David Paul Scofield was an English actor of stage and screen, known for his striking presence, distinctive voice, for the clarity and effortless intensity of his delivery. Regarded as one of the greatest Shakespearean actors of all time, Scofield preferred the stage to film. This, his decision to put his family first, meant that he has never been as well-known outside the United Kingdom as some of his peers. Outside his homeland, Scofield is best known for his Academy, Golden Globe, BAFTA Award- winning performance as Sir Thomas More in the 1966 film A Man for All Seasons. Scofield had played the same part on stage in the West End and in a Tony Award-winning performance on Broadway. Scofield is one of the few actors to achieve the "Triple Crown of Acting", doing so in the shortest time span. Actress Helen Mirren, who appeared with Scofield in the 1989 film When the Whales Came, said of him, "He aspires to the soul rather than the character, he has no sense of personal ambition. He's one of our great actors.
We're lucky to have him."In 1990, actor and filmmaker Mel Gibson, who played Scofield's character's son in Franco Zeffirelli's Hamlet, compared the experience to being "thrown into the ring with Mike Tyson." Paul Scofield was born in Birmingham, England, the son of Mary and Edward Harry Scofield. When Scofield was a few weeks old, his family moved to Hurstpierpoint, where his father served as the headmaster at the Hurstpierpoint Church of England School. Scofield told Garry O'Connor, that his upbringing was divided, his father was his mother a Roman Catholic. Baptised into his mother's faith, Scofield said, "some days we were little Protestants and, on others, we were all devout little Catholics." He added, "A lack of direction in spiritual matters is still with me."Scofield recalls, "I was a dunce at school. But at the age of twelve I went to Varndean School at Brighton, they did one of his plays every year, I lived just for that."In 1939, Scofield left school at the age of seventeen and began training at the Croydon Repertory Theatre.
Shortly after the outbreak of the Second World War, Scofield arrived for a physical examination and was ruled unfit for service in the British Army. He recalled, "They found I had crossed toes. I was unable to wear boots. I was ashamed." Scofield began his stage career in 1940 with a debut performance in American playwright Eugene O'Neill's Desire Under the Elms at the Westminster Theatre, was soon being compared to Laurence Olivier. He played at the Old Rep in Birmingham. From there he went to the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford, where he starred in Walter Nugent Monck's 1947 revival of Pericles, Prince of Tyre. In 1948, Scofield appeared as Hamlet at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford alongside a unknown Claire Bloom as Ophelia. In her book, Leaving a Doll's House: A Memoir, Bloom recalls that during the production she had a serious crush on Scofield; as Scofield was married and the father of a son, Bloom hoped only "to be flirted with and taken some notice of." Unusually, the production had two Hamlets: Scofield and Robert Helpmann took turns to play the title role.
Bloom recalled, "I could never make up my mind which of my two Hamlets I found the more devastating: the homosexual, charismatic Helpmann, or the charming, shy young man from Sussex."When asked about Claire Bloom decades Scofield recalled, "Sixteen years old I think – so young and inexperienced, she looked lovely, she acted with a daunting assurance which belied her inexperience of timid reticence. She was a good Ophelia."Scofield's versatility at the height of his career is exemplified by his starring roles in theatrical productions as diverse as the musical Expresso Bongo and Peter Brook's celebrated production of King Lear. In his memoir Threads of Time, director Peter Brook wrote about Scofield's versatility: The door at the back of the set opened, a small man entered, he was holding a suitcase. For a moment we wondered why he was wandering onto our stage. We realised that it was Paul, transformed, his tall body had shrunk. The new character now possessed him entirely. In a career devoted chiefly to the classical theatre, Scofield starred in many Shakespeare plays and played the title role in Ben Jonson's Volpone in Peter Hall's production for the Royal National Theatre.
Highlights of his career in modern theatre include the roles of Sir Thomas More in Robert Bolt's A Man for All Seasons. He was subsequently the voice of the Dragon in another play by Robert Bolt, a children's drama The Thwarting of Baron Bolligrew. Expresso Bongo and Amadeus were filmed with other actors, but Scofield starred in the screen versions of A Man for All Seasons and King Lear. Other major screen roles include the art-obsessed Wehrmacht Colonel von Waldheim in The Train, Strether in a 1977 TV adaptation of Henry James's novel The Ambassadors, Tobias in Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance, Professor Moroi in the film of János Nyíri's If Winter Comes, for BBC Television. According to the DVD extras documentary for the film The Shooting Party, in the ver
The Chronique Sociale is a French organization founded in Lyon in 1892 to publish what became an influential organ of Catholic social activism. From 1904 the publishers began arranging annual study weeks where Social Catholics could meet and exchange ideas; the parent organization continues to promote training and education about social cooperation, a related limited company publishes books. The Chronique des Comités du Sud-Est was founded in 1892 by Victor Berne. Gonin was a silk worker and mystic. At first the journal was just a newsletter for the distributors of La Croix, but it soon became the main organ of the Social Catholics in Lyon, it described itself as an "organ of social animation." In the first years it promoted church teachings on social action as defined in the encyclical Rerum novarum. The Chronique gave the views of a group of lay Catholics that accepted Christian-democratic principles of social reform, attracted opposition from conservatives; the journal was formally registered in July 1901.
