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Pembroke Dock

Pembroke Dock is a town and a community in Pembrokeshire, South West Wales, 3 miles northwest of Pembroke on the banks of the River Cleddau. Paterchurch, a small fishing village, Pembroke Dock town expanded following the construction of the Royal Navy Dockyard in 1814; the Cleddau Bridge links Pembroke Dock with Neyland. After Haverfordwest and Milford Haven, Pembroke Dock is the third-largest town in Pembrokeshire; the natural harbour offering shelter from the prevailing south westerly winds, has been used for many thousands of years but the first evidence of settlement from maps is the name of the Carr Rocks at the entrance, derived from the Norse-language Skare for rock. From 790 until the Norman Invasion the estuary was used by the Vikings. During one visit, either in 854 or in 878, maybe on his way to the Battle of Cynuit, the Viking chieftain Hubba wintered in the haven with 23 ships. In 1172, three years after the Norman Invasion of Ireland, having prepared his fleet and army in the mouth of the Pembroke River, Henry II of England sailed there from the haven.

Prior to 1814, the area was farmland and known as Paterchurch. The first recorded mention of Paterchurch was in 1289. A medieval tower was built and like nearby 18th century and 19th century fortifications, it may have served as a lookout post. By the 17th century, additional domestic and farm buildings stood close to the tower and the isolated settlement had its own cemetery, whose last recorded burial is that of a Roger Adams, in 1731; the ruin of the tower now lies within the walls of the dockyard. Paterchurch Tower was the centre of an estate; this changed hands in 1422. Prior to the building of the town and before the dockyard was thought of, various sales and exchanges took place between the principal local landowners – the Adams and Meyrick families; these exchanges left the Meyricks in control of most of the land on which the dockyard and new town were to develop. By 1802 the Paterchurch buildings were ruins; the origins of naval shipbuilding on Milford Haven were in the private shipyard of Jacobs on the north side of the waterway.

In November 1757, the Admiralty sent a surveying delegation to the haven, which prepared a report for Parliament recommending, "the construction of a Milford dock yard". No such place as Milford existed at just the village of Hubberston. Secondly, the report showed early signs of lobbying existing, with the scale of the local infrastructure and ship building activity exaggerated. Dockyard development began on the north bank of the waterway. By the late 18th century, much of the village and the lands around Hubberston were owned by diplomat and politician Sir William Hamilton. Together with his nephew, the Hon. Charles Grenville, he proposed a scheme of development under the title "Milford", in reference to the 1758 report, they began by building a shipyard, leased it to a Messrs. Harry and Joseph Jacob, though after receiving an order in 1796 to build a frigate and a 74-gun ship-of-the-line, Jacobs went bankrupt; the Navy took over the shipyard lease. In 1809, a naval commission recommended purchase of the Milford Haven facility and formal establishment of a Royal Navy dockyard.

After the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the merging of the two sides of the Royal Navy under the Admiralty Board, a School of Naval Architecture was opened in Portsmouth in 1810 and then, Millford was to be set up as a model dockyard under French management from which lessons could be learnt for implementation in other dockyards. After failing to agree a purchase price for the existing Millford shipyard with Fulke Greville, Charles Greville's heir, the Admiralty agreed purchase of land 5 miles across the haven from Milford, near the town of Pembroke in a district called Pater or Paterchurch; this was one of the few sites in the haven suitable for building a dock for constructing decent sized ships, as its shoreline was flat but led into deep harbour. Secondly, the Board of Ordnance had purchased 50 acres in preparation from the 1758 report to strengthen the haven's defences, added to by the purchase of an adjoining 20 acres for £5,500 from the Meyrick family; the town of Pembroke Dock was founded in 1814 when Pembroke Dockyard was established called Pater Dockyard.

Construction started with the former frigate HMS Lapwing driven ashore as a temporary accommodation hulk. Orders were placed for the construction of 74 gun battleship, four frigates. However, after the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815, although the scheme still seemed ill placed in what would be a smaller Royal Navy, the final plans were given the go ahead on 31 October 1815; the Naval Dockyards Society published a historical review in 2004. On 10 February 1816, the first two ships were launched from the dockyard – HMS Valorous and Ariadne, both 20-gun post-ships, subsequently converted at Plymouth Dockyard into 26-gun ships. Over the span of 112 years, five royal yachts were built, along with 263 other Royal Navy vessels; the last ship launched from the dockyard was the Royal Fleet Auxiliary tanker Oleander on 26 April 1922. In 1925, it was announced that the Royal Dockyards at Pembroke Dock and Rosyth were redundant and would be closed. A petition was sent to Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, stressing the lack of alternative employment and the economic consequences of closure, but the decision was not overturned.

