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Paul Mellon

Paul Mellon was an American philanthropist and an owner/breeder of thoroughbred racehorses. He is one of only five people designated an "Exemplar of Racing" by the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame, he was co-heir to one of America's greatest business fortunes, derived from the Mellon Bank created by his grandfather Thomas Mellon, his father Andrew W. Mellon, his father's brother Richard B. Mellon. In 1957, when Fortune prepared its first list of the wealthiest Americans, it estimated that Paul Mellon, his sister Ailsa Mellon-Bruce, his cousins Sarah Mellon and Richard King Mellon, were all among the richest eight people in the United States, with fortunes of between 400 and 700 million dollars each. Mellon's autobiography, Reflections in a Silver Spoon, was published in 1992, he died at his home, Oak Spring, in Upperville, Virginia, on February 1, 1999. He was survived by his wife, his children, Catherine Conover and Timothy Mellon, two stepchildren, Stacy Lloyd III and Eliza, Viscountess Moore.

Paul Mellon was the son of Andrew W. Mellon, US Secretary of the Treasury from 1921 to 1932, Nora McMullen of Hertfordshire and brother of Ailsa Mellon-Bruce, he graduated from The Choate School in Wallingford, Connecticut, in 1925, where he wrote for the literary magazine and composed the school hymn. He went on to graduate from Yale College and the University of Cambridge. At Yale, he was a member of Chi Psi fraternity and Key and served as vice-chairman of the Yale Daily News, he was a great benefactor of his alma maters, donating to the Forbes-Mellon Library at the University of Cambridge, the Mellon Arts Center and the Mellon Science Center to Choate, two residential colleges, the Yale Center for British Art. After graduating from Yale, he went to England to study at the University of Cambridge, receiving a BA in 1931, while his father served as the US Ambassador to the Court of St. James's from 1932 to 1933. In 1930, he was a founding member, alongside Sir Timothy William Gowers, of the CRABS, the Clare Rugby And Boating Society.

In 1938, he received an Oxbridge MA from Cambridge. He was a major benefactor to Clare College's Forbes-Mellon Library, opened in 1986. Mellon returned to Pittsburgh, to work for other businesses for six months. In 1935, he married Mary Conover Brown and the couple, who had two children and Timothy, moved to Virginia, he enrolled at St. John's College in Annapolis, Maryland in 1940 but six months joined the United States Army, asking to join the cavalry. Mellon served with the Morale Operations Branch of the Office of Strategic Services in Europe, he rose to the rank of major and was the recipient of four battle stars in the European Theatre of Operations. After his wife Mary's death in 1946 from an asthma attack, he married Rachel Lambert Lloyd, known as "Bunny", the former wife of Stacy Barcroft Lloyd Jr, she was a descendant of the Lambert family who formulated and marketed Listerine and an heiress to the Warner-Lambert corporate fortune. Bunny Mellon was an avid horticulturist and gardener, whose fondness for French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painting, as well as American art, Mellon came to share.

By this marriage, he had two stepchildren: Eliza Lambert Lloyd. While Mellon did not share his father's interest in business, the two found common ground in their love of art and philanthropy. Shortly before Andrew Mellon's death in 1937, construction began on the West Building of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D. C. for which Andrew Mellon had provided funds. Four years Paul Mellon presented both the building by John Russell Pope and his father's collection of 115 paintings to the nation, he served on the museum's board for more than four decades: as trustee, as president, as board chair, as honorary trustee. Mellon commissioned I. M. Pei to build the East Building and, with his sister Ailsa, provided funds for its construction in the late 1970s. Over the years he and his wife Bunny donated more than 1,000 works to the National Gallery of Art, among them many French and American masterworks. In 1936, Mellon purchased his first British painting, "Pumpkin with a Stable-lad" by George Stubbs, who became a lifetime favorite of Mellon's.

Beginning in the late 1950s, with the help of English art historian Basil Taylor, Mellon amassed a major collection by the mid-1960s. London art dealer Geoffrey Agnew once said of his acquisitions: "It took an American collector to make the English look again at their own paintings." Mellon's collection was catalogued by Judy Egerton. Mellon granted his extensive collection of British art, rare books, related materials to Yale University in the 1960s, along with the funding to create an appropriate museum to house it, he characteristically insisted that it not be named in honor of him, but rather would be called the Yale Center for British Art, to encourage others to support it as well. Mellon provided extensive endowment support to fund not only operations but an ongoing program of acquisitions, he made a generous bequest to the Center at the time of his death; the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art was founded in 1970 through a generous grant to Yale University, as a London-based affiliate of the New Haven center, to encourage study of British art and culture both at the undergraduate and the research scholar levels.

