A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism or Eastern Orthodoxy, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, craft, class, family or person. Saints become the patrons of places where they were born or had been active. However, there were cases in Medieval Europe where a city which grew to prominence and obtained for its cathedral the remains or some relics of a famous saint who had lived and was buried elsewhere, thus making him or her the city's patron saint – such a practice conferred considerable prestige on the city concerned. In Latin America and the Philippines and Portuguese explorers named a location for the saint on whose feast or commemoration they first visited the place, with that saint becoming the area's patron. Professions sometimes have a patron saint owing to that individual being involved somewhat with it, although some of the connections were tenuous. Lacking such a saint, an occupation would have a patron whose acts or miracles in some way recall the profession.
For example, when the unknown profession of photography appeared in the 19th century, Saint Veronica was made its patron, owing to how her veil miraculously received the imprint of Christ's face after she wiped off the blood and sweat. The veneration or "commemoration" and recognition of patron saints or saints in general is found in Roman Catholicism, Eastern Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, among some Lutherans and Anglicans. Catholics believe that patron saints, having transcended to the metaphysical, are able to intercede for the needs of their special charges, it is, however discouraged in most Protestant branches such as Calvinism, where the practice is considered a form of idolatry. Although Islam has no codified doctrine of patronage on the part of saints, it has been an important part of both Sunni and Shia Islamic tradition that important classical saints have served as the heavenly advocates for specific Muslim empires, cities and villages. Martin Lings wrote: "There is scarcely a region in the empire of Islam which has not a Sufi for its Patron Saint."
As the veneration accorded saints develops purely organically in Islamic climates, in a manner different from Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christianity, "patron saints" are recognized through popular acclaim rather than through official declaration. Traditionally, it has been understood that the patron saint of a particular place prays for that place's wellbeing and for the health and happiness of all who live therein. However, the Wahhabi and Salafi movements within Sunnism have latterly attacked the veneration of saints, which they claim are a form of idolatry or shirk. More mainstream Sunni clerics have critiqued this argument since Wahhabism first emerged in the 18th century; the critiques notwithstanding, widespread veneration of saints in the Sunni world declined in the 20th century under Wahhabi and Salafi influence. Calendar of saints Guardian angel List of blesseds List of saints Patron saints of ailments and dangers Patron saints of occupations and activities Patron saints of places Patron saints of ethnic groups Military saints Saint symbolism Tutelary deity Catholic Online: Patron Saints Henry Parkinson.
Slobodan Kovač is a Serbian volleyball coach and former player, a head coach of the Serbia men's national volleyball team and Polish club Jastrzębski Węgiel. In 2014, he was appointed as a head coach of the Iran men's national team until the 2016 Summer Olympics. Competing for Yugoslavia, he won team medals at the Atlanta 1996 Olympics and his inaugural gold medal at the Sydney 2000 Summer Olympics at the age of 33. In 2010-2014 and 2015-2016, he was a head coach of Sir Safety Perugia, reaching the Superlega finals twice, Italy's top tier league. Kovač in 2016 became a new head coach of Halkbank Ankara. In the same year he was elected as a head coach of the Slovenia men's national team. CEV Challenge Cup 1997/1998, with Volley Lube National championships 1988/1989 Yugoslavian Championship, with Vojvodina 1991/1992 Yugoslavian Cup, with Vojvodina 1991/1992 Yugoslavian Championship, with Vojvodina 1993/1994 Greek Championship, with Aris Thessaloniki 2004/2005 Iranian Championship, with Shahrdari Urmia 2005/2006 Iranian Championship, with Shahrdari Urmia 2006/2007 Serbian Championship, with Radnički Kragujevac National team 1991 Mediterranean Games 1995 CEV European Championship 1996 Olympic Games 1997 CEV European Championship 2000 Olympic Games CEV Challenge Cup 2018/2019, with Belogorie Belgorod National championships 2008/2009 Serbian Championship, with Radnički Kragujevac 2009/2010 Serbian Championship, with Radnički Kragujevac 2013/2014 Italian Championship, with Sir Safety Perugia 2015/2016 Italian Championship, with Sir Safety Perugia 2016/2017 Turkish Championship, with Halkbank Ankara 2017/2018 Turkish Cup, with Halkbank Ankara 2017/2018 Turkish Championship, with Halkbank Ankara National teams 2014 Asian Games, with Iran 2019 CEV European Championship, with Serbia 2008: – Coach of the Year in Serbia 2009: – Coach of the Year in Serbia 2010: – Coach of the Year in Serbia 2013: – Coach of the Year in Italy 2014: – Coach of the Year in Italy 2019: – CEV Men’s Volleyball Team Coach of the Year 2019: – Coach of the Year by the Olympic Committee of Serbia Serbia men's national volleyball team Matches of Serbian men's volleyball national team conducted by Slobodan Kovač Slobodan Kovač at legavolley.it
Stanley Timothy Crews was a Major League Baseball pitcher who pitched six seasons with the Los Angeles Dodgers, from 1987 to 1992. Crews was part of the Dodgers team. At the end of the 1992 season, he became a free agent and signed with the Cleveland Indians on January 22, 1993. On March 23, 1993, during spring training and his Indians teammate Steve Olin were killed in a boating accident on Crews's property on Little Lake Nellie in Clermont, Florida. Another teammate, Bob Ojeda, spent most of the season recovering. An investigation found that Crews had driven the boat too fast into an unlighted dock and was impaired by a blood alcohol level of 0.14. The deaths of Crews and Olin were the first active MLB players to die since Thurman Munson in 1979. In their memory, the Cleveland Indians wore a patch their jerseys with their uniform numbers inside a baseball logo during the 1993 season. Olin's #31 was depicted on the left side, with an arrow above, while Crews's #52 was on the right, with a star above it.
The Dodgers wore a patch with Crews's #52 in 1993. In 281 games all in relief, he was 11–13 with 83 games finished and 15 saves, where for his career, Crews compiled a 3.44 earned run average in 423⅔ innings. List of baseball players who died during their careers Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference Little Lake Nellie: A Decade Later