The readers were clerks, skilled workers and young clergymen. Given the choice of rebuilding the state in a Christian model, reforming society through Christian social and professional institutions, or bringing a Christian spirit to a secular society, the journal alternated between the latter two; this reflected the divergent views of its leaders. Berne and Gonin leaned towards the second view, Critinon and Hughes towards the third. From 1904 the Chronique sponsored study weeks each year that were attended by leading French social catholic activists. Marius Gonin founded the semaines sociales aided by Henri Lorin. For the next five years these "social weeks" were the main place for exchange of progressive social ideas within the church. Attendees discussed questions such as socialism, class struggle, factory abuses and liberation of the working classes. Other issues included Labor Contracts, Economic Role of the State, Women in Society and The Disorder in the International Economy and Christian Thought.
The Chronique des Comités du Sud-Est became the publishing arm of the Semaine sociale, the base for its secretariat. It published the Actes des Semaines sociales de France that recorded the proceedings of the annual meetings; the journal changed its name to La Chronique du Sud-Est. Between April 1908 and March 1909 the Chronique du Sud-Est published three articles by Joseph Vialatoux that criticized the right-wing Action Française; the journal became the Chronique sociale in 1909. Victor Carlhian joined the journal before World War I, contributed articles and became a member of the management committee. From 1909 the journal appeared monthly, would continue to do so during the remainder of the French Third Republic and throughout the French Fourth Republic. A separate but related limited liability company was created in 1920 to undertake publishing. Between 1921 and 1930 twelve regional secretariats were created, federated into a national union; the Chronique sociale de France remained progressive.
Despite this, in 1932 it published a study of the ideas of the nationalist Catholic Charles Maurras that compared him to Aristotle. Marius Gonin died in 1937 and was succeeded as secretary-general of the Semaines sociales by Joseph Folliet. Folliet directed the Chronique until 1964, remained involved until his death in 1972. Before World War II the Chronique opposed Franco and the Nazis going against public opinion. During the war Folliet was taken prisoner, he devoted himself to the Chronique. In 1945 the Chronique sociale de France published a special issue Autour du Marxism; the authors tried to remain objective. They discussed Marxist dialectics, Marxism as an expression of the proletariat philosophy and the relationship of Marxism to religion; the journal published the testimony of Pierre Tiberghien in 1952 with a preface that called it a description of the way a Frenchman thought of the activity French Social Catholics, which might not be applicable elsewhere. During the Algerian War Joseph Folliet and Claude Bernardin established the Lyons Committee for the respect of human rights.
The Chronique denounced civil abuses in Algeria. Books published during the 1960s included Introduction to family issues, Social security and Victory over Death, Control or Regulation of Birth and Eve, humanity and sexuality. In the 1960s the journal was concerned with topics such as the future organization of companies and industries, changes in the nature of labor unions, growing specialization of labor and the expanding middle classes; the tone was more that of social engineers than Christians. A board of directors was set up in 1967 to oversee the research activities; the Chronique Sociale today has the objectives of raising awareness of social change and encourage cooperation and respect for individuals. It supports the related activities of research, discussion and publishing; the books are organized within five main collections: understanding people, understanding society and training, communicating and ways of thinking
Marco Schällibaum is a Swiss football manager and former player. As a player Schällibaum played 15 years in the Swiss first division from 1980 to 1995, playing in over 450 games for various top Swiss clubs and won three league titles, he appeared in 50 Swiss Cup games, winning the Cup in 1983 with Grasshopper. He played for the Swiss national football team from 1983 to 1988, making 31 appearances. After his career, he worked as an assistant coach at FC Basel. In 1999, he became head coach of BSC Young Boys, with whom he led the 2001 resurgence in the National League A and 2002 in the UEFA Cup. For the 2003–04 season he was coach at Servette Geneva, he was the coach at Concordia Basel. In November 2006, he was released in the same month. On 2 April 2007, he signed a contract with the relegation-threatened FC Schaffhausen, he could not prevent the descent, he remained coach at FC Schaffhausen in the Challenge League. On 28 April 2008, it was announced. On 6 June 2008, however, it was announced that he would leave FC Schaffhausen and join AC Bellinzona.
On 1 November 2009 he was terminated by Bellinzona FC after a 0–5 home defeat against FC St. Gallen. On 17 May 2010, Marco Schällibaum took over as interim coach at FC Lugano for the Axpo Super League season 2009–10. Following the season Lugano extended his contract for the 2010–11 season. After leaving FC Lugano he was hired as a FIFA coaching instructor in Qatar and South Korea. On 7 January 2013 Schällibaum was named as head coach of Major League Soccer club Montreal Impact, helping the team make the MLS playoffs in only its second season in the league. A late season collapse that saw the team limp into the post season after challenging for the Supporter's Shield at some points during the season saw Schallibaum sacked on 18 December 2013. Schällibaum was suspended four times during the season; as of 20 January 2014 Montreal ImpactWalt Disney World Pro Soccer Classic: 2013 Canadian Championship: 2013 Marco Schällibaum at Eurosport Australia Marco Schällibaum at Goal.com Marco Schällibaum at National-Football-Teams.com Marco Schällibaum at SoccerPunter.com