New York University Stern School of Business
The New York University Leonard N. Stern School of Business is the business school of New York University, it is a founding member of the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. Established as the School of Commerce and Finance in 1900, the school changed its name in 1988 in honor of Leonard N. Stern, an alumnus and benefactor of the school. One of the most prestigious business schools in the world, it is one of the oldest; the school is located on NYU's Greenwich Village campus next to the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. Its alumni include some of the wealthiest in the world, as well as top business leaders and executives; the Stern School was founded by Charles Waldo Haskins in 1900 as the Undergraduate School of Commerce and Finance on the University's Washington Square campus. In 1913, Jeanette Hamill, J. D. M. A. joined the School's Economics department. In 1936, women comprised 15 percent of the total enrollment; the Graduate School of Business Administration was launched in 1916, it was housed in the NYU's School of Commerce's Wall Street branch.
Located in New York's downtown business district, the School's "Wall Street Division" served both full-time and employed students. GBA's first Dean was appointed in 1921. By 1945, the school's enrollment was well over 10,000 with graduates hailing from 36 countries and 48 states. In the 1960s, International business courses were introduced and soon became an important focus of the School's curriculum; the New York University, Graduate School of Business Administration, C. J. Devine Institute of Finance published many key Finance and Investment bulletins related to International finance; the School awarded its first Doctor of Commercial Sciences degree in 1970. The School of Commerce and Finance was renamed the College of Business and Public Administration in 1972. In the same year, Tisch Hall, designed by Philip Johnson and Richard Foster opened at 40 West Fourth Street to house the undergraduate college. In 1988, a $30 million gift from the School's alumnus Leonard N. Stern allowed the school to consolidate its graduate and undergraduate facilities at NYU's Washington Square campus.
The School was renamed Leonard N. Stern School of Business. In 1992, Stern's new $68 million state-of-the-art facility, today known as Kaufman Management Center, was inaugurated. In 1998, a $10 million gift from Henry Kaufman supported a major expansion and upgrading of Stern's facilities; the new and renovated space is used exclusively to improve the quality of student life. Prominent investment banker and Home Depot investor Kenneth Langone donated $10 million to Stern in 1999; the Langone MBA for Working Professionals was renamed in his honor. Celebrating its 100th birthday in the year 2000, Stern launched a $100 million Centennial Campaign, the School's most ambitious fundraising effort to date; the campaign doubled Stern's endowment, the number of named professorships, the level of student financial aid. Peter Blair Henry became dean of the school in January 2010. In 2010, the 84,500-square-foot renovation of the three Stern School of Business buildings, known as the Stern Concourse Project, was completed.
This project was funded by donors and corporate partners. NYU Stern Westchester offers its Langone MBA for Working Professionals in Purchase, New York, at SUNY Purchase; as of 2009, 2,305 students are enrolled in Stern's undergraduate program and 2,969 are enrolled in its Master of Business Administration program. There are 202 full-time faculty and 74 adjunct professors. Stern offers a broad spectrum of academic programs at undergraduate levels; the school is located on West 4th Street, occupying Shimkin and Tisch Halls and the Kaufman Management Center, on NYU's Washington Square campus. Stern offers academic majors in Marketing, Information Systems, Actuarial Science, Economic Policy, Economic Theory, Entertainment Media & Technology and others, as well as co-majors in International Business, Financial Systems, Sustainable Business, a certificate program in Entertainment and Technology. Stern offers an Executive MBA program for experienced professionals and executives, a 22-month-long degree program which includes two global study tours as a part of the curriculum.
