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Peggy Cass

Mary Margaret "Peggy" Cass was an American actress, game show panelist, announcer. She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture for her performance in the 1958 film Auntie Mame. A native of Boston, Cass attended Cambridge Latin School and became interested in acting as a member of the drama club. However, throughout her entire time at the school, she never had a speaking part in any of the club's productions. After graduating, she spent most of the 1940s in search of an acting career, she received acting training at HB Studio in New York City and landed Jan Sterling's role in a traveling production of Born Yesterday. Cass made her Broadway debut in 1949 with Go. Remembered today as a regular panelist on the long-running To Tell the Truth, she played Agnes Gooch in Auntie Mame on Broadway and in the film version, a role for which she won the Tony Award for Best Supporting Actress, received an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress.

She was part of the nine-member ensemble cast for the 1960 Broadway revue A Thurber Carnival, adapted by James Thurber from his own works. As "First Woman", according to the script, she played the mother in "The Wolf at the Door", a woman who insisted Macbeth was a murder mystery, the wife Mr. Preble wanted to get rid of, Miss Alma Winege, a woman helping to update old poetry, Walter Mitty's wife, the narrator of "The Little Girl and The Wolf". In 1961, she played. In 1964, she starred as First Lady Martha Dinwiddie Butterfield in the mock-biographical novel First Lady: My Thirty Days in the White House; the book, written by Auntie Mame author Patrick Dennis, included photographs by Cris Alexander of Cass, Dody Goodman, Kaye Ballard and others who portrayed the novel's characters. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, she succeeded other actresses in Don't Drink the Water and in Neil Simon's Plaza Suite as well as played Mollie Malloy in two revival runs of The Front Page, she appeared in the 1969 film comedy If It's Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium.

In the 1980s, she returned to the stage in 42nd Street and in the 1985 run of The Octette Bridge Club. According to Jack Paar, speaking in retrospect, he felt he may have ruined Cass's Oscar chances by lobbying too much for her on his enormously popular television series The Tonight Show. Cass filled in as announcer for Paar's late night talk show that aired in the 1970s on ABC. In the 1961–1962 season and Jack Weston costarred in an ABC sitcom, The Hathaways, along with the Marquis Chimps, a showbiz troupe of chimpanzees that served as her "children" on the show; the Hathaways followed the new adventure series Straightaway on ABC, about two young men involved in auto racing, but neither program could compete with CBS's Rawhide. In 1987, Cass was featured in the early Fox sitcom Women in Prison. Aside from sitcoms, she played the role of H. Sweeney on the NBC afternoon soap opera The Doctors from 1978-79. Aside from her work with Paar, her most notable television appearances came as a guest on many game shows on shows based in New York City.

She was a regular panelist on To Tell the Truth from 1960 through its 1990 revival, appearing in most episodes in the 1960s and 1970s. She was a panelist on the pilot of the 1960s version of Match Game. On Truth and other series, she displayed near-encyclopedic knowledge of various topics, would question the logic of some of the "facts" presented on the program. Cass made several appearances on the $10,000 & $20,000 Pyramid hosted by Dick Clark from 1973 to 1980, as well as the nighttime version, titled The $25,000 Pyramid, hosted by her friend Bill Cullen. All three of these versions were taped in New York City, she appeared in the late 1970s on Shoot for the Stars hosted by Geoff Edwards another celebrity/contestant partnered game show filmed in New York City. In 1983, she appeared in the New Amsterdam Theatre Company's concert staging of Kurt Weill and Ogden Nash's One Touch of Venus as Mrs. Kramer, with Susan Lucci as her daughter, as well as Lee Roy Reams, Ron Raines, Paige O'Hara as the titular Venus.

