Good Morning Australia (1992 TV program)
Good Morning Australia titled The Morning Show, was an Australian morning television variety program on Network Ten between 1992 and 2005. The program aired from 9:00am – 11:00am; the show was a lead in to the 11:30 News. The program debuted on Network Ten on 20 January 1992 with the title The Morning Show, changing its name the following year from 1 February 1993 to Good Morning Australia, after the breakfast news program with the same name on the same network had ended in December 1992. For most of 1992, the show was produced in Melbourne from Ten's Nunawading Studios, from 1993 following the changing of the name to Good Morning Australia, the show moved to Network Ten’s South Yarra studios; the show featured numerous guests in each episode singers and actors. Regular segments included cooking, gardening, movie reviews and parenting. There was a segment called “In Bed with Bert”, where four of his regulars answer questions that Newton reads; the questions were sent from viewers at home. The off-camera crew acted as the studio audience.
Starting in mid-2005 the public could view the taping on Fridays. Bert Newton's sign off at the end of each program was: We'll see you tomorrow morning at 9:00; the program was live-to-air on Mondays and Tuesdays, live-to-tape on Wednesday and Fridays. From mid-2004 onwards, the show became live-to-air five days a week to compete with Mornings with Kerri Anne. In October 2005, Network Ten announced that GMA would be cancelled at the end of the year after a fourteen-year run. Following this announcement and after months of speculation, Bert Newton decided to leave Ten and return to the Nine Network; the final live edition of Good Morning Australia aired Friday 16 December 2005, included guest appearances by former GMA regular Susie Elelman and showbiz legend Maria Venuti. The following week, GMA switched to summer mode, with the summer show airing from 19 December 2005; the summer series of Good Morning Australia ended on 27 January 2006, a week before the premiere of 9am with David and Kim. The show featured a number of advertorial presenters, including Moira McLean, Susie Elelman, Ed Phillips, Shannon Watts and Marianne van Dorslar.
The advertorials were for products from companies Guthy Renker and Global Shop Direct. John Foreman was the program's musical director from the program's inception in 1992 for GMA until his retirement in 2004, when Mark Amato was appointed as his replacement for the final two years; some of the singers that have performed on the show include: Abby Joyce Carmen Hendricks Anthony Callea Reverend Funk and the Horns of Salvation Cosima De Vito Gloria Gaynor Tommy Rando Susie French Melissa Langton Mark Jones Get O Roukes The Gear Ricki-Lee Coulter Jimmy Cupples Kate DeAraugo The Seekers Hayley Jensen Rhonda Burchmore Matt Amy's Really Big Band Shannon Noll Joey Dee Tina Cousins Lucy Gale Guy Sebastian Angela Librandi Matt Hetherington Tina Arena The program had many regular contributors to various topical segments. Robert Mascara, the floor manager and assistant director for the programme's entire run, appeared as "Belvedere", the official food taste tester during the cooking segments. Jane Edmondson and Karen Moregold did the astrology segments respectively.
Shannon Watts joined GMA in May 2005 replacing Ed Phillips who went on to host Temptation for the Nine Network. Shannon was soon put out in the field hosting segments from the AFL Grand Final, the Australian Grand Prix and the Gold Coast Indy 300. Not long after, Shannon was appointed as an advertorial presenter on GMA. Shannon did over 160 episodes of Good Morning Australia. Shannon stayed with GMA until the show's end and went on to be a reporter on the replacement show 9am with David & Kim. A number of people have filled in for Bert Newton as presenter over the years when he was either ill or on leave; the people that have filled in for him include: Kerri Anne Kennerley before Monday – Friday and Mornings with Kerri-Anne Maggie Tabberer Rove McManus, host of Rove Live Daniel MacPherson and Dancing with the Stars host Mark Holden, judge on Australian Idol Stephen Quartermain, presenter of Ten Eyewitness News Melbourne Gretel Killeen, host of Big Brother The program's former title The Morning Show was adopted by a rival show on the Seven Network.
