooke had gathered 50 Irish volunteers when on 26 May 1813 she recaptured Duck, transporting them as laborers from Waterford to Newfoundland. Duck had been the prize of the American privateer General Plummer, which Sir John Sherbrooke had captured two days latter. Twenty-two of the laborers agreed to transfer from Sir John Sherbrooke to Shannon. Sir John Sherbrooke began the chase of the notorious American privateer schooner Young Teazer, which British naval ships, including Hogue and Orpheus took up; the chase ended with Young Teazer's destruction at the hands of a member of her own crew who feared capture because he had violated his parole resulting from a previous capture. Far larger than most colonial privateers, Sir John Sherbrooke required a constant supply of American captures to pay for her large crew.
Following the destruction of most American shipping during the war, Sir John Sherbrooke became unprofitable to operate as a privateer and her owners sold her in 1814. Her new owners employed her as a merchant ship. Lloyd's Register for 1815 showed her with J. Duncan, Ewing & Co. owners, trade Greenock–Newfoundland. The entry carried the annotation that she had been captured in 1814. In the autumn of 1814 Sir John Sherbrooke was outward bound from Halifax with a cargo of oil and dried fish, she encountered the American privateer Syren, which put a prize crew aboard her. Lloyd's List reported on 21 October 1814 that Sir John Sherbrooke, master, was one of four merchantmen that American privateers had captured. However, a British squadron chased the captured Sir John Sherbrooke ashore; the American prize crew managed to get away with all the valuables on board despite the fire of the British frigate's guns. The frigate sent her boats to attempt a recovery. Salvage was impracticable, so the cutting-out party from the frigate set Sir John Sherbrooke on fire.
On 16 November 1814, boats from ] and Telegraph, herself a former American privateer, ran Syren ashore under Cape May, where her crew destroyed her. Sir John Sherbrooke was not as famous as her smaller and more successful counterpart, the schooner Liverpool Packet; however some believe that Sir John Sherbrooke inspired the line "I wish I was in Sherbrooke now", from the Stan Rogers song "Barrett's Privateers", because the town of Sherbrooke, Nova Scotia did not yet exist, as the song takes place in 1778. The Sherbrooke significantly postdates the American Revolution as it was commissioned only two years before th