Kamaljit Singh Jhooti, better known by the stage name Jay Sean, is an English singer and songwriter. He debuted in the UK's Asian Underground scene as a member of the Rishi Rich Project with "Dance with You", which reached No. 12 on the UK Singles Chart in 2003. This led to him being signed to Virgin Records and having two UK top 10 hits as a solo artist in 2004: "Eyes on You" at No. 6 and "Stolen" at #4. They were included in his critically acclaimed debut album Me Against Myself which, though only moderately successful in the UK, sold more than two million copies across Asia and remains his most successful album to date. Alongside the Rishi Rich Project, Sean was a pioneer of Bhangra-R&B fusion, which his debut album helped popularize among the worldwide South Asian diaspora, he left Virgin in 2006 and founded his own independent label, Jayded Records. After a gap of nearly four years, he returned in 2008 with "Ride It", which reached No. 11 in the UK and topped the charts in several Eastern European countries, including Romania where it was one of the best-selling singles of the year.
It was followed by hits such as "Maybe", which reached No. 7 on the Japan Hot 100, "Tonight". They were included in his second album, My Own Way, which became his most successful album on the UK Albums Chart, reaching No. 6, topped the UK R&B Chart. At around this time, he began incorporating electropop sounds into his R&B music. From 2009 up to 2014, he was signed to Cash Money Records. In 2009, his American debut single "Down" topped the Billboard Hot 100, making him the first solo artist of South Asian origin and first UK urban act to top the Hot 100, it was the seventh-best selling song of 2009, having sold more than three million copies in the United States that year reaching six million sales in the United States, making him the most successful British/European male urban artist in US chart history at the time. As of 2011, it is the fifth best selling song by a British artist in the digital era, it was soon followed by another hit, "Do You Remember", which has sold more than a million copies in the US, entered the top ten on the Hot 100, making him the first male act since Chingy in 2003 to "simultaneously appear in the Hot 100 top 10 with his first two charting singles."
They were included in his American-debut album All or Nothing, which debuted at No. 37 on the US Billboard 200 and reached No. 11 on the Japan Oricon Albums Chart. Sean has been a featured artist on several hits including "What Happened to Us" by Australian singer Jessica Mauboy, which charted within the top 20 on the ARIA singles chart and certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association. Sean was ranked No. 35 in Billboard's Hot 100 Artists of 2009. Sean was born Kamaljit Singh Jhooti in Hounslow, London to Sharan and Bindi Jhooti, Punjabi Sikh immigrants, he was displayed musical talent at an early age. At age 11, he and his cousin Pritpal Rupra formed a hip hop duo named "Compulsive Disorder", his stage name at the time was MC "Nicky J", with the "J" being derived from the first letter of his last name "Jhooti". He came to be known by the nickname "Jay" among his friends, he was a student at Latymer Upper School, the same private school that Hugh Grant, Heston Blumenthal and Lily Cole had attended.
He left the school in 1997. He finished his GCSEs as a "straight-A student" and completed his A Levels with an A grade in Biology and B grades in Mathematics and Chemistry, he enrolled in Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry at Queen Mary, University of London, to study Medicine before he dropped out in 2003 to pursue a singing career. For his music career, he chose the stage name Jay Sean. After Sean's track "One Minute" fell into the hands of producer Rishi Rich, the Rishi Rich Project was formed in 2003, their first taste of UK chart success was the Asian underground song, "Dance with You", which became a Top 20 hit, peaking at #12. This led to Sean signing a £ 1m deal under their label Relentless Records, his second single, "Eyes on You," was his first solo effort and became a Top 10 hit, peaking at #6. His third single, "Stolen," peaked at #4, with Bollywood actress Bipasha Basu making an appearance in the video, his debut album, Me Against Myself, was released in 2004 and received much critical praise and acclaim.
