Pennsylvania General Assembly

The Pennsylvania General Assembly is the legislature of the U. S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The legislature convenes in the State Capitol building in Harrisburg. In colonial times, the legislature was known as the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly and was unicameral. Since the Constitution of 1776, the legislature has been known as the General Assembly; the General Assembly became a bicameral legislature in 1791. The General Assembly has 253 members, consisting of a Senate with 50 members and a House of Representatives with 203 members, making it the second-largest state legislature in the nation and the largest full-time legislature. Senators are elected for a term of four years. Representatives are elected for a term of two years; the Pennsylvania general elections are held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even-numbered years. A vacant seat must be filled by special election, the date of, set by the presiding officer of the respective house. Senators must be at least 25 years old, Representatives at least 21 years old.

They must be citizens and residents of the state for a minimum of four years and reside in their districts for at least one year. Individuals who have been convicted of felonies, including embezzlement and perjury, are ineligible for election. No one, expelled from the General Assembly may be elected. Legislative districts are drawn every ten years, following the U. S. Census. Districts are drawn by a five-member commission, of which four members are the majority and minority leaders of each house; the fifth member, who chairs the committee, is appointed by the other four and may not be an elected or appointed official. If the leadership can not decide on a fifth member, the State Supreme Court may appoint her. While in office, legislators may not hold civil office. If a member resigns, the Constitution states that he or she may not be appointed to civil office for the duration of the original term for which he or she was elected; the General Assembly is a continuing body within the term. It convenes at 12 o'clock noon on the first Tuesday of January each year and meets throughout the year.

Both houses adjourn on November 30 in even-numbered years, when the terms of all members of the House and half the members of the Senate expire. Neither body can adjourn for more than three days without the consent of the other; the governor may call a special session. As of 2017, only 35 special sessions have been called in the history of Pennsylvania; the Assembly meets in the Pennsylvania State Capitol, completed in 1906. Under the Pennsylvania Constitution, the Assembly must meet in the City of Harrisburg and can move only if given the consent of both chambers. During the mid-19th century, the frustration of the people of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania with the severe level of corruption in the General Assembly culminated in a constitutional amendment in 1864 which prevented the General Assembly from writing statutes covering more than one subject; the amendment was so poorly written that it prevented the General Assembly from undertaking a comprehensive codification of the Commonwealth's statutes until another amendment was pushed through in 1967 to provide the necessary exception.

This is why today, Pennsylvania is the only U. S. state. Pennsylvania is undertaking its first official codification process in the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes. Speaker of the House of Representatives: Mike Turzai President pro tem of the Senate: Joseph B. Scarnati 2005 Pennsylvania General Assembly pay raise controversy Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly, for the General Assembly before 1776 Pennsylvania Legislative Black Caucus Pennsylvania General Assembly Legislative Process

Google Volume One

Google Volume One is a compilation of the first image shown by Google Images search for every word in the English language dictionary. It contains over 20,000 images, it was published on September 30, 2014 and only 300 copies were made available. Google Volume One, created by London-based artists Felix Hayes and Benjamin West, used the Oxford English Dictionary and its 21,110 words as the base for the project. Editors David Desrimais and Mathieu Cénac of the Jean Boîte Éditions publishing company created software that collected the first occurrences of every word in a Google Image Search, their goal was to produce an inventory of Google’s visual representation of all words at a single time. Since Google searches are changing, the writers say it is near impossible to have one stable Google image for every word in the English language.> Google Volume One emphasizes how the values of society have been leveled by the internet. According to a L'Oeil Web Reviewer, Pauline Auzou, the Google Volume One project creates the theme that there is longer a difference between an artwork, an instruction diagram, or a product sold online because they are all the same in the domain of Google Images.

The book is a representation of the intrinsic themes of the Digital Era. Since the process of re-assimilating the appropriation of content on the web is considered a work of art in the 21st century, Google Volume One has been praised for its digital artwork. Google Volume One won the "Price Edition" award at 45th Award Ceremony for Club of Artistic Directors. Google Volume One is the first edition of a dictionary that will be updated with each new volume of the dictionary it is based upon. Http://

Bernhard Buchbinder

Bernhard Ludwig Buchbinder, pseudonym Gustav Klinger, was an Austro-Hungarian actor and writer. His best-known operetta libretto remains Die Försterchristl. Buchbinder was born in Budapest part of the Austrian Empire, his date of birth is, according to different sources, 7 July or 20 September 1849. He was an actor he was the publisher of the humorous fiction weekly Das kleine Journal in Budapest, he lived there as a feature writer. Beside his journalistic activity Buchbinder wrote novels, folk plays and operetta libretti in Viennese style. Buchbinder died in Vienna. Der Satan vom Neugebäude. Novel Der Sänger von Palermo. 3 acts operette Die Teufelsglocke. 3 acts opera Eine Wiener Theaterprinzessin. Novel Fräulein Hexe. 3 acts operette Die Flüchtlinge. 3 acts Opéra comique Die Küchen Comtesse. Farce with singing in 3 acts Die Dame vom Zirkus. Operette Der Kibitz. Farce with singing in 3 acts Der Schmetterling. 3 acts operette, 1896 Die Göttin der Vernunft. Operette, 1897 Music by Johann Strauss II. Leute von Heute.

Farce with singing in 3 acts Er und seine Schwester. Farce with singing in 4 scenes Der Musikant und sein Weib. Folk play with song in 4 acts Das Wäschermädel. Operette Der Schusterbub. Farce with singing in 4 scenes Die Försterchristl. 3 acts operette Paula macht alles. Operetten-Posse in 4 Akten Das Musikantenmädel. 3 acts operette Das neue Mädchen. 3 acts vaudeville Die Frau Gretl. Farce with singing in 3 acts Die Marie-Gustl. Operette Die Wundermühle. Possenspiel in 3 acts Graf Habenichts. 3 acts operette Jungfer Sonnenschein. Operette Zum goldenen Segen. Folk play with song in 3 acts Felix Czeike: Buchbinder Bernhard Ludwig. In: Historisches Lexikon Wien. Band 1, Kremayr & Scheriau, Wien 1992, ISBN 3-218-00543-4. "Buchbinder Bernhard". In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950. Vol. 1, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1957, p. 123. Buchbinder, Bernhard. In Lexikon deutsch-jüdischer Autoren. Volume 4: Brech–Carle. Hrsg. vom Archiv Bibliographia Judaica. Saur, München 1996, ISBN 3-598-22684-5, p. 310–315.

Literature by and about Bernhard Buchbinder in the German National Library catalogue Works by and about Bernhard Buchbinder in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek