The Peninsula campaign of the American Civil War was a major Union operation launched in southeastern Virginia from March through July 1862, the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater. The operation, commanded by Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, was an amphibious turning movement against the Confederate States Army in Northern Virginia, intended to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond. McClellan was successful against the cautious General Joseph E. Johnston, but the emergence of the more aggressive General Robert E. Lee turned the subsequent Seven Days Battles into a humiliating Union defeat. McClellan moved northwest, up the Virginia Peninsula. Confederate Brig. Gen. John B. Magruder's defensive position on the Warwick Line caught McClellan by surprise, his hopes for a quick advance foiled, McClellan ordered his army to prepare for a siege of Yorktown. Just before the siege preparations were completed, the Confederates, now under the direct command of Johnston, began a withdrawal toward Richmond.
The first heavy fighting of the campaign occurred in the Battle of Williamsburg, in which the Union troops managed some tactical victories, but the Confederates continued their withdrawal. An amphibious flanking movement to Eltham's Landing was ineffective in cutting off the Confederate retreat. In the Battle of Drewry's Bluff, an attempt by the U. S. Navy to reach Richmond by way of the James River was repulsed; as McClellan's army reached the outskirts of Richmond, a minor battle occurred at Hanover Court House, but it was followed by a surprise attack by Johnston at the Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks. The battle was inconclusive, with heavy casualties. Johnston was wounded by a Union artillery shell fragment on May 31 and replaced the next day by the more aggressive Robert E. Lee, who reorganized his army and prepared for offensive action in the final battles of June 25 to July 1, which are popularly known as the Seven Days Battles; the end result was that the Union army was unable to enter Richmond, both armies remained intact.
On August 20, 1861, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan formed the Army of the Potomac, with himself as its first commander. During the summer and fall, McClellan brought a high degree of organization to his new army, improved its morale by his frequent trips to review and encourage his units, it was a remarkable achievement, in which he came to personify the Army of the Potomac and reaped the adulation of his men. He created defenses for Washington that were impregnable, consisting of 48 forts and strong points, with 480 guns manned by 7,200 artillerists. On November 1, 1861, Gen. Winfield Scott retired and McClellan became general in chief of all the Union armies; the president expressed his concern about the "vast labor" involved in the dual role of army commander and general in chief, but McClellan responded, "I can do it all."On January 12, 1862, McClellan revealed his intentions to transport the Army of the Potomac by ship to Urbanna, Virginia, on the Rappahannock River, outflanking the Confederate forces near Washington, proceeding 50 miles overland to capture Richmond.
On January 27, Lincoln issued an order that required all of his armies to begin offensive operations by February 22, Washington's birthday. On January 31, he issued a supplementary order for the Army of the Potomac to move overland to attack the Confederates at Manassas Junction and Centreville. McClellan replied with a 22-page letter objecting in detail to the president's plan and advocating instead his Urbanna plan, the first written instance of the plan's details being presented to the president. Although Lincoln believed his plan was superior, he was relieved that McClellan agreed to begin moving, reluctantly approved. On March 8, doubting McClellan's resolve, Lincoln called a council of war at the White House in which McClellan's subordinates were asked about their confidence in the Urbanna plan, they expressed their confidence to varying degrees. After the meeting, Lincoln issued another order, naming specific officers as corps commanders to report to McClellan. Before McClellan could implement his plans, the Confederate forces under General Joseph E. Johnston withdrew from their positions before Washington on March 9, assuming new positions south of the Rappahannock, which nullified the Urbanna strategy.
McClellan retooled his plan so that his troops would disembark at Fort Monroe and advance up the Virginia Peninsula to Richmond. However, McClellan came under extreme criticism from the press and the Congress when it was found that Johnston's forces had not only slipped away unnoticed, but had for months fooled the Union Army through the use of Quaker Guns. A further complication for the campaign planning was the emergence of the first Confederate ironclad warship, CSS Virginia, which threw Washington into a panic and made naval support operations on the James River seem problematic. In the Battle of Hampton Roads, Virginia defeated wooden U. S. Navy ships blockading the harbor of Hampton Roads, including the frigates USS Cumberland and USS Congress on March 8, calling into question the viability of any of the wooden ships in the world; the following day, the USS Monitor ironclad arrived at the scene and engaged with the Virginia, the famous first duel of the ironclads. The battle, although inconclusive, received worldwide publicity.
After the battle, it was clear. Neither ship severel
John McTaggart was an American Champion jockey in the sport of Thoroughbred horse racing. He began his riding career in 1913 and rode for a quarter century until retiring in 1937. In 1914 he led all jockeys in the United States with 157 wins and in 1916 finished first in money earned and second in total wins to Frank Robinson. McTaggart rode in the Kentucky Derby twice with his best result a second in the 1917 edition aboard Andrew Miller's colt, Ticket, he competed in the Preakness Stakes four times with his best finish a third in both 1912 and 1918. McTaggart was the regular jockey for Jr.'s outstanding colt Campfire. During his two-year-old season in 1916, McTaggart guided Campfire to wins in nearly all of the top races for juveniles, culminating with the Belmont Futurity Stakes and earning American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt honors. Among his other successes, McTaggart rode in Canada where he notably was a three-time winner of that country's premier race for two-year-olds, the Coronation Futurity Stakes at Old Woodbine Racetrack.
Afflicted with tuberculosis, John McTaggart died at age fifty in 1946 at a sanitarium in Pikesville, Maryland. His brother Tommy a former top jockey, had died a few months earlier in February 1946 in a paddock accident while working at Hialeah Park Race Track in Florida. April 18, 1946 Montreal Gazette obituary for Johnny McTaggart
Radoslav "Rade" Jovanović was a Yugoslav composer and songwriter, best known for his legacy collection of sevdalinka folk songs from Bosnia and Herzegovina. He attended schools in Priboj. With the breakout of the World War II at the age of 13 he joined the Yugoslav partisans; some of his songs were dedicated to his brothers in arms. He contracted tuberculosis during the war but was able to survive harsh conditions of partisans life. After the war he had propelled as a youth leader before being sent to the island of Goli Otok, where he was held as a political prisoner due to the Cominform Resolution, he was returned to his hometown. His first successful song was "Često mlađan prošetam kraj Drine". Another one followed "Na obali Drine" performed by Zaim Imamović. Nada Mamula sang "Negdje u daljine", "Sjecaš li se ratni druže" i "Bolan ti ležim jarane" were performed by Gvozden Radičević. Country-wide recognition shortly follows when he wins at the festival Ilidža 1964 with his song "Jablani se povijaju", performed by Safet Isović.
That song alone won the awards for melody and lyrics from both - the audience and the nomination committee. His other three songs were performed that same night and took other awards. Next year he repeats his success at the same festival Ilidža 1965, with the song "Ne pitaj me stara majko" performed by Nedeljko Bilkić, establishes himself as one of the leading folk authors and prolific composer of warm and distinctive style. Safet Isović performs "Kad sretneš Hanku" at the Beogradskom Sabor festival in 1970. Seven years a number of music critics of former Yugoslavia, in a public poll carried out by the Belgrade Radio and acclaimed "Kad sretneš Hanku" as the folk song of the decade, his life and work had inspired many theater and radio authors who filmed documentaries about him and recorded radio shows and after his death He committed a suicide on April 15, 1986 and was buried in his hometown. He wrote over 500 songs. River Drina and Herzegovina, his hometown Goražde and a natural beauty of the countryside to which he was born and their lives and fortunes, were source and constant themes and motifs of all Rade's songs, with most popular being: Prođoh Bosnom kroz gradove Goražde jedino u srcu mom Na obali Drine Kad sretneš Hanku Šta se ovo Bosnom čuje Svjetla moga grada Ah, meraka u večeri rane Tebi, misli lete Ne pitaj me stara majko Negdje u daljine Jablani se povijaju Seja kose raspletala Malenim sokakom ne prolazim više Sumorna jesen Kad u maju ruže procvetaju Prolazi jesen Bolan ti ležim jarane U tuđoj zemlji Još ove noći čaše nam dajte Sve što mine, povratka mu nema Ne mogu te više svojom zvati Pomiluj mi pjesmo dušu Festival of song and sevdah "Rade Jovanović - Goražde 2005" was sevdah music tribute to Rade Jovanović opus, was held in his hometown Goražde on 18 June 2005.
On 26 December 2018 memorial plaque was placed on Rade's home, house in Goražde where he was born and spent most of his life until his death in 1986. Idea was initiated by Center for Culture Goražde, while memorial was financed and put up by City of Goražde, with Missis Jovanović and mayor of Goražde, Muhamed Ramović, being one who unveiled it. Mladi antifašisti - Rade Jovanović Sve spremno za prvi međunarodni Festival pjesme i sevdaha „Rade Jovanović Goražde 2005.“ YouTube