Sean was referred to as an "Asian sensation" and was praised for his experimental, creative fusion of contemporary R&B, British hip hop and Indian music. The title track in particular was considered innovative, featuring two alter egos of himself, one an R&B singer and the other a rapper, clashing in a rap battle. Despite failing to reach the top 20 on the UK Albums Chart, the album managed to sell 100,000 copies in the UK and went on to become a substantial hit in India, selling over two million copies there, he made a brief appearance in the 2005 Bollywood film Kyaa Kool Hai Hum, providing the song "Dil Mera" to the soundtrack, based on "One Night" from his own debut album. Beyond India, the album sold over 300,000 copies across other parts of the world, including Europe, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Hong Kong, his performance of tracks from Me Against Myself on MTV Asia had a television audience as large as 165 million viewers. It helped establish Sean as a major recognised artist across Asia and among the worldwide Desi diaspora, remains his most successful album to date.
With his debut album, Sean was influentia
Aubrey Morgan O'Day is an American singer-songwriter, member of the duo Dumblonde, reality television personality, a member of the girl group Danity Kane. Following discord among Danity Kane and with her mentor at the time, P. Diddy, O'Day was fired from the group in 2008, but reunited with them in 2013 before a second disbandment. Danity Kane reunited in 2018 as a trio. O'Day has modeled for magazines such as Blender and Playboy, performed on Broadway in Hairspray. In 2011, she signed a solo record deal with SRC/Universal Motown Records, released her debut EP Between Two Evils in 2013. In 2015, O'Day formed the electropop duo Dumblonde with her fellow Danity Kane groupmate Shannon Bex. Additionally, O'Day has made appearances on reality television shows, including the fifth season of Donald Trump's Celebrity Apprentice, Famously Single on the E! Network, most she placed fifth on Celebrity Big Brother 18. O'Day began performing at age five. "I lived on the stage, at six, slept behind the seats of the theatre," she stated in an interview.
According to her mother, when O'Day was four, she was at a performance of The Nutcracker and started to cry. Her mother asked her what was wrong and O'Day replied, "I'm sad that I'm sitting here and not up on stage." O'Day recalls that moment as the one. O'Day played lead characters in various musical productions, including Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz, Carmen in Fame, Sandy in Grease, Liesl in The Sound of Music, Tzeitel in Fiddler on the Roof, Mimi in Rent, she appeared in Annie. O'Day's childhood leaned toward auditions and acting gigs more than school; the Notorious B. I. G. and Sean "Puffy" Combs were her primary influences as a child. O'Day attended La Quinta High School, she majored in political science and drama and graduated with a degree in political science from University of California, is a member of the Alpha Chi Omega sorority. O'Day was discovered in 2004 on the MTV reality show Making the Band 3, founded by Sean "Diddy" Combs, emerged as the show's breakout star. During Season 2 of Making the Band 3 while the competition was still ongoing, Blender magazine contacted O'Day to pose for their September 2005 issue.
The magazine described her as the contestant "who bared calm resolve and tanned hip bones in beating out 10,000 girls for the chance at singing and strutting in a P. Diddy–steered girl group". O'Day expressed anxiety about competing to be in the group. "I’ve been in the ‘cut’ situation several times," she stated. "It’s hard to stand in a room and know that the dream I want is all in hands." O'Day had dropped out of college. After seeing her dance, Combs was convinced that O'Day had "Black in her family" and further expressed this sentiment after watching her sing a version of "At Last" at a club during Season 1 of the show. This, along with what viewers saw as natural charisma, helped endear her to become a consistent favorite among judges and fans. Former Backstreet Boys and'N Sync manager Johnny Wright, who served as one of the judges on the show, stated from her first audition in Los Angeles they knew that she was "a star". O'Day was chosen to be in the group, was the first member included.
