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Penny Arcade

Penny Arcade is a webcomic focused on video games and video game culture, written by Jerry Holkins and illustrated by Mike Krahulik. The comic debuted in 1998 on the website Since Holkins and Krahulik have established their own site, updated with a new comic strip each Monday and Friday; the comics are accompanied by regular updates on the site's blog. Penny Arcade is among the most popular and longest running webcomics online, listed in 2010 as having 3.5 million readers. Holkins and Krahulik are among the first webcomic creators successful enough to make a living from their work. In addition to the comic and Krahulik created Child's Play, a children's charity; the strip features Krahulik and Holkins' cartoon alter egos, John "Gabe" Gabriel and Tycho Brahe, respectively. While borrowing from the authors' experiences and Krahulik do not treat them as literal avatars or caricatures of themselves; the two characters spend much of their time playing and commenting on computer and video games, which forms the basis of the humor in the strip.

Most of the time Gabe serves Tycho the comic foil. The strip can feature in-jokes that are explained in the news posts accompanying each comic, written by the authors. Both Krahulik and Holkins make a living from Penny Arcade, placing them in a small group of professional webcomic artists devoted to their creations full-time. Like many webcomics, Penny Arcade was supported by donations. A graph on the main page indicated. After hiring Robert Khoo as their business manager and Krahulik switched to a different income stream based on advertising and merchandise revenue alone. According to Holkins, the website in 2006 handled more than two million pageviews daily. On November 13, 2005, the website was given a facelift in celebration of their seventh year running and to match the designs of the Child's Play Charity and Penny Arcade Expo websites. Afterwards, the site has been redesigned multiple times; as a topical video gaming news comic, there is little plot or general continuity in Penny Arcade strips.

Any story sustained for longer than a single strip is referred to as "dreaded continuity", something of a running gag in the newsposts. A character who dies a violent death in one strip will come back in the next whole, though these deaths have an effect on comics. For example when Gabe kills Tycho or vice versa, the killer takes a certain Pac-Man watch off the dead character, but only if he has the watch. Profanity and violence are common in Penny Arcade and the strip is known for its surrealism. Other such occurrences are implied, if not shown, such as mentioning Dante from Devil May Cry living in the building next door. However, the comic does expand into more serious issues; some of the strips are drawn from the perspective of fictional characters within a movie. Gabe and Tycho are featured as they would be as characters or players in the game themselves having some sarcastic remark to make about some feature or bug in the game. At times the comic depicts meetings between game developers or business people, features or mocks the reporters of a news article, commented on in Holkins' newspost.

Penny Arcade has a theme song, "Penny Arcade Theme", written and performed by nerdcore artist MC Frontalot. It was written as a thank-you by Frontalot for the creators of the webcomic linking his website to their front page and declaring him their "rapper laureate" in 2002; the song appears in the dance game In the Groove. Mike Krahulik's comic alter ego is energetic and free-spirited, but has a propensity to become angry, he has a Pac-Man tattoo on his right arm, as well as a tattoo in honor of the demise of SNK on his back. His eyes are a shade of slate blue, he always wears a yellow Pac-Man shirt, in one comic he mentioned having a glass eye as a result of an incident after Tycho beat him at Warcraft II, although no other references to it have been made. He has a fascination with unicorns, a secret love of Barbies, is a dedicated fan of Spider-Man and Star Wars, has proclaimed "Jessie's Girl" to be the greatest song of all time, he practices line dancing with the Kansas City Hotsteppers. He is a diabetic.

