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Pattaya

Pattaya is a resort city in Thailand. It is on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand, about 100 kilometres southeast of Bangkok, but not part of, Bang Lamung District in the province of Chonburi. Pattaya City is a self-governing municipal area which covers tambons Nong Prue and Na Klua and parts of Huai Yai and Nong Pla Lai; the city is in the industrial Eastern Seaboard zone, along with Si Racha, Laem Chabang, Chonburi. Pattaya is at the center of the Pattaya-Chonburi Metropolitan Area—a conurbation in Chonburi Province—with a population of 1,000,000; the name Pattaya evolved from the march of Phraya Tak and his army from Ayutthaya to Chanthaburi, which took place before the fall of the former capital to Burmese invaders in 1767. When his army arrived in the vicinity of what is now Pattaya, Phraya Tak encountered the troops of a local leader named Nai Klom, who tried to intercept him; when the two met face to face, Nai Klom was impressed by Phraya Tak's dignified manner and his army's strict discipline.

He joined his forces. The place the armies confronted each other was thereafter known as "Thap Phraya", which means the "army of the Phraya"; this became Pattaya, the name of the wind blowing from the south-west to the north-east at the beginning of the rainy season. Pattaya was a fishing village until the 1960s. Tourism began during the Vietnam War, when American servicemen began arriving on R&R. One large group who arrived from a base in Korat on 29 June 1959 and rented houses from Phraya Sunthorn at the south end of the beach, on what is now known as the "Strip", are credited with recommending Pattaya, whose fame spread by word of mouth. Pattaya has a tropical wet and dry climate, divided into the following seasons: hot and dry and humid, hot and rainy; the city had 320,262 people resident and counted on census 2010. Most of these people counted are Thai, with most migrant populations not recognized, although the details are quite complex as there are indigenous Thais without nationality, migrant workers have since been regularized.

Therefore, the census population does not represent the total figure. As for Thai nationals and legal permanent residents registering the city as their hometown, the provincial authority logged population was 107,944 in 2010, modestly rising to 118,511 by 2017; as with the Bangkok Metropolitan Region, registered population figure issued by a different agency than the National Statistics Office hardly captures the scope of the urban transformation that has occurred over the time span — the economy is dependent on the large numbers of casual Thai workers who work in the city yet remain registered in their hometowns, there is much employment turnover and to and from the capital, as well as seasonal farm migration. Migrant workers from neighboring nations, many long-term expatriates who reside in the city as retirees or self-employed or contracted are traditionally not counted. There has never been a reliably published figure for total population, but its thought to be quite large given the ubiquity and sheer number of migrant workers taking place of Thai labor.

Pattaya city excludes some nearby areas like Huay Yai. Pattaya additionally has massive population inflow from short stay tourism, with its 2000 hotels and 136,000 rooms available as of 2015. Due to the tourist industry, many people from the north-east have come to work in Pattaya, are counted for census purposes in their hometowns. A majority of these northeast workers fulfill positions in the Go-Go bar industry, the pay they can earn is far more than that in their home region of Isaan. A growing community of foreign retirees live in Pattaya. Thailand immigration has a special visa category for foreigners over age 50 who wish to retire in Thailand. Pattaya is attractive to many retirees from other countries not only because of its climate and lifestyle, but because living costs are lower than in many countries. Pattaya, on the Gulf of Thailand, is 160 kilometres south of the city of Bangkok in Bang Lamung District, Chonburi Province; the city of Pattaya is a special municipal area which covers the whole tambon Nong Prue and Na Kluea and parts of Huai Yai and Nong Pla Lai.

Bang Lamung township which forms the northern border of Pattaya covers parts of the tambon Bang Lamung, Nong Pla Lai and Takhian Tia. Bang Sali is on the southern border of Pattaya. "Greater Pattaya" occupies most of the coastline of Banglamung. It is divided into a larger northern section which spans the areas to the east of Naklua Beach and Pattaya Beach plus Pratamnak Hill headland south of Pattaya Beach, a smaller southern section covering the area to the east of Jomtien Beach; the main sweep of the bay area is divided into two principal beachfronts. Pattaya Beach lies parallel to the city centre, runs from Pattaya Nuea south to Walking Street, about 2.7 km long. The beach, which used to be 35 m wide, suffers from erosion and in some places was reduced to a width of only two to three meters. A 429 million baht beach restoration scheme was implemented in 2018, it will take 360,000 m3 of sand from Ko Rang

She's Got a Way

"She's Got a Way" is a song by American singer-songwriter Billy Joel released on his first solo album, Cold Spring Harbor and as a single from that album in some countries. It was featured as a single from the 1981 live album Songs in the Attic, peaking at number 23 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in early 1982. "She's Got a Way" is a love ballad. The lyrics to "She's Got a Way" have the singer describing how various characteristics of a particular woman, such as her laugh, make him love her though he can't understand why. To music critic Mark Bego, it's a song about a woman. Joel biographer Fred Schruers describes the lyrics as a "plainspoken, never-quite-corny adoration of a loved one."According to a friend of the couple, Bruce Gentile, the song was written about Joel's first wife Elizabeth. Joel's liner notes for Songs In The Attic seem to agree with this, commenting, "Written in 1970, I still feel the same way." Schruers describes the song's melody as alternating between "surging" and "relenting."

The original studio version has minimal instrumentation. The most prominent instruments are some cymbal crashes. Schruers describes Joel's piano playing as "stately." On the 1983 reissue of Cold Spring Harbor, "She's Got a Way" incorporated strings, which may have been inspired by a live performance at Carnegie Hall in New York City at which strings were included in the instrumentation. Schruers attributes some of the effect of the song to the way Joel sings the final word of the final phrase "I don't know what it is/But there doesn't have to be a reason anyway." Schruers describes the last word "anyway" as hanging in the air, "trailing off" and "disrupting the tempo" and thus "seemingly giving in to the emotion" of love. In a 1981 interview, Joel expressed mixed feelings about the song: "I thought it was cornball for years. I had trouble singing it at first. I got into it and decided everybody has a corny side, I suppose". Joel included "She's Got a Way" on a five-song demo tape that included other songs that would appear on Cold Spring Harbor, such as "Everybody Loves You Now" and "Tomorrow Is Today".

Joel made the tape in an unsuccessful attempt to secure his first solo recording contract with Paramount Records. AllMusic critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine described the studio version as being "lovely" and rated it as one of Joel's "finest songs." Bego described it as a "beautiful love ballad" and one of Joel's "most serious and adult compositions." Joel biographer Hank Bordowitz called it a "remarkable composition that, while not great, at least indicate a rising talent." Billboard Magazine's Roy Waddell described it as a "chestnut" that didn't get its "proper due" until the live version was released on Songs in the Attic. Joel biographer Fred Schruers described it as the one "gem" from Cold Spring Harbor. According to Rolling Stone Album Guide critic Paul Evans, "She's Got a Way" "set the pattern for the ballads Joel would soon turn out effortlessly." The version released on Songs in the Attic was recorded at a live performance in Boston in 1980. Joel performs the song with his own piano accompaniment.

Ken Bielen describes the performance as being influenced by Paul McCartney's style, says that the small venue with its "attentive audience" provides an "intense intimacy." Schruers describes this version as being "a technically better performance much more in a chest register" but does not consider it as poignant as the original version. AllMusic critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine calls this version "richer and warmer" than the studio version. Joel performed this song on live TV on Saturday Night Live on November 14, 1981. Michael Sweet covered this song on 2007's Touched. Phil Keaggy covered the song on 2007's Acoustic Café, accompanied only by acoustic guitar. Ken Bielen described this version as being "sweet and simple." Don Henley sang "She's Got a Way" as a tribute to Joel when Joel was awarded a Kennedy Center Honor in 2013. Margie Joseph recorded a femme version of the song, titled "He's Got a Way," in 1974, her version uses electric piano as the primary instrument, adds a Hammond B-3 organ in the third verse to add a touch of gospel music influence.

She adds a gospel choir for background vocals which, in Bielen's opinion gives the impression that her interpretation may be directed towards God rather than a human lover. Bernadette Peters covered "He's Got a Way" on her 1996 album I'll Be Your Baby Tonight, accompanied only on piano. Bielen described this version as being "technically perfect albeit emotion-filled." Erlewine says that she is "well-suited" to its "pseudo-show tune stylings." Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

HMS Ashanti (F117)

HMS Ashanti was a Tribal-class frigate of the Royal Navy. She was named after an ethnic group located in Ghana; the frigate was sunk as a target in 1988. Ashanti was built by Yarrow, of Scotstoun, at a cost of £5,315,000 and was the first commissioned Royal Navy warship to be equipped with combined steam and gas engines, she was launched on 9 March 1959 and commissioned on 23 November 1961. In 1962 malicious damage was reported aboard Ashanti. Ashanti deployed to the Caribbean for trials in 1962. There, in early October, the ship suffered a failure in her COSAG engines, forcing the frigate's return to Britain. Subsequent tests discovered that the COSAG's machinery was defective, which caused blade fracturing in the gas turbine. Hull strengthening found to be required Ashanti was used to trial the Westland Wasp helicopter, prior to its introduction to active service in 1964; the frigate conducted operations in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea for 10 months in 1963. In May 1965, Ashanti suffered minor damage in a collision with the Russian cargo ship Farab in the port of Mombassa, Kenya.

In 1966/67 Ashanti was deployed on the Beira Patrol. During that time she spent a month in Aden having a gas turbine refit whilst some of the crew were seconded to the army as Britain withdrew from Aden, for which the crew were awarded the General Service medal with South Arabia clasp. There was a visit to the Kuria Muria Islands, before going on to Bahrain and Kuwait. Given the Six-Day War, the Suez Canal being blocked, indecisiveness about whether to clear mines from the Gulf of Aqaba Ashanti headed home via the Cape of Good Hope, stopping off at Simon's Town. Paragraph by onboard rating REM Bryant In 1969 Ashanti embarked a Royal Marines Commando detachment at Bermuda during a Black Power Conference. In 1970, Ashanti deployed on Beira Patrol, designed to prevent oil reaching landlocked Rhodesia via the Portuguese colony of Mozambique; the following year Ashanti was present at the Royal Navy's withdrawal from Malta. In 1974, while returning to Britain from the Caribbean, Ashanti suffered two fatalities when a large wave struck the frigate.

The ship was just four hours out of Bermuda on her way back to the UK. One was lost at sea, while the other died aboard the frigate; the ship returned to Bermuda to disembark the body, for repairs to the upper deck structure. Premature reports by Bermudian radio stations sent invalid signals to UK and it was reported on national TV news channels that Ashanti had been sunk and lost at sea. Three sailors, Timothy J Burton, David Little and James Wardle, died in 1977 from carbon monoxide poisoning after a fire broke out in a boiler room. Ashanti was returned to service in 1978 following a repair and refit, placed in reserve and became a Harbour Training Ship, she was sunk as a target in 1988 by the submarines Spartan. The submarine HMS Swiftsure was submerged and launched two Sub Harpoon missiles from distance, video footage was taken from a helicopter observing the exercise. Another ‘S’ Class boat situated between HMS Swiftsure and the target hit the ship with Mk24 torpedoes subsequent to the Sub Harpoons, which broke the back of the ship causing it to break in two and sink.

Blackman, Raymond V. B. ed.. Jane's Fighting Ships 1971–72. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. ISBN 0-354-00096-9. Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. Gardiner, Robert. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships, 1947-1995. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 978-0-8517-7605-7. Marriott, Leo. Royal Navy Frigates 1945-1983. Ian Allan Ltd. ISBN 07110 1322 5