The average age of executive MBA degree candidates is 27, 45% of the students have at least one advanced degree in other areas. Students who attend the Stern School of Business are called "Sternies." In the spring break of the undergraduate junior year, all "Sternies" are invited to travel abroad as part of a core curriculum class, "International Study Program," which engages students to visit a non-U. S. Company. Cultural learning experience is an integral part of the program as well. Recent destinations include: Singapore, Hungary, Chile, South Korea, Germany and Hong Kong. Stern offers its own study abroad program IBEX; this program lasts one semester at many of the top business schools around the world. Stern has multiple partner schools for this program in: Singapore, China, England, Hong Kong SAR, South Korea, The Netherlands and Thailand. Both the undergraduate and graduate programs are ranked among the top schools in the U. S. and worldwide by leading business and education publications. As of March 2018, Stern's undergraduate program is ranked: #5 Business School by U.
S. News and
Harvard Business School
Harvard Business School is the graduate business school of Harvard University in Boston, Massachusetts. The school offers a large full-time MBA program, doctoral programs, HBS Online and many executive education programs, it owns Harvard Business Publishing, which publishes business books, leadership articles, online management tools for corporate learning, case studies and the monthly Harvard Business Review. It is home to the Baker Library/Bloomberg Center; the school was established in 1908. Established by the humanities faculty, it received independent status in 1910, became a separate administrative unit in 1913; the first dean was historian Edwin Francis Gay. Yogev explains the original concept: This school of business and public administration was conceived as a school for diplomacy and government service on the model of the French Ecole des Sciences Politiques; the goal was an institution of higher learning that would offer a master of arts degree in the humanities field, with a major in business.
In discussions about the curriculum, the suggestion was made to concentrate on specific business topics such as banking, so on... Professor Lowell said the school would train qualified public administrators whom the government would have no choice but to employ, thereby building a better public administration... Harvard was blazing a new trail by educating young people for a career in business, just as its medical school trained doctors and its law faculty trained lawyers; the business school pioneered the development of the case method of teaching, drawing inspiration from this approach to legal education at Harvard. Cases are descriptions of real events in organizations. Students are positioned as managers and are presented with problems which they need to analyse and provide recommendations on. From the start the school enjoyed a close relationship with the corporate world. Within a few years of its founding many business leaders were its alumni and were hiring other alumni for starting positions in their firms.
At its founding, the school accepted only male students. The Training Course in Personnel Administration, founded at Radcliffe College in 1937, was the beginning of business training for women at Harvard. HBS took over administration of that program from Radcliffe in 1954. In 1959, alumnae of the one-year program were permitted to apply to join the HBS MBA program as second-years. In December 1962, the faculty voted to allow women to enter the MBA program directly; the first women to apply directly to the MBA program matriculated in September 1963. In 2012–2013, HBS administration implemented new programs and practices to improve the experience of female students and recruit more female professors. HBS established nine global research centers and four regional offices and functions through offices in Asia Pacific, United States, South Asia, Middle East and North Africa and Latin America. In 2018, HBS was tied for 1st with Chicago Booth by U. S. News & World ranked 5th in the world by the Financial Times.
HBS students can join more than 80 different clubs and student organizations on campus. The Student Association is the main interface between the MBA student body and the faculty/administration. In addition, HBS student body is represented at the university-level by the Harvard Graduate Council. In 2015, executive education contributed $168 million to HBS's total revenue of $707 million; the Advanced Management Program is a seven-week $82,000 residential course with the stated aim of "transforming proven leaders into global executives". It was first run in 1945, has had 20,000 attendees. There are "no formal educational requirements", on completion, "you will become a lifetime member of the HBS alumni community". In 2016, the BBC noted that attendees "can have an experience that more mimics the MBA degree, with the opportunity to develop closer friendships and full access to university alumni minus the rigorous admissions process." The Owner/President Management Program consists of three three-week $44,000 "units" spread over two years, aimed at "business owners and entrepreneurs".
There are "no formal educational requirements" Notable attendees include model-turned-businesswoman Tyra Banks, criticised for using phrases such as "I went to business school", from which people might infer that she earned a Harvard MBA. HBS Online HBX, is an online learning initiative announced by the Harvard Business School in March 2014 to host online university-level courses. Initial programs are the Credential of Readiness and Disruptive Strategy with Clayton Christensen. Leading with Finance, taught by Mihir A. Desai, was added to the catalog in August 2016. HBS Online created HBX Live, a virtual classroom based at WGBH in Boston; the duration of HBS Standard Online CORe course is 10 to 12 weeks and costs $2,250. The Summer Venture in Management Program is a one-week management training program for rising college seniors designed to increase diversity and opportunity in business education. Participants must be employed in a summer internship and be nominated by and have sponsorship from their organization to attend.