First Sea Lord, Admiral of the Fleet Earl Beatty, said, "Whether these Yards are necessary for naval purposes, the Admiralty is the only competent judge. As to whether t

Yusuf Arakkal

Yusuf Arakkal was a Malayali painter. Arakkal was born in Kerala. Both his parents died. Leaving the comforts of his house behind, he left for Bangalore, lonely but with a passion to become a painter; the hardships that he faced at Bangalore sharpened his sensibility. He took a diploma in painting from Karnataka Chitrakala Parishat and specialized in graphic print making from National Academy community studios, Delhi. Arakkal received the prestigious Lorenzo De Medici Gold Medal, at Florence Internazionale Biennale, in Florence, Italy for his work Bacon’s Man with the Child and Priest; the artist produced a large collection of miscellaneous works consisting of drawings, sculptures, paper works and writing. He won several other awards including Karnataka Lalithkala Academy award in 1979 and 1981, a national award in 1983, a special award at the third Asian Art Biennale Dhaka, Bangladesh in 1986 and the Karnataka Lalithkala Academy honor in 1989. Arakkal's paintings are singularly expressionistic in style.

In them one could trace the artist's "deep concern for society. Set against a dark, oppressive background are the faceless figures of ordinary people expressing brooding loneliness and despair brought on by a society obsessively drawn towards material success where ordinary people have no place", he has done many works in different media, sculptures with emphasis on tiger conservation. Arakkal died in Bangalore on 4 October 2016 at the age of 70, he has conducted many exhibitions, both solo and group shows, internationally besides more than thirty national shows. His international shows are listed below. 1992 - Relays De Monts - Siux, France. 1993 - Gallerie Taormina Del Arte - Le Hwre, France. 1994 - Srijana Contemporary Art Gallery - Kathmandu, Nepal. 1994 - Art Forum Gallery, Singapore. 1996 - Wallace Gallery, New York. 1996 - Air Gallery, Dower Street, London. 1971 - Indian Artists at Belarus and Moscow. 1985 - Thirty contemporary Indian Artists at Habana, Cuba. 1985 - Contemporary Indian Art show at the National Museum Mexico City, Mexico.

1985 - Second Asian Art show, Japan. 1985 - Indian Printmaking, Festival of India, USA. 1986 - Sixth biennale de beau Art, France. 1986 - Third Asian Art Biennale, Bangladesh. 1986 - Inaugural exhibition of the National Museum of Modern Art, Korea. 1986 - Sixth International Triennale, New Delhi, India. 1987 - Ninth International Biennale de São Paulo, Brazil. 1993 - Nine Indian Artists CCA Gallery, New York. 1994 - Indian printmaking show, Maltwood Art Museum & Gallery Victoria, British Columbia. 1994 - Indian Contemporary Art Show, Gallery Maya, Hong Kong 1995 - Heads and faces - an exhibition by Gallery Maya, Visual Art Centre, Hong Kong. 1995 -'Save the children' auction by Sothebys, Bombay. 1996 - Indian Contemporary Art show, Nagai Garo, Japan 1996 - 32 Contemporary Indian artists - exhibition and auction by Christies, London. 1996 - Women in Indian Art, by The Gallery, Visual Art Centre, Hong Kong. 1997 - Auction of Indian Contemporary Art by Christies, London. "Yusuf Arakkal Profile,Interview and Artworks" Yusuf Arakkal's official site

Chemical Warfare (album)

Chemical Warfare is the second studio album by American hip hop producer and recording artist The Alchemist. The album was released on July 7, 2009; the Alchemist recorded material for the album with Evidence, Mobb Deep, Dilated Peoples, Kool G Rap, Pusha T, Jadakiss, KRS-One, Snoop Dogg, Maxwell, Three 6 Mafia and Eminem. The first song released from the album was "Keys to the City", which features Nina Sky. Alchemist leaked the song himself in 2007. A video for the song, shot and directed by The Alchemist, was released on July 28, 2008; the first official single announced was "Lose Your Life" featuring Jadakiss, Snoop Dogg & Pusha T. The official video for "Smile", featuring Maxwell and Twista, was released on June 11, 2009

Grant Webb

Grant Webb is a New Zealand rugby union player. He plays his rugby as a number eight. Webb played for Otago, during which time he faced the British and Irish LionsIn 2005 he joined the Toyota Verblitz club in Japan's Top League. On 20 December 2007 Webb arrived in Belfast on a season long contract with Magners League team Ulster Rugby, following a season playing in New Zealand's NPC tournament, with Hawkes Bay. In May 2008, he joined Welsh regional side the Newport Gwent Dragons. Webb was released by Newport Gwent Dragons at the end of the 2009–10 season. Newport Gwent Dragons profile Ulster profile

