Pavement was an American indie rock band that formed in Stockton, California in 1989. For most of their career, the group consisted of Stephen Malkmus, Scott Kannberg, Mark Ibold, Steve West and Bob Nastanovich. Conceived as a recording project, the band at first avoided press or live performances, while attracting considerable underground attention with their early releases. Evolving into a more polished band, Pavement recorded five full-length albums and nine EPs over the course of their decade-long career, though they disbanded with some acrimony in 1999 as the members moved on to other projects. In 2010, they undertook a well-received reunion tour, will perform two 30th anniversary shows in 2020. Though only brushing the mainstream with the single "Cut Your Hair" in 1994, Pavement was a successful indie rock band. Rather than signing with a major label as many of their 1980s forebears had done, they remained signed to independent labels throughout their career and have been described as one of the most influential bands to emerge from the American underground in the'90s.
Some prominent music critics, such as Robert Christgau and Stephen Thomas Erlewine, called them the best band of the 1990s. In their career, they achieved a significant cult following. Pavement formed in Stockton, California in 1989 as a studio project of guitarists and vocalists Stephen Malkmus & Scott Kannberg, known only as "S. M." and "Spiral Stairs". Their debut EPs were lo-fi releases titled Slay Tracks: 1933–1969, Demolition Plot J-7, Perfect Sound Forever, they were recorded at Louder Than You Think, the home studio of Stockton local and former hippie Gary Young who played drums on the recordings. Upon first hearing the duo's songs, Young was quoted as saying, "this Malkmus idiot is a complete songwriting genius."During this time the band was compared to English rock band The Fall, however Kannberg stated in a 1992 interview that he preferred Minneapolis rock band The Replacements. The Fall's Mark E. Smith claimed that Pavement were a "rip-off" of his band and that they didn't "have an original idea in their heads", although other members of The Fall have been more positive about the band.
After the release of Slay Tracks, a new drummer, Jason Turner, was drafted to replace Young both live and in the studio. However, after just one tour and a handful of recording sessions, when it became apparent that the percussionist and Malkmus did not get along well, Turner was ousted and Young reinstated. Malkmus described Turner as "this depressed guy who might assassinate me one day... He's competitive." Around the same time, Bob Nastanovich was incorporated into the live Pavement band as an auxiliary percussionist. Malkmus had been roommates with Nastanovich in New York City, had told him, "You could be our drummer if we played."Around 1992 Pavement became a full-time band, with the addition of bassist Mark Ibold, one of the band's earliest fans, with Malkmus, Kannberg and Nastanovich rounding out the lineup. Their debut album and Enchanted, was released commercially in 1992 after copies had been circulated on cassette tape for nearly a year. Though the percussive influence of The Fall was still pervasive, as was that of English post-punk band Swell Maps, many of the songs exhibited a strong sense of melody.
Since its release Slanted and Enchanted has appeared on many critics' best-of lists and is cited as being among the most influential indie rock albums of the 1990s. It is listed on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time; the same year, the band released the EP Watery, Domestic. During the Slanted & Enchanted tour, Gary Young's eccentric behavior increased, he would stage incidents such as handing out cabbage and mashed potatoes to fans at the door of the venue, doing handstands, drunkenly falling off his drum stool, running around the venue while the rest of the band was playing; the band only understood. Malkmus told Tape Op, "We knew that he was like a hippie and kinda flaky, but we didn't know he had such a bad drinking problem. We found out on that tour, because he got sick from being nervous... That's why I let Bob be in the band...'Keep the beat going if Gary passes out.'" In 1993, Malkmus attempted to record some new songs at Young's studio with unsuccessful results. The singer said, "We kind of wanted to not record with him anymore, but we were too nice to fire people or really talk about it...
We tried to record there, but it wasn't sounding good and he didn't have his studio ready and he was in a drinking funk."At the conclusion of a 1993 tour of Australia and Europe, the group held a meeting in a hotel room in Copenhagen during which Malkmus and Ibold remained silent while Nastanovich argued with the drummer and informed him that his antics were unnecessary. Young agreed to leave the band, he was replaced by Steve West, a fellow museum security guard at the Whitney Museum of American Art along with Malkmus and David Berman. West's debut performance was in 1993 at a Drag City festival in Chicago; that same year, the band contributed to the AIDS-Benefit Album No Alternative produced by the Red Hot Organization with their song "Unseen Power of the Picket Fence". Pavement's second album Crooked Rain, Crooked Rain was released in 1994; the record was more indebted to the classic rock tradition than their debut. The single "Cut Your Hair" was the band's closest brush with the mainstream, enjoyed airplay on alternative rock radio and MTV.