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Robert J. Marshall

Robert James Marshall was an American clergyman and religious leader, president of the Lutheran Church in America in the 1970s, at the time the largest Lutheran church in the United States. During his leadership, he played a pivotal role in the merger of his Lutheran Church in America with the American Lutheran Church and the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches to form the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. Marshall was raised in Burlington, Iowa, he grew up in a poor family, which helped him become more attuned to the concerns of those who were disadvantaged. Marshall graduated from Wittenberg University in 1941 with a Bachelor of Arts degree and from the Chicago Lutheran Theological Seminary in 1944. Marshall received a PHD from the University of Chicago, he spent three years as the pastor of a California church. He became a professor of Old Testament Interpretation at the Chicago Lutheran School of Theology (now the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago. Marshall was hired by Muhlenberg College, where he was appointed as head of the school's religion department.

He served as president of the Lutheran Illinois Synod until 1968. In balloting at the Lutheran Church in America's biannual convention held in June 1966 in Kansas City, Marshall received 70 of the 615 votes cast for president, behind Rev. Franklin Clark Fry, re-elected to another four-year term with 489 votes. Marshall was elected in June 1968 to serve as president of the Lutheran Church in America, succeeding Franklin Clark Fry, who had died earlier that month. Marshall was installed in ceremonies held at Riverside Church in October 1968, with clergymen from around the world in attendance. Marshall was elected to a full four-year term at the biannual convention held in Minneapolis in June 1970, receiving 545 votes out of the 593 cast. On March 31, 1978, Marshall announced that he would not seek re-election to another term as president, would instead take a position with the Lutheran World Ministries. In an interview with The New York Times, Marshall pointed to successful fundraising, adoption of a new book of worship and ecumenical outreach to the Episcopal, Roman Catholic and evangelical movements as among his achievements.

He stated that the reasons for his decision were not based on health but reflected his desire for "some new vision to come in". During his ten years in the office, Marshall led the 3 million-member group and restructured the church's ministries in the United States and around the world. In 1976 in Philadelphia, at the 41st International Eucharistic Congress, an interfaith ecumenical gathering of scholars and church leaders, Marshall received a lengthy standing ovation after opening his remarks with the two words "Fellow Christians", he continued his remarks by noting that "we should not exalt our differences, we should work on them". In 1988, building on the outreach and dialogue that Marshall had worked on, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America was formed by the merger of the liberal Lutheran Church in America with the more conservative American Lutheran Church and Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches; the combined body had 10,500 congregations and 4.8 million members in the United States and the Caribbean by the time of Marshall's death.

Marshall died at age 90 on December 2008 of heart failure in Allentown, Pennsylvania. He was buried in Burlington, Iowa

Normandie Casino

Larry Flynts Lucky Lady is a cardroom located in Gardena, California. It replaced Normandie Casino. In 1940, the Western Club opened on Western Avenue. Seven years the club was renamed the Normandie, Russ Miller became owner; as the city of Gardena grew, so did the card clubs. Their license fees provided most of the money needed to operate the city. During the 1960s, Gardena boasted six luxurious card clubs, it was the only city in Los Angeles County to have legal gambling. The clubs flourished until 1980, when the Bell Club in the city of Bell, opened. Other cities soon followed suit, the Gardena monopoly on card gaming came to an end. In 1980, Russ Miller decided to move the Normandie Casino to a better location near the 110 Harbor Freeway at 1045 West Rosecrans Avenue. A new 50,000-square-foot casino was constructed, along with a Las Vegas-style entertainment venue billed as "The Million Dollar Showroom". A few years Seven-card stud and Texas hold-em were added to the existing lineup of games, Five-card draw and Lowball.