The school's faculty are divided into 10 academic units: Management. In the fall of 2010, Tata related companies and charities donated $50
2014 United States House of Representatives elections
The 2014 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 4, 2014, in the middle of President Barack Obama's second term in office. Elections were held for all 435 seats of the House of Representatives, representing the 50 states. Elections were held for the non-voting delegates from the District of Columbia and four of the five territories; the winners of these elections served in the 114th United States Congress, with seats apportioned among the states based on the 2010 United States Census. The Republicans won 16 seats from Democrats; the Republicans achieved their largest majority in the House since 1928 due to a sizeable Republican wave. Combined with the Republican gains made in 2010, the total number of Democratic-held House seats lost under Barack Obama's presidency in midterm elections rose to 77 with these elections; this marked the highest number of House seats lost under a two-term president of the same party since Harry S. Truman. With 36.4% of eligible voters voting, the voter turnout was the lowest since 1942.
Notable freshmen included future U. S. Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke and future U. S. Senator Martha McSally. Source: CNN exit poll Forty-one representatives retired from their seats. Sixteen Democrats retired from their seats. Arizona 7: Ed Pastor: Retired California 11: George Miller: Retired California 33: Henry Waxman: Retired California 35: Gloria Negrete McLeod: Retired to run for the San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors Hawaii 1: Colleen Hanabusa: Retired to run for U. S. Senator Iowa 1: Bruce Braley: Retired to run for U. S. Senator Maine 2: Mike Michaud: Retired to run for Governor of Maine Michigan 12: John Dingell: Retired Michigan 14: Gary Peters: Retired to run for U. S. Senator New Jersey 12: Rush Holt Jr.: Retired New York 4: Carolyn McCarthy: Retired New York 21: Bill Owens: Retired North Carolina 7: Mike McIntyre: Retired Pennsylvania 13: Allyson Schwartz: Retired to run for Governor of Pennsylvania Utah 4: Jim Matheson: Retired Virgin Islands: Donna Christian-Christensen: Retired to run for Governor of the Virgin Islands.
Virginia 8: Jim Moran: Retired Twenty-five Republicans retired from their seats. Alabama 6: Spencer Bachus: Retired Arkansas 2: Tim Griffin: Retired to run for Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas Arkansas 4: Tom Cotton: Retired to run for U. S. Senator California 25: Buck McKeon: Retired California 31: Gary Miller: Retired California 45: John B. T. Campbell III: Retired Colorado 4: Cory Gardner: Retired to run for U. S. Senator Georgia 1: Jack Kingston: Retired to run for U. S. Senator Georgia 10: Paul Broun: Retired to run for U. S. Senator Georgia 11: Phil Gingrey: Retired to run for U. S. Senator Iowa 3: Tom Latham: Retired Louisiana 6: Bill Cassidy: Retired to run for U. S. Senator Michigan 4: Dave Camp: Retired Michigan 8: Mike Rogers: Retired Minnesota 6: Michele Bachmann: Retired Montana at-large: Steve Daines: Retired to run for U. S. Senator New Jersey 3: Jon Runyan: Retired North Carolina 6: Howard Coble: Retired Oklahoma 5: James Lankford: Retired to run for U. S. Senator Pennsylvania 6: Jim Gerlach: Retired Texas 36: Steve Stockman: Retired to run for U.