The band became known as Danity Kane, their first album debuted on August 22, 2006, at #1 on the Billboard 200 charts. The group was the opening act for Christina Aguilera on the U. S. leg of her Back to Basics Tour with the Pussycat Dolls. O'Day's fame and physical features found appealing by magazines helped her broaden her career beyond the group. In addition to other musical projects, she posed for several "sexy" magazine spreads. On the August 28, 2008, episode of Making the Band, due to being frustrated with O'Day's "oversexed" new image, Combs called O'Day "one of the worst dancers" in Danity Kane, he told O'Day that she no longer looked like the girl he signed and that she used to be one of the best. Combs bluntly accused O'Day of trying to expand her fame at the expense of the entire group, that she liked flaunting her breasts and wearing big hair, referring to an incident where she had rubbed her cleavage on the arm of a television host, he asked himself. On the October 7, 2008, episode of Making the Band, after continued debate with O'Day about the well-being of the group, Combs declared O'Day no longer a member of Danity Kane.
An official announcement, had not been made from Bad Boy Records. When asked by Boston Herald whether she was still in the group, O'Day was reluctant to answer and stated, "I can’t comment on anything, I’m sorry." Speculation arose that Combs firing O'Day was a ratings ploy and that he had no intention of dismissing her. When discussing her career, O'Day would still refer to herself as a "member of a girl band" and "the official party girl of Danity Kane". On the October 14, 2008, episode of Making the Band, however, O'Day's departure from the group was confirmed, as well as bandmate and then-best friend D. Woods. In the live section of the episode, Combs explained that the reason he let O'Day go was that she was not the same person he signed, that the fame had changed her; when O'Day came on to reply, she stated: "I would rather be hated every damn day of my life for being real than loved for being something I'm not." In a backstage interview before the finale, she said: Tonight is a representation of the end of a chapter in my life.
I will do everything possible to make my mark on this industry, Danity Kane and provided me with this amazing opportunity to go out and touch people's hearts. I think the way that we were able to inspire people was something that I
EMI Group Limited was a British Transnational conglomerate founded in March 1931 in London. At the time of its break-up in 2012, it was the fourth largest business group and record label conglomerate in the music industry, was one of the big four record companies; the company was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index, but faced financial troubles and US$4 billion in debt, leading to its acquisition by Citigroup in February 2011. Citigroup's ownership was temporary, as EMI announced in November 2011 that it would sell its music arm to Vivendi's Universal Music Group for $1.9 billion and its publishing business to a Sony/ATV consortium for around $2.2 billion. Other members of the Sony consortium include the Estate of Michael Jackson, The Blackstone Group, the Abu Dhabi–owned Mubadala Development Company. EMI's locations in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada were all disassembled to repay debt, but the primary head office located outside those countries is still functional, it is owned by Sony/ATV Music Publishing, the music publishing division of Sony Music which bought another 70% stake in EMI Music Publishing.
Electric and Musical Industries Ltd was formed in March 1931 by the merger of the Columbia Graphophone Company and the Gramophone Company, with its "His Master's Voice" record label, firms that have a history extending back to the origins of recorded sound. The new vertically integrated company produced sound recordings as well as recording and playback equipment; the company's gramophone manufacturing led to forty years of success with larger-scale electronics and electrical engineering. In 1934, the company developed the electronic Marconi-EMI system for television broadcasting, which replaced Baird's electro-mechanical system following its introduction in 1936. After the war, the company resumed its involvement in making broadcasting equipment, notably providing the BBC's second television transmitter at Sutton Coldfield, it manufactured broadcast television cameras for British television production companies as well as for the BBC. The commercial television ITV companies used them alongside cameras made by Pye and Marconi.