In the mid-1980s, a tremendous Asian influence came with the introduction of the California games, including Blackjack, Pai Gow Poker, Super 9, a game similar to Baccarat. The Normandie revamped its restaurant to accommodate a variety of Asian tastes: Mandarin, Vietnamese and Korean, along with a standard Continental menu; the Normandie Casino opened its famous Red Dragon Room. The Red Dragon Room, with its additional outdoor patio, continues to be one of the most popular Asian gaming rooms in Los Angeles today; the casino is host to a luxurious V. I. P. Blackjack and Baccarat Room, a first in Southern California. In 2016, several members of the Miller family had their gaming licenses revoked for anti-money laundering violations, they were given 120 days to sell the casino. Larry Flynt, owner of the nearby Hustler Casino, won regulatory approval to purchase the Normandie in June 2016, with plans to rename it as Larry Flynt's Lucky Lady Casino. Http:// "Normandie Casino Faces Audit".

The Los Angeles Times. 22 April 1988. CA DOJ BGC. "Normandie Casino Collection Fees"

1918 United States Senate election in Montana

The 1918 United States Senate election in Montana took place on November 5, 1918. Incumbent United States Senator Thomas J. Walsh, first elected to the Senate in 1912, ran for re-election, he won the Democratic primary uncontested, was opposed in the general election by Oscar M. Lanstrum, a former State Representative and the Republican nominee, Jeannette Rankin, one of two United States Representatives from Montana's at-large congressional district and the nominee of the National Party. Walsh narrowly won his second term in the Senate. Thomas J. Walsh, incumbent United States Senator Oscar M. Lanstrum, former State Representative Jeannette Rankin, one of two Congressional representatives from Montana's at-large congressional district Harry H. Parsons, attorney Edmund Nichols


Tomisato is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of April 2012, the city has an estimated population of 50,183, a population density of 931 persons per km2; the total area is 53.91 km2. Tomisato is located in northern Chiba Prefecture close to Narita Airport. Narita, Chiba Yachimata, Chiba Shisui, Chiba Shibayama, Chiba Sanmu, Chiba Tomisato Village was founded on April 1, 1889 within Inba District, Chiba Prefecture. On April 1, 1985 it was elevated to town status, was elevated to city status on April 1, 2002. Tomisato is a regional commercial center whose economy is agricultural; the main crops are rice and watermelons. Traditionally, the area was known for horse ranching; the city is a bedroom community for workers at Narita Airport. Tomisato itself is not served by railway; the Narita Railway Company's Yachimata Line operated from 1914-1940. However, Narita Station and Keisei Narita Station in central Narita are both adjacent the Tomisato border. Higashi-Kantō Expressway Japan National Route 296 Japan National Route 409 Official Website

Connie Bruck

Connie Bruck is an American journalist and a reporter on subjects covering business and politics. She has been a staff writer at The New Yorker since 1989. Before joining The New Yorker, she was a staff writer at The American Lawyer for nine years, her stories have appeared in the Washington Post, The New York Times, The Atlantic Monthly. Bruck is married to a lawyer and former American politician, her article on Ivan Boesky in The Atlantic won the 1984 John Hancock Award for excellence in business and financial reporting. Her profile of Newt Gingrich in The New Yorker titled “The Politics of Perception” won the 1996 National Magazine Award for Reporting. Bruck's article "Deal of the Year" in The New Yorker won the 1991 National Magazine Award for Reporting and the Gerald Loeb Award for Magazines. Bruck won a second Gerald Loeb Award for Magazines in 2013 for "Cashier du Cinema" in The New Yorker. Bruck, Connie; the Predators' Ball: the junk-bond raiders and the man who staked them. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Master of the Game: Steve Ross and the Creation of Time Warner, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1994, ISBN 0671725742 When Hollywood Had a King: The reign of Lew Wasserman, who leveraged talent into power and influence, Random House, New Hork, 2003, ISBN 0375501681 Bruck, Connie. "The man who owns L. A." The World of Business. The New Yorker. 87: 46–57. —. "Friends of Israel". The Political Scene; the New Yorker. 90: 50–63. —. "A Hollywood story: did the movies make Steve Bannon?". The Political Scene; the New Yorker. 93: 34–45. —. "Devil's Advocate: Alan Dershowitz's long, controversial career – and the accusations against him". Annals of Law; the New Yorker. 95: 32–47. Appearances on C-SPAN Booknotes interview with Bruck on When Hollywood Had a King: The Reign of Lew Wasserman, Who Leveraged Talent into Power and Influence, July 20, 2003