S. Senator Virginia 10: Frank Wolf: Retired Washington 4: Doc Hastings: Retired West Virginia 2: Shelley Moore Capito: Retired to run for U. S. Senator Wisconsin 6: Tom Petri: Retired Louisiana 5: Vance McAllister lost a Nonpartisan blanket primary to Jamie Mayo and Ralph Abraham. Abraham went on to win the runoff. Republican hold. Massachusetts 6: John F. Tierney lost renomination to Seth Moulton, who went on to win the general election. Democratic hold. Michigan 11: Kerry Bentivolio lost renomination to David Trott, who went on to win the general election. Republican hold. Texas 4: Ralph Hall, lost renomination to John Ratcliffe. Republican hold. Virginia 7: Eric Cantor lost renomination to Dave Brat, who went on to win the general election. Republican hold. Republicans had a net gain of nine seats, taken from Democrats. Eleven Democrats lost re-election to Republicans. Arizona 2: Ron Barber, first elected in 2012, lost to Martha McSally. Florida 26: Joe Garcia, first elected in 2012, lost to Carlos Curbelo.
Georgia 12: John Barrow, first elected in 2004, lost to Rick W. Allen. Illinois 10: Brad Schneider, first elected in 2012, lost to Bob Dold. Illinois 12: Bill Enyart, first elected in 2012, lost to Mike Bost. Nevada 4: Steven Horsford, first elected in 2012, lost to Cresent Hardy. New Hampshire 1: Carol Shea-Porter, first elected in 2006, lost seat in 2010, re-elected in 2012, lost to Frank Guinta. New York 1: Tim Bishop, first elected in 2002, lost to Lee Zeldin. New York 24: Dan Maffei, first elected in 2008, lost seat in 2010, re-elected in 2012, lost to John Katko. Texas 23: Pete Gallego, first elected in 2012, lost to Will Hurd. West Virginia 3: Nick Rahall, first elected in 1976, lost to Evan Jenkins. American Samoa: Eni Faleomavaega, first elected in 1988, lost to Amata Coleman Radewagen. Two Republicans lost re-election to Democrats. Florida 2: Steve Southerland, first elected in 2010, lost to Gwen Graham. Nebraska 2: Lee Terry, first elected in 1998, lost to Brad Ashford. Republicans had a net gain of four seats held by Democrats.
Five open seats held by Democrats were won by Republicans. Iowa 1: Bruce Braley retired to run for U. S. Senate. Seat won by Rod Blum. Maine 2: Mike Michaud retired to run for Governor of Maine. Seat won by Bruce Poliquin. New York 21: Bill Owens retired. Seat won by Elise Stefanik. North Carolina 7: Mike Mc
The Washington Post
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper published in Washington, D. C. with a particular emphasis on national politics and the federal government. It has the largest circulation in the Washington metropolitan area, its slogan "Democracy Dies in Darkness" began appearing on its masthead in 2017. Daily broadsheet editions are printed for the District of Columbia and Virginia; the newspaper has won 47 Pulitzer Prizes. This includes six separate Pulitzers awarded in 2008, second only to The New York Times' seven awards in 2002 for the highest number awarded to a single newspaper in one year. Post journalists have received 18 Nieman Fellowships and 368 White House News Photographers Association awards. In the early 1970s, in the best-known episode in the newspaper's history, reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein led the American press' investigation into what became known as the Watergate scandal, their reporting in The Washington Post contributed to the resignation of President Richard Nixon.
In years since, the Post's investigations have led to increased review of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center. In October 2013, the paper's longtime controlling family, the Graham family, sold the newspaper to Nash Holdings, a holding company established by Jeff Bezos, for $250 million in cash; the Washington Post is regarded as one of the leading daily American newspapers, along with The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, The Wall Street Journal. The Post has distinguished itself through its political reporting on the workings of the White House and other aspects of the U. S. government. Unlike The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post does not print an edition for distribution away from the East Coast. In 2009, the newspaper ceased publication of its National Weekly Edition, which combined stories from the week's print editions, due to shrinking circulation; the majority of its newsprint readership is in the District of Columbia and its suburbs in Maryland and Northern Virginia.