He has an odd affinity for a cardboard tube which he had fantasies of wielding as a wandering samurai in feudal Japan. He soon grew out of it, he has an obsession with his own genitalia and possible latent homosexual tendencies. This theory can be supported by a recent recurrence of Gabriel's "personal" interest in actor Patrick Swayze. Despite this, his "son" is present in the strip and appears alongside Gabe's wife; as a contrast to Tycho's expansive vocabulary, Gabe speaks using only simple, common words. Krahulik named his son "Gabriel" in honor of the character. Jerry Holkins' comic alter ego is sarcastic, his eyes are burnt sienna, a


Celery is a marshland plant in the family Apiaceae, cultivated as a vegetable since antiquity. Celery has a long fibrous stalk tapering into leaves. Depending on location and cultivar, either its stalks, leaves or hypocotyl are eaten and used in cooking. Celery seed is used as a spice and its extracts have been used in herbal medicine. Celery leaves are pinnate to bipinnate with rhombic leaflets 3–6 cm long and 2–4 cm broad; the flowers are creamy-white, 2–3 mm in diameter, are produced in dense compound umbels. The seeds are broad ovoid to globose, 1.5 -- 2 mm wide. Modern cultivars have been selected for leaf stalks. A celery stalk separates into "strings" which are bundles of angular collenchyma cells exterior to the vascular bundles. Wild celery, Apium graveolens var. graveolens, grows to 1 m tall. It occurs around the globe; the first cultivation is thought to have happened in the Mediterranean region, where the natural habitats were salty and wet, or marshy soils near the coast where celery grew in agropyro-rumicion-plant communities.

North of the Alps, wild celery is found only in the foothill zone on soils with some salt content. It prefers nutrient rich, muddy soils, it cannot be found in Austria and is rare in Germany. First attested in English in 1664, the word "celery" derives from the French céleri, in turn from Italian seleri, the plural of selero, which comes from Late Latin selinon, the latinisation of the Ancient Greek: σέλινον, romanized: selinon, "celery"; the earliest attested form of the word is the Mycenaean Greek se-ri-no, written in Linear B syllabic script. Celery was described by Carl Linnaeus in Volume One of his Species Plantarum in 1753; the plants are raised from seed, sown either in a hot bed or in the open garden according to the season of the year, after one or two thinnings and transplantings, they are, on attaining a height of 15–20 cm, planted out in deep trenches for convenience of blanching, effected by earthing up to exclude light from the stems. In the past, celery was grown as a vegetable for winter and early spring.

By the 19th century, the season for celery had been extended, to last from the beginning of September to late in April. In North America, commercial production of celery is dominated by the cultivar called'Pascal' celery. Gardeners can grow a range of cultivars, many of which differ from the wild species in having stouter leaf stems, they are ranged under two classes and red. The stalks grow in tight, parallel bunches, are marketed fresh that way, without roots and just a little green leaf remaining; the stalks are eaten raw, or as an ingredient in salads, or as a flavoring in soups and pot roasts. In Europe, another popular variety is celeriac, Apium graveolens var. rapaceum, grown because its hypocotyl forms a large bulb, white on the inside. The bulb can be kept for months in winter and serves as a main ingredient in soup, it can be shredded and used in salads. The leaves are used as seasoning. Leaf celery is a cultivar from East Asia. Leaf celery is most the oldest cultivated form of celery. Leaf celery has characteristically thin skin stalks and a stronger taste and smell compared to other cultivars.

It is sometimes pickled as a side dish. The wild form of celery is known as "smallage", it has a furrowed stalk with wedge-shaped leaves, the whole plant having a coarse, earthy taste, a distinctive smell. The stalks are not eaten, but the leaves may be used in salads, its seeds are those sold as a spice. With cultivation and blanching, the stalks lose their acidic qualities and assume the mild, aromatic taste particular to celery as a salad plant; because wild celery is eaten, yet susceptible to the same diseases as more well-used cultivars, it is removed from fields to help prevent transmission of viruses like celery mosaic virus. Harvesting occurs; the petioles and leaves are harvested. During commercial harvesting, celery is packaged into cartons which contain between 36 and 48 stalks and weigh up to 27 kg. Under optimal conditions, celery can be stored for up to seven weeks from 0 to 2 °C. Inner stalks may continue growing if kept at temperatures above 0 °C. Shelf life can be extended by packaging celery in micro-perforated shrink wrap.

