A patrol is a group of personnel, such as law enforcement officers, military personnel, or private security contractors that are assigned to monitor a specific geographic area. This is often referred to as a beat. In military tactics, a patrol is a sub-subunit or small tactical formation, sent out from a military organization by land, sea or air for the purpose of combat, reconnaissance, or a combination of both; the basic task of a patrol is to follow a known route with the purpose of investigating some feature of interest or, in the assignment of a fighting patrol, to find and engage the enemy. A patrol can mean a small cavalry or armoured unit, subordinate to a troop or platoon comprising a section or squad of mounted troopers, or two AFVs. In non-military law enforcement, patrol officers are law enforcement officers assigned to monitor specified geographic areas—that is, to move through their areas at regular intervals looking out for any signs of problems of any kind, they are the officers most encountered by the public, as their duties include responding to calls for service, making arrests, resolving disputes, taking crime reports, conducting traffic enforcement, other crime prevention measures.
A patrol officer is the first to arrive on the scene of any incident. The patrol officer, as the person, in the field daily, is closest to potential crime and may have developed contacts who can provide information; the Philadelphia Foot Patrol Experiment, a randomized control trial conducted by Temple University, has shown that foot patrols reduce crime. With the resources to patrol 60 locations, researchers identified the highest violent crime corners in the city, using data from 2006 to 2008. Police commanders designed 120 foot patrol areas around these corners, stratified randomization was used to assign pairs of foot patrols with similar crime rates as either a comparison or a target area. Officers patrolled in pairs with two pairs assigned to each foot patrol. After three months, relative to the comparison areas, violent crime decreased 23%. Official records of police activities during the intervention period reveal the following in the target areas: Drug‐related incident detections increased 15% Pedestrian stops increased 64% Vehicle stops increased 7% Arrests increased 13%An emerging trend within patrol is the supplement of basic police patrol with that of private security agencies.
The privatization of police is explored in James Pastor's book The Privatization of Police in America: An Analysis and Case Study. Law enforcement patrols don't always just enforce the laws during the patrols, they try and have community relations, will investigate traffic accidents and transport criminals. They will go about drugs and safe driving. In some large cities, the police chief will go around to meet and talk with business owners, residents or anyone in the city. From French patrouiller from Old French patouiller from patte Some elementary schools use the term patrol to refer to students who are selected to monitor safety in the classroom or to those students who assist crossing guards with safety of children crossing busy streets. Another common term for this use of patrol is hall monitor. In Scouting, a patrol is six to eight Scouts under the leadership of one of their number, appointed Patrol Leader and supported by a Second or Assistant Patrol Leader; this is the basic unit of a Scout troop.
The Patrol method is an essential characteristic of Scouting by which it differs from all other organizations, using the natural dynamics of the gang for an educational purpose
Simo Kaarlo Antero Parpola is a Finnish Assyriologist specializing in the Neo-Assyrian Empire and Professor emeritus of Assyriology at the University of Helsinki. Simo Parpola studied Assyriology and Semitic Philology at the University of Helsinki, the Pontifical Biblical Institute and the British Museum in 1961–1968, he completed his PhD in Helsinki and began his academic career as wissenschaftlicher Assistent of Karlheinz Deller at the Seminar für Sprachen und Kulturen des Vorderen Orients of the University of Heidelberg in 1969. Between 1973 and 1976 he was Docent of Assyriology and Research Fellow at the University of Helsinki, from 1977 to 1979 Associate Professor of Assyriology with tenure at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, he was appointed Extraordinary Professor of Assyriology at the University of Helsinki in 1978 and has directed the University’s Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project since 1986. He taught at the University of Padua as Visiting Professor in Spring 1995, worked as Research Fellow in the Institute for Advanced Studies, Hebrew University in 1999.
He contributed to the compilation of the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary from 1982 until its completion in 2010 and partook in the Ziyaret Tepe archaeological expedition as Senior Epigraphist in 2001–2006. The main focus of Parpola's research has been on the study of the Neo-Assyrian Empire in all its aspects, but he has contributed to the study of the Indus script, Sumerian language, Jewish mysticism and Assyrian identity in post-empire times, among others. In 1986 he initiated a long-term international research project to edit Neo-Assyrian sources, which has resulted in a 19-volume series of standard text editions and in a digital corpus of texts written in the Neo-Assyrian language; the published series contains cuneiform texts and translations of first hand records written by civil servants and administrators and are considered to be an important source accessible to scholars of many disciplines. In 1998, Parpola started the Melammu Project, an interdisciplinary project that investigates the continuity and diffusion of Mesopotamian culture in the classical world and thereafter.