The newspaper is one of a few U. S. newspapers with foreign bureaus, located in Beirut, Beijing, Bogotá, Hong Kong, Jerusalem, London, Mexico City, Nairobi, New Delhi and Tokyo. In November 2009, it announced the closure of its U. S. regional bureaus—Chicago, Los Angeles and New York—as part of an increased focus on "political stories and local news coverage in Washington." The newspaper has local bureaus in Virginia. As of May 2013, its average weekday circulation was 474,767, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, making it the seventh largest newspaper in the country by circulation, behind USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Daily News, the New York Post. While its circulation has been slipping, it has one of the highest market-penetration rates of any metropolitan news daily. For many decades, the Post had its main office at 1150 15th Street NW; this real estate remained with Graham Holdings when the newspaper was sold to Jeff Bezos' Nash Holdings in 2013.
Graham Holdings sold 1150 15th Street for US$159 million in November 2013. The Washington Post continued to lease space at 1150 L Street NW. In May 2014, The Washington Post leased the west tower of One Franklin Square, a high-rise building at 1301 K Street NW in Washington, D. C; the newspaper moved into their new offices December 14, 2015. The Post has its own exclusive zip code, 20071. Arc Publishing is a department of the Post, which provides the publishing system, software for news organizations such as the Chicago Tribune and the Los Angeles Times; the newspaper was founded in 1877 by Stilson Hutchins and in 1880 added a Sunday edition, becoming the city's first newspaper to publish seven days a week. In 1889, Hutchins sold the newspaper to Frank Hatton, a former Postmaster General, Beriah Wilkins, a former Democratic congressman from Ohio. To promote the newspaper, the new owners requested the leader of the United States Marine Band, John Philip Sousa, to compose a march for the newspaper's essay contest awards ceremony.
Sousa composed "The Washington Post". It became the standard music to accompany the two-step, a late 19th-century dance craze, remains one of Sousa's best-known works. In 1893, the newspaper moved to a building at 14th and E streets NW, where it would remain until 1950; this building combined all functions of the newspaper into one headquarters – newsroom, advertising and printing – that ran 24 hours per day. In 1898, during the Spanish–American War, the Post printed Clifford K. Berryman's classic illustration Remember the Maine, which became the battle-cry for American sailors during the War. In 1902, Berryman published another famous cartoon in the Post—Drawing the Line in Mississippi; this cartoon depicts President Theodore Roosevelt showing compassion for a small bear cub and inspired New York store owner Morris Michtom to create the teddy bear. Wilkins acquired Hatton's share of the newspaper in 1894 at Hatton's death. After Wilkins' death in 1903, his sons John and Robert ran the Post for two years before selling it in 1905 to John Roll McLean, owner of the Cincinnati Enquirer.
During the Wilson presidency, the Post was credited with the "most famous newspaper typo" in D. C. history according to Reason magazine. When John McLean died in 1916, he put the newspap
United States Football League
The United States Football League was an American football league that played for three seasons, 1983 through 1985. The league played a spring/summer schedule in each of its active seasons; the 1986 season was scheduled to be played in the autumn/winter, directly competing against the long-established National Football League. However, the USFL ceased operations; the ideas behind the USFL were conceived in 1965 by New Orleans businessman David Dixon, who saw a market for a professional football league that would play in the summer, when the National Football League and college football were in their off-season. Dixon had been a key player in the construction of the Louisiana Superdome and the expansion of the NFL into New Orleans in 1967, he developed "The Dixon Plan"—a blueprint for the USFL based upon securing NFL-caliber stadiums in top TV markets, securing a national TV broadcast contract, controlling spending—and found investors willing to buy in. Though the original franchise owners and founders of the USFL had promised to abide by the general guidelines set out by Dixon's plan, problems arose before the teams took the field, with some franchises facing financial problems and instability from the beginning.
Due to pressure from the NFL, some franchises had difficulty securing leases in stadiums that were used by NFL teams, forcing them to scramble to find alternate venues in their chosen city or hurriedly move to a new market. The USFL had no hard salary cap, some teams escalated player payrolls to unsustainable levels despite pledges to keep costs under control. While a handful of USFL franchises abided by the Dixon Plan and were stable, others suffered repeated financial crises, there were many franchise relocations and ownership changes during the league's short existence; these problems were worsened as some owners began engaging in bidding wars for star players against NFL teams and each other, forcing other owners to do the same or face a competitive disadvantage. On the field, the USFL was regarded as a good product. Many coaches and team executives had NFL experience, many future top NFL players and coaches got their start in the new league, including several who were inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame or the College Football Hall of Fame.
The Michigan Panthers won the first USFL championship in 1983. The Philadelphia Stars won the second USFL championship in 1984, after relocating to Baltimore, won the final USFL championship in 1985 as the Baltimore Stars in what was a rematch of the first USFL title game. In 1985, the USFL voted to move from a spring to a fall schedule in 1986 to compete directly with the NFL; this was done at the urging of New Jersey Generals majority owner Donald Trump and a handful of other owners as a way to force a merger between the leagues. As part of this strategy, the USFL filed an anti-trust lawsuit against the National Football League in 1986, a jury ruled that the NFL had violated anti-monopoly laws. However, in a victory in name only, the USFL was awarded a judgment of just $1, which under anti-trust laws, was tripled to $3; this court decision ended the USFL's existence. The league never played the 1986 season, by the time it folded, it had lost over US$163 million; the USFL is significant in part for the level of talent that played in the league.
The league was noteworthy for signing three consecutive Heisman Trophy winners: Georgia running back Herschel Walker and Boston College quarterback Doug Flutie signed with the New Jersey Generals, Nebraska running back Mike Rozier signed with the Pittsburgh Maulers out of college as did numerous other collegiate stars. Future Pro Football Hall of Fame members defensive end Reggie White of the University of Tennessee, offensive tackle Gary Zimmerman and quarterbacks Jim Kelly of the University of Miami and Steve Young of Brigham Young University, began their professional careers with the USFL's Memphis Showboats, Los Angeles Express, Houston Gamblers, Los Angeles Express, respectively. A number of NFL veterans of all talent levels played in the USFL, it is true that some NFL backups such as quarterbacks Chuck Fusina and Cliff Stoudt, G Buddy Aydelette, WR Jim Smith who had limited success in the NFL became major stars in the USFL. However, many NFL backups struggled or did not make it in the USFL.
Additionally, the USFL lured in NFL starters, including a handful of stars in the primes of their careers, including the 1980 NFL MVP, Cleveland Browns' quarterback Brian Sipe, the Buffalo Bills' three-time pro bowl running back Joe Cribbs, the Kansas City Chiefs' three-time pro bowl safety Gary Barbaro. The USFL was the brainchild of David Dixon, a New Orleans antiques dealer, instrumental in bringing the New Orleans Saints to town. In 1965, he envisioned football as a possible summer sport. Over the next 15 years, he studied the last two challengers to the NFL's dominance of pro football—the American Football League and the World Football League. In 1980, he commissioned a study by Frank Magid Associates that found promising results for a spring and summer football league, he had formed a blueprint for the prospective league's operations, which included early television exposure, heavy promotion in home markets, owners with the resources and patience to absorb years of losses—which he felt would be inevitable until the league found its feet.
He assembled a list of prospective franchises located in markets attractive to a potential television partner. Knowing that a number of past challengers to the NFL had foundered due to financial troubles, Dixon wanted to ensure that USFL teams had the wherewithal to put a
2010 United States House of Representatives elections
The 2010 United States House of Representatives elections were held November 2, 2010 as part of the 2010 midterm elections during President Barack Obama's first term in office. Voters of the 50 U. S. states chose 435 U. S. Representatives. Voters of the U. S. territories and the District of Columbia chose their non-voting delegates. U. S. Senate elections and various state and local elections were held on the same date. Republicans regained control of the chamber they had lost in the 2006 midterm elections, picking up a net total of 63 seats and erasing the gains Democrats made in 2006 and 2008. Although the sitting U. S. President's party loses seats in a midterm election, the 2010 election resulted in the highest losses by a party in a House midterm election since 1938, the largest House swing since 1948. Republicans made their largest gain in House seats since 1938; the heavy Democratic Party losses in 2010 were attributed to anger at President Obama, opposition to the Affordable Care Act, large budget deficits and the weak economy.
