1811 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1811. March 25 – The University of Oxford expels the first-year undergraduate Percy Bysshe Shelley after he and Thomas Jefferson Hogg refuse to answer questions on The Necessity of Atheism, a pamphlet they have published anonymously. Earlier this year, Shelley, as "A Gentleman of the University of Oxford", has published in London Poetical Essay on the Existing State of Things, containing a 172-line anti-monarchy, anti-war poem in support of Peter Finnerty and dedicated to Harriet Westbrook. Shelly's Gothic fiction St. Irvyne. June – Walter Scott buys a farm at Abbotsford and commences building his future residence, Abbotsford House. October 30 – Jane Austen publishes her first novel: Sense and Sensibility at her own expense in three volumes, priced at 15 shillings, in Thomas Egerton's Military Library. November 4 – Lord Byron meets Thomas Campbell and Thomas Moore at the home of Samuel Rogers, where the company discusses literary topics.

November 21 – German poet Heinrich von Kleist shoots his terminally ill lover Henriette Vogel and himself, on the shore of the Kleiner Wannsee near Potsdam. Friedrich Koenig, with the assistance of Andreas Friedrich Bauer, produces the first steam printing press, in London; the first complete publication of the Bible appears in the Ume Sami language. Jane Austen – Sense and Sensibility Mary BruntonSelf-Control Charlotte Dacre – The Passions Friedrich de la Motte FouquéUndine Johann Peter Hebel – Schatzkästlein des rheinischen Hausfreundes Rachel HunterThe Schoolmistress Heinrich von Kleist – Michael Kohlhaas Mary Meeke – Stratagems Defeated Lady Morgan – The Missionary: An Indian Tale Emma Parker – Elfrida, Heiress of Belgrove Percy Bysshe Shelley – St. Irvyne.

Fonte Avellana

Fonte Avellana or the Venerable Hermitage of the Holy Cross, is a Roman Catholic hermitage in Serra Sant'Abbondio in the Marche region of Italy. It was once the name of an order of hermits based at this hermitage. Fonte Avellana was established by a group of hermits living at that site around 980; the tradition of the monastery holds that it was founded by Ludolfi Pamfili, a former soldier hermit. It was connected to the reforms of St. Romuald, its early customs and documents share much in common with the nearby hermitage of Camaldoli which Romuald founded. In 1035 Peter Damian entered the community, where he became a Benedictine monk and became prior in 1043, he enlarged the library, constructed a nearby cloister, established a monastic house near San Severino. Albertino of Montone also became prior there, it was raised to the status of an abbey in 1325, remains the only Camaldolese house to have such a designation. It soon came under lay control and the fortunes of the community deteriorated.

The community, in fact became part of the Camaldolese congregation. It continued in existence, until it was scattered by Napoleonic forces, yet after the upheavals of that period, the monastic community was again established and continues today as a major house of the congregation. One notable feature of its architecture is; this way a hermit and his disciple could share the cell, yet each had their own sleeping space within it. This reflects the ancient custom of a hermit taking a young monk as a disciple, whom he would train in the ascetic life and who would care for the older hermit as he aged. Dante described it in the Divine Comedy. Pope John Paul II celebrated a 1000-year anniversary mass at Fonte Avellana in 1985