Their best-remembered piece of broadcast television equipment was the EMI 2001 colour television camera, which became the mainstay of much of the British television industry from the end of the 1960s until the early 1990s. Exports of this piece of equipment were low, EMI left this area of product manufacture. Alan Blumlein, an engineer employed by EMI, conducted a great deal of pioneering research into stereo sound recording many years prior to the practical implementation of the technique in the early 1950s, he was killed in 1942 whilst conducting flight trials on an experimental H2S radar set. During and after World War II, the EMI Laboratories in Hayes, Hillingdon developed radar equipment, microwave devices such as the reflex klystron oscillator, electro-optic devices such as infra-red image converters, guided missiles employing analogue computers; the company was for many years an internationally respected manufacturer of photomultipliers. This part of the business was transferred to Thorn as part of Thorn-EMI later became the independent concern Electron Tubes Ltd.
The EMI Electronic Business Machine, a valve and magnetic drum memory computer, was built in the 1950s to process the British Motor Corporation payroll. In 1958 the EMIDEC 1100, the UK's first commercially available all-transistor computer, was developed at Hayes under the leadership of Godfrey Hounsfield, an electrical engineer at EMI. In the early 1970s, with financial support by the UK Department of Health and Social Security as well as EMI research investment, Hounsfield developed the first CT scanner, a device which revolutionised medical imaging. In 1973 EMI was awarded a prestigious Queen's Award for Technological Innovation for what was called the EMI scanner, in 1979 Hounsfield won the Nobel Prize for his accomplishment. After brief, but brilliant, success in the medical imaging field, EMI's manufacturing activities were sold off to other companies, notably Thorn. Subsequently and manufacturing activities were sold off to other companies and work moved to other towns such as Crawley and Wells.
Emihus Electronics, based in Glenrothes, was owned 51% by Hughes Aircraft, of California, US, 49% by EMI. It manufactured integrated circuits electrolytic capacitors and, for a short period in the mid-1970s, hand-held calculators under the Gemini name. Early in its life, the Gramophone Company established subsidiary operations in a number of other countries in the British Commonwealth, including India and New Zealand. Gramophone's Australian and New Zealand subsidiaries dominated the popular music industries in those countries from the 1920s until the 1960s, when other locally owned labels began to challenge the near monopoly of EMI. Over 150,000 78-rpm recordings from around the world are held in EMI's temperature-controlled archive in Hayes, some of which have been released on CD since 2008 by Honest Jon's Records. In 1931, the year the company was formed, it opened the legendary recording studios at Abbey Road, London. During the 1930s and 1940s, its roster of artists included Arturo
AOL is an American web portal and online service provider based in New York City. It is a brand marketed by Verizon Media; the service traces its history to an online service known as PlayNET, which hosted multi-player games for the Commodore 64. PlayNET licensed their software to a new service, Quantum Link, who went online in November 1985. PlayNET shut down shortly thereafter; the initial Q-Link service was similar to the original PlayNET, but over time Q-Link added many new services. When a new IBM PC client was released, the company focussed on the non-gaming services and launched it under the name America Online; the original Q-Link was shut down on November 1, 1995, while AOL grew to become the largest online service, displacing established players like CompuServe and The Source. By 1995, AOL had about 20 million active users. AOL was one of the early pioneers of the Internet in the mid-1990s, the most recognized brand on the web in the United States, it provided a dial-up service to millions of Americans, as well as providing a web portal, e-mail, instant messaging and a web browser following its purchase of Netscape.
In 2001, at the height of its popularity, it purchased the media conglomerate Time Warner in the largest merger in U. S. history. AOL declined thereafter due to the decline of dial-up and rise of broadband. AOL was spun off from Time Warner in 2009, with Tim Armstrong appointed the new CEO. Under his leadership, the company invested in media brands and advertising technologies. On June 23, 2015, AOL was acquired by Verizon Communications for $4.4 billion. In the following months, AOL made a deal with Microsoft. AOL began in 1983, as a short-lived venture called Control Video Corporation, founded by William von Meister, its sole product was an online service called GameLine for the Atari 2600 video game console, after von Meister's idea of buying music on demand was rejected by Warner Bros. Subscribers paid a one-time US$15 setup fee. GameLine permitted subscribers to temporarily download games and keep track of high scores, at a cost of US$1 per game; the telephone disconnected and the downloaded game would remain in GameLine's Master Module and playable until the user turned off the console or downloaded another game.
