Peleliu is an island in the island nation of Palau. Peleliu, along with two small islands to its northeast, forms one of the sixteen states of Palau; the island is notable as the location of the Battle of Peleliu in World War II. Peleliu is 10 kilometres northeast of the island of Angaur and 40 kilometres southwest of the island of Koror. Peleliu has a total area of 13 square kilometres; as of 2000, its population was about 571. Most of the island's population lives in the village of Kloulklubed, the state capital on the northwestern coast. Including the capital, there are a total of four villages: Kloulklubed Imelechol Lademisang Ongeuidel First sighting of Peleliu and Koror recorded by Westerners was by the Spanish expedition of Ruy López de Villalobos at the end of January 1543, they were charted as Los Arrecifes. In November and December 1710 these three islands were again visited and explored by the Spanish missionary expedition commanded by Sargento Mayor Francisco Padilla on board of the patache Santísima Trinidad.
Two years they were explored in detail by the expedition of Spanish naval officer Bernardo de Egoy. Following its defeat in the Spanish–American War, Spain sold Palau to Germany in 1899. Control passed to Japan in 1914. During World War II, the Battle of Peleliu was a major battle between units of the United States Marine Corps and United States Army against the Imperial Japanese Army; the battle for the island was brutal because by this time the Japanese military had evolved island defense tactics with strong fortifications in the island's caves and rock formations, which enabled a defense in depth which maximized casualties on the attacking force. On both sides involved in the fighting there were high losses with more than 2,000 Americans and 10,000 Japanese killed, remarkably, there were no casualties among the local civilians because they were evacuated from the fighting to other islands of Palau; the ruins of many of the military installations of the era, such as the airstrip, are still intact, shipwrecks from the battle remain visible underwater just off the coast.
There are war memorials on the island to both the Japanese dead. Peleliu and Angaur were the only islands in the Palau archipelago to be occupied by the Americans during the war; the capital of Koror remained in Japanese hands to the end of the war. Peleliu was formally placed under the control of the United States under United Nations auspices in 1947 as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Palau became independent in 1978, Peleliu was organized as a state within the new republic. In August 2014, Peleliu hosted the "leader's retreat" at the 45th Pacific Islands Forum, featuring representatives from the forum's 15 member states. Peleliu Airfield, created by the Japanese in World War II, has the longest and widest runway in Palau, but has been used only by small chartered aircraft after Palau's domestic flights were discontinued in late 2005. A regular boat service connects the island twice a week to Angaur. Travel time by boat from Koror is over an hour; the small harbor in the far north of the island is shallow and suitable only for yachts with shallow draft.
The entire island has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Peleliu Battlefield, has been designated a U. S. National Historic Landmark; the Ministry of Education operates public schools. Peleliu Elementary School opened in 1946, had its second building open in 1966, with the first still in use. Palau High School in Koror is the country's only public high school, so children from this community go there. Map of Peleliu Peleliu National Historical Park Study Preliminary Draft Bloody Peleliu Photos of WW2-era relics and equipment on Peleliu Honorary Consulate of the Republic of Palau to the UK &NI
Diplotaxis muralis, the annual wall-rocket, is a species of flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae. This plant is native to Europe and Africa, but it is found throughout the temperate world, where it has naturalized; this is an erect mustard-like plant reaching half a meter in height. It has lobed leaves and its stems are topped with dense inflorescences of yellow, or light purple, flowers with small oval petals and large anthers; the fruit is a podlike silique two to four centimeters long. It is an annual, but sometimes grows as a perennial, growing up to 15–60 cm tall on unbranched stems, it has lobed leaves. They are 2 -- 1 -- 3 cm wide, it blooms in summer, between May to September in the UK, between April to August in China. The flowers are yellow, with oblong sepals and longer, obovate petals, it produces a fruit capsule, long cylindrical with a short beak. It contains 2 rows of yellow brown seeds, which are ellipsoid shaped, it was first published by Augustin Candolle in Syst. Nat. Vol.2 on page 634 in 1821, based on an earlier description by Carl Linnaeus.