Freshly cut petioles of celery are prone to decay, which can be prevented or reduced through the use of sharp blades during processing, gentle handling, proper sanitation. Celery stalk may be preserved through pickling by first removing the leaves boiling the stalks in water before adding vinegar and vegetable oil. In the past, restaurants used to store celery in a container of water with powdered vegetable preservative, but it was found that the sulfites in the preservative caused allergic reactions in some people. In 1986, the U. S. Food and Drug Administration banned the use of sulfites on fruits and vegetables intended to be eaten raw

Cloud atlas

A cloud atlas is a pictorial key to the nomenclature of clouds. Early cloud atlases were an important element in the training of meteorologists and in weather forecasting, the author of a 1923 atlas stated that "increasing use of the air as a means of transportation will require and lead to a detailed knowledge of all the secrets of cloud building." Throughout the 19th century nomenclatures and classifications of cloud types were developed, followed late in the century by cloud atlases. The first nomenclature of clouds in English, by Luke Howard, was published in 1802, it followed a similar effort in French by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1801. Howard's nomenclature defined four fundamental types of clouds: cirrus or thread-cloud, cumulus or heap-cloud, stratus or flat cloud, nimbus or rain-cloud. There followed a long period of development of the field of meteorology and the classification of clouds, leading up to 1896, the International Year of Clouds; the history of this period is the subject of The Invention of Clouds.

During that time, the Englishmen Rev. Clement Ley and Hon. Ralph Abercromby, were influential. Both men died. Ley wrote a book, well known to meteorologists. Abercromby contributed a number of papers on the subject, stressing the most important fact that clouds are the same everywhere in the world, he wrote in collaboration with Hugo Hildebrand Hildebrandsson a detailed classification of clouds. This was adopted in Hildebrandsson's 1890 Cloud Atlas. In 1891 the International Meteorological Conference at Munich recommended the classification of Abercromby and Hildebrandsson. In 1896 another International Meteorological Conference was held, in conjunction with it was published the first International Cloud Atlas, it was a political and technical triumph, an immediate de facto standard. The scientific photography of clouds required several technical advances, including faster films and sufficient contrast between cloud and sky, it was Albert Riggenbach who worked out how to increase the contrast by using a Nicol prism to filter polarized light.

Others learned to achieve similar results using mirrors or lake surfaces, selectively photographing in certain parts of the sky. Many subsequent editions of International Cloud Atlas were published, including editions in 1906 and 1911. In this interval several other cloud atlases appeared, including M. J. Vincent's Atlas des Nuages in 1908 in the Annales of the Royal Observatory, Volume 20, it was based on the 1906 International Cloud Atlas, but with additions, it classified the clouds into three group by height of the cloud base above ground: lower, upper. The 1890 Cloud Atlas is the first known cloud atlas and book of this title, by Hildebrandsson, Wladimir Köppen, Georg von Neumayer, it was an expensive quarto book of chromolithographs reproducing 10 color oil paintings and 12 photographs for comparison, was designed to explore the advantages and disadvantages of photography for the scientific illustration of cloud forms. Its printing was limited but as a proof of concept it was a great success, leading directly to the International Cloud Atlas.

The first International Cloud Atlas was published in 1896. This was prepared by Hildebrandsson and Leon Teisserenc de Bort, members of the Clouds Commission of the International Meteorological Committee, it consists of color plates of clouds photographs but some paintings, text in French and German. The plates were selected from among 300 of the best color photographs of clouds provided by members of the commission; the atlas has remained in print since in multiple editions. Classification List of cloud types Timeline of meteorology WMO International Cloud Atlas 2017 Cloud Atlas at Cloud Atlas at Pennsylvania State University Houze'sCloud Atlas at University of Washington Online Cloud Atlas at University of Missouri-Columbia Cloudman's Mini Cloud Atlas: The 12 Basic Cloud Classifications Cloud Atlas For In-Flight Spotters

Luciano Benetton

Luciano Benetton is an Italian billionaire businessman, one of the co-founders of Benetton Group, the Italian fashion brand. He served as the chairman of Benetton from 1978 to 2012. Luciano Benetton was born on 13 May 1935 in Italy, his father had a small business and following his death, Benetton dropped out of school at the age of 14 to work in a clothing shop. He saved money to buy a $200 knitting machine and teamed up with his sister to produce a collection of twenty pieced of yellow and pale blue sweaters. In 1965, together with his siblings, Giuliana Benetton, Carlo Benetton and Gilberto Benetton, he founded Benetton Group. In 1992, he was elected to the Italian Senate. In 2003, he announced that his family is stepping down from running the company, due to decreasing sales and increased competition. In May 2015, Forbes estimated the net worth of Luciano Benetton and each of his three siblings at US$2.9 billion. He is married with four lives in Treviso, Italy, his son, Alessandro Benetton chaired Benetton Group from April 2012 to May 2014.

