Paul Kagame is a Rwandan politician and former military leader. He is the 4th and current President of Rwanda, having taken office in 2000 when his predecessor, Pasteur Bizimungu, resigned. Kagame commanded the Rwandan Patriotic Front, the Uganda-based rebel force that invaded Rwanda and was one of the parties of the conflict during the Rwandan genocide, he was considered Rwanda's de facto leader when he served as Vice President and Minister of Defence from 1994 to 2000. He was re-elected in August 2017 with an official result of nearly 99% in an election criticized for numerous irregularities, he has been described as the "most. Kagame was born to a Tutsi family in southern Rwanda; when he was two years old, the Rwandan Revolution ended centuries of Tutsi political dominance. In the 1980s, Kagame fought in Yoweri Museveni's rebel army, becoming a senior Ugandan army officer after Museveni's military victories carried him to the Ugandan presidency. Kagame joined the Rwandan Patriotic Front, which invaded Rwanda in 1990.
RPF leader Fred Rwigyema died early in the war and Kagame took control. By 1993, the RPF controlled significant territory in Rwanda and a ceasefire was negotiated; the assassination of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana set off the genocide, in which Hutu extremists killed an estimated 800,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutu. Kagame resumed the civil war, ended the genocide with a military victory. During his vice presidency, Kagame controlled the national army and maintained law and order, while other officials began rebuilding the country. Many RPF soldiers carried out retribution killings. Kagame said he failed to stop them. A small number of these soldiers were put on trial. Hutu refugee camps formed in other countries; these camps were given food and medical aid by aid agencies. The RPF attacked the camps in 1996, forcing many refugees to return home, but insurgents continued to attack Rwanda; the attack on the refugee camps killed an estimated 200,000 people. As part of the invasion, Kagame sponsored two controversial rebel wars in Zaire.
The Rwandan- and Ugandan-backed rebels won the first war, installing Laurent-Désiré Kabila as president in place of dictator Mobutu and renaming the country as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The second war was launched in 1998 against Kabila, his son Joseph, following the DRC government's expulsion of Rwandan and Ugandan military forces from the country; the war escalated into a conflict that lasted until ceasefire. As president, Kagame has prioritized national development, launching a programme to develop Rwanda as a middle-income country by 2020; as of 2013, the country is developing on key indicators, including health care and education. Kagame has had good relations with the East African Community and the United States. Relations with the DRC remain tense despite the 2003 ceasefire. Several countries suspended aid payments in 2012 following these allegations. Kagame is popular with some foreign observers, he won an election in 2003, under a new constitution adopted that year, was elected for a second term in 2010.
Kagame was elected again in 2017, due to yet another change in the constitution, he could be President until 2034. His role in the assassination of exiled political opponents has been controversial. Kagame was born on 23 October 1957, the youngest of six children, in Tambwe, Ruanda-Urundi, a village located in what is now the Southern Province of Rwanda, his father, was a member of the Tutsi ethnic group, from which the royal family had been derived since the eighteenth century or earlier. Deogratias had family ties to King Mutara III, but he pursued an independent business career rather than maintain a close connection to the royal court. Kagame's mother, Asteria Rutagambwa, descended from the family of the last Rwandan queen, Rosalie Gicanda. At the time of Kagame's birth, Rwanda was a United Nations Trust Territory. Rwandans were made up of three distinct groups: the minority Tutsi were the traditional ruling class, the Belgian colonialists had long promoted Tutsi supremacy, whilst the majority Hutu were agriculturalists.
The third group, the Twa, were a forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from Rwanda's earliest inhabitants, who formed less than 1% of the population. Tensions between Tutsi and Hutu had been escalating during the 1950s, culminated in the 1959 Rwandan Revolution. Hutu activists began killing Tutsi, forcing more than 100,000 Tutsis to seek refuge in neighbouring countries. Zura Karuhimbi claimed that in 1959 she had saved the life of Kagame by tying beads from her necklace into his hair so that he could pass as a girl and escape execution by the Hutus. Kagame's family abandoned their home and lived for two years in the far northeast of Rwanda and crossing the border into Uganda, they moved north, settled in the Nshungerezi refugee camp in the Toro sub-region in 1962. It was around this time that, as young boys and his future comrade, Fred Rwigyema, first met one another. Kagame began his primary education in a school near the refugee camp, where he and other Rwandan
Asian Educational Services is a New Delhi, India-based publishing house that specialises in antiquarian reprints of books that were published between the 17th and early 20th centuries. Founded by Jagdish Lall Jetley in 1973, the selection of titles are over 1200 in number; this firm has a active publication programme that aims to preserve knowledge, in the form of old books, from being lost. An extensive list of about 200 travelogues gives a vivid picture of India and Asia generally. Many of the big names in Asian exploration and in the field of history have been reprinted. W. W. Hunter, H. H. Wilson, Max Muller, Rhys Davids, H. H. Risley, Edgar Thurston, G. Forrest, G. B. Malleson, Nicholas Greenwood, William Muir, Vincent A. Smith, Emerson Tennent, Wilhelm Geiger, Monier-Willams, Sven Hedin, Richard F. Burton, Francis Younghusband, William Moorcroft, M. Auriel Stein, Marco Polo, Heuin Tsang, Al-Beruni, William of Rubruck, many more share this shelf space. Travelogues of people who, in the Middle Ages, frequented India such as F. Bernier, J. B.
Tavernier, John Fryer, N. Mannuchi, Abbe Carre, J. Ovington, Alexander Hamilton, J. Neuihoff, P. Baldeaus, Father Montserrat, Ippolito Desideri, etc. have been given a new lease on life. Language aids for over 40 Asian and African languages in the form of dictionaries, grammar aids, self-taught series are part of the AES programme for language studies. All major languages of the Indian sub-continent have been covered, along with semitic languages like Amharic and the Arabic-Persian family of languages. Apart from India, other areas of publication activity involve: Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Himalayas, Central Asia, Burma/Myanmar, the Indian Ocean. Subjects deal with: History and Manners, Buddhism, Anthropology, Architecture and Tribes, The Indian Revolt/Mutiny of 1857, Natural History, guidebooks, etc. AES was awarded the National Award for Excellence in Publishing in 2005. AES has been featured in newspapers and TV shows, that highlight its re-publication programme; the newspapers that have carried stories on AES include the national dailies like The Hindu and The Indian Express.
Among the channels that have features AES are the National Channel of India and the CNN/IBN network in India. After the death of the founder in 2005, the firm is being run by the surviving family. Official website Interview with owner by The Hindu
Kobuchizawa Station is a railway station on the Chuo Main Line in Kobuchisawa in the city of Hokuto, Yamanashi Prefecture, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Kobuchizawa Station is served by the Chuo Main Line and is located 173.7 kilometers from the starting point of the line at Tokyo Station. It forms the starting point of the rural Koumi Line to Komoro in Nagano Prefecture. Kobuchizawa Station has two island platforms connected to a wooden station building by a footbridge; the station has a "Midori no Madoguchi" staffed ticket office. The station opened on December 21, 1904 as a station on the Japanese Government Railways.. The Koumi Line began operations from the station on July 27, 1933.. The JGR became the Japanese National Railways after the end of World War II. With the dissolution and privatization of JNR on April 1, 1987, the station came under the control of the East Japan Railway Company; the station has been rebuilt and opened in 2017, with the new structure, designed by architectural firm Atsushi Kitagawara Architects.
In fiscal 2017, the station was used by an average of 1,532 passengers daily. Kobuchizawa Interchange on the Chuo Expressway Resort Outlets Yatsugatake shopping center Teikyo Daisan High School List of railway stations in Japan Miyoshi Kozo. Chuo-sen Machi to eki Hyaku-niju nen. JT Publishing ISBN 453307698X JR全線全駅ステーション倶楽部編. Tokyo, Japan: Bunshun Bunko. September 1988. P. 145. ISBN 4-16-748701-2. Official website