In January 1983, Steve Case was hired as a marketing consultant for Control Video on the recommendation of his brother, investment banker Dan Case. In May 1983, Jim Kimsey became a manufacturing consultant for Control Video, near bankruptcy. Kimsey was brought in by his West Point friend Frank Caufield, an investor in the company. In early 1985, von Meister left the company. On May 24, 1985, Quantum Computer Services, an online services company, was founded by Jim Kimsey from the remnants of Control Video, with Kimsey as Chief Executive Officer, Marc Seriff as Chief Technology Officer; the technical team consisted of Marc Seriff, Tom Ralston, Ray Heinrich, Steve Trus, Ken Huntsman, Janet Hunter, Dave Brown, Craig Dykstra, Doug Coward, Mike Ficco. In 1987, Case was promoted again to executive vice-president. Kimsey soon began to groom Case to take over the role of CEO, which he did when Kimsey retired in 1991. Kimsey changed the company's strategy, in 1985, launched a dedicated online service for Commodore 64 and 128 computers called Quantum Link.
The Quantum Link software was based on software licensed from Inc.. The service was different from other online services as it used the computing power of the Commodore 64 and the Apple II rather than just a "dumb" terminal, it provided a fixed price service tailored for home users. In May 1988, Quantum and Apple launched AppleLink Personal Edition for Apple II and Macintosh computers. In August 1988, Quantum launched PC Link, a service for IBM-compatible PCs developed in a joint venture with the Tandy Corporation. After the company parted ways with Apple in October 1989, Quantum changed the service's name to America Online. Case promoted and sold AOL as the online service for people unfamiliar with computers, in contrast to CompuServe, well established in the technical community. From the beginning, AOL included online games in its mix of products. In the early years of AOL the company introduced many innovative online interactive titles and games, including: Graphical chat environments Habitat and Club Caribe from LucasArts.
The first online interactive fiction series QuantumLink Serial by Tracy Reed. Quantum Space, the first automated play-by-mail game. In February 1991, AOL for DOS was launched using a GeoWorks interface followed a year by AOL for Windows; this coincided with growth in pay-based online services, like Prodigy, CompuServe, GEnie. 1991 saw the introduction of an original Dungeons & Dragons title called Neverwinter Nights from Stormfront Studios. During the early 1990s, the average subscription lasted for about 25 months and accounted for $350 in total revenue. Advertisements invited modem owners to "Try America Online FREE", promising free software and trial membership. AOL discontinued Q-Link and PC Link in late 1994. In September 1993, AOL added Usenet access to its features; this is referred to as the "Eternal September", as Usenet's cycle of new users was dominated by smaller numbers of college and university freshmen gaining access in September
Jennifer Lynn Farley known as JWoww, is an American television personality. She first came to prominence as one of the eight main cast members in the MTV reality series Jersey Shore, is a main cast member of its spin-off, Snooki & Jwoww, she has made several appearances on other shows, such as TNA Impact!, Disaster Date and Marriage Boot Camp: Reality Stars. Since 2015, she has starred in the web series Snooki & Jwoww: Moms With Attitude, which started on go90 before moving to the MTV YouTube channel in 2018. Farley was born in New York, where she attended Columbia High School, she attended the New York Institute of Technology. She is of Irish descent. Before starting her career, she spent time working as a nanny for small children. For a year, during which time she auditioned for Jersey Shore, Farley lived in Franklin Square, New York, on Long Island. Before Jersey Shore, Farley owned Jenni Farley Designs, Inc.. In December 2009, at the age of 23 years, Farley began appearing in Jersey Shore in which she and seven housemates spent the summer in Seaside Heights, New Jersey.