Files about his parliamentary activities: XI legislature

Fran├žois de Linares

François Jean Antonin Gonzalez de Linarès was a French general who commanded forces in World War II under General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny and in Vietnam under General Raoul Salan. François Jean Antonin Gonzalez de Linarès was born in Guérande, Loire-Atlantique on 7 July 1897. During World War I he was conscripted as a private in the 93rd Infantry Regiment on 30 July 1916, he was promoted to Corporal on 30 May 1917 and Sergeant on 30 June 1917. He enlisted as a volunteer for an eight-year term on 9 August 1917 as a pupil at the École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr, he served in the 370th Infantry Regiment, the 70th Battalion of Chasseurs and the 26th Infantry Regiment. On 5 July 1918 he was promoted to Second Lieutenant. Linarès was admitted to Saint Cyr on 26 February 1919. In September 1919 he was assigned to service in Morocco, he fought in the Moroccan War from 1919 to 1922. He served in Algeria from 1930 to 1936. On the eve of World War II on 2 September 1939 he was assigned to the General Staff of the 3rd Army.

On 27 October 1939 Linarès was made commander of the 15th Battalion of Chasseurs Alpins. On 23 April 1940 he was assigned to the General Staff of the 2nd Army Group, he was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel on 23 September 1942. He escaped from France on 24 November 1942. In March 1943 he was relieved of active duty and pensioned, he developed a clandestine organization for the escape of prisoners of war. In July 1943 he was a member of the French Military Mission in London. On 19 September 1943 he was appointed commander of the 3rd RTA, he was promoted to Colonel on 25 March 1944. He participated in the campaign in Italy from December 1943 to August 1944. During this campaign he commanded the 3rd Regiment of Algerian Riflemen. Linarès participated in taking Toulon. On 15 September 1944 Linarès was named Deputy Chief of Staff of B Army, which became the First French Army under General de Lattre, he was appointed Brigadier General on 25 November 1944. He was named Chief of Staff of the French First Army on 16 February 1945.

He entered Germany on 29 March 1945. He became commander of the 2nd Moroccan Infantry Division on 14 April 1945, which he commanded in Austria when the war ended. In August 1945 Linarès was made chairman of a committee to revise the regulations for infantry regiments. On 10 April 1946 he was appointed commander of the 2nd Infantry Division in Nancy, he was promoted to Major-General as on 20 April 1948. On 6 March 1950 he was made commander of the 3rd Military Region. On 15 January 1951 he was given command of the French Forces in the Tonkin region of North Vietnam, he was appointed Lieutenant-General as of 12 January 1951. He was given interim command of all forces in Indochina from July to September 1952 during the absence of General Raoul Salan, he left Vietnam on 23 May 1953. After taking leave he was appointed Inspector-General of Infantry on 2 September 1953. From 1 January 1954 until his death he was a full member of the Supreme Council of War. François de Linarès died in Baden-Baden on 2 March 1955

Executive Branch of Colombia

The Executive Branch of Government in Colombia is one of the three branches of the government of Colombia under the Constitutional provision of separation of powers. The executive branch is led by the President of its collaborating institutions; each department is led by a "department governor" with derogatory functions from the President of Colombia to govern in its respective department. Governors are elected representative of the municipalities; each governor appoints a local cabinet. Furthermore, each municipality in Colombia is governed by a mayor, which in turn derogates for the president of Colombia and the department governor within its municipal jurisdiction. List of entities in the executive branch of Colombia Administrative Department of Public Functions Presidency of Colombia