Yeong-bin Yi

Royal Noble Consort Yeong of the Jeonui Lee clan, alternatively known as Lady Seonhui, was consort to Yeongjo of Joseon and the mother of Crown Prince Sado. She is most well known for advising Yeongjo to execute their son, as the latter suffered serious mental disorders. Consort Yeong gave birth to the heir apparent in 1735. Crown Prince Sado was not the first male child to be born to Yeongjo, but the death of Crown Prince Hyojang nearly seven years earlier, meant that the court was pleased to welcome another son. Yeongjo ordered Sado to be brought up in a palace quite far from the main residence, so Consort Yeong did not oversee his upbringing; the ladies-in-waiting in charge of looking after the prince slighted Consort Yeong as they considered her to be of common birth. Consort Yeong's daughter-in-law records that she was affectionate toward her children, but strict and taught them, "as if she were not their mother." However, she tended to her children when they fell ill. When Lady Hyegyeong entered the court to marry Crown Prince Sado, Consort Yeong treated her as one of her own children, despite the fact that Lady Hyegyeong was expected to address Yeongjo's primary wife, Queen Jeongseong, as her mother-in-law.

In 1748, Princess Hwapyeong died in childbirth and Consort Yeong is recorded as having grieved excessively. After the death of his primary wife, Yeongjo married his second queen in 1759. Consort Yeong assisted in preparing the state celebrations. Consort Yeong was aware that Yeongjo disliked the crown prince, an issue that Queen Jeongseong discussed with her, she was aware that Sado suffered serious mental illness and that he was killing ladies-in-waiting and eunuchs, as Lady Hyegyeong went to her for advice after Sado's first murder in 1757. Though Consort Yeong wanted to talk to Sado, Lady Hyegyeong persuaded her not to, as she feared the consequences if Sado found out she had spoken to his mother. In 1760, the crown prince lost his temper at a birthday celebration and cursed at his mother and children; when Sado began to threaten Princess Hwawan to gain more personal freedoms, Consort Yeong attended their meetings, as she feared for her daughter's safety. During one meeting in 1760, she witness Sado threaten to, "slash Princess Hwawan with sword."

On 4 July 1762, Consort Yeong wrote to Lady Hyegyeong in response to the rumour that Crown Prince Sado had attempted to enter the upper palace to kill his father. In the letter, she apologised preemptively to her daughter-in-law. On the same day, she advised him that Sado's illness was uncontrollable, she stated that Sado should be removed. After Yeongjo left, Consort Yeong beat her chest and refused to eat. After the execution of her son, Lady Hyegyeong records that Consort Yeong transferred her love to her grandson. Yi San moved into the upper palace and slept in the same room as Consort Yeong, who organised his meals and study sessions. Consort Yeong developed a tumor on her back and died on 23 August 1764. In the opinion of her daughter-in-law, Consort Yeong's intense grief after the execution of her son weakened her. Father: Lee Yupen Mother: Lady Jeongyeong of the Hanyang Kim clan Husband: Yi Geum, King Yeongjo of Joseon Daughter: Princess Hwapyeong Son-in-law: Geumseongwi Park Myeong-won Daughter: Daughter: Daughter: Daughter: Princess Hwahyeop Son-in-law: Yeongseongwi Shin Gwang-su Son: Yi Seon, Crown Prince Sado Daughter-in-law: Princess Consort Hyegyeong of the Pungsan Hong clan Daughter: Princess Hwawan Son-in-law: Ilseongwi Jeong Jidal Portrayed by Kim Yoon Kyung in the 1988 MBC TV series 500 Years of Joseon:Memoirs of Lady Hyegyeong Portrayed by Jung Hye-sun in the 1998 MBC TV series The King's Road Portrayed by Jeon Hye-jin in the 2015 film The Throne Kim, Yang Hi Choi.

Hanjung Nok: Memoirs of an Yi Dynasty Court Lady. Australian National University

SS Ora Ellis

SS Ora Ellis was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after Ora Ellis, a Merchant marine killed when U-506 torpedoed SS William C. McTarnahan, 35 mi east of Ship Shoal Light, Louisiana, 16 May 1942. Ora Ellis was laid down on 23 July 1945, under a Maritime Commission contract, MC hull 3148, by J. A. Jones Construction, Panama City, Florida, she was allocated to Polarus Steamship Co. Inc. on 16 October 1945. On 3 January 1947, she was laid up in the, National Defense Reserve Fleet, Alabama, she was renamed Coral Sea. On 18 May 1960, after having been sold to Coral Cia. Armmadora, renamed Andros Coral, flagged in Liberia, she sank for a total loss when she was grounded in the Chacao Channel, Chile