Following the 2006 elections, Democrats took control of the House as well as the Senate. In the 2008 elections, which coincided with Democrat Barack Obama's victory over Republican John McCain for the presidency, Democrats increased their majorities in both chambers. Of the 435 congressional districts, 242 were carried by Obama. Of the districts Obama won, 34 elected a Republican to the House, while 49 of the districts McCain won elected a Democrat; the Republicans' 63-seat pickup in the House to take control of that chamber, as well as their gain of six Senate seats, signified a dramatic rollback of recent Democratic gains. In the election, Republicans won their greatest number of House seats since 1946; this has been attributed to the continued economic recession, as well as President Obama's controversial stimulus and health care reform bills. Republicans took control of 29 of the 50 state governorships and gained 690 seats in state legislatures, to hold their greatest number since the 1928 elections.
Republicans made historic gains in state legislatures, adding more than 675 state legislative seats, by far surpassing their state-legislative gains in 1994. Republicans gained control of dozens of state legislative chambers, took control of "seven more legislatures outright than they did after 1994 and the most since 1952." Republicans picked up control of the Alabama Legislature for the first time since Reconstruction. The Great Lakes region, which until had favored the Democratic Party, went Republican. In California and the Pacific Northwest, the Democrats retained the upper hand. Sources: House Clerk – Statistics of the Congressional Election, 2010 Source: CNN exit poll Thirty-seven incumbents retired. Seventeen incumbent Democrats retired. Alabama's 7th congressional district: Artur Davis: To run for Governor of Alabama. Arkansas's 1st congressional district: Marion Berry: Retired due to health concerns. Arkansas's 2nd congressional district: Vic Snyder: Retired to spend more time with family.
California's 33rd congressional district: Diane Watson: Retired. Florida's 17th congressional district: Kendrick Meek: To run for U. S. Senate. Indiana's 8th congressional district: Brad Ellsworth: To run for U. S. Senate. Kansas's 3rd congressional district: Dennis Moore: Retired. Louisiana's 3rd congressional district: Charlie Melancon: To run for U. S. Senate. Massachusetts's 10th congressional district: Bill Delahunt: Retired. I think. It's time." Michigan's 1st congressional district: Bart Stupak: Retired. New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district: Paul Hodes: To run for U. S. Senate. Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district: Joe Sestak: To run for U. S. Senate. Rhode Island's 1st congressional district: Patrick J. Kennedy: Retired to " a new direction." Tennessee's 6th congressional district: Bart Gordon: Retired. Tennessee's 8th congressional district: John S. Tanner: Retired. Washington's 3rd congressional district: Brian Baird: Retired, to pursue other options. Wisconsin's 7th congressional district: Dave Obey: Retired.
Media reports indicated Obey's future plans included joining a DC lobbying firm run by former Representative Dick Gephardt. Twenty incumbent Republicans retired. Arkansas's 3rd congressional district: John Boozman: To run for U. S. Senate. Arizona's 3rd congressional district: John Shadegg: Retired to pursue other interests. California's 19th congressional district: George Radanovich: Retired to put family obligations first. Delaware's at-large congressional district: Michael Castle: To run for U. S. Senate. Florida's 5th congressional district: Ginny Brown-Waite: Retired due to health issues. Florida's 12th congressional district: Adam Putnam: To run for Florida Commissioner of Agriculture. Florida's 21st congressional district: Lincoln Díaz-Balart: Retired to return to law practice. Florida's 25th congressional district: Mario Díaz-Balart: To run for Florida's 21st district, held by his brother Lincoln Diaz-Balart, who had announced plans to return to law practice. Georgia's 7th congressional district: John Linder: Retired.