In the spring of 1991, she participated in a concert staging of Cole Porter's Fifty Million Frenchmen at New York City's French Institute/Alliance Francaise as Mrs. Gladys Carroll, singing Porter's "The Queen of Terre Haute". On March 8, 1999, Cass died of heart failure in New York City at the age of 74 at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, she was survived by Eugene Michael Feeney, a former Jesuit priest and educator. She had no children. Awards1957 Tony Award, Best Featured Actress in a Play – Agnes Gooch in Auntie Mame 1957 Theatre World Award – Agnes Gooch in Auntie MameNominations1958 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress – Agnes Gooch in Auntie Mame 1958 Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture – Agnes Gooch in Auntie Mame Peggy Cass at the Internet Broadway Database Peggy Cass on IMDb A Thurber Carnival at the Internet Broadway Database Peggy Cass at Find a Grave

Disability in Saudi Arabia

Disability in Saudi Arabia is seen through the lens of Islamic Sharia, through cultural norms and through legislation. As an Islamic society that follows the Qur'an and the Sunnah, disability is seen through the lens of religion. Islam teaches that people with disabilities are to be treated with equality. However, Saudi Arabia tends to view disability through the medical model, rather than the social model. In addition, there are few studies relating to people with disabilities in Saudi Arabia compared to other countries. There can not be found a reliable source on the national data of disability in Saudi Arabia. Regarding the right of people with disability in Saudi Arabia, Article 27 of the Saudi Basic Law states: " The State shall guarantee the rights of the citizens and their families in cases of emergency, illness and old age; the State shall support the Social Insurance Law and encourage organizations and individuals to participate in philanthropic activities". With the inauguration of the National Transformation Program 2020, it is clarified that one of the program's 37 goals is to integrate people with disability in the labor market.

For many years, it was thought that the rate of disability in Saudi Arabia was low, but it turned out that many families were not integrating people with disabilities into daily life. A 2000 census found that 135,000 Saudi Arabian people have disabilities, with 33.7% of these being physical disabilities. More people with disabilities live in rural areas. In 2010, statistics showed the leading cause of disability in Saudi Arabia for men was traffic injuries on the highway, while for women, the leading cause was major depressive disorder; the prevalence of depression in women is between 17 and 46 percent and early diagnosis is critical to both patient outcome and cost of treatment. Younger women are more to intentionally attempt suicide. Another major cause of disability is close family intermarriage. First cousins marrying in Saudi Arabia is common. There is a higher risk of congenital disability among parents who are disabled, older mothers and mothers who do not have adequate health care during pregnancy.

In Islamic society, there is an emphasis in respecting the lives of people with disabilities. In general, Islam is against all kinds of discrimination, including discrimination against disability. In society, people with disabilities are marginalized for various reasons, including lack of education about disabilities in communities and shame for having disability and the poverty that accompanies disability. Parents of children with disabilities such as autism get information about their children's condition from non-medical sources, believing vaccinations or the evil eye caused the autism; some parents turn to religion to help their children improve. Among health care professionals, there is an overall positive attitude towards people with disabilities, regardless of gender, it was found that doctors did not give adequate health information to patients who have Down syndrome. It is still common for people who can afford it to receive medical treatment for disabilities in Western countries, it is politically correct to refer to people with disabilities as "people with special needs."

Saudi Arabia bases its laws on Islamic Sharia. Islamic Sharia puts an emphasis on people with disabilities to have the rights "to live with dignity and benefit from welfare." The Royal Family of Saudi Arabia is supportive of both private and public endeavors to help people with disabilities. The Ministry of Education runs several organizations to help people with disabilities; these include the Noor Institute for the Blind, the Amal Institute for the Deaf and the Institute for the Intellectually Disabled. Other organizations are run by the Ministry of Social Affairs; the Ministry of Health provides health services to most people in Saudi Arabia. People with disabilities in Saudi Arabia are entitled to 50% off airfare for themselves and a companion, they have the right to equal work and access to public space. People with disabilities are entitled to handicapped parking spaces and a subsidy of SR 10,000 to convert cars for specifications relating to their disability. Social security is available to individuals with disabilities or who become disabled in life.

The King Salman Centre for Disability Research, Disabled Children Association and the Joint Centre for Research in Prosthetics and Orthotics and Rehabilitation Programs are three non-governmental organizations operating in Saudi Arabia to help people with disabilities. Saudi Arabia hosts 347 day-care centers for people with special needs; the first law to protect people with disabilities in Saudi Arabia was created in 1956 with Royal Decree No. 1219. This decree directs government organizations to coordinate with non-governmental organizations so that services aren't duplicated, it is concurrent with a major outbreak of polio in the country. In 1969, the labor code was established to define vocational rehabilitation for people with disabilities; the Council of Ministers Resolution No. 407 in 1973 provided a monthly allowance for people with disabilities who "participate at Disabled Training Centers." The next year, the Council of Ministers passed Resolution No. 715 which provided services for various people with disabilities who require medical care.

The Decree No. 129 created policy for the General Department of Rehabilitation and created vocational and rehabilitation programs for people with disabilities. In 1980, under the Council of Ministers Resolution No. 219 allows the General Department of Rehabilitation is to give an annual donation of SR 30,000 to projects for people with disabilities which were created by people with disabilities themselves. The Council of Ministe

Brad J. Lamb

Brad J. Lamb is a Canadian real estate broker and condominium developer, he had a reality television show named Big City Broker on the HGTV network for several years. The show focused on the workings of his real estate brokerage, "Brad J. Lamb Realty Inc."Lamb was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. His father was his mother a registered nurse. In 1967, the family moved to Montreal. Lamb attended Queen's University. Lamb purchased his first property in London, Ontario in 1984. Early on, Lamb noted. A few years after his graduation, bored with his engineering sales position, he obtained his real estate license. Lamb went to work for Harry Stinson's real estate company in 1988 and became a specialist in selling condominiums in central Toronto, he became Stinson's top agent, making $250,000 in his first year. In 1995, he left Stinson to start Brad J. Lamb Realty. In 2001, Lamb founded Lamb Development Corporation, it specializes in high style condominium projects, such as Flatiron Lofts, Glas, King Charlotte, Gotham Ottawa, The Harlowe, Theatre Park and Brant Park.

The company has spread beyond Toronto to build and develop structures in Ottawa, Calgary and Hamilton. Despite the boutique-style size, his agency became one of the most prominent sellers of condominiums in Toronto. In 2007, at the height of the property boom, his company's agents sold some 2,000 condos worth over $800 million; when the market slowed in 2008, the firm still moved about $525 million in real estate. According to Lamb's website, his agents have sold over 22,000 condominiums for over $8 billion as of 2016. Lamb is known for his billboards a 2007 series of ads that depicted a lamb with Lamb's head and the slogan "This Lamb Sells Condos." He has become "a household name in Toronto" and is featured in the media as a real estate expert. In December 2017, it was reported Lamb, because of poor sales, has scrapped plans to build a 37-storey residential downtown Edmonton's Jasper House condo tower. Brad J. Lamb Realty official website

Colony of Vancouver Island

The Colony of Vancouver Island known as the Island of Vancouver and its Dependencies, was a Crown colony of British North America from 1849 to 1866, after which it was united with the mainland to form the Colony of British Columbia. The united colony joined Canadian Confederation, thus becoming part of Canada, in 1871; the colony comprised the Gulf Islands of the Strait of Georgia. Captain James Cook was the first European to set foot on the Island at Nootka Sound in 1778, during his third voyage, he spent a month in the area. Cook claimed it for Great Britain. Fur trader John Meares arrived in 1786 and set up a single-building trading post near the native village of Yuquot, at the entrance to Nootka Sound in 1788; the fur trade began expanding across the island. Spain explored the area. Esteban Jose Martinezand built a fort at Friendly Cove on Vancouver Island in 1789 and sized some British ships, claiming sovereignty; the fort was re-established in 1790 by Francisco de Eliza and a small community was built around it.

Ownership of the island remained in dispute between the Britain. The two countries nearly began a war over the issue, the confrontation became known as the Nootka Crisis; that was averted when both agreed to accept the other's claims in the first Nootka Convention in 1790. In 1792 Captain George Vancouver arrived to meet with Spanish commander Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra but their lengthy negotiations failed to produce a decision. Ownership of the island remained in dispute between the Spain; the two countries nearly began a war over the issue. That was averted when both agreed to recognize the other's rights to the area in the first Nootka Convention in 1790, a first step to peace; the two countries signed the second Nootka Convention in 1793 and the third Convention in 1794. As per that final agreement, the Spanish dismantled their fort at Nootka and left the area, giving the British sovereignty over Vancouver Island and the adjoining islands, it was not until 1843 that Britain – under the auspices of the Hudson's Bay Company – established a settlement on Vancouver Island.

In March of that year, James Douglas of the Hudson's Bay Company and a missionary had arrived and selected an area for settlement. Construction of the fort began in June of that year; this settlement was a fur trading post named Fort Albert. The fort was located at the Songhees settlement of Camosack, 200 metres northwest of the present-day Empress Hotel on Victoria's Inner Harbour. In 1846, the Oregon Treaty was signed by the British and the U. S. to settle the question of the U. S. Oregon Territory borders; the Treaty made the 49th parallel latitude north the official border between the two countries. In order to ensure that Britain retained all of Vancouver Island and the southern Gulf Islands, however, it was agreed that the border would swing south around that area. In 1849, the Colony of Vancouver Island was established; the Colony was leased to the Hudson’s Bay Company for ten years, at an annual fee of seven shillings. Thus in 1849, HBC moved its western headquarters from Fort Vancouver on the Columbia River to Fort Victoria.

Chief Factor James Douglas, was relocated from Fort Vancouver to Fort Victoria to oversee the Company's operations west of the Rockies. The British colonial office designated the territory a Crown colony on 13 January 1849. Douglas was charged with encouraging British settlement. Richard Blanshard was named the colony's governor. Blanshard discovered that the hold of the HBC over the affairs of the new colony was all but absolute, that it was Douglas who held all practical authority in the territory. There was no civil service, no police, no militia, every British colonist was an employee of the HBC. Frustrated, Blanshard abandoned his post a year returning to England. In 1851, his resignation was finalised, the colonial office appointed Douglas as governor. Douglas's situation as both the local chief executive of the Hudson's Bay Company as well as the civil governor of the colony from whom the company had leased all rights, was tenable from the outset. Douglas performed the delicate balancing act well, raising a domestic militia and encouraging settlement.

By the mid-1850s, the colony's non-aboriginal population was approaching 500, sawmill and coal mining operations had been established at Fort Nanaimo and Fort Rupert. Douglas assisted the British government in establishing a naval base at present-day Esquimalt to check Russian and American expansionism. Douglas's efforts at encouraging settlement were hampered by colonial officials in London who were given incentives to bring out labourers with them to work the landholdings; the result was that emigration was slow, the landless labourers fled the colony either to obtain free land grants in the United States, or work the newly discovered goldfields of California. A secondary result was the replication of the British class system, with the attendant resistance to non-parochial education, land reform, representative government. At the time of the establishment of the colony, Vancouver Island had a large and varied First Nations population of upwards of 30,000. Douglas completed fourteen separate treaties with tribes.

Under the terms of these treaties, known today as the Douglas Treaties, the nations were obliged to surrender title to all land within a

First Zen Institute of America

The First Zen Institute of America is a Rinzai institution for laypeople established by Sokei-an in New York, New York in 1930 as the Buddhist Society of America. The emphasis on lay practice has its roots in the history of the organization. In 1875, the Japanese Rinzai Zen master Imakita Kosen founded a Zen institute, Ryomokyo-kai, dedicated to reviving Zen in Japan by recruiting talented and educated lay people. Kosen's most celebrated disciple, Soyen Shaku, visited America in 1893 to attend the World's Parliament of Religions in Chicago. In 1902 he returned to America where he taught briefly. Soyen Shaku assigned responsibility for this lay Zen institute to Sokatsu Shaku; the First Zen Institute's founder, Sokei-an, was Sokatsu's student and came to America with him in 1906 to establish a Zen community. When Sokatsu returned to Japan in 1910, Sokei-an remained to season his Zen and familiarize himself with the American character. After wandering across America and perfecting his English, Sokei-an made several trips back to Japan and in 1924 received credentials from Sokatsu as a Zen master.

In 1930, Sokei-an opened an American branch of Ryomokyo-kai in New York City and called it the Buddhist Society of America. Located on West 70th Street, today the First Zen Institute of America occupies a brownstone on East 30th Street. After Sokei-an died in 1945, the officers searched for a Japanese roshi who would go to New York to take up residence there, they sought help from Goto Zuigan, Sokei-an's dharma brother. Ruth Sasaki went in part to find a roshi who would return to New York with her, but it was not until 1955. Miura Roshi spent some time with the Institute, exploring the possibility of becoming resident roshi, but felt uncomfortable working with female leadership, sent a letter of resignation in November 1963, he continued to reside in New York and teach selected students on an independent basis until his death in 1976. The Institute had a branch in Kyoto, the First Zen Institute of America in Japan or Nichibei Daiichi Zen Kyokai, founded by Ruth Sasaki in 1957. Poet Gary Snyder's study of Zen in Japan in 1956 was made possible by a grant from the First Zen Institute.