Pavement performed the song on The Tonig
UVT Aero is Russian airline headquartered in Kazan. Its main base is Kazan International Airport. On 8 July 2015 Tatarstan's Republic new airline UVT Aero was awarded with a license to carry out commercial passenger and charter flights, a license for freight transportation. In July 2015 regular flights from Bugulma to Moscow and from Kazan to Moscow and St Petersburg were launched. In August 2015 UVT Aero launched flights to Sochi. UVT Aero participates in serving subsidized routes of federal importance. UVT Aero serves following destinations: Yerevan - Zvartnots Airport Batumi - Alexander Kartveli Batumi International Airport seasonal Tbilisi - Shota Rustaveli Tbilisi International Airport Astrakhan OblastAstrakhan – Narimanovo AirportBashkortstanUfa – Ufa International AirportChelyabinsk OblastChelyabinsk – Balandino AirportCrimeaSimferopol – Simferopol International AirportDagestanMakhachkala - Uytash AirportKemerovo OblastNovokuznetsk - Spichenkovo Airport Krasnodar KraiGelendzhik – Gelendzhik Airport Seasonal Krasnodar – Pashkovsky Airport Sochi – Adler-Sochi International AirportNizhny Novgorod OblastNizhny Novgorod – Strigino AirportNovosibirsk OblastNovosibirsk – Tolmachevo AirportPerm KraiPerm – Bolshoye Savino AirportMoscow / Moscow OblastMoscow Domodedovo Airport Zhukovsky International AirportSaint Petersburg / Leningrad OblastPulkovo International AirportSverdlovsk OblastYekaterinburg - Koltsovo Airport TatarstanBugulma – Bugulma Airport Base Kazan – Kazan International Airport Base Nizhnekamsk / Naberezhnye Chelny – Begishevo Airport focus cityTyumen OblastKhanty-Mansi Autonomous OkrugKhanty-Mansiysk – Khanty-Mansiysk Airport Nizhnevartovsk – Nizhnevartovsk Airport Surgut - Surgut International AirportVoronezh OblastVoronezh – Chertovitskoye AirportYaroslavl OblastYaroslavl - Tunoshna Airport The UVT Aero fleet comprises the following aircraft: UVT Aero official website
Alexander George Findlay was an English geographer and hydrographer. His services to geography have been compared with those of Aaron Arrowsmith and August Heinrich Petermann. Findlay was born in 6 January 1812, a descendant of the Findlays of Arbroath, Forfarshire, his grandfather was a shipowner there. Findlay's father, Alexander Findlay was one of the original fellows of the Royal Geographical Society; the son Alexander George Findlay devoted himself to the compilation of geographical and hydrographical works. On the death of John Purdy, the hydrographer, in 1843, he took a leading position. In 1844 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, was a member of its council and committees, his researches in meteorology attracted the attention of Robert FitzRoy. On the death of Richard Holland Laurie of Laurie & Whittle, the London geographical and print publisher, in 1858, Findlay took over the business. In 1885, when Van Keulen of Amsterdam, founded in 1678, was dissolved, it became the oldest active firm in Europe for the publication of charts and nautical works.
Findlay died at Dover on 3 May 1875. Findlay's atlases of Ancient and Comparative Geograph were known internationally. In 1851 he completed the revision of Richard Brookes's Gazetteer, the same year published his first major work, on the Coasts and Islands of the Pacific Ocean, in 2 vols. of 1,400 pages. Findlay issued six large nautical directories, they included The North Atlantic Ocean, The South Atlantic Ocean, The Indian Ocean, Indian Archipelago and Japan, The South Pacific Ocean, The North Pacific Ocean. Sir Henry Rawlinson commented; the Society of Arts awarded Findlay its medal for his dissertation on The English Lighthouse System. Subsequently, he published Coast Fog Signals of the World, he wrote a paper on the connection of Lake Tanganyika with the Nile, accompanying it by a comparative series of maps relating to the northern end of the lake. Findlay served on various committees appointed by the British Association for the Advancement of Science, contributed the following papers to section E: at Liverpool in 1853, On the Currents of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Europe. Findlay's publications came to 10,000 pages, he contributed several papers to the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, the Transactions of the Royal United Service Institution, the Transactions of the Society of Arts. At the time of Sir John Franklin's loss he sifted all the possible routes. Findlay devoted much time to the labours of his friend David Livingstone, in central Africa, he investigated the sources of the Nile. For the record of the Burton and Speke explorations during 1858-9 he constructed a map of the routes traversed. In 1870 the Società Geografica Italiana elected him one of its foreign honorary members. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Stephen, Leslie, ed.. "Findlay, Alexander George". Dictionary of National Biography. 19. London: Smith, Elder & Co