Parpola, in a study published in 2004 entitled: Mount Nisir and the Foundations of the Assyrian Church, argues that the Christian church was "..built on foundations laid by Assyria..", that "..the continuity and survival of Assyrian ideas in Christianity must be taken seriously.". He comes to this conclusion by assessing what he considers to be parallels in both Christianity and the ancient Mesopotamian religion, states that Assyriologists avoid and reject the belief structure and central components in regards to ancient Mesopotamia. Finnish Professor of the Year, 1992. J. V. Snellman Public Information Award of the University of Helsinki, 1996. Honorary Member of the American Oriental Society, 2001. Honorary Member of the Finnish Science Center, Heureka, 2003. Books Etymological Dictionary of the Sumerian Language I-II. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2016. Assyrian-English-Assyrian Dictionary. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2008. ISBN 9789521013324 The Helsinki Atlas of the Ancient Near East in the Neo-Assyrian Period.
Helsinki: The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 2001. Neo-Assyrian Legal Texts in Istanbul. Studien zu den Assur-Texten, Bd. 2. Saarbücken: Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft, 2001. ISBN 978-3-930843-64-0 The Correspondence of Sargon II, Part III: Letters from Media and Babylonia. State Archives of Assyria 15. Helsinki University Press, 2001. Assyrian Prophecies. State Archives of Assyria 9. Helsinki University Press, 1997; the Standard Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh. State Archives of Assyria Cuneiform Texts 1. Helsinki: The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 1997. Letters from Assyrian and Babylonian Scholars. State Archives of Assyria 10. Helsinki University Press, 1993. Legal Transactions of the Royal Court of Nineveh, Part I: Tiglath-Pileser III through Esarhaddon. State Archives of Assyria 6. Helsinki University Press, 1991; the Correspondence of Sargon II, Part II: Letters from the Northern and Northeastern Provinces. State Archives of Assyria 5. Helsinki University Press, 1990. Neo-Assyrian Treaties and Loyalty Oaths.
State Archives of Assyria 2. Helsinki University Press, 1988. ISBN 978-951-570-034-6 The Correspondence of Sargon II, Part I: Letters from Assyria and the West. State Archives of Assyria 1. Helsinki University Press, 1987. Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal, Part II: Commentary and Appendices. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 5/2, Neukirchen-Vluyn: Butzon & Bercker, 1983. Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum, Part 53: Neo-Assyrian Letters from the Kuyunjik Collection. London, 1979. A Concordance to the Indus Inscriptions. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, Series B 185. Helsinki, 1973. Neo-Assyrian Toponyms. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 6, Neukirchen-Vluyn: Butzon & Bercker, 1970. Decipherment of the Proto-Dravidian Inscriptions of the Indus Civilization. Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies, Special Publications 1. Copenhagen, 1969. Articles "Mount Nisir and the Foundations of the Assyrian Church", pp. 469–484 in Salvatore Gaspa et al.
Sacred Heart Higher Secondary School, Hundung is one of the oldest premier Missionary Schools in Hungpung, Ukhrul district, Manipur. The School imparts education from class V to XII; the School was established in 1965 under Sacred Heart Parish. It was upgraded to secondary level in 1999, it is affiliated to the Board of Secondary Education and Council of Higher Secondary Education, Manipur. The school is run under the Archbishop of Imphal; the institution is run under the direct supervision of Sacred Heart Church Parish Priest, the Principal. St. Thomas School, which houses the lower classes from kindergarten to class IV and is situated about one and half kilometers away from Sacred Heart Higher Secondary School. At the secondary school level, the school offers both Arts streams; the school has about 2,510 students supervised by about fifty non teaching staffs. Sacred Heart Higher Secondary School has boarding facility for both girls. While the boys boarding is located adjacent to the school, girls boarding is housed within St. Thomas School premises where the nuns stay.