Linnaeus had named it'Sisymbrium murale' in his seminal publication'Species Plantarum' in 1753. The Latin specific epithet muralis is derived from the Latin word meaning'growing on the wall'It is known as'annual wall-rocket' or'wall rocket', in the UK, as it can be found growing on old walls, is similar in form to wall rocket, taller and bushier, it has 2 known subspecies. Ceratophylla Mart.-Laborde Diplotaxis muralis subsp. Simplex JafriSeveral cytological and morphological studies have suggested that D. muralis originated from natural hybridization between D. tenuifolia and D. viminea. It is native to temperate regions of North Africa and parts of western Asia, it is found in North Africa, within Algeria, Ethiopia and Tunisia. Within Asia it is found in the Caucasus and Turkey. In middle Europe, it is in Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland and Switzerland. In southeastern Europe, within Albania and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Ukraine.
In southwestern Europe, it is found in France and Spain. It has naturalised in the UK since 1778, when it was found in a field of oats raised from imported seeds from a ship wrecked on the Kent coast, it grows on tips. It is pollinated by other flying insects, it is cultivated and ploughed into fields as a'green manure'. Jepson Manual Treatment USDA Plants Profile Photo gallery
The Canon 7 was a rangefinder system camera produced by Canon Inc. the last compatible with the Leica M39 lens mount. It was introduced with an integrated Selenium meter cell. Further versions, branded Canon 7s and Canon 7s Type II, modified the design by introducing a cadmium sulfide cell; the Canon 7 came as the first Canon reflex cameras were on the market, but it was felt that there was a need for a fast-shooting rangefinder camera for reportage. In this niche, the Canon 7 came into direct competition with the Leica M3; some Canon 7s were sold in the US as a Bell & Howell. Media related to Canon 7 at Wikimedia Commons Canon RF Camera Price & Info Guide Canon 7/7s/7sZ on cameraquest.com Canon 7 by Karen Nakamura Canon 7 on Canon Camera Museum
Canon John Eric Gethyn-Jones MBE was a clergyman and historian of Gloucestershire. He served in the Royal Army Chaplains' Department during the Second World War for which he was awarded the MBE in 1945, he was vicar of St Mary's Church and rose to the position of Canon. He wrote a number of works both in Gloucestershire. John Eric Gethyn-Jones was born on 9 October 1909. Gethyn-Jones served in the Royal Army Chaplains' Department during the Second World War for which he was awarded the MBE in 1945. From 1967 to 1977 he was vicar of Berkeley. Gethyn-Jones wrote a number of works both in Gloucestershire. Gethyn-Jones died in Leicester in 1995. Dymock a Royal Manor. History of the Church and Parish. H. Osborne, Gloucester; the Registers of the Church of St. Mary, Dymock, 1538-1790. Baptisms and burials 1538-1788. Bristol & Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, Bristol, 1960. St. Mary's Church and its paintings. John Bellows, Gloucester, 1961. Dymock, Gloucestershire. J. E. Gethyn-JonesDymock. Berkeley, Gloucestershire.
Berkeley The Chantry, 1971. Trevisa of Berkeley: A Celtic Firebrand. Alan Sutton, Dursley, 1978; the Dymock School of Sculpture. Phillimore, London, 1979. George Thorpe and the Berkeley Company: A Gloucestershire Enterprise in Virginia. Sutton, Gloucester, 1982. A Territorial Army Chaplain in Peace and War: A Country Cleric in Khaki, 1938-1961. Gooday, Chichester, 1988. Media related to Berkeley, Gloucestershire at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Dymock at Wikimedia Commons
Eremophila ionantha is a flowering plant in the figwort family, Scrophulariaceae and is endemic to Western Australia. It is a shrub with many sticky branches, light green leaves and blue, purple or violet flowers. Eremophila ionantha is an erect shrub growing to a height of between 0.4 and 2.5 m with many spreading or ascending branches. The branches are sticky due to the presence of resin and have many small, wart-like lumps and glandular hairs; the leaves are arranged in opposite pairs along the branches and are light, olive-green in colour, linear in shape 9–30 mm long and about 1.0 mm wide, sometimes S-shaped and sticky, at least when young. The flowers are borne singly or in pairs on a glabrous, sticky stalk 4–10 mm long. There are 5 green, tinged reddish-brown sepals which are linear to narrow-triangular in shape 2.5–4 mm long and hairy on the inner surface only. The petals are joined at their lower end to form a tube; the flower buds are brown but when it opens the petal tube is pale lilac-coloured to violet on the outside and white to pale lilac inside.