Sokei-an died before leaving behind a Dharma heir, the Institute relies upon the writings and transcriptions of its founder as a guide in its practice. Sokei-an described his way of teaching as "a direct transmission of Zen from soul to soul." Many of Sokei-an's early lectures were published from 1940 to 1941 in the magazine, Cat's Yawn, subsequently published as the First Zen Institute's first book titled Cat's Yawn. Sokei-an spent many productive years teaching Zen in English, translating and commenting on important Zen texts, including the Sutra of Perfect Awakening, The Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch, the Three Hundred Mile Tiger: The Record of Lin Chi; these have been published in their entirety in the pages of Zen Notes, the First Zen Institute's quarterly publication. Collections of Sokei-an lectures have been published in The Zen Zen Pivots, his autobiography has been published in Holding the Lotus to the Rock. Continuing in the tradition of its founder, the members of the First Zen Institute have published many important original translations from classical Chinese and medieval Japanese texts.

Books include Zen Dust, by Isshu Miura and Ruth Fuller Sasaki, The Zen Koan, by Isshu Miura and Ruth Fuller Sasaki, Zen A Religion. Manuscripts awaiting publication include the Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch, Three Hundred Mile Tiger: The Record of Lin Chi and Peter Haskel's new book on the Zen sword-master Takuan. Despite having no teacher in residence, the institute does invite teachers such as Kyozan Joshu Sasaki Roshi and Isshu Miura Roshi to provide instruction periodically; the institute holds public meditation once a week on Wednesday evenings, 7:30-9:30 p.m. and offers two-day meditation retreats on the second weekend of each month." Buddhism in the United States Mary Farkas Timeline of Zen Buddhism in the United States Belgard, Daniel. The Culture of Spontaneity: Improvisation and the Arts in Postwar America. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-04188-3. Fields, Rick. How the Swans Came to the Lake. Random House. ISBN 0-394-74419-5. Gioia, Dana. California Poetry: From the Gold Rush to the Present.

Heydey Books. ISBN 1-890771-72-4. Harvey, Peter. An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings and Practices. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-31333-3. Lippy, Charles H.. Pluralism Comes of Age: American Religious Culture in the Twentieth Century. M. E. Sharpe. ISBN 0-7656-0151-6. Miura, Isshu. Zen Dust. New York: Harcourt and World. Schelling, Andrew; the Wisdom Anthology of North American Buddhist Poetry. Wisd

Skinnay Ennis

Edgar Clyde "Skinnay" Ennis, Jr. was an American jazz and pop music bandleader and singer. The son of Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Ennis, he was born Edgar Clyde Ennis Jr. in Salisbury, North Carolina and had a brother, James W. Ennis, he met Hal Kemp while attending the University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill. The two were members of Delta Sigma Phi fraternity there. An obituary reported about Ennis and his orchestra, "His band had performed in every major dance palace in the nation."Ennis joined Kemp's orchestra as a drummer and vocalist in the late 1920s, playing with him through 1937 including one tour of Europe in 1930. In 1938, Ennis put together his own band. "Got a Date With an Angel" was his theme song. During this time Gil Evans was one of his arrangers. Toward the end of the 1950s Ennis's career had faded, he worked in hotels in the Los Angeles area. Ennis appeared in the film College Swing. Ennis appeared in the film "Blonde Meets The Boss" 1939, his first film appearance was in the short film his College Chums.

Ennis began performing comedy routines, in 1938 he landed a job on Bob Hope's radio program, appearing as a regular until he entered the Army. He returned to Hollywood bandleading at the war's end and joined the Abbott and Costello radio program during the 1946–47 season. Ennis joined the Army in 1943, serving as a "warrant officer in charge of a 28-piece band" during World War II. Ennis was married to the former Carmene Calhoun for 20 years, they had one son, Christopher; the couple divorced in 1959. Ennis, whose nickname was "Skinny," changed it to "Skinnay" after it was misspelled that way on the label of a record early in his career. Two months before he would have turned 56, Ennis choked to death on a bone while eating dinner at a restaurant in Beverly Hills in 1963, he was survived by his ex-wife, a son, Christopher. Eugene Chadbourne, Skinnay Ennis at Allmusic Bob Conrad, Hal Kemp historian Certificate of Birth, from the "Office of Register of Deeds", Salisbury, N. C. Skinnay Ennis at Find a Grave