To foster the sense of competition and belonging, the school uses house system. There are four houses; the four houses are Green, Red and Yellow. Competitive activities encompassing both the literary and sports field are conducted between the four houses; the school has hobby/subject based clubs such as Science Club, History Club, Geography Club, etc. The school has a standard football ground, a well maintained basketball court and volleyball courts for both boys and girls. Parishes and Schools in Manipur
King Brothers was an Australian bus company operating route and school services in the Great Lakes and Mid North Coast regions of New South Wales. It collapsed in April 2003 with debts of $220 million, after owners Peter and Tony King were charged with and convicted of fraud. J&L King was a small family bus operator with route and school services between Kempsey and Crescent Head, it operated a used bus dealership. In February 1991 it purchased the school services of Argent's. At some stage it operated a Port Macquarie to Tamworth service, sold in 1996. After control passed to twin sons Tony and Peter, in the late 1990s / early 2000s King Brothers expanded with the acquisition of a number of operators in the Great Lakes and Mid North Coast regions including: Coffs Harbour Bus Lines Glynn's, Grafton Grafton Bus Co Grafton-Yamba Bus Service Great Lakes Coaches, Bulahdelah & Heatherbrae Joyce Valley Link, Urunga Newman's Bus Service, Macksville Pell's Bus Service, Nambucca Heads Port Macquarie Bus Service Sonter's Bus Service, LaurietonThe business was put up for sale however in April 2003 the business collapsed with debts of $220 million after the owners were charged with, convicted of, having defrauded the National Australia Bank and Toyota Financial Services by selling and leasing back fictitious buses.
The operation was sold by its administrator to Busways in September 2003. Prior to the expansion of the late 1990s, King's fleet turned over as buses were run in and out of the fleet in quick succession as part of its dealership activities. After the acquisitions it purchased over 60 new Mercedes-Benz and Renaults in 1999/2000. A silver with light green and pink livery was adopted
The Puerto Rican Independence Party is a social-democratic political party in Puerto Rico that campaigns for the independence of Puerto Rico from United States suzerainty. Those who follow the PIP ideology are called independentistas, pipiolos, or sometimes just pro-independence activists; the party began as the electoral wing of the Puerto Rican independence movement. It is the largest of the independence parties, the only one, on the ballot during elections. In 1948, two years after being founded, the PIP gathered 10.2% of the votes in the island. In 1952, two years after an armed uprising of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party, it obtained 19% of the votes, its highest electoral support which made it the second electoral party on the island for a moment. In 1956 it took 12.4% of the votes. In 2004 it obtained 2.7% of the votes, in 2008 it took 2%. The party was founded on 20 October 1946, by Gilberto Concepción de Gracia, his colleague Fernando Milán Suárez and Antonio J. González, they felt the independence movement had been "betrayed" by the Popular Democratic Party, whose ultimate goal had been independence.
Former FBI Director Louis Freeh made an unprecedented admission to the effect that the FBI had engaged in egregious and illegal action, quite involving the FBI in widespread crimes and violation of Constitutional rights against Puerto Ricans from the 1930s to the 1990s. He stunned a congressional budget hearing by conceding that his agency had violated the civil rights of many Puerto Ricans over the years and had engaged in "egregious illegal action, maybe criminal action."After Freeh's public admission, The New York Times reported the following details about the FBI publicly admitting it had directed "tremendously destructive" efforts against the Puerto Rican Independence Party: They include a 1961 directive from Mr. Hoover to seek information on 12 independence movement leaders, six of them operating in New York, "concerning their weaknesses, criminal records, children, family life, educational qualifications and personal activities other than independence activities." The instructions were given under the domestic surveillance program known as COINTELPRO, which aimed at aggressively monitoring antiwar and other groups in the United States and disrupting them.
In the case of Puerto Rican independence groups, J. Edgar Hoover's 1961 memo refers to'our efforts to disrupt their activities and compromise their effectiveness. Scholars say the papers provide invaluable additions to the recorded history of Puerto Rico. "I expect that this will alter somewhat the analysis of why independence hasn't made it,' said Félix V. Matos Rodríguez, director of the center at Hunter.'In the 1940s, independence was the second-largest political movement in the island, a real alternative. But it was criminalized.' The existence of the FBI papers came to light during a US House of Representatives Appropriations Subcommittee hearing in 2000, when Representative José E. Serrano of New York questioned Louis J. Freeh FBI director, on the issue. Freeh gave the first public acknowledgment of the federal government's Puerto Rican surveillance and offered a mea culpa.'Your question goes back to a period in the 1960s, when the F. B. I. did operate a program that did tremendous destruction to many people, to the country and to the F.