Illinois's 10th congressional district: Mark Kirk: To run for U. S. Senate. Indiana's 4th congressional district: Steve Buyer: Retired due to wife's illness Kansas's 1st co
Cathedral of Mary Our Queen (Baltimore)
The Cathedral of Mary Our Queen is a cathedral of the Roman Catholic Church located at 5200 North Charles Street, in northern Baltimore, Maryland, USA. The structure, remarkable in size, was completed in 1959; the Cathedral is the seat of the Archbishop of Baltimore, succeeding the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, on Cathedral Street at Mulberry Street, in downtown Baltimore. Because Baltimore is the Premier See of the United States and the downtown basilica was the nation's first Roman Catholic cathedral, it now serves as Co-cathedral of the archdiocese. On March 20, 2012 Bishop William Lori of Bridgeport, Connecticut became 16th Archbishop of Baltimore, succeeding Archbishop Edwin F. O'Brien, named Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem by Pope Benedict XVI. Monsignor Richard W. Woy is Rector; the Cathedral is located in the Homeland area of northern Baltimore City and near Loyola University Maryland and St. Mary's Seminary and University, the first Catholic seminary in the United States.
It was constructed using funds bequeathed by Thomas J. O'Neill. In October 1954, ground was broken for the new cathedral. On the morning of October 13, 1959, a few days past the fifth anniversary of the groundbreaking, Bishop Jerome Sebastian consecrated the cathedral; the design is modified Gothic with Art Deco accents, constructed of brick faced with limestone, uses a classical east-facing cruciform floor plan. The cathedral measures 373 feet long, 132 feet wide and 163 feet to the top of the two spires and can accommodate 2,000 people; the crypt under the main floor of the cathedral is reserved for the remains of archbishops and auxiliary bishops of Baltimore. The list of bishops buried in the crypt: Bishop Jerome Aloysius Daugherty Sebastian, d. 1960 Archbishop Francis Patrick Keough, d. 1961 Cardinal Lawrence Shehan, d. 1984 Bishop Thomas Austin Murphy, d. 1991 Bishop Philip Francis Murphy, d. 1999 Archbishop William Donald Borders, d. 2010 Bishop William Clifford Newman, d. 2017 A cellphone antenna is concealed within one tower, generating revenue for the congregation and diocese.
Pope John Paul II visited both the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen and the Basilica, as Pope in 1995 and in 1976 as Cardinal Karol Wojtyla. A plaque outside the Blessed Sacrament Chapel in the north transept commemorates the 1995 visit; the cathedral has two organs. The original organs were Opus 9200 of the M. P. Moller Company of Maryland. After 46 years of use and some considerable damage due to water and smoke the congregation decided to restore the cathedral organs in 2005, it chose Schantz Organ Co. of Ohio to replace many parts of the original instruments. The restoration began with the removal of the Great Gallery organ and, after it was reinstalled and operable, work began on the Chancel organ. In addition to new pipe work, voice work, new wind chests, Schantz built two new identical four-manual consoles: one for the Gallery and one for the Chancel allowing the organist to control both organs from either location; the chancel console can be moved around the sanctuary to suit various needs.
In the original Moller installation, the Great Gallery organ console had four-manuals and could control over both the Gallery and Sanctuary organs. The Sanctuary organ console was two manuals, had complete control over the Sanctuary organ and the Gallery organ through "blind" controls; the Sanctuary console was replaced in 1974 due to a fire in the console which caused smoke damage to both organs' pipework. After the renovations, the Great Gallery organ holds 100 ranks and the Sanctuary organ holds 27; the first solo concert performance on the restored organ occurred July 5, 2007 by Cherry Rhodes as part of the closing ceremonies of the American Guild of Organists regional convention held in Baltimore. List of Catholic cathedrals in the United States List of cathedrals in the United States Official Cathedral Site Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore Official Site Cathedral of Mary Our Queen – Explore Baltimore Heritage