Paul the Apostle

Paul the Apostle known as Saint Paul and known by his Hebrew name Saul of Tarsus, was an apostle who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world. Paul is considered one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age and from the mid-30s to the mid-50s AD he founded several Christian communities in Asia Minor and Europe, he took advantage of his status as both a Jew and a Roman citizen to minister to both Jewish and Roman audiences. According to the New Testament book Acts of the Apostles, Paul persecuted some of the early disciples of Jesus Hellenised diaspora Jews converted to Christianity, in the area of Jerusalem prior to his conversion. In the narrative of Acts, Paul was traveling on the road from Jerusalem to Damascus on a mission to "arrest them and bring them back to Jerusalem" when the resurrected Jesus appeared to him in a great light, he was struck blind, but after three days his sight was restored by Ananias of Damascus and Paul began to preach that Jesus of Nazareth is the Jewish Messiah and the Son of God.

Half of the book of Acts deals with Paul's life and works. Thirteen of the twenty-seven books in the New Testament have traditionally been attributed to Paul. Seven of the Pauline epistles are undisputed by scholars as being authentic, with varying degrees of argument about the remainder. Pauline authorship of the Epistle to the Hebrews is not asserted in the Epistle itself and was doubted in the 2nd and 3rd centuries, it was unquestioningly accepted from the 5th to the 16th centuries that Paul was the author of Hebrews, but that view is now universally rejected by scholars. The other six are believed by some scholars to have come from followers writing in his name, using material from Paul's surviving letters and letters written by him that no longer survive. Other scholars argue that the idea of a pseudonymous author for the disputed epistles raises many problems. Today, Paul's epistles continue to be vital roots of the theology and pastoral life in the Latin and Protestant traditions of the West, as well as the Eastern Catholic and Orthodox traditions of the East.

Paul's influence on Christian thought and practice has been characterized as being as "profound as it is pervasive", among that of many other apostles and missionaries involved in the spread of the Christian faith. Martin Luther's interpretation of Paul's writings influenced Luther's doctrine of sola fide, it has been popularly assumed that Saul's name was changed when he became a follower of Jesus Christ, but, not the case. His Jewish name was "Saul" after the biblical King Saul, a fellow Benjamite and the first king of Israel. According to the Book of Acts, he was a Roman citizen; as a Roman citizen, he bore the Latin name of "Paul" —in biblical Greek: Παῦλος, in Latin: Paulus. It was typical for the Jews of that time to have two names: the other Latin or Greek. Jesus called him "Saul, Saul" in "the Hebrew tongue" in the book of Acts, when he had the vision which led to his conversion on the Road to Damascus. In a vision to Ananias of Damascus, "the Lord" referred to him as "Saul, of Tarsus".

When Ananias came to restore his sight, he called him "Brother Saul". In Acts 13:9, Saul is called "Paul" for the first time on the island of Cyprus—much than the time of his conversion; the author indicates that the names were interchangeable: "Saul, called Paul." He thereafter refers to him as Paul Paul's preference since he is called Paul in all other Bible books where he is mentioned, including those that he authored. Adopting his Roman name was typical of Paul's missionary style, his method was to put people at their ease and to approach them with his message in a language and style to which they could relate, as in 1 Cor 9:19–23. The main source for information about Paul's life is the material found in Acts. However, the epistles contain little information about Paul's pre-conversion past; the book of Acts recounts more information but leaves several parts of Paul's life out of its narrative, such as his probable but undocumented execution in Rome. Some scholars believe Acts contradicts Paul's epistles on multiple accounts, in particular concerning the frequency of Paul's visits to the church in Jerusalem.

Sources outside the New Testament that mention Paul include: Clement of Rome's epistle to the Corinthians. Paul was born between the years of 5 BC and 5 AD; the Book of Acts indicates that Paul was a Roman citizen by birth, but Helmut Koester takes issue with the evidence presented by the text. He was from a devout Jewish family based in the city of Tarsus, one of the largest trade centers on the Mediterranean coast, it had been in existence several hundred years prior to his birth. It was renowned for its university. During the time of Alexander the Great, who died in 323 BC, Tarsus was the most influential city in Asia Mi

Madhu Babu Pension Yojana

The Madhu Babu Pension Yojana is a pension scheme introduced in the Indian State of Odisha with the objective of providing financial assistance to the destitute elderly and destitute differently abled persons in the state. The Madhu Babu Pension Yojana is a beneficial scheme initiated under the Department of Social Security and Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities for the disabled, old age persons in the state of Odisha, India; the Madhu Babu Pension Yojana was launched by Chief Minister of Odisha, w.e.f. 01.01.2008 by merging the two pension schemes i.e. namely, Revised Old Age Pension Rules, 1989 and Disability Pension Rules, 1985. Under the provisions of the scheme, the following persons shall be eligible for the pension. If the person is of 60 years of age and above If the person is a widow If the person is a leprosy patient with visible signs of deformity If the person is a person of 5 years of age or above and unable to do normal work due to his/her deformity or disability being blind or orthopedically handicapped or hearing and speech impaired or mentally retarded or with Cerebral Palsy or with Autism or with mental illness or with multiple disabilities or if the person is a widow of AIDS patient (irrespective of age and income criteria mentioned under Rule 6 of MBPY Rules, 2008.

Or if an AIDS patient identified by the State/District AIDS Control Society or district AIDS prevention control Unit (irrespective of income as under Rule 6. Or is an unmarried woman above 30 years belonging to a BPL Family or has individual income from all sources not exceeding Rs.24,000/- only per annum irrespective of the family incomeHowever, the other criteria to be eligible under the scheme is-He/She must be a permanent resident/domicile of Odisha He/She must not been convicted of any criminal offence involving moral turpitude He/She must not in receipt of any other pension from the Union Government or the State Government or any organisation aided by either Government. He/She must be aThe amount of pension payable to each pensioner under the scheme shall be of such amount as may be decided by Government from time to time; the pension amount gets transferred on 15th of every month to the bank account of the beneficiary. However, beneficiary can choose to disburse the pension amount on the Jan Seva Diwas at the Gram Panchayat Office or Block Development Office.

Official Website of Madhubabu Pension Scheme


Horemkhaef was an Ancient Egyptian local official who lived in the Second Intermediate Period. He had the titles first inspector of priests of Horus from overseer of fields. Therefore, he was most the main priest at the local temple at Nekhen, where Horus was worshipped. Horemkhaef is known from his tomb at Nekhen; the rock-cut tomb is small, but is one of the few tombs of that period with a painted decoration in the chapel. In front of the chapel was a courtyard where a stela was found; the stela reports the journey of Horemkhaef to the Middle Kingdom capital. There he received in front of the king, a new cult image of Horus and his mother, most Isis; the tomb of Horemkhaef has the unusual painted decoration. The draughtsman Sedjemnetjeru, who most was the artist responsible for decorating the chapel, is depicted in the tomb