B. I.' Freeh said, according to transcripts of the hearing. Freeh said that he would make the files available'and see if we can redress some of the egregious illegal action, maybe criminal action, that occurred in the past'.". The FBI's surveillance of persons and organizations advocating Puerto Rico's independence, was not only recognized by the FBI's top leadership, but was detailed in 1.8 million documents, a fraction of which were released in 2000. In 1971, the PIP gubernatorial candidate, Rubén Berríos led a protest against the US Navy in Culebra. During the 1972 elections, the PIP showed the largest growth in its history while running a democratic socialist, pro-worker, pro-poor campaign. One year during a delegate assembly Rubén Berríos declared that the party was not presenting a Marxist–Leninist platform and took the matter to the PIP's assembly which voted in favor of the party's current stance in favor of social democracy; the Marxist–Leninist faction, called the "terceristas", split into several groups.
The biggest of them went into the Popular Socialist Movement, while the rest went into the Puerto Rican Socialist Party. In 1999, PIP leaders Rubén Berríos, became involved in the Navy-Vieques protests started by many citizens of Vieques against the presence of the US military in the island-municipality. During the 2008 elections, the PIP lost official recognition for the second time, obtaining 2.04% of the gubernatorial vote. Loss of recognition was official on 2 January 2009; the minimum vote percentage to keep official recognition is 3.0% as per the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico law. The party lost both of its seats in the legislature, where they had had one seat in each house. In May 2009, the party submitted more than 100,000 signed petitions to the Puerto Rico's elections commission and regained legal status. During the 2012 elections, the PIP lost official recognition for the third time, obtaining 2.5% of the gubernatorial vote. Loss of recognition will be official on 2 January 2013; the minimum vote percentage to keep official recognition is 3.0% as per the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico law.
For the 2016 election, Senator María de Lourdes
Kimberly Yee is an American politician who serves as the Arizona State Treasurer. She was a Republican member of the Arizona Senate representing District 20 from 2013 to 2019. Yee served consecutively in the Arizona State Legislature from January 10, 2011 until January 14, 2013 in the Arizona House of Representatives District 10 seat, she is the first Asian-American woman elected to the Arizona Legislature. On November 29, 2017, she announced her candidacy for the position of Arizona State Treasurer, was elected to the position on November 6, 2018. Yee attended Greenway High School where she was a student journalist at the Demon Dispatch in the early 1990s. Yee earned her bachelor's degrees in English and political science from Pepperdine University and her MA in public administration from Arizona State University. Yee worked for California Governors Pete Arnold Schwarzenegger, she was communications director at the office of the State Treasurer of Arizona. Upon the recommendation of Governor Jan Brewer, Yee was appointed by the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors to replace Republican Rep. Doug Quellan after he was ousted for violating Clean Election Limits.
Yee sponsored a bill. In 2012, Yee introduced a bill that would ban abortions of fetuses over 20 weeks old. While the bill had stalled in committee, Yee used a "strike-everything amendment" to reincarnate the proposed legislation as HB 2036; the bill passed the Arizona House and Senate and was signed into law on April 12, 2012. In 2014, Yee blocked a study; the completion of the study is in question as the lead researcher, Dr. Sue Sisley, has been dismissed. Yee was an invited speaker at the 2016 Republican National Convention. 2010 Challenging House District 10 incumbent Republican Representatives Doug Quelland and James Weiers in the four-way August 24, 2010 Republican Primary, Representative Weiers placed first, Yee placed second with 6,925 votes, Representative Quelland placed third. 2012 With Republican Senator John McComish redistricted to District 18, Yee was unopposed for the Senate District 20 August 28, 2012 Republican Primary, winning with 15,519 votes. Official page at the Arizona State Legislature Campaign site Profile at Vote Smart Appearances on C-SPAN