Polk County, Minnesota
Polk County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. The population was 37,600 at the 2010 United States Census, its county seat is Crookston, the largest community is East Grand Forks. Polk County is included in ND-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area. In one of its early acts as a state entity, the Minnesota legislature created the county on July 20, 1858, but did not organize it at that time; the county was named for the 11th president of the United States, James Knox Polk, who signed the Congressional Act that organized the Minnesota Territory. The county was organized in 1872 and 1873, with the newly settled community of Crookston as the county seat. Polk County lies on Minnesota's border with North Dakota; the Red Lake River flows west through the upper central part of the county, discharging into the Red at Grand Forks. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, devoted to agriculture; the county slopes to the west and north, with its highest point near its southeast corner, at 1,519' ASL.
The county has a total area of 1,998 square miles, of which 1,971 square miles is land and 27 square miles is water. Polk County State-Aid Highway 21: Major connector between Polk County and Thief River Falls. Connects with Pennington County State-Aid Highway 3. Polk County State-Aid Highway 9: Major connector between Crookston and the south end of Grand Forks. Connects with Grand Forks County Road 7. Functions as a south side connector between US 75 and US 2 in Crookston. Polk County State-Aid Highways 11 & 46: US 2 Truck Bypass of Crookston; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 31,369 people, 12,070 households, 8,050 families in the county. The population density was 15.9/sqmi. There were 14,008 housing units at an average density of 7.11/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 94.18% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.57% from other races, 1.30% from two or more races. 4.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
41.7 % were of Norwegian, 5.8 % French ancestry. There were 12,070 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.30% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07. The county population contained 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,105, the median income for a family was $44,310. Males had a median income of $31,472 versus $21,535 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,279. About 7.30% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.
Polk County has been a swing district for several decades. In 56% of national elections since 1980, the county selected the Republican Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Polk County, Minnesota R. I. Holcombe and William H Bingham, Compendium of History and Biography of Polk County, Minnesota. Minneapolis: W. H. Bingham & Co. 1916. Huber D. McLellan, The History of the Early Settlement and Development of Polk County, Minnesota. PhD dissertation. Northwestern University, 1928. Polk County Historical Society, Bicentennial History of Polk County, Minnesota: Pioneers of the Valley. N.c.: Polk County Historical Society, 1976. Polk County Historical Society, The Polk County Historian. Claude Eugene Wentsel, Polk County, Minnesota, in the World War. Ada, MN: C. E. Wentsel, 1922. Winger Golden Jubilee Historical Committee, Golden Jubilee, Minnesota, 1904-1954. Winger, MN: Winger Enterprise, n.d.. Maxine Workman, Minnesota Cemeteries, Polk County. West Fargo, ND: Red River Genealogy Society, 1988.
Polk County official website
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Beltrami County, Minnesota
Beltrami County is a county in the northern part of the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 44,442, its county seat is Bemidji. The county's name comes from Italian adventurer Giacomo Beltrami, who explored the area in 1825; the county was created in 1866 and organized in 1896. Beltrami County comprises MN Micropolitan Statistical Area. Portions of the Leech Lake and Red Lake Indian reservations are in the county; the northernmost portion of the Mississippi River flows through the southern part of the county, through Bemidji. Beltrami and Renville are Minnesota's only counties. Beltrami County's southwest corner is considered part of the headwaters of the Mississippi River, which flows easterly and northeasterly from Lake Itasca through the southern part of the county. Much of the middle and upper county is taken up with the two sections of Red Lake; the county terrain consists of rolling low tree-covered hills, dotted with ponds. The terrain slopes to the east and north with its highest point near its southwest corner, at 1,457' ASL.
The county has a total area of 3,056 square miles, of which 2,505 square miles is land and 551 square miles is water. It is the fourth-largest county in Minnesota by area. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bemidji have ranged from a low of −4 °F in January to a high of 79 °F in July, although a record low of −50 °F was recorded in January 1950 and a record high of 101 °F was recorded in July 1975. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.59 inches in February to 4.33 inches in July. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 39,650 people, 14,337 households, 9,749 families in the county; the population density was 15.8/sqmi. There were 16,989 housing units at an average density of 6.78/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 76.66% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 20.36% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, 1.84% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.6% were of German, 19.7% Norwegian and 5.6% Swedish ancestry.
95.1 % spoke 2.4 % Ojibwa as their first language. There were 14,337 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 13.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.00% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.13. The county population contained 28.70% under the age of 18, 13.90% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,392, the median income for a family was $40,345. Males had a median income of $30,434 versus $22,045 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,497. About 12.90% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.