The outside surface of the petal tube is glabrous and shiny but the middle part of the lower petal lobe and the inside of the petal tube are covered with matted hairs. The 4 stamens are enclosed in the petal tube. Flowering occurs from late September to February and is followed by hairy, oval-shaped or cone-shaped fruits with a pointed end; the fruits are about 5 mm long. Eremophila ionantha was first formally described in 1905 by Ludwig Diels and Ernst Georg Pritzel and the description was published in Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie; the specific epithet is derived from Ancient Greek adjective, meaning "violet", the noun, meaning "flower". E. ionantha grows in Eucalyptus woodland between Merredin and Balladonia in the Avon Wheatbelt, Esperance Plains and Murchison biogeographic regions. This species is classified as "not threatened" by the Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife; this eremophila is a hardy plant needing little maintenance and is long lived - garden specimens of this species have been known to survive for more than 40 years.
It is a medium-sized shrub with attractive blue to purple flowers. It can be propagated from cuttings taken at any time of the year and will grow in most soils, including heavy clay, it will grow in full sun or heavy shade, is both drought and frost tolerant, is tolerant of windy conditions and useful as a low-density windbreak
Major General Victor Paul Hildebrandt Stantke, was a senior officer in the Australian Army, serving during the First World War and Second World War. His appointments were to staff and administrative postings, including holding the position of Adjutant-General from 1940 to 1943, commander Queensland Lines of Communication Area from 1943 to 1946. Stantke was born in Fitzroy, Victoria, on 15 August 1886. Educated at the University of Melbourne, he served in the Australian Military Forces as a senior cadet from 1906, was commissioned through this scheme, reaching the rank of captain by 1909. However, after working as teacher at Brighton Grammar School, in 1911 he relinquished his previous rank and joined the Permanent Military Forces. In the Permanent Force, he was appointed to the Administrative and Instructional Staff, as a lieutenant, before transferring to the Australian Imperial Force during the First World War, being posted as the adjutant of the 29th Battalion on the Western Front during 1917 and 1918.
Promoted to captain, in 1919 he served as Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, 1st Division before returning to Australia that year. In the inter-war years Stantke returned to the Permanent Force and as a member of the Australian Staff Corps held various staff and administrative posts. In 1928 Stanke, by a major, was part of a committee which examined the mechanization of the Australian Military Forces. Postings included that of Director and Personnel Services, Director, Mobilisation at Army Headquarters in Melbourne from 1933 to 1935, during which time he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. In 1935 he was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. In 1936 and 1937 he undertook training in Great Britain at the Senior Officers' School in Sheerness. From 1937 to 1939 he was posted to the 4th Military District as both the Assistant Adjutant & Quartermaster-General and as Instructional Group Commander, before being posted to same positions in the 2nd Military District in 1939. Following the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, he was raised in rank to colonel.
In October that year he was appointed Brigadier in Charge of Administration, Eastern Command after temporary promotion to brigadier. During this time he directed the assembly of a Court of Inquiry into the circumstances surrounding the events of the Japanese landings in New Britain and Ambon in 1942, including the subsequent massacre of Australian personnel and civilians at Tol plantation, he supported proposals which resulted in the establishment of Directorate of Research and Civil Affairs and of the Australian Army Education Service. In 1943 he was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Yet, the Commander-in-Chief, General Sir Thomas Blamey had not been "satisfied" with Stantke's performance as Adjutant-General and he was replaced by Major General Charles Lloyd. Blamey had felt that Stantke was "obstructionist and was unwilling to visit forward areas, or leave Melbourne." Stantke subsequently served as commander of the Queensland Lines of Communication Area during 1943–46.
Stantke retired from the permanent forces in 1946. He died in 1967, his funeral was held on 31 May at St Alban's Church of England in Armadale and was attended by the Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser. He was cremated at Springvale Crematorium. Major General Robert Nimmo at the Cabinet farewell to Major General Stantke, Brisbane, 1946