The successor to GMA was 9am with David & Kim, which had a similar format, however 9am was not filmed in front of the live studio audience. Prior to Bert Newton's era, Ten Melbourne ran a similar show Good Morning Melbourne, hosted by Roy Hampson and Annette Allison. During Hampson's long run, the program had a number of different titles, such as The Roy Hampson Show and Roundabout. List of longest-running Australian television series List of Australian television series 9am with David & Kim Elizabeth Chong's Tiny Delights Good Morning Australia on IMDb Good Morning Australia at TV.com
Bert's Family Feud
Bert's Family Feud was an Australian game show remake based on the American show of the same name. The series was produced by Grundy Television in conjunction with FremantleMedia, it hosted by Bert Newton. The title referres to host Bert Newton as the show intended to feature celebrities and their families as contestants. A principal motivation for establishing the show was that the Nine Network had the highest-rating Australian television news service for many years, but has seen its viewing audience abandon the network in favour of the Seven Network's Seven News and Today Tonight; this is not only due to Seven's increasing ratings for its news programming, but due to their successful game show Deal or No Deal which airs in the 5:30pm timeslot, leading into the news. Leading up to the program's February 2006 launch there was speculation that the network may delay the program until mid-year and instead show reruns of Friends in the 5:30pm timeslot. Network executives are hoping that Friends reruns will reignite the timeslot and allow Bert's Family Feud to premiere to a solid audience.
It debuted 13 February 2006. It was cancelled in 2007 due to low ratings; the final episode was taped on 23 May 2007 in the GTV studios in Melbourne and aired on 1 June 2007. 274 episodes were recorded, with the Castricum family being the final contestants, winning $85,000 in total. After the demise,'the best-of' episodes continued to air on Mondays to fulfil the show's commercial obligations; the first two questions of each game were worth regular point values with the third question being worth double points. Unlike previous versions, a family who stole the points would be credited with the "stealing" answer. If neither family reached 200 points after the third question, a sudden-death face-off would feature the top two answers on the board, each worth triple points. Starting on 3 April 2006, any one of the first three rounds hid a $500 bonus behind any one answer. All departing families received a $1,000 gift voucher. One member of the winning family would answer five questions in 20 seconds.
Each top answer from the first player increased the potential jackpot which started at $5,000, but could be worth $10,000 for one top answer, $15,000 for two, $25,000 for three, $50,000 for four, or $100,000 if only the first player named all five top answers. The second player must answer the same five questions within 25 seconds. If both players scored over 200 points together, the family won the jackpot; each family could remain for up to five nights. From 28 July to 1 September 2006, two teams of sports stars competed for their favorite charity; each played a game called Bullseye. The first members of each team faced off to name the most popular answer to the first question; the first player to buzz in answered the question first. The top answer added $500 to that team's Bullseye bank, otherwise the other player named a different answer. After the first question, the second players from each team faced off on the $1,000 question, the third players played the $1,500 question, the last players played the $2,000 question.
On the second All-Stars episode from 4 August 2006, the first three regular rounds scored regular values and the fourth round scored triple points. The format changed to double points in the third and fourth rounds on 11 August but reverted to the single-single-single-triple format thereafter; the highest-scoring team after four rounds won the game. In the jackpot round, one top answer from the first player increased their Bullseye bank to $15,000, two increased the jackpot to $20,000 with the rest of the aforementioned payout structure remaining the same; this was the only version to feature two female models known as Mandy & Kandy, which could have been inspired by the Mexican version of Family Feud 100 mexicanos dijeron & ¿Qué dice la gente? respectively. This version has spawned controversial answers within raunchy questions such as "Name a gift, hard to return"which featured references to sex and a vibrator on the June 30, 2006 episode as one responded "Look, this is a pretty filthy answer but it's all I can think of and there are some dirty people out there in the audience so I'm going to go with vibrator" another episode that aired on June 27 has a question "Name an activity, enjoyed by a nudist colony" in which a contestant responded to "sex".
The ACMA founded that "The impact of the sexual references is mild and can be accommodated within a G classification" they found that the network has failed to respond to the complaint within 30 days but had implemented new procedures to ensure it complied with complaints-handling obligations. A board game was released by Crown & Andrews in 2006. A DVD Game was released by Imagination Entertainment in 2006. A mobile game was released by BlueSkyFrog in 2006. Bert Newton - host Simon Diaz - announcer Paul Khoury - announcer Mandy Ritchie - co-hostess known as "Mandy" Kathryn Trapani - co-hostess, known as "Kandy" Pete Smith - Warm Up Michael Pope - Executive Producer In New Zealand, the show began screening on TV2, Monday 8 January 2007. Official Website Official Website Bert's Family Feud on IMDb
Chadstone Shopping Centre
Chadstone Shopping Centre is a super regional shopping centre located in the south-eastern suburb of Malvern East, Victoria in the city of Melbourne, Australia and is the biggest shopping centre in Australia and claims to be the biggest in the Southern Hemisphere. The centre opened on 3 October 1960 and was the first self-contained regional shopping centre in Melbourne; the centre contains 129,924m2 of shop floor space, about 530 stores and more than 9300 free car parking spaces. It has as many as 68,000 visitors on its busiest trading days and attracts about 400,000 tourists a year from interstate and 200,000 from overseas. Sales at the centre exceed $1.4 billion—the highest turnover of all Australian shopping centres—and it has more than 20 million visitors annually. The centre known colloquially as "Chaddy", boasts major anchor stores such as the Myer and David Jones department stores, H&M, Coles and Aldi supermarkets, as well as Kmart and Target discount department stores, JB Hi-Fi, more than 500 specialty stores, of which the majority are fashion-related, including numerous high-end labels.
There are two food courts and two office towers located at the southern side of the centre. The centre's owners have sought a further expansion to include a 250-room hotel and 15,000m2 of offices, to take total floor space to 221,217m2, including 156,924m2 of shop floor space. Construction of the $130 million building started in early 2018 and is set to open to the public in late 2019. Opened in October 1960 at a cost of £6 million, Chadstone Shopping Centre was the first self-contained regional shopping centre in Melbourne, the largest built in Australia to that time; the centre was built and owned by the Myer Emporium, marked the transformation of shopping in Australia from the traditional central city and strip-shopping precincts to the now familiar mall-type shopping centre. The site of the current shopping centre was once extensive paddocks of the Convent of the Good Shepherd on which cattle grazed until the mid-1950s; the initial 12 ha of land was sold to Myer in March 1958. The development of Chadstone was driven by Ken Myer, who in 1949 looked to the USA for the lead in retail developments, with decentralised centres fuelled by expanding suburban growth and car reliance.
Further development of the concept occurred after Myer's 1953 visit to the USA, where he met with a number of architects involved with the design of shopping malls, in 1954 Myer secured 35 ha of land in Burwood for a shopping centre. The Burwood site was not used for the project. In 1958 the American firm of Welton Becket and Associates was appointed as the design architect, with Tompkins and Shaw Architects as the production architect. During the project the senior board of Myer was unhappy with the process, concerned that the architects did not understand the "Australian Concept", were blindly adopting the American shopping mall model. In 1960 the Myer board wrote: "Although based in a broad way on the pattern of shopping centres in the United States, Chadstone has been individually designed to suit local needs and its own location."The original shopping centre consisted of a single open-air mall with Myer at the southern end and a Dickins New World supermarket at the northern end. The first major change was made to the centre in the 1970s or 1980s: the mall was roofed over with translucent fibreglass, an acknowledgement that the open mall did not suit the Melbourne climate.
During the same period a bowling alley and auditorium were opened, the Dickens store was altered to be more accessed from the mall. In the early 1980s, the Myer Emporium sold the shopping centre to the Gandel Group, which has since managed and developed the complex. In 1984 the centre had its first major expansion: in 1985 now Coles New World was relocated into a new mall and a Target Discount Department Store was relocated from downstairs to a new store where Coles used to be, in 1986 a Hoyts 8 Cinema Complex was opened. A major extension doubled the lettable area in the late 1980s, during the same era the Convent of the Good Shepherd was demolished to extend the carpark of the complex. Chadstone has reclaimed the title "Southern hemisphere's largest shopping centre" since 2009 and "Australia's largest shopping centre" since 2007, thanks to regular development. Westfield Knox held the latter title from November 2002 until 2007 after the completion of their own expansion works. Chadstone held both of these titles from its original opening day to 2002 and was inspired to take back the records.