The second season was filmed in Miami and the third season returned to New Jersey. A fourth season of the series was filmed in Florence and the final two seasons moved back to Seaside Heights. Farley launched a line, "Filthy Couture," in a Las Vegas, Nevada runway show in July 2010. After four months of operation, the line ceased sales in October 2010 due to a threatened trademark lawsuit. Farley stated that the brand was not over and a new line would be released. In April 2011, MTV announced that it ordered two Jersey Shore spin-off series, one of which will feature Farley and castmate Nicole Polizzi. Twelve episodes were ordered for the first season. In 2010 she released a book titled The Rules According to JWOWW: Shore-Tested Secrets On Landing A Mint Guy, Staying Fresh To Death, Kicking the Competition to the Curb. In 2012, she was sued for filming several episodes of her reality show without proper authorization from her landlord. In 2012, Farley and her Jersey Shore costar, Nicole Polizzi began starring in Snooki & JWoww, which premiered on MTV on June 21, 2012.
The first season was filmed over the course of six weeks at a former two-story firehouse located near Grove and Mercer Streets in Jersey City, New Jersey, followed Polizzi and Farley moving in together, was described as a modern-day Laverne & Shirley. JWoww hosted MTV's Club New Year's Eve 2013 with Polizzi and Jeff Dye to ring in 2013; the duo did star again in the second season of Snooki & JWoww, which followed the stars at their actual permanent residences, premiered on January 8, 2013. It was renewed for a third season. In October 2011, JWOWW launched her official websiteIn January 2013, Farley ranked in GQ magazine's "Sexiest 100 Ladies of the 21st Century" list. In 2015, Farley won the seventh season of Worst Cooks in America: Celebrity Edition. Farley made her feature film debut starring in the indie production, The Mint, in which she played the girlfriend of a record executive and served as the film's executive producer. Since late 2015, she has starred in Snooki & Jwoww: Moms With Attitude.
Farley and Roger Mathews married in October 2015. They have two children: daughter Meilani, born July 13, 2014, son Greyson, born May 5, 2016. In September 2018, Farley filed for divorce. Jenni Farley on IMDb Jenni Farley at the Music Television Official website Jenni Farley's Tanning Tips Videos
The Pauly D Project
The Pauly D Project is an American reality television series that aired on MTV. The series debuted on March 29, 2012 and concluded on June 14, 2012. On April 7, 2011, MTV announced it had picked up two Jersey Shore spin-off shows featuring cast members Pauly D, JWoww and Snooki, picking up twelve episodes of each show. SallyAnn Salsano of 495 Productions was the executive producer of both spin-offs, they announced the cast additions of nightclub owners Jason "JROC" Craig and Ryan Labbe. On August 3, 2012, MTV announced that Snooki & JWoww had been renewed for a second season, but The Pauly D Project was canceled. Paul "Pauly D" Delvecchio Gerard "Big Jerry" Gialanella Jason "JROC" Craig Michael "Biggie" Morgan Ryan Labbe The Pauly D Project at 495 Productions
Femme Fatale Tour
The Femme Fatale Tour was the eighth concert tour by American recording artist Britney Spears. It was launched in support of her seventh studio album Femme Fatale, it was announced in March 2011, with dates for North American venues revealed. The tour was planned as a co-headlining tour with Enrique Iglesias, but he canceled only hours after the announcement; the show femmes fatales throughout the ages. The setlist was composed of songs from Femme Fatale, although Spears performed hits from her previous albums for her fans. Fashion designer Zaldy Goco created the costumes. In July 2011, Spears announced plans of playing a South American leg in territories she either had never been to or had not played for a long time. Spears has named the Femme Fatale Tour the best show of her career; the tour, divided in five segments, portrays a story in which Spears is a secret agent, chased by a stalker named Tormento Lancie. The first section features her escaping from prison along with other female inmates.
The second segment displays upbeat dance numbers and ends with a performance inspired by Marilyn Monroe. The third section features an Egyptian theme with acrobatics; the fourth segment displays energetic routines and motorcycle costumes. The encore begins with a video interlude of Spears capturing the stalker, is followed by two performances in which she defeats a group of ninjas; the Femme Fatale Tour received mixed to positive reviews from critics. Some described it as Spears' most entertaining show and praised her performance, while others criticized her dancing and lack of audience interaction; the Femme Fatale Tour grossed $6.2 million in the first ten shows, was included on Pollstar's Top 100 North American Tours list. An unofficial high-quality recording of the Las Vegas show was leaked onto YouTube in July 2011. 3ality Digital filmed a special of the tour during the Toronto shows in August 2011 in 2D and 3D. The special, titled Britney Spears Live: The Femme Fatale Tour, aired on Epix in the United States.
BBC Worldwide acquired the rights to both 3D versions outside the United States. According to Pollstar, the 39 dates in North America grossed $38.3 million with 423,017 tickets sold. Worldwide, the Femme Fatale Tour was the eleventh highest-grossing tour of 2011, with a gross of $68.7 million. 697,957 fans attended the shows worldwide, with an average attendance of 8,724, paying an average of $98.43. In an interview on Ryan Seacrest's radio show on March 4, 2011, Spears stated she would tour the United States in the "early summer" in support of Femme Fatale. On March 29, 2011, following her performances on Good Morning America, she announced a co-headlining tour with Enrique Iglesias, starting in June 2011. Hours after the announcement, it was reported by Billboard. Ray Wedell of Billboard speculated that the reason may have been that Spears was deemed by news outlets as the headliner, while Iglesias was considered the opening act; the first twenty-six North American dates were announced on March 29, 2011.
The opening acts were announced on April 12, 2011. Spears stated, "This is the Femme Fatale tour and I'm thrilled to have Nicki Minaj and the Toy Boys, Nervo join me and get everyone on the dance floor. Can't wait to take the Femme Fatales on the road." Tickets for select markets went on sale on April 30, 2011, at ticket seller Ticketmaster and tour promoter Live Nation's websites. In May 2011, it was announced that Spears would headline Summerfest on July 9, 2011, at the Marcus Amphitheater in Milwaukee, she headlined the festival on July 8, 2000, during the Oops!... I Did It Again World Tour, had to cancel her performance during The Onyx Hotel Tour in 2004 due to a knee injury. Summerfest's entertainment director Bob Babisch said, "It's going to be a great dance party; this is going to be the biggest production we've put in the Marcus Amphitheatre. There's a thrust that goes out on the stage about 80 feet, it's about 80 feet wide, there's all kinds of things flying in and out." The European tour dates were announced on her official website on June 5, 2011.
On July 25, 2011, Spears announced through her Ustream page at 18:00 EST a South American leg of the tour. Accompanied by two of her dancers — one translating in Spanish and the other in Portuguese — she apologized for not touring in the region during The Circus Starring Britney Spears in 2009. A notice following the stream announced the first two dates in Brazil and ten more dates to be announced in the near future, it will mark Spears first concert in Brazil since her 2001 performance at Rock in Rio. During the next few days, concerts in countries such as Argentina, Chile and Peru were announced. On September 26, 2011, it was announced that Spears would perform on the first day of the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. In March 2011, Spears's manager Larry Rudolph told MTV News that the tour would have a "post-apocalyptic vibe", commented that "Till The World Ends" "keeps becoming a theme for us." He confirmed Jamie King as the tour director and Brian Friedman as the choreographer. The following month, Friedman announced that he had pulled out of the tour due to scheduling conflicts with his own reality series.
In a video interview posted on Spears's official website, she said, "The Femme Fatale Tour will just be outrageously spectacular. I'm just hoping that the choreographers will come up with just the most outrageous things, I'm excited; this is one of the most excited I've been ab