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Pelops

In Greek mythology, Pelops was king of Pisa in the Peloponnesus. His father, was the founder of the House of Atreus through Pelops's son of that name, he was venerated at Olympia, where his cult developed into the founding myth of the Olympic Games, the most important expression of unity, not only for the Peloponnesus, "island of Pelops", but for all Hellenes. At the sanctuary at Olympia, chthonic night-time libations were offered each time to "dark-faced" Pelops in his sacrificial pit before they were offered in the following daylight to the sky-god Zeus. Pelops was a son of Tantalus and either Euryanassa or Eurythemista. In some accounts, he was called a bastard son of Tantalus while others named his parents as Atlas and the nymph Linos. Of Phrygian or Lydian birth, he departed his homeland for Greece, won the crown of Pisa or Olympia from King Oenomaus in a chariot race married Oenomaus's daughter, Hippodameia. Pelops and Hippodameia had at least sixteen children, their sons include Pittheus, Alcathous, Pleisthenes, Thyestes, Hippalcimus, Sciron and Letreus.

Four of their daughters married into the House of Perseus: Astydameia, Nicippe and Eurydice. By the nymph Axioche or Danais or Astyoche, Pelops was father of Chrysippus. Pelops' father was king at Mount Sipylus in Anatolia. Wanting to make an offering to the Olympians, Tantalus cut Pelops into pieces and made his flesh into a stew served it to the gods. Demeter, deep in grief after the abduction of her daughter Persephone by Hades, absentmindedly accepted the offering and ate the left shoulder; the other gods sensed the plot and held off from eating of the boy's body. While Tantalus was banished to Tartarus, Pelops was ritually reassembled and brought back to life, his shoulder replaced with one of ivory made for him by Hephaestus. Pindar mentioned this tradition in his First Olympian Ode, only to reject it as a malicious invention: his patron claimed descent from Tantalus. After Pelops' resurrection, Poseidon took him to Olympus, made him the youth apprentice, teaching him to drive the divine chariot.

Zeus found out about the gods' stolen food and their now revealed secrets, threw Pelops out of Olympus, angry at his father, Tantalus. Having grown to manhood, Pelops wanted to marry Hippodamia, her father, King Oenomaus, fearful of a prophecy that claimed he would be killed by his son-in-law, had killed eighteen suitors of Hippodamia after defeating them in a chariot race and affixed their heads to the wooden columns of his palace. Pausanias was shown what was the last standing column in the late second century CE. Worried about losing, Pelops went to his former lover. Reminding Poseidon of their love, he asked Poseidon for help. Smiling, Poseidon caused a chariot drawn by untamed winged horses to appear. Two episodes involving charioteers were added into the plain account of the heroic chariot race. In the first related by Theopompus, having received the horses, Pelops hastens to Pisa to defeat Oenomaus. On the way, his charioteer Cillus dies and stands in a dream over Pelops, distressed about him, to make requests for a funeral.

Pelops complies by burying his ashes magnificently, raises a mound to erect a temple dedicated to Apollo which he names Apollo Cillaeus and he founds a city besides the mound and the temple which he names Cilla after his charioteer and friend. Both the temple and the city are mentioned in the first book of Homer's Iliad and suggestions regarding their exact location have been made. Furthermore, Cillus after his death, appears to have helped Pelops' cause in order for him to win the race. In the second, still unsure of himself and of the winged horses and chariot of divine providence he had secured, convinced Oenomaus' charioteer, Myrtilus, a son of Hermes, to help him win. Pelops or Hippodamia herself convinced Myrtilus by promising him half of Oenomaus' kingdom and the first night in bed with Hippodamia; the night before the race, while Myrtilus was putting together Oenomaus' chariot, he replaced the bronze linchpins attaching the wheels to the chariot axle with fake ones made of beeswax. The race started, went on for a long time.

But just as Oenomaus was catching up to Pelops and readying to kill him, the wheels flew off and the chariot broke apart. Myrtilus survived. Pelops killed Myrtilus after the latter attempted to rape Hippodamia. After his victory, Pelops organized chariot races as thanksgiving to the gods and as funeral games in honor of King Oinomaos, in order to be purified of his death, it was from this funeral race held at Olympia. Pelops became a great king, a local hero, gave his name to the Peloponnese. Walter Burkert notes that though the story of Hippodamia's abduction figures in the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women and on the chest of Cypselus, conserved at Olympia, though preparations for the chariot-race figured in the east pediment of the great temple of Zeus at Olympia, the myth of the chariot race only became important at Olympia with the introduction of chariot racing in the twenty-fifth Olympiad. G. Devereux connected the abduction of Hippodamia with animal husbandry taboos of Elis, the i

Dhubri

Dhubri is the headquarter of Dhubri district India. It is an old town on the bank of the Brahmaputra river, with historical significance. In 1883, the town was first constituted as a Municipal Board under the British regime, it is situated about 277.4 kilometres west from the state capital of Assam. Dhubri was an important commercial centre and had a busy river port for jute. Dhubri is called the "Land of Rivers" as it is covered three sides by Brahmaputra and Gadadhar rivers; the word'Dhuburi' comes from a legendary lady named Netai-Dhubuni. Legends say that Netai-Dhubuni was a laundress who used to wash clothes of the Gods and Goddesses in a small ghat in Dhubri; the story is connected with Behula-Lakhindar. Lakhinar was the son of Chand Sadagar and Behula was Lakhindar's spouse; the word Dhubri is believed to have originated from the word'Dhubuni'. According to Bodo-Kacharis, the word is of Bodo origin and derived from a kind of grass; the story of lady Netai-Dhubuni is accepted for the naming history of Dhubri.