Chadstone's main local rivals are Westfield Doncaster to the north, Westfield Knox to the east and Westfield Southland to the south. Throughout the 1990s, Chadstone had undergone numerous developments; these include the development of multi-storey carparks due to the boundaries of the centre being built-up with no further room to expand. 20% of the original mall structure is left intact with this number to be reduced due to the construction of the West Mall. By 1999 Chadstone's lettable area covered 126,000m2, after the extension of the Myer and David Jones stores. Part of stages 20 and 21, this expansion cost $150 million and took two and a half years to complete. Local construction company Probuild has been responsible for every major stage of expansion and redevelopment at Chadstone Shopping Centre, commencing at stage 5 in 1989, with stage 33 having been completed in 2009. In December 2007 a A$100 million upgrade saw the centre's owners extend Chadstone's lettable area to 171,217 m², with the centre reclaiming the title as the largest shopping centre in Australia.
The new extens
Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state overall, thus making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Australia's second-largest city. Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south,New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, South Australia to the west; the area, now known as Victoria is the home of many Aboriginal people groups, including the Boon wurrung, the Bratauolung, the Djadjawurrung, the Gunai/Kurnai, the Gunditjmara, the Taungurong, the Wathaurong, the Wurundjeri, the Yorta Yorta. There were more than 30 Aboriginal languages spoken in the area prior to the European settlement of Australia; the Kulin nation is an alliance of five Aboriginal nations which makes up much of the central part of the state. With Great Britain having claimed the half of the Australian continent, east of the 135th meridian east in 1788, Victoria formed part of the wider colony of New South Wales.
The first European settlement in the area occurred in 1803 at Sullivan Bay, much of what is now Victoria was included in 1836 in the Port Phillip District, an administrative division of New South Wales. Named in honour of Queen Victoria, who signed the division's separation from New South Wales, the colony was established in 1851 and achieved self government in 1855; the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s and 1860s increased both the population and wealth of the colony, by the time of the Federation of Australia in 1901, Melbourne had become the largest city and leading financial centre in Australasia. Melbourne served as federal capital of Australia until the construction of Canberra in 1927, with the Federal Parliament meeting in Melbourne's Parliament House and all principal offices of the federal government being based in Melbourne. Politically, Victoria has 37 seats in the Australian House of Representatives and 12 seats in the Australian Senate. At state level, the Parliament of Victoria consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.
The Labor Party led Daniel Andrews as premier has governed Victoria since 2014. The personal representative of the Queen of Australia in the state is the Governor of Victoria Linda Dessau. Victoria is divided into 79 municipal districts, including 33 cities, although a number of unincorporated areas still exist, which the state administers directly; the economy of Victoria is diversified, with service sectors including financial and property services, education, retail and manufacturing constitute the majority of employment. Victoria's total gross state product ranks second in Australia, although Victoria ranks fourth in terms of GSP per capita because of its limited mining activity. Culturally, Melbourne hosts a number of museums, art galleries, theatres, is described as the world's sporting capital; the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the largest stadium in Australia and the Southern Hemisphere, hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The ground is considered the "spiritual home" of Australian cricket and Australian rules football, hosts the grand final of the Australian Football League each year, drawing crowds of 100,000.
Nearby Melbourne Park has hosted the Australian Open, one of tennis' four Grand Slam events, annually since 1988. Victoria has eight public universities, with the oldest, the University of Melbourne, dating from 1853. Victoria, like Queensland, was named after Queen Victoria, on the British throne for 14 years when the colony was established in 1851. After the founding of the colony of New South Wales in 1788, Australia was divided into an eastern half named New South Wales and a western half named New Holland, under the administration of the colonial government in Sydney; the first British settlement in the area known as Victoria was established in October 1803 under Lieutenant-Governor David Collins at Sullivan Bay on Port Phillip. It consisted of 402 people, they had been sent from England in HMS Calcutta under the command of Captain Daniel Woodriff, principally out of fear that the French, exploring the area, might establish their own settlement and thereby challenge British rights to the continent.