Over half the children in the county are born out of wedlock. About a third are born to teenaged mothers; the county has about twice the state average in terms of high school dropouts. Between 1990 and 2005 the county had a suicide rate four times higher than the state; the county exceeds the state and national rates in both violent and property crimes. On March 21, 2005 ten people were murdered by a spree killer at the Red Lake Indian Reservation. Beltrami County voters have tended to vote Democratic for several decades. Since 1960 the county has selected the Democratic Party candidate in 79% of national elections. Gilfillan Biotic Area National Register of Historic Places listings in Beltrami County, Minnesota Red Lake, the largest lake, in Minnesota. Official website 360 Degree Virtual Tour of 2011 Beltrami County Fair
Red Lake River
The Red Lake River is a river located in northwestern Minnesota. The river flows westward. After passing through Thief River Falls, Red Lake Falls, Crookston, the river merges with the Red River of the North in East Grand Forks; the total length of the river is 193 miles. The term "Forks" in Grand Forks comes from this forking of the Red and Red Lake rivers near downtown Grand Forks; as a tributary of the Red River, the Red Lake River contributed to the heavy flooding of Greater Grand Forks in 1997. The river caused damage in its own right, albeit less severe, in Crookston; the Red Lake River is a popular source of recreation for area residents, many enjoy the tubing and canoeing the river makes possible. The Red Lake River covers a wide variety of terrain. After leaving the Red Lake, the river flows through a marsh in the Red Lake Indian Reservation; the river flows through a prairie and through farmland. Afterward, St. Hilaire the sides of the river grow steeper; some parts of the riverbanks are thickly forested.
The river is smooth for most of the trip. There is a stretch between St. Hilaire and Crookston where there is a chain of rapids, which are navigated; the Red Lake River is one of the few Minnesota state canoe routes in the area. There are camping facilities along the route; the Minnesota State Department of Natural Resources website describing the nature of the river mentions three dams on the river: At river mile 181 City of Red Lake Falls City of Crookston Note: The Otter Tail Power Company site does not list the above 2 dams as a source of hydropower. Red Lake River Corridor. Red Lake River Corridor Enhancement Project. October 2005 report. State canoe routes: Red Lake River. Minnesota DNR website
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Thief River Falls, Minnesota
Thief River Falls called Thief River or TRF, is a city in Pennington County, United States. The population was 8,573 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat. Thief River Falls takes its name from a geographic feature, the falls of the Red Lake River at its confluence with the Thief River; the name of the river is a loose translation of the Ojibwe phrase Gimood-akiwi ziibi the "Stolen-land river" or "Thieving-land river", which originated when a band of Dakota Indians occupied a secret encampment along the river, hence "stealing" the land, before being discovered and routed by the neighboring Ojibwe. In the Treaty of Old Crossing of 1863, the Moose Dung's Indian Reservation was established on the west bank of the Thief River, at its confluence with Red Lake River; this Indian Reservation was dissolved in 1904 and their population incorporated as part of the Red Lake Band of Chippewa. Thief River Falls marked the limit of navigation on the Red Lake River; the eponymous town site was established in 1887 and incorporated as a city in 1896.
Thief River Falls first developed as a lumber-milling town. It is located in a major agriculture area because of the rich soil left by ancient Glacial Lake Agassiz; the Great Northern and the Soo Line railroads brought prosperity when Thief River Falls became a center for shipping wheat. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.21 square miles, of which 5.02 square miles is land and 0.19 square miles is water. Thief River Falls is located at the confluence of the Thief River. U. S. Highway 59 and Minnesota State Highways 1 and 32 are the three main routes in the community. Thief River Falls is located 70 miles south of the Canada–United States border and 52 miles northeast from Grand Forks, North Dakota, in the Northwest region of Minnesota. According to the ethnic heritage section of the 2000 Federal Census, 50% of Thief River Falls residents identify themselves as Norwegian-American, making Thief River Falls one of the most ethnically concentrated towns in the nation.
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,573 people, 3,802 households, 2,141 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,707.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,061 housing units at an average density of 809.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 2.1% African American, 1.9% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.0% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population. There were 3,802 households, of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 43.7% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age in the city was 37.6 years. 22.5% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,410 people, 3,619 households, 2,091 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,760.0 people per square mile. There were 3,931 housing units at an average density of 822.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.56% White, 0.27% African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.63% of the population. There were 3,619 households, out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.2% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.84. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,759, the median income for a family was $40,908. Males had a median income of $30,332 versus $20,785 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,489. About 8.0% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over. Thief River Falls has been home to major industry including snowmobiles, farm machinery, global electronics distribution; the town is the home of snowmobile manufacturer Arctic Cat. South of Thief River Falls is a casino, 7 Clans Casino, which contains a hotel and indoor water park. Thief River Falls is home to the electronic parts distributor Digi-Key, one of the largest employers in the area, was the birthplace of the vaunted Steiger Tractor, produced from 1958 to the late 1980s. Thief River Falls was home to the headquarters of the Cycle Detection Warning System up until its shutdown on April 13, 2009.
Thief River Falls is situated on the junction of two rivers, Red Lake River from the east and the Thief River from the north. The proximity to forests and shipping made Thief River Falls ideal for logging. In the late 19th century the Great North