Adjacent to this Netai-Dhubuni ghat, there is the Gurdwara Sri Tegh. This place is famous for the Sikh Gurdwara Gurdwara Damdama Sahib or Thara Sahib, constructed in memory of visit of First Sikh Guru Nanak Dev and it was followed by visit of Ninth guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur and the Gurdwara is named as Gurdwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib. Hence, it has great importance for Sikh community; until 1874, Dhubri was a part of Bengal kings. In 1874, the British Government created a new province named Assam Valley Province and incorporated Goalpara district area comprising three civil subdivisions Dhubri and Kokrajhar with the new Assam Province. In 1879, the district headquarters was shifted from Goalpara to Dhubri town; the district of Dhubri is again subdivided in three districts namely Dhubri and Kokrajhar. The town of Dhubri falls under the jurisdiction of the district of Dhubri whose headquarters is at town Dhubri; the present Dhubri District is one of the three Civil Sub-divisions of erst-while Goalpara district, established in 1876 during British regime.

In 1879 the District headquarters was shifted from Goalpara to Dhubri. In the year 1983 Goalpara district was divided into four separate districts and Dhubri is one of those. Covering an area of 2,838 km2. Including forests, hills etc. the district has become the most densely populated district in India with a density of 584 persons per km2.. Dhubri District has been visited by many historical personalities like Guru Nanaka, Srimanta Sankardeva, Guru Teg Bahadur, Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Gopinath Bordoloi and others. Dhubri town was famous for the Match Factory, though it has shut down due to circumstances but still people who had witnessed the same still remembering the beauty of the factory its staff quarters and their modern art of living. Dhubri is famous for its Durga Puja and Dashera; the Dhubri Town was first constituted as a Municipality in 1883. The Dhubri Town is 290 km far from the State Capital at Dispur; as of 2011 India census, Dhubri had a population 63,388.

Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Dhubri has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79% and, female literacy is 68%. In Dhubri, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. With close to 75% of its population Muslims, it is one of the minority concentrated districts of India. Most of these people are Desi people. In Dhubri town, Bengali constitute about 50% of the population; this was the region of the Koch kingdom. Assamese and Bengali are the major languages spoken in the town. Dhubri lies at 89.5 degree east longitude and 26.1 degree north latitude, about 34 metres or 110 feet above sea level. Dhubri is covered by rivers on three sides, predominated by the mighty Brahmaputra River, a sorrow as well as joy for the dwellers; as is typical for Assam and Tripura, Dhubri has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, being a little too cool to qualify as a tropical monsoon climate. The "cool" or winter season from November to February is warm to warm during the afternoon, pleasantly cool in the morning.

The "hot" season of March and April is indeed hot and sees increasing humidity and rain, leading into the oppressively humid and wet monsoon season from May to the middle of October. Bholanath College or B. N. College is premier college in western Assam. Dhubri Law College Dhubri Girls' College Dhubri B. Ed College Dhubri Medical College & Hospital Ajmal College of Arts & Science Greenfield Junior College Dhubri Greenfield Degree College Royal Public Junior College Dhubri College of Arts & Science Vidhya Sagar Academy ITI Gauripur Pratima Barua Science Academy Heritage Science & Arts Academy Hamidabad College Chilarai college Birat Nagar Junior college Bidyapara Boys Higher Secondary School Government Boys Higher Secondary School Sishu Pathsala Higher Secondary School Government Girls Higher Secondary School Vivekananda Vidyapith Dhubri Municipal High School Jawahar Hindi High School Sankardev Shishu Bidya Niketan, Dhubri Bidyapara Girls High School S. P. English Medium High School Happy Convent School St. Agastya School Bethel Baptist Mission School Paradise Convent School 128 no.

Bidyapara LP School Jamadarhat Janata Higher Secondary School Rasaraj Jatiya Vidlaya Dhubri Jatiya Vidlaya Brahmaputra Jatiya Vidyalaya Dhep Dhepi Higher Secondary School Kismat Hasdaha High School Jagomahan Vidyapith Hadurhat Dharmashala Higher Secondary School M. U. High Madras

2013 World Rally Championship-3

The 2013 FIA World Rally Championship-3 was the first season of the World Rally Championship-3, an auto racing championship recognised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, running in support of the World Rally Championship. It was created when the Group R class of rally car was introduced in 2013. Unlike its predecessor, the Production Car World Rally Championship, the World Rally Championship-3 does not have a fixed calendar. Instead and drivers competing in the series are free to contest any of thirteen rallies that form the 2013 World Rally Championship, they must nominate up to six events to score points in, their best five results from these six events will count towards their final championship points score. The World Rally Championship is open to two-wheel drive cars complying with R1, R2 and R3 regulations. In WRC-3, the Citroën Top Driver was established. Within the WRC-3, the drivers race in identical Citroën DS3 R3T cars, with the winner receiving the opportunity to race in the Citroën DS3 R5, in the 2014 season.

Sébastien Chardonnet clinched the Drivers' Championship at the Rallye de France-Alsace. The following teams and drivers will take part in the 2013 World Rally Championship-3 season: Notes: ^‡ — Additional letters refer to the specific designation of a car within each class under Group R rules. After contesting the Rallye Monte Carlo in the WRC class, Bryan Bouffier entered the WRC-3 series. Sébastien Chardonnet will enter a Citroën DS3 built to R3T specifications and run with the support of the Citroën World Rally Team. Chardonnet had contested the 2012 Rallye de FranceAlsace in a WRC-spec DS3. Three-time British Rally Champion Keith Cronin entered a Citroën DS3 R3T at selected events. Points are awarded to the top 10 classified finishers. † – Stéphane Consani admitted illegally recceing a Rallye de France-Alsace stage on the month of October. This action result on the rally stewards having his points withdrawn and was suspended from the final two rounds of the season. Official website of the World Rally Championship