In 1826, Colonel Stewart, Captain Samuel Wright, Lieutenant Burchell were sent in HMS Fly and the brigs Dragon and Amity, took a number of convicts and a small force composed of detachments of the 3rd and 93rd regiments. The expedition landed at Settlement Point, on the eastern side of Western Port Bay, the headquarters until the abandonment of Western Port at the insistence of Governor Darling about 12 months afterwards. Victoria's next settlement was on the south west coast of what is now Victoria. Edward Henty settled Portland Bay in 1834. Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman, who set up a base in Indented Head, John Pascoe Fawkner. From settlement, the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, a separately administered part of New South Wales. Shortly after, the site now known as Geelong was surveyed by Assistant Surveyor W. H. Smythe, three weeks after Melbourne, and in 1838, Geelong was declared a town, despite earlier European settlements dating back to 1826
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Time in Australia
Australia uses three main time zones: Australian Western Standard Time, Australian Central Standard Time, Australian Eastern Standard Time. Time is regulated by the individual state governments. Australia's external territories observe different time zones. Standard time was introduced in the 1890s. Before the switch to standard time zones, each local city or town was free to determine its local time, called local mean time. Now, Western Australia uses Western Standard Time. Daylight saving time is used in states in the south and south-east - South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and the ACT, it is not used in Western Australia, the Northern Territory or Queensland. The standardisation of time in Australia began in 1892, when surveyors from the six colonies in Australia met in Melbourne for the Intercolonial Conference of Surveyors; the delegates accepted the recommendation of the 1884 International Meridian Conference to adopt Greenwich Mean Time as the basis for standard time. The colonies enacted time zone legislation, which took effect in February 1895.
The clocks were set ahead of GMT by 8 hours in Western Australia. The three time zones became known as Western Standard Time, Central Standard Time, Eastern Standard Time. Broken Hill in the far west of New South Wales adopted Central Standard Time due to it being connected by rail to Adelaide but not Sydney at the time. On 1 May 1899 at 12:00AM local time, South Australia advanced Central Standard Time by thirty minutes after lobbying by businesses who wanted to be closer to Melbourne time and cricketers and footballers who wanted more daylight to practice in the evenings disregarding the common international practice of setting one-hour intervals between adjacent time zones. Attempts to correct these oddities in 1986 and 1994 were rejected; when the Northern Territory was separated from South Australia and placed under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government, that Territory kept Central Standard Time. When the ACT was broken off from New South Wales, it retained Eastern Standard Time. Since 1899, the only major changes in Australian time zones have been the setting of clocks to one-half hour earlier than Eastern time on the territory of Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island changing from UTC+11:30 to UTC+11:00 on 4 October 2015.
When abbreviating "Australian Central Time" and "Australian Eastern Time", in domestic contexts the leading "Australian" may be omitted. Though the governments of the states and territories have the power to legislate variations in time, the standard time within each of these is set related to Coordinated Universal Time as determined by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures and set by section 8AA of the National Measurement Act of 1960 of the Commonwealth. Australia has kept a version of the UTC atomic time scale since the 1990s, but Greenwich Mean Time remained the formal basis for the standard times of all of the states until 2005. In November 2004, the state and territory attorneys-general endorsed a proposal from the Australian National Measurement Institute to adopt UTC as the standard of all Australian standard times, thereby eliminating the effects of slight variations in the rate of rotation of the Earth that are inherent in mean solar time. All states have adopted the UTC standard, starting on 1 September 2005.
In Victoria, South Australia and the ACT, the starting and ending dates of daylight saving times are determined by proclamations, declarations, or regulation made by the State Governor or by the responsible minister. Such instruments may be valid for only the current year, so this section only refers to the legislation. In New South Wales and Western Australia, the starting and ending dates, if any, are to be set by legislation. Western Standard Time – UTC+08:00 Western Australia – Standard Time Act 2005Central Standard Time – UTC+09:30 South Australia – Standard Time Act 2009 and the Daylight Saving Act 1971 Northern Territory – Standard Time Act 2005Eastern Standard Time – UTC+10:00 Queensland – Standard Time Act 1894 New South Wales – Standard Time Act 1987 No 149 Australian Capital Territory – Standard Time and Summer Time Act 1972 Victoria – Summer Time Act 1972 Tasmania – Standard Time Act 1895 and the Daylight Saving Act 2007 The choice of whether to use DST is a matter for the governments of the individual states and territories.
However, during World War I and World War II all states and territories used daylight saving time. In 1968 Tasmania became the first state in peacetime to use DST, followed in 1971 by New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, the Australian Capital Territory. Western Australia and the Northern Territory did not adopt it. Queensland abandoned DST in 1972. Queensland and Western Australia have used DST during the past 40 years during trial periods; the main DST zones are the following: Central Daylight Saving Time – UTC+10:30, in South Australia Eastern Daylight Saving Time – UTC+11:00, in New South Wales, the ACT, TasmaniaDuring the usual
The Wiggles are an Australian children's music group formed in Sydney, New South Wales, in 1991. Since 2012, the group members are Anthony Field, Lachlan Gillespie, Simon Pryce, Emma Watkins; the original members were Field, Phillip Wilcher, Murray Cook, Greg Page, Jeff Fatt. Wilcher left the group after their first album. Page retired in 2006 due to ill health and was replaced by understudy Sam Moran, but returned in 2012, replacing Moran. At the end of 2012, Page and Fatt retired, were replaced by Gillespie and Watkins. Cook and Fatt retained their shareholding in the group and all three continued to have input into its creative and production aspects. Field and Fatt were members of the Australian pop band The Cockroaches in the 1980s, Cook was a member of several bands before meeting Field and Page at Macquarie University, where they were studying to become pre-school teachers. In 1991, Field was inspired to create an album of children's music based upon concepts of early childhood education, enlisted Cook and Fatt to assist him.
They began touring to promote the album, became so successful, they quit their teaching jobs to perform full-time. The group augmented their act with animal characters Dorothy the Dinosaur, Henry the Octopus, Wags the Dog, as well as the character Captain Feathersword, played by Paul Paddick since 1993, they travelled with a small group of dancers, which grew into a larger troupe. The group's DVDs, CDs, television programs have been produced independently since their inception, their high point came in the early 2000s. The group was formally consolidated in 2005, they were listed at the top of Business Review Weekly's top-earning Australian entertainers four years in a row, earned A$45 million in 2009. In 2011, the worldwide recession hit The Wiggles; the Wiggles have enjoyed universal approval throughout their history, their music has been played in pre-schools all over the world. They have earned several Platinum, Double Platinum and Multi-Platinum records, as well as sold 23 million DVDs and 7 million CDs, have performed, on average, to one million people per year.
The group has earned multiple Australasian Performing Rights Association and Australian Recording Industry Association Music Awards. Anthony Field and Jeff Fatt were members of The Cockroaches, a Sydney pop band known for their "good-time R&B material" and several singles recorded by independent labels during the 1980s. In 1988, Field's infant niece, the daughter of Cockroaches founder and band member Paul Field, died of SIDS, the group disbanded. Anthony Field enrolled at Macquarie University in Sydney to complete his degree in early childhood education, stated that his niece's death "ultimately led to the formation of Wiggles". Murray Cook "a mature-aged student", was the guitarist in the pub rock band Bang Shang a Lang before enrolling at Macquarie. Greg Page, a roadie for and sang with The Cockroaches during their final years, had enrolled in Macquarie to study early childhood education on Field's recommendation. Field and Page were among 10 men in a program with 200 students. In 1991, while still a student, Field became motivated to use concepts in the field of early childhood education to record an album of music for children.
The album was dedicated to Field's niece. A song he wrote for The Cockroaches, "Get Ready to Wiggle", inspired the band's name because they thought that wiggling described the way children dance. Like a university assignment, they produced a folder of essays that explained the educational value of each song on the album, they needed a keyboardist "to bolster the rock'n'roll feel of the project", so Field asked his old bandmate Fatt for his assistance in what they thought would be a temporary project. The group received songwriting help from John Field, Anthony's brother and former bandmate, from Phillip Wilcher, working with the early childhood music program at Macquarie. After contributing to their first album, hosting the group's first recording sessions in his Sydney home, appearing in a couple of the group's first videos, Wilcher left the group and went into classical music; the group reworked a few Cockroaches tunes to better fit the genre of children's music. Anthony Field gave copies of their album to his young students to test out the effect of the group's music on children.
To promote their first album, The Wiggles filmed two music videos with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and created a self-produced, forty-minute-long video version. Finances were limited, so there was no post-production editing of the video project, they used Field's nieces and nephews as additional cast, hired the band's girlfriends to perform in character costumes. Cook's wife made their first costumes, they visually checked the performance of each song. The Cockroaches' former manager, Jeremy Fabinyi, became the group's first manager. Using their previous connections, he negotiated with the ABC to air their TV show and to help them promote their first recording; the album cost A$4,000 to produce and it sold 100,000 copies in 1991. Field and Cook got teaching jobs